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About 2D and 3D Animation


Animation is the illusion of movement created by a series of pictures. These graphics can be sketched, painted, photographed, 3D model, and so forth. Traditionally, creating a moving picture required filming an object or scene and then playing the film in front of the viewer's eyes.

Keyframes are the basic building blocks of animation. Each keyframe captures the object's attributes at a certain time in the animation, such as the amount of transparency given to a layer or the camera angle. In order to produce an animation that illustrates progression, a track must have two or more keyframes.

Whatever the system of representation selected, whatever the means of acquisition utilized, and whatever the process of visual restoration of the animation, it is important to represent each phase of the movement carried out and recorded picture by picture. The system of representation to be used should reflect clearly and faithfully all the effects produced by physical characteristics (movements of the head, hand, arm, and body) in the performance of any given action (a movement).

History of Animation

Animation predates the film by a very long shot.

One of the earliest forms of animation was the flipbook, which appears to move as you leaf through it.
The invention of optical devices, which allowed for the viewing of animated image sequences, had to wait until the 19th century.
Émile Reynaud produced the original cartoon, which was shown for the first time in 1892.

Produced by Walt Disney Studios, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, produced by Walt Disney Studios, was the first animated feature picture (1937). This movie was animated using the conventional cel animation technique, which involves drawing two-dimensional images on a celluloid sheet that is translucent. As opposed to needing to start over every time, the cel animation approach allowed for the transfer of graphics between frames, accelerating the process and saving time.

Animation Principles

There are so many rules in animation that need to be followed. Physics must be followed in animation!

  • Friction
  • Weight
  • Acceleration
  • Gravitation

we humans are accustomed to obeying the rules of physics, so when we see anything else moving in the same way that we are, it makes logical that we comprehend why it is animated in that manner.

Animation Techniques

  • Computer graphics
    • 2D digital animation
    • 3D animated
    • Architecture design
  • Manipulation of 2D objects
    • Sand
    • cut paper
    • Modeling clay
    • Paint
  • Animation in volume (3D objects)
    • puppets
    • modeling clay
    • Figures
    • Objects
  • Cartoon
    • Paper
    • Film

A4 LED Light Box for Drawing and Tracing

What is 2D and 3D Animation?

The primary distinction between 2D and 3D is the depth of objects or models in 3D, which is not found in 2D objects. 2D then gives a less realistic effect to the objects represented. 2D art is flat, imagine on a piece of paper, so we have to imagine that the subjects are flat and do not exist in three dimensions.

Animators in 2D and 3D work on animated films, video games, and advertising. A 2D animator begins with a sketch or image and then utilizes software to bring figures to life. In 2D animation, the image is created frame-by-frame; each time a still picture is made and shown in sequence. A 3D animator creates 3D models but does not sketch.

From the smallest short film to the biggest motion picture, both formats may be employed. Both have finished using computers now. Many 2D animations today use 3D elements that have been rendered in a way that makes them appear two-dimensional.

2D Animation

Generally speaking, 2D animation is a relatively simplified representation of reality, allowing the filmmaker to concentrate on telling the story rather than distracting physical aspects. Although this may be done in any medium of animation, 2D animation is widely recognized for the way its creators flout and parody physical rules. 2D animation is a highly unique medium that is quite different from 3D animation or other types of visual entertainment.

For 2D animation, design skills are paramount. To draw realistically lifelike characters, one must have a solid understanding of anatomy, physiology, and the ability to convey emotions. Additionally, you need to be imaginative, artistic, and creative.

How is a 2D animated film made?

2D characters can be created and given life in a variety of ways. All you need is a pen or pencil and lots of paper if you enjoy classics. To get colored animation, combine that set with a color palette.

3D Animation

Computer software is used to create 3D animation, which deals with building 3D models and their movement in a digital environment. Modeling, animation, and rendering are all included in 3D animation, which is far more difficult than 2D animation.

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In 3D space, artists "build" models. Then, these models are "rendered" in front of the light. We see the appearance of 3D in the finished images thanks to lighting and shadows. 3D animators set "key poses" as needed, typically every few frames. The images in between the important poses are then all generated automatically by the computer.

3D animation is typically used for high-end production and is primarily used in the video game, film, architecture, interior design, and cartoon industries.

Many technical skills, found in specialized trades, are required in the world of 3D animation and video games. This industry stands out and entices with its boundless creativity thanks to its constituent elements, which include level design, game design, and 3D video. You can also enter this competitive world in a variety of roles, such as design and narration, production and programming, management, and creation, depending on your interests.

Computer-generated imagery (CGI), also referred to as digital 3D, offers viewers only passive visual experiences. He creates animations and special effects for live action films and entertaining animated videos. Real people and objects can both be replaced. With this technique, animators can design environments and digital heroes while substituting extremely risky stunts for traditional ones.

Help Full For Cel Animation

Logo Animation

Your logo animation may be utilized to provide your website visitors with a more dynamic and engaging experience. It can also assist in maintaining your brand at the forefront of people's minds, especially when contrasted to rivals.

A popular online resource (CANVA, RENDERFOREST) for graphic and web designers, the application provides a sizable selection of free images, fonts, and graphic elements to create your animated logo. The expert logo editor is easy for non-designers to use with a simple drag and drop.

Cel Animation

Cel animation is a type of classic two-dimensional animation. 'Cel' is an abbreviation for 'celluloid,' as the graphics were created on thin, translucent sheets of plastic. Each cel in cel animation is created after a rigorous preparation process that includes the use of a storyboard and an initial screenplay. Classical animation, hand-drawn animation, and 2D animation are all forms of animation. It is an animation technique in which 2D drawings are created by hand on sheets of translucent plastic. Cels are the name given to these plastic sheets.

The animators generate two sorts of drawings on the cel. The character and the exact action are outlined on one side of the cel, while the other side is colored with paint.

Developing Ideas & Characters

2D Animation Softwares

Software is vital in digital 2D animation. It is crucial to be at ease using computers and to have mastered at least one 2D drawing and animation program. Software is widely available. You must decide which one will work best for your practice. It's important to remember to use graphic design software like Photoshop or Illustrator when creating images and other visuals.

Remember that software is secondary while the artist's creativity and expertise are key.

Adobe Animate


Stop Motion Studio



Cartoon Animator





Adobe AfterEffects

3D Animation Softwares

You'll be equipped with the know-how required to master 3D modeling, 3D video, and game design. One of the most popular 3D animation programs in use today is


3ds Max

Cinema 4D


LightWave 3D



Daz 3D


Cinema 4D

Frame Rate

The standard frequencies are 25 (Pal), 24 (Cinema), or 30 (NTSC) images/second, depending on the types of animation to be represented.

2 or 3 frames per second are plainly insufficient for smooth animation of basic forms, yet such a frequency, required for aesthetic effects, can be termed animation given the whole context of the work.

This information is correct and true to the best of the author's knowledge but should not be used in place of formal, specific advice from a trained professional.

© 2022 Sohail Ahmed

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