The Queen's Speech - and how it's changed during her reign
I've always been interested in accents and dialects. That's probably because I have a very distinctive regional British accent - Yorkshire.
How people speak is fascinating - there are so many English speakers but hundreds, or maybe thousands or more, of regional differences.
Queen Elizabeth is probably unique in that for over sixty years, she has been recorded by the media at least once a year, giving linguists a chance to see how her voice has changed during the period of her reign.
The Queen gives at least two speeches during the year - at the opening of parliament and at Christmas. Language experts, and amateurs with an interest, find it fascinating to hear her now and as she was in 1953 when she was crowned.
The Royal Family had developed a rather strange accent which has its roots with Victoria and Albert. He had a fairly heavy German tinge to his speaking voice and this was emulated, probably unconsciously, by everyone in the palace, including their children, and thus spread over time.
Victoria and Albert
No-one know exactly how these royals spoke but it is know that there is a heavy German influence and not only from the Prince. Victoria had a German governess when she was young and of course, her mother was German born.
Something I love about this photograph is that it was taken in Wakefield, Yorkshire, just ten miles from where I was born and brought up. (And I'd love to know what the Queen thinks of our accent).
Language experts have determined that over the years, the Queen's accent has become less 'posh' and this is particularly noticeable by the way that today, her vowels are more flattened. There are videos below of her speaking - one from 1954 and the other from 2013 - and you can hear that in the earlier one her vowels sounds are different. For example, listen out for her saying 'happy' and 'mother'. These come out sounding like 'heppey' and mether'.
This, and other fascinating facts about the English language are studied in detail in this book:
This is a fascinating look into the past and not only just to hear the distinctive way the Queen speaks. This recording was made when she visiting Australia in the year of her coronation. Note too the extreme 'poshness' of the narrator's accent. We are unlikely to hear people speaking in that way today.
Of course, there is a huge difference when you compare the voices of a young woman in her twenties and a lady who is in her eighties. However, you can plainly hear how her vowel sounds have relaxed. The rather strained-sounding vowel sounds are far more mainstream.
The Yorkshire accent
The BBC (British Broadcasting Company) had a policy of employing announcers who spoke extremely correctly. In fact, the accent was known as 'The Queen's English' and later became 'BBC English'. However this was to change in the Second World War.
The government of the day had to be aware of the fact that the BBC could be infiltrated by the Nazis - either after an occupation or subversively. After all, many Germans would be able to copy the accent which had it's roots in their country. They came up with a rather smart solution.
Yorkshireman Wilfred Pickles was employed to read the radio news. The government decided that a regional accent would be much more difficult for a non-English speaker to emulate. You see, no matter how posh we try to sound, those of us from Yorkshire can never quite disguise our origins.
Image of my copy of Planet Word © me.
People with regional accents have to adapt their speech when speaking to others out of the area. It's essential if they are going to be understood. Pickles adjusted his voice accordingly when he was reading the BBC news but the video below shows him in later life and reveals his true way of speaking. How good are you at hearing the differences? The actress in the video is from London - two hundred miles away from Yorkshire.
Now that I've spoken about the Yorkshire accent, I have to admit that there is no such thing as such. Every town, every village even, has its own way of speaking and its own dialect words. This was demonstrated to me several years ago in a used car lot in Fort Lauderdale, of all places.
I was walking on the lot and greeted a guy. I forget exactly what I said but it was just a few words ' Probably 'Hi, how are you?' or something similar. Remember that I'd lived in America for a couple of years so my speech was pretty mainstream,or so I thought.
The guy, who was Jamaican (this story just gets stranger!) said 'You're from Barnsley, aren't you?' He was right. I recognized his own accent and said 'But you're from Jamaica - how did you know?' He explained that he had lived in Wakefield for a few years so was fully familiar with both that city's accent and that from the town of Barnsley less than a dozen miles away.
The video below is interesting because it demonstrates three ways of speaking. The postman (mailman, sorry) has a mainstream Yorkshire accent. The announcer ids American. The older man who is interviewed is from the North of the region and explains several dialect words.
And just for fun
It's not just her accent that has 'relaxed' over the years. People who have met the Queen invariably remark on her sense of humour. The wonderful thing about this clip is, that when we (and everyone else) was watching it live on television, the suspense before Her Majesty is revealed is very clever. We were all expecting it to be Helen Mirren or some other lookalike.
As most British people know, the royal family are known for their sense of humor. When the producers of the Olympic opening first thought of the Queen's parachute jump, they first asked Princess Anne what she thought. Eyes twinkling, Anne merely said 'Why don't you ask her?' - she knew perfectly well that her mother would agree!
When I was younger, I was pretty anti-royal. Now, I absolutely adore the lady.
I have so much enjoyed writing this because it combines two of my interests - the British Royal Family and linguistics, especially when applied to regional dialects and received pronunciation.
Read more about Queen Elizabeth and her reign.
© 2013 Jackie Jackson
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on October 30, 2014:
@limpet - very few people are born within the sounds of the Bow Bells simply because the noise of London largely drowns them out and there are no maternity hospitals locally.The Queen was born four miles away in Mayfair so I doubt it was within the sound. Interesting point though.
Ian Stuart Robertson from London England on October 29, 2014:
If the Queen was born within hearing of the sound of the Bowe bells then Her Majesty qualifies as a genuine Cockney but in modern tymes the true Cocknies seemed to have dispersed.
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on October 28, 2014:
@limpet - beautifully put.
Ian Stuart Robertson from London England on October 28, 2014:
Her most gracious Majesty, Elizabeth the second who has reigned over us for the entirity of my life span has given us much for those fascinted with Royalty. As a young newly crowned Queen i always viewed Queen's speeches as having an apprehensive tone yet cautious and methodical. Now as an accomplished speaker, Her Majesty now eloquent and articulate speaks the Queen's English as should we all.
Merry Citarella from Oregon's Southern Coast on June 02, 2014:
That was so fun! It's so interesting to hear the differences. Love Yorkshires. Makes me want to go there all the more. Thanks for a lovely lens!
Tanya Jones from Texas USA on February 23, 2014:
finally got back by. too bad i can't edit my last post. loved the vids. disappointed the link to the queen's jump didn't go to what i thought it would be. great lens and information.
Tanya Jones from Texas USA on February 21, 2014:
I love accents. Excellent article
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on June 16, 2013:
@NibsyNell: Isn't it amazing?
NibsyNell on June 16, 2013:
I can't believe how much her voice has changed! Gosh!
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on June 05, 2013:
@Erin Mellor: I wonder the same thing. Here in the States my Yorkshire is often thought of as Scottish! Even in the South Of England, I've had people think that I was from Liverpool :) I am hopeless at identifying American accents (with just one of two exceptions) so I imagine that it applies the other way around as well.
Erin Mellor from Europe on June 05, 2013:
I'm intrigued by whether American ears can tell the differences in accents used in Game of Thrones, with the Starks all being northern and the Lannister's Home Counties types. It may be too subtle a difference to detect unless you spend a lot of time with the accents.
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on June 05, 2013:
@WriterJanis2: She does indeed - thanks for visiting!
WriterJanis2 on June 04, 2013:
For being her age, she still speaks so well.
Jackie Jackson (author) from Fort Lauderdale on June 04, 2013:
@ChristyZ: That sounds cool! I'm just amazed that she has been on the throne for so many years. It's also wonderful that the couple have been together for so long - what a wonderful achievement that is!
ChristyZ on June 04, 2013:
I love the royal family and it's interesting to see how the Queen has changed over the years. I also love British accents, the kids and I have these contests to see who can sound the most authentic...we all suck at accents, but it's fun!