Bob knows that without pollinators we do not eat. Bees and others are vital
Bee and Sunflower
All elements of an ecosystem are important to the functioning of that ecosystem. Remove one element and the system will need to make adjustments. The effect of that adjustment may often not be known until after it has happened.
It may be positive or negative, from a human standpoint, but we cannot look at nature from a human standpoint only. Why?
Well, ecosystems are complex, possibly too complex for us to be able to understand all the connections and actions and interactions that takes place within them.
If we do not know what will happen if something changes, it makes no sense to rush in and make those changes.
Now, with bees and honey bees, in particular we know that over one-third of our food supply relies upon them for pollination services and we know that pollination is essential for the reproduction of the plants the bees service.
The honey bee is a major pollinator of many of our food crops, almonds, apples, avocados, blueberries, cantaloupes, cherries, cranberries, cucumbers, sunflowers, watermelon and many other crops all rely on honey bees for pollination.
So if honey bees disappear and we do not find replacements that can do the work they do then foods that we take for granted will decrease in supply and increase in price.
The pollination service provided by insect pollinators, bees mainly, was €153 billion (euros) in 2005 for the main crops that feed the world. This figure amounted to 9.5% of the total value of the world agricultural food production.
The main reason that the honey bees is important for our world is as simple as this; if the honey bee does not pollinate the crops, the crops do not grow and produce the food that gets harvested and brought to the store where we buy it and bring it home to feed ourselves and our families.
In other words there is a direct connection between the bees pollinating the crops and our ability to provide food for our families.
The honey bees do provide a second service; they make honey.
Colony Collapse Disorder
- Gardening For The Bees
The gardener does not work alone; to be successful and produce beautiful flowers and healthy vegetables the gardener has many assistants lending a hand. The honey bee is one that pulls more than its...
- Bringing Back the Bees
Pollination is best described as the transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or of another flower. Pollination is an essential process if the flower is to be...
Veronica on April 03, 2014:
yay bees! yay honey! yay pollination! woohoo! exciting! i love bees! i love learning! i love you, bob ewing!
Veronica on April 03, 2014:
this was very helpful bob ewing, i applaud you for knowing so much about bees and why they are good for the earth! :)
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on April 10, 2012:
Bees colour sensitivity to the Blue/UV end of the spectrum is greater than that of humans so blue flowers would seem brighter to them.
cris on April 10, 2012:
why are bees atracted to the coler blue?
Sherry Hewins from Sierra Foothills, CA on March 25, 2012:
Interesting to find this thanks to That Grrl's comment, I recently wrote a hub about this same subject. It sounds like John Harding could have written one himself. I see that we have not progressed that far from 3 years ago when you wrote this one. There are still a variety of theories about what cause or combination of causes are to blame for the woes of the honey bee. Thanks for writing about this important issue.
Laura Brown from Barrie, Ontario, Canada on March 25, 2012:
We had a really mild winter in Ontario this year. Not nearly the amount of snow we usually get here in Barrie. People have started talking about the bees, thinking this could be a hard year for them.
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on February 04, 2012:
It is scary but do not count us out yet.
Wency on February 03, 2012:
This is scary. Are we on our way to extinction?
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on September 19, 2011:
Thanks for taking the time to comment.
rik on September 19, 2011:
wow,,,never knew bees are that important
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on May 10, 2011:
Why do you want that information, about 2 years ago or so,
Student on May 10, 2011:
When did you write this essay?
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on April 18, 2011:
If they had final answers the situation would be on its way to be solved.
inesse on April 18, 2011:
I'm using this website to do some research on bees.
It would be great if they told us what the virus is that is causing all the bees to die and how is it killing them.
John Harding on March 07, 2011:
The above was incomplete, here's the rest;
Has Man made a difference?
No, except for realising a unique space (Langstroth) that Honeybees respect meaning we as beekeepers can inspect our colonies with frames rather than killing off the bees that were in a skep over a sulphur pit. This observation only happened 150 years ago. Queen excluders were also invented.
Are there any other major discoveries?
Yes, Eddie Woods (a BBC sound engineer) discovered 60 years ago inside the Honeybee nest that vibration levels was measured between 190hertz and 250hertz during normal conditions however when swarming this vibration went up to 300hertz.
Was any scientific work carried out at the time or later? No! If it had we could be further along the path of understanding the Honeybee better. Beekeeping today is much the same as it was in the beginning except of course the Langstroth frame space and Queen excluder.
Have Beekeeping books changed?
No, not really except for the amount of knowledge that we have now gained about the mysterious Honeybee, it always seems to be repetition but more in depth, more of a scientific language.
Can we still learn from the Honeybee?
