History & Archaeology
"JHALKARI BAI" THE UNSUNG COMMANDER OF QUEEN LAKSHMI BAI’S- DURGA BATTALION
The history of India's independence struggles has been grossly mispresented. Many brave rulers, commanders, and freedom fighters were neglected by the politicians and historians of India. They are the unsung heroes of our country, who deserve their rightful place in Indian history.
Growing Up With Parents Who Survived the Holocaust
The Holocaust had an emotional effect on the next generation, and their parents didn’t talk about it. In this article, I discuss how it affected my parents and my life philosophy, which I attribute to being a child of the Holocaust.
The Pirate Queen Grace O' Malley and the Virgin Queen Elizabeth I
Grace O'Malley was no demure Irish maiden. She was a ruthless 16th century pirate and Clan O'Maille's chief, twice married and a mother of four. She dispatched her enemies without mercy and yet she won the favour of Queen Elizabeth I and the emnity of Tudor statesman Sir Richard Bingham.
How the German Afrika Korps Helped the U.S. Win World War II
After El Alamein, the Afrika Korps was brought to the U.S. as prisoners of war and made a major contribution to the American war effort.
INDIA’s FORGOTTEN UNSUNG HEROES: Admiral Lachit Barphukan
India has a rich and ancient history that dates back to the era of BC. But due to the British and other effects, it has been ignored and forgotten. Even educational textbooks have the minutest places for them. This is a small step to remember such unsung heroes of our history.
How Confederates Kidnapped and Enslaved Blacks at Gettysburg
Robert E. Lee’s army rounded up free black Pennsylvanians before the Battle of Gettysburg and sent them South into slavery
John Hunyadi: The Greastest Enemy of the Ottoman Empire
Read to learn about the life of one of the stauchest opponents of Ottoman expansion into Europe.
The Dark History of the Thanksgiving Day
While modern Thanksgiving has been sanitized into a celebration of people coming together, the reality was far darker, bloody, and terrible. The fact is, it was not peace that brought the Indians and the settlers together at the table.
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois aka Huey
The UH-1 Iroquois is a military version of the Bell Model 204 helicopter. The XH-40 made its first flight on October 22, 1956. Iroquois initial designation was the HU-1, this gave it the nickname “Huey”. More Iroquois built than any other post-World War II aircraft. Over 16,000 have been produced.
The Romani and Domari People: Two Distinct Groups With a 1,700-Year-Old History
In Spain, they call themselves Gitanos (Gypsies). The colorful Cobra Gypsies are still in parts of India. They have been persecuted and stigmatized, however today they number in the millions. They are indeed an amazing people.
Why Does the Philippines Have a Pin Mark in the World Map?
The Philippines is a small country but it contributed so many things in the history of the world. Do you want to know what it is?
The Unsolved World War II Mystery of Yamashita’s Gold
A real-life high-octane mystery of World War II involving tons and tons of gold, a secretive Japanese General, an elusive royal family, a locksmith, and a bloodthirsty Philippine dictator, still unsolved for the past 75 years.
Fred Harvey and His Harvey Girls Civilized and Helped Build the American West
Fred Harvey and his Harvey Girls served to open the American West, providing excellent, fresh food served by efficient and trained women. Together they allowed the public to travel to see the West in relative comfort.
The Mysterious Prophecies of the English Witch Mother Shipton
16th Century English soothsayer, Prophetess, and witch Mother Shipton is said to have made several uncannily accurate predictions like the Great Plague of London, the American Civil War, the Great Fire of London, and even the COVID-19 epidemic.
From Soothing Soldiers to Empowering Prophets: The Use of Drugs in the Ancient World
From the "ekstasis" of the Ancient Greeks to the "laughing weed" of the Romans, hallucinogenic substances were well known to inhabitants of the ancient world, who used them for religious and recreational purposes.
The Gilded Lynnewood Mansion: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
The Lynnewood Mansion of Philadelphia, known as the "American Versailles," construction began in 1897 and was completed in 1900 for the Peter Widener family. The Lynnewood Hall Preservation Foundation was established to acquire funds for its preservation.
The Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 Bachstelze
The Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 was a gyro kite designed to give U-Boat crews the ability to see further than they could from their conning tower. The prototype began operational tests aboard U-523 in August 1942. Weser-Flugzeugbau produced about 200 Fa 330s.
'Gandhi Buri' Matangini Hazra (Female Freedom Fighter)
Married at 12 and Widowed at 18 with no children, but the spirit of Matangini Hazra, instead of breaking, grew stronger. This is the real power of a woman who instead of asking others, empowered herself to help people around her and the nation towards independence.
