I am a Christian. I was an 8th-grade American History teacher. I am currently a freelance writer, public speaker, & homeschooling mom of 9.
This is part 4 of a 4 part hands-on unit study on Early American Settlers. Cook a batch of Dutch applesauce, match up the Thirteen Colonies, and make costumes to prepare for the Thanksgiving Presentation. My lessons are geared toward 2nd-3rd grade level children and their siblings. These are lessons I created to do with a weekly homeschool co-op. We meet each week for 2 1/2 hours and have 14 children between the ages of 0-12. Use these fun lessons with your class, family, or homeschool co-op group!
Please DO NOT copy this elsewhere without giving proper credit: http://iijuan12.hubpages.com/hub/william-penn-and-thirteen-colonies-lesson-plan-in-early-american-settlers-unit
Introduction & William Penn
***Please bring a vegetable peeler per child in order for us to peel apples. Per child please bring a toy hammer or saw, a toy shovel (the type used with a sand bucket), a small towel, blanket, or shawl and a wooden mixing spoon. These will be props for the play. Please bring extras of any of the items if you have them. ***
1. Stretch. Pray.
2. Discuss Proverbs 6:6-9 & sing Psalm 23B (in preparation for the Thanksgiving Performance).
3. Briefly discuss life of William Penn while showing pictures from William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania by Steven Kroll. (This book is quite boring, but it has decent pictures. As I flipped through the pages, I summarized the information I got on Penn's life from the chapter book my children and I read that week, "William Penn" by Katherine Wilkie.)
4. Show Pennsylvania on map of US & briefly discuss how settlers from various countries settled in Pennsylvania. Show pictures from The Folks in the Valley: A Pennsylvania Dutch ABC by Jim Aylesworth or The Farm: Life in Colonial Pennsylvania by James E. Knight.
Children's Books on William Penn
5. Begin making applesauce:
-Each child will peel an apple. (Do this outside if the weather is nice and the peelings won't attract fire ants.)
-After peeling the apples, two moms will core and slice the apples as the children each put a spoonful of sugar into a pot of water. The children will then each put a few slices of apple into the pot.
-Teacher/Parent #3 will finish slicing the apples and putting them in the pot. She will then boil and then smash the apples as they'll still be pretty hot.
1 cup water
1/2 cup sugar
1 teaspoons cinnamon
Peel, core and cut apples into chunks. Put the apples and water in a saucepan. Cover and bring to a boil. Simmer over low heat, stirring occasionally, 20-30 minutes or until soft. Stir in sugar and cook until it dissolves. Add cinnamon. Mash until desired consistency.
PARENT/TEACHER 1: YOU WILL NEED: 11 apples, 1/2 c. sugar, 1 tsp. cinnamon, knife, cutting board, cooking pot, mixing spoon
Review Remaining Colonies
6. Quickly summarize various colonies using pictures from The Golden Book History of the United States: Volume 1 by Earl Miers.
7. Hand each child a picture of something related to each of the colonies. (I printed off images from the Internet and put a piece of double-sided tape to the back.) Have them place the pictures on their map. (I used p. 42 from this "Who Settled Where" lesson plan ).
PARENT/TEACHER 2: YOU WILL NEED: 12 copies of 13 Colonies maps and 13 pictures representing each colony (12 sets), double-sided tape
Make Costumes, Snack Time, & Review for Performance
8. Make stereotypical Native American vests and head bands. Cut the bottom 2-inchs from the bottom bag and set aside. This will get used to make the headband. Cut the bottom edge of the vest so it is fringed. Cut paper bag down the front and around the bottom of the bag for the opening and neck area. Cut a hole in each side for the arms. Decorate vest using markers. While children decorate vests, measure their heads, let them select a feather color, and cut and staple their headband and feather using the previously cut 2-inch strip and feather. When they finish decorating their vest, they can decorate their headband. Staple them to fit each child's head.
PARENT/TEACHER 3: YOU WILL NEED: 12 large brown grocery store bags, markers, 12 pairs of scissors, stapler & 12 craft feathers
9. Eat applesauce.
PARENT/TEACHER 4: YOU WILL NEED: 12 disposable cups, spoons, & napkins
10. While children eat applesauce, go over the Thanksgiving Performance (acting out The Pilgrims Are Marching by Carol Greene.)
11. Act out "The Pilgrims Are Marching" using props a couple times to prepare for final performance.
PARENT/TEACHER 4: YOU WILL NEED: 2 pictures of ships (1 labeled Speedwell & 1 labeled Mayflower) each with 2 holes punched and string attached, 1 sign that says "Johnny B" with 2 holes punched and string attached, 12 suitcases/bags, 1 construction paper barrel labeled "Gunpowder" and 1 candle, 12 toy hammers and/or saws, 12 small blankets and/or towels, 1 toy mouse, 12 plastic shovels (the type that go with a sand bucket) and 12 construction paper fish, 2 oars, 12 wooden mixing spoons, 1 large pot, 12 construction paper turkey legs, 1 large sheet of poster board with one side having drawings of houses getting built and the other side showing corn plants
12. Sing Psalm 23B
13. 5 Minute Review of what we learned.
The Pilgrims Are Marching
Build a waddle and daub house like they did in Jamestown, create pilgrim costumes, set up a beaver trading post as you study Dutch settlers, cook a batch of William Penn's applesauce, perform a play on the Pilgrims, eat a semi-authentic Thanksgiving feast, and more during this fun 4 lesson unit study on Early American Settlers.
- Jamestown Lesson - This is part 1 of a 4 part hands-on unit on America's Early Settlers. Build a waddle and daub house like they did in Jamestown, dress as cavaliers and hunt for gold, cook and taste gruel, and more!
- Pilgrims Lesson - This is part 2 of a 4 part hands-on unit on America's Early Settlers. Create pilgrim costumes, make stewed pompion (pumpkin), plant corn, and more!
- Dutch and Swede Settlers of Early America Lesson - This is part 3 of a 4 part hands-on unit on Early American Settlers. Make butter, bake authentic Dutch Christmas cookies, set up a beaver trading post, build log cabins out of craft sticks, and more!
- William Penn and Thirteen Colonies Lesson - This is part 4 of a 4 part hands-on unit study on Early American Settlers. Cook a batch of Dutch applesauce, match up the Thirteen Colonies, and make costumes to prepare for the Thanksgiving Presentation.
- Thanksgiving Feast, Children's Play, & Authentic Recipes - This is the end of the unit activity for a 4 week hands-on unit on Early American Settlers. Eat a feast (complete with authentic dishes), perform a fun Thanksgiving play, and sing a Psalm (just as the Pilgrims did for their Thanksgiving feasts). Authentic and semi-authentic recipes are included!
Good Video Clips on William Penn
Would you like to teach this way every day?
I use Konos Curriculum as a springboard from which to plan my lessons. It's a wonderful curriculum and was created by moms with active boys!
If you're new to homeschooling or in need of some fresh guidance, I highly recommend Konos' HomeSchoolMentor.com program! Watch videos on-line of what to do each day and how to teach it in this great hands-on format!