Using observation and logic and asking “What do Honeybees really want?”.
They did not ask to be put into a box or beehive.
However, while in our care, we, as beekeepers, should give them and treat them as if they were in a wild state of nature.
We know they want and use vibration.(Woods)
We know they will respect a unique space.(Langstroth)
We know they use electromagnetic north/south in honeycomb building and in flight.
We know with a strong colony, disease and varroa can be kept to a minimum.
We also know with a colony of strength our rewards of honey is greater.
So! What do Honeybees really want?
Vibration, how is it generated? At the moment by the Honeybees themselves to ward off predators, for communication and to keep their micro existent climate to a perfect temperature for brood rearing, but is that sufficient? Unfortunately NO!
Can it be found elsewhere? YES! Planet Earth (NASA)
Planet earth has evolved, so trees, animals, plants, fish, birds and insects has evolved with it and so too, Honeybees, evolving with the planet. Which is why Honeybees not only need a high vibration of 250hertz to sustain their microenvironment but actively look for it by swarming.
How could man know this? You cannot see, feel, touch or sense it.
Planet earth vibrates constantly at 7.83hertz (NASA) unless disturbed.
Honeybees vibrate at between 190htz and 250htz (Woods)
Honeybees are placed by man in a beehive where man wants it, if this is on 7.83htz the bees have to work 31.9 times greater just to stand still. I have reason to believe this weakens their immune system and defence mechanism becoming an easy target for any alien predators like Varroa. Now, not being able to cope, over-stressed, disorder with eventual collapse, dying or disappearance is inevitable.
Does planet earth vibrate at this higher level of 250htz?
Yes, transmitted upwards through underground rivers.
These rivers are everywhere around the planet, like i.e.; blood vessels in our own body. Remember it has taken 4 billion years to get to where we are today. Everything has evolved together to be where it is and why it is there for a reason. The climate, planet earth and logic has dictated that.
Where does the higher earth vibration come from and how?
Planet earths normal vibration of 7.83htz gets interrupted by hollow chambers of running water/fluid creating friction allowing oscillation to resonate to become an Electromagnetic Wave Vibration which will increase it up to and above 250htz.
The rivers/lines of fluid are normally very close to each other varying in depth and only being up to 4 feet wide, like a cobweb, zig zagging their way across the planet at depths of 200 feet or 300 feet creating vibration and rising upwards to the surface and skywards, creating an electromagnetic curtain that reaches to approximately 30,000 feet. (Birds use this curtain to migrate thousands of miles).
I.e. There are 8 rivers/lines in my 3 bed detached house and 80 foot garden, so they are not miles apart.
What is the connection of Honeybee vibration 250hertz and Earth vibration 250hertz?
We know that Honeybees maintain this vibration within their nests (Woods) It is just too much of a coincidence, using logic, that bees are drawn to it when they swarm. They have evolved together over millions of years. Honeybees, Wasps, Bumble bees, Ants, Cats and much more are all being attracted to and found above earths higher vibration.
The honeybees need this higher vibration so they work 31.9 times less. Then are able to deal with any unwelcome intruders, like the Varroa mite.
All organism are attracted to or repelled from these lines.
Are Honeybees drawn to Planet Earth higher vibration?
YES! In various ways.
Yes, every time they swarm. Honeybees always settle above a 250htz line. This has been checked on every swarm collected, about 30, in the past 3 years.
All bait hives placed above a line attracted a swarm.
Whenever I was called out to inspect abandoned hives there was always one beehive above a line. This was the only hive with bees in and thriving. The others had died.
Apiaries were left for 4 years to ascertain for self selection. After this time the only hives that survived were above a line, all the others had died out.
Varroa resistant strain
In my early days of queen rearing I too thought I had a resistant strain only to find out every one that showed these qualities was above a line. I could not understand why they were so poor when moved to a new site, having shown perfect qualities when in the original site.(This was before I knew about the lines). Any beekeeper that thinks he/she has a Varroa resistant strain. I can guarantee will always be above a line.
They have not been killed off by Varroa, it was an assumption, not scientific. Beekeepers are to blame due to putting hives in the wrong place where they die out with Varroa, so no swarms or feral colonies. Feral colonies are still out there surviving. Reduced in numbers, yes, but they are always found above a line.
I was invited by Ricarda Kather to explain my hypothesis, while there I checked their apiary without any prior knowledge not knowing which was the best or worst beehive as all looked identical. These I believe were used for Varroa hygiene. I found the two best beehives that gave the best hygienic results. These were above a line.
My apiaries have not changed during my beekeeping so observations have been made pre-lines. During all these years Cleanliness, Hygiene and Grooming have always been noticed to be far better than others within the same apiary not realising at that time they were on a line. Honeybees can deal with Varroa when above a line.
When above a line the honey yield is always 2 or 3 times greater.
The colonies has tended to supersede rather than swarm. Clearly they are in the right place so why swarm?
This does beg the question “Is swarming induced by man?” being put in the wrong place by man. How long have they been trying to tell us?
Case study 1 (within the same apiary)
Take 2 hives of similar size and queen (“A/B“), both infested with Varroa, place “A” above a line, place “B” away from the line.
Hive A; within 6 to 8 weeks this hive will have very little Varroa or none at all and thriving requiring supers.
Hive B; after 6 to 8 weeks will still be heavily ridden with Varroa and much weaker.
Next season reverse these same two hives (if B is still alive) You will observe B becomes Varroa free and A is infested with Varroa.
If you wish using 2 apiaries in the same year the above exchange can be done after 3 months.
“I have used this on countless occasions, with many hives, and the results always being the same”
Case study 2 (
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on March 06, 2011:
Thanks for this contribution John.
John Harding on March 06, 2011:
Here is a more detailed view to why honeybees are dying.
My name is John Harding and I have found the answer and solution to stop honeybees dying.
It is nothing to do with any man-made product.
Honeybees were dying before any pesticides, mobile phones, G M crops or whatever you care to mention was manufactured.
Below, in two parts are the reasons why.
First part is an extract from my book.
The second is from a proof copy leaflet that was presented by myself to all delegates of the International Bee Research Association (IBRA) Conference held in the UK on the 29th January 2011.
Please enjoy reading and realise honeybees have been dying for centuries.
I am sure you are aware of the plight of the Honeybee worldwide. Beekeepers need an answer. Initially Apiarist worldwide was putting the blame for the Honeybee demise on the doorstep of the Chemical and Mobile Phone Industries.
Honeybees are dying out at an alarming rate with no one knowing why. Pesticides, CCD, GM crops, Climate change, Mobiles, Global warming or perhaps someone or something to blame would be acceptable to everyone.
There are many possibilities being put forward but as yet, no answers. The parasitic mite called Varroa is not helping matters with its contribution.
However there are two common denominators why Honeybees are dying worldwide. A short explanation first.
Chemical companies are investing millions worldwide in Universities, Scientists, Professors, Doctors, Institutes, Beekeeping Organisations and whoever, so they just might find a chemical or bacterial answer for the parasitic mite called Varroa that is sweeping the continents devastating Honeybees. Mobile Phone Companies are in denial not wanting the blame.
Chemical companies need an answer whether it is one or the other so they may recoup their investment and profit from beekeepers worldwide in selling their product.
Was Albert Einstein right in his alleged statement? “If Honeybees die out then mankind will follow 4 years later” the chances are that it won't be 4 years due to other foods such as rice being available but it will happen eventually as honeybees do pollinate 35% of what we eat.
Once Honeybees are gone, Honeybees are gone for good!
I am a beekeeper of 30 years` experience, keeping up to 300 beehives, until 6 years ago. I have invented beekeeping equipment in that time that I am proud to say, does bare my name, “The Harding Queen Rearing System using Two Queens” and “The Harding Mini Nucleus Complete System” (as seen on the internet website for BIBBA). These are an inclusion of this book, Chapter Three & Five.
During my life's work things happen and you wonder at nature, how perfect is the Honeybee micro-world, why would you want to change it and yet mankind unknowingly has changed the Honeybees perfect 200 million year existence to what mankind wants.
My beekeeping puzzle is based on observation and logic over the past 30 years with each piece complimenting the next, eventually creating a picture and discovering;
“The answer and solution to the Holy Grail of beekeeping”.
I have always thought there was a natural way to treat the parasitic mite Varroa. After 18 years without treatment of any chemicals or sugar in my hives I have found the answer and it is a “World Exclusive!“
It didn't start with the Varroa mite 20 years ago, what the Varroa mite did was escalate the problem to what beekeepers had done worldwide, but it did bring it to the attention of the media and mainstream public in the last few years causing an over re-action due to Albert Einstein’s alleged quote.
Honeybees started dying out when man found honey, tens of thousands of years ago when man wanted to domesticate Honeybees to harvest honey, putting them into logs, boxes, skeps eventually beehives but taking them away from their natural source of survival and requirements, which keeps their delicate micro-environment alive.
The first common denominator for the demise of Honeybees is……… Mankind! Well, Beekeepers now and in the past!
So what is the second common denominator?