The Workhouses: How the Poor Were Virtually Imprisoned in Victorian Era England
Workhouses in Britain were all-inclusive institutions, which offered both accommodations and a workplace to those unable to support themselves. However, living conditions were brutal.
Amalie Von Wallmoden: George 2nd's Principal Mistress for 25 Years
Hanoverian Amalie von Wallmoden was the chief mistress of King George II of Britain and Ireland for twenty five years. Her grandmother and great aunt had already been mistresses to men in the House of Hanover. She bore George a son in 1736.
The Symbol of the US Dollar $ Have You Ever Wondered What Its Origin Is?
In this article we provide a definition of the US dollar $ currency and then we go into the details and reality of the symbol of the US dollar $ currency in detail.
The Klondike Gold Rush of 1896: A Forgotten Historical Event
Over 100,000 people traveled to the Yukon searching for adventure and fortune. Few acquired the riches they sought. This event not only inspired the name of a chocolate bar but also Jack London's Call of the Wild. Unfortunately, today it has been largely forgotten.
The Aligarh Movement of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
The war of independence (1857) was proved a complete destruction for the Muslims. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan launched Aligarh Movement for the betterment of Muslims. His goal was to make the Muslims of Sub-Continent stronger by giving them modern education of the time.
6 Ancient Medical Treatments We Consider Insane Today
The medical sciences have advanced tremendously. However, in past times it was possible for the cure to be worse than the disease.
Operation Condor: U.S. and Latin America’s Dirty War
The governments of eight Latin American countries feared being overthrown by Communist guerrillas. They created secret pacts to jointly eliminate by any means necessary members of communist groups.
Nan Madol, the Mysterious City Built on Coral Reefs
The only ancient city ever built upon a coral reef, Nan Madol is such an unbelievably complex marvel of ancient engineering that it begs one question: "how was it possible to build those huge constructions?”.it has also been called names like “Atlantis,” and the “Venice of the East."
11 Historical Figures With Little Education Who Managed to Change the World
Is education the only road to success? Many successful men and women in modern times have achieved great economic and social accomplishments with little or no education. The same has been true throughout history.
The 5 Most Wicked Popes in History
From the dawn of the Catholic Church powerful families made sure young familty member would enter the clergy.in order to rise to power within the church. These powerful familities wouild further use their political power in order for these relatives to rise to the highest levels of power.
The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading, a Review
in his short book, The First Crusade and Idea of Crusading, Jonathan Riley-Smith lays out the situation of the Church in the early 11th century and establishes the reasons, political and spiritual, the Europeans went on Crusade.
Sardar Bhagat Singh - the Lionheart (Freedom Fighter)
The story of a Lionheart of India, who shook the tyrant British rule to its core with strong and strategically delivered messages.
The Curtiss P-40
Curtiss revised the P-36 with the new engine. This gave the new fighter, the XP-40, performance similar to the Messerschmitt Bf-109 and Hawker Hurricane. Curtiss produced P-40s until December 1944, after producing over 11,600 aircraft. The Last P-40 retired from active service in 1958.
A History of Mexico City: The Sinking Megalopolis
Hernán Cortés stole the land from Montezuma and built a city where he should have not. Now the city is sinking. Today, Mexico City is the home of twenty-two million people. How will this ecological and cultural issues be solved?
Ancient Rome: A Military and Political History, In Review
Ancient Rome takes a look at an a large swathe of Roman history with the intent of providing the reading the basic ideas of Roman military and political history throughout the course of Roman history from the end of the monarchy until the fall of the empire. .
The Unkillable Soldier: Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart
Adrian Carton de Wiart was a soldier in the British military during the Boer War, World War I as well as World War II. His battlefield injuries involved losing his left hand, and his left eye as well as being shot in the ankle, ear, face, stomach, hip, groin, and more. He still lived to be 83.
Lessons of the Ukraine Conflict Nuclear war and Deterrence
Many had assumed that nuclear weapons are deterrence. The USA thought it could continue to meddle in faraway places and its nuclear detterence would prevent a conventional war. It has worked the other way around and now the Americans are unable to stop the conventional war
Hypothetical Extraterrestrials -- Would They Be Hostile?
Should we accept the hostile image of hypothetical E.T.s generated by Hollywood film industry that's cashing in on violence?
What Lead to World War I?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand triggered the commencement of the World War I. The Serbian government was blamed for the assassination and consequently, the formation of alliances started immediately. An alliance made by Russia, France, Great Britain, and Serbia rose against Germany