Skip to main content

Ancient Alexandria

Karen lives in Jackson, MS with her husband and son, and works as an accountant. She enjoys writing, reading, and D&D role playing game.

ancient-alexandria

Lost City's Underwater Remains

For hundreds of years, the city of Alexandria was the golden capital of Greece. Bearing one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World as her beacon to sailors for a hundred miles, the Lighthouse of Alexandria on Pharos, she was a haven for fishermen, Hebrews, Greeks and their gods.

Before the discovery and development of the city by Alexander the Great, the area was the village of Rhakotis. It was likely a fishing village, but the significance of Rhakotis is the subject of some debate. While the Greek claim the city as historically "Greek", there is evidence it may have more of an Egyptian history prior to Greek rule, as the city of Rhakotis.

After the fall of Greece, the furthermost point of the city, which had been the quarters of Cleopatra VII, gradually fell into the sea. A series of earthquakes and tidal waves left this entire section of the city underwater, where it lay for many centuries. Only in recent years have the remains been explored.

Lawrence Alma-Tadema: Antony and Cleopatra (1885, Oil on panel. 65.5 x 92 cm)

Lawrence Alma-Tadema: Antony and Cleopatra (1885, Oil on panel. 65.5 x 92 cm)

Finding Cleopatra's Lair

Underwater diving equipment and satellite technology helped French Explorer and Archaeologist Franck Goddio and his team to discover the lost portion of ancient Alexandria in 1994.

The team first had to map the site using sophisticated equipment and painstakingly go through the 5.5 acre site inch by inch. To make matters even more difficult, some of the artifacts were found on top of one another.

While some of the artifacts have been removed and are being shown on exhibitions around the world, others remain where they have been for the past 2,000 or more years. There are plans underway to build the world's first underwater museum at the site with funding from the United Nations cultural agency, UNESCO.

Photo: Lawrence Alma-Tadema: Antony and Cleopatra (1885, Oil on panel. 65.5 x 92 cm)

Ancient Alexandria - With the Lighthouse out front

anxient Alexandria

anxient Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the crowning point of the city. This is how it would have been depicted not long after it was completed, during the latter years of reign of Ptolomen, King of Egypt (323 BC - 283 BC)

Map of the Underwater Artifacts as they Lay

Map of Ancient Alexandria

Map of Ancient Alexandria

For nearly ten months, the team collected data on each piece, which all became part of one huge computerized database. Three types of information were recorded for each registered block - written, drawn, photo and/or film.

The Cleopatra Conspiracy - Was she a Murderer?

Claudette Colbert as Cleopatra, 1934

Claudette Colbert as Cleopatra, 1934

We know her own life ended in tragedy, but what about the tragic deaths of those in her family, her siblings - or would be "heirs"? It seems they all fell to a similar tragic fate. Was that too at the hands (or from the rule of) Cleopatra herself?

Pharos Lighthouse - Early Greek Drawing

Pharos 4

Pharos 4

From the web on the Ancient City of Alexandria

  • Pharos Lighthouse
    Prior to its destruction, it underwent a number of modifications by later rulers. The architect was Sostratos, a Greek from the Asia Minor city of Cnidus, whose name also appears on the sanctuary of Appolo at Delphi and on Delos
  • Underwater Discovery
    We invite you to join us in the discovery of lost cities, submerged lands and ancient ships. We are exploring and re-constructing history and we love to share the exitement with you!
Scroll to Continue

Dedicated by the architect: "Sostratos of Cnidus, son of Dexiphanes, to the savior gods, for sailors"

"As Alexander was sleeping, he saw a remarkable vision...an island in the stormy sea off Egypt...they call it Pharos."

The Greek biographer Plutarch on Alexander the Great's choosing Rhakotis as the location to build his great city

The Back Story on Cleopatra - and the Exhibition in Cincinnati

ancient-alexandria

Antony and Cleopatra - Business Relationship? Or True Love?

To seal a contract with a sexual relationship was not uncommon for the time. Did Antony and Cleopatra really have a romantic relationship? Or were they merely business "partners"?

Elizabeth Taylor plays the immortal Cleopatra with the class she was so known for, and the gorgeous Richard Burton is her perfect Antonio....

ancient-alexandria

Antony and Cleopatra - A Tragedy by William Shakespeare

Scenery and character alternating between sensual, imaginative Alexandria (Cleopatra) and the more pragmatic, austere Rome (Antony). Story based on Thomas North's translation of Plutarch's Lives

Thanks for Visiting! Do you have something to say? - Please share with us!

lesliesinclair on June 30, 2013:

This is fascinating! Well presented, and I think I would like to go visit.

lesliesinclair on June 30, 2013:

This is fascinating! Well presented, and I think I would like to go visit.

Rob Hemphill from Ireland on April 30, 2013:

This would be a very interesting place to visit, I remember when they made the discovery we followed it closely in the media.

Barbara Isbill from New Market Tn 37820 on February 04, 2013:

Very interesting, Thanks.

Lens_Directory on September 04, 2012:

I love to read books and pages about Ancient Alexandria. It was a really intresting place and a lot of books have been written about it.

Spiderlily321 on May 22, 2012:

Great lens! I added this to related lenses on my baalbek trilithon lens. Thanks for writing this.

VillaDejaBlue on February 26, 2012:

Nice lens.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on December 07, 2011:

We missed visiting this place when we were in Egypt.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on December 07, 2011:

We missed visiting this place when we were in Egypt.

dahlia369 on October 31, 2011:

I am also very intrigued by those ancient and prosperous civilizations and cities. Great lens, thank you!! :)

termit_bronx on October 22, 2011:

I just love ancient cities. Great lens! :)

anonymous on October 18, 2011:

Ancient Alexandria continues to let go of some of her mysteries and each one stirs our interest and fascination once again!

adamfrench on September 27, 2011:

Impressive lens, thumbs up

Related Articles