“I have found a natural phenomenon, the bees need it to survive to complete their micro-existent world, and is free. I am the first person in the world to combine Honeybees with this phenomenon, so you can imagine how the chemical companies are going to react after spending millions around the globe. I have approached Universities and Beekeeping Organisations here, in the UK, and abroad with my hypothesis but due to the infiltration of funding from chemical companies or others, University Scientist, Professors or Scholars are unable to take my hypothesis due to inevitably losing their precious funding or being biased to a chemical or bacterial answer”.
Yes! It is topical, political and controversial! One single person taking on the might of a billion-dollar pharmaceutical industry and the Hierarchy of the Beekeeping World with every beekeeper past and present being the reason for their demise and the answer being a natural phenomenon which is free.
CCD (Colony Collapse Disorder) in the USA is also down to Mankind for the demise of their Honeybees having the same problems as us but with one extra reason that is only in the USA.
Whatever you think after you have read my book, I will not be popular with any beekeeper, scientist, professor or anyone looking for a chemical or bacterial answer, but may, just may, stop Honeybees dying out worldwide.
That will be pleasing in itself. I am just a passionate beekeeper that has found an answer and solution. This book is a small part of the invisible world of the mysterious Honeybee that is disappearing too quickly.
"Albert Einstein did not say that famous quote about mankind dying out. It was a misquote from Albert “N” Stein an American beekeeper of the same era as Albert Einstein. However with accent, dialect and poor communication at that time it was misunderstood".
"A holistic Way in Saving The Honeybee"
Books Illustrated (Lower High St Stourbridge)
Northern Bee Books UK
For discussion at the International Bee Research Association (IBRA) Conference
held at the University Of Worcester on the 29th January 2011.
Varroa-still a problem in the 21st century?
My name is John Harding, I have kept, researched, experimented, observed and used logic and common sense in trying to keep as much to nature as possible while keeping Honeybees. During the last 30 years I have invented bee equipment that does bare my name. I have not used sugar or chemicals for the past 18 years, due to the first approved licensed treatments killing a percentage of my queens.
I hoped that one day I would find a natural remedy for the parasitic mite Varroa.
This, I have now done.
We know that Honeybees have been on this planet for 100 to 200 million years depending which book you read, so bees have evolved with planet earth. This has brought with it changing climates, polarity change, a change in continents with moving earth plates and a change in flora. In all that time dealing with disease, mites, intruders and any other alien insect or animal, even man.
During this time, their home has been in hollow trees, caves or covered protected position so they may get away from draughts, rain or severe weather to build their amazing honeycomb nest that is kept to an accurate temperature +_ 1 degree to raise the numbers required for survival both in summer and winter.
Thousands of years ago man found honey. Due to the Honeybees perilous home positions being high in a cave or high up in a tree, man decided to re-home the Honeybee into logs, boxes, skeps and then beehives so as to make it easier to harvest honey. A form of domestication.
Has Man made a difference?
No, except for realising a unique space (Langstroth) that Honeybees respect meaning we as beekeepers can inspect our colonies with frames rather than killing off the bees that were in a skep over a sulphur pit. Thi
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on January 25, 2011:
You are welcome, glad it helped.
bee queen on January 25, 2011:
I am in year seven. In geography we are learning about what bees do. Our homework was to design a poster informing others about this situation. I found this site very useful. My teacher was amazed of the brilliant outcome and amazing facts.
beegirls on November 27, 2010:
thx bob that really helped me with my science project ;)
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on November 15, 2010:
Thanks, we take much for granted and that is most unwise.
nell79 from United States on November 15, 2010:
I wish more people would pay attention to this. Bees are such an important part of our lives that it's crazy how many people aren't aware of their decimating populations. Good Article:)
111 on September 06, 2010:
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on August 29, 2010:
Glad it helped.
mateo on August 29, 2010:
thanks very much bob this helped me for my biology assesment
Im from Argentina!!!!!
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on July 26, 2010:
Thanks for the comment.
John Harding on July 26, 2010:
My name is John Harding from Stourbridge UK.
I have found the answer and solution to stop Honeybees dying.
I have kept Honeybees for 30 years, inventing Honeybee related products in that time.
When the Varroa Mite hit our shores approx 20 years ago, everbody treated with the approved chemicals. My experience was the approved chemicals were killing my Queens, therefore if treated at the wrong time of year, no drones were avaliable for mating so they died out.
This stared a personal quest to find a natural answer. All chemicals and sugar were bannished from my beehives, which grew up to 300, in the UK that's a lot for one person....I know in the states that is back yard beekeeping, however I did refuse chemical treatment which did not approve to my fellow local beekeepers.
There is one common denominator to why Honeybees are dying;
Honeybees have been on this planet earth for about 200million years.
Honeybees did not choose to live in a beehive.
Honeybees were taken from their