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What is a catapult?

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what-is-a-catapult

The catapult was an ancient weapon used to project heavy stones principally against the walls, towers, and defenders of fortified places.
The catapult consisted of a long wooden arm of which one end was shaped as a cup to hold the stone in place, while the other was attached by strong cords to two upright posts joined by a crossbar.

The cords were twisted by winches until the arm was horizontal and it was then secured by the notch of a large iron catch.

Once the missile had been positioned in the cup the arm was released by striking the catch with a mallet, and the torsion force of the cords propelled the arm upwards and launched the stone into flight.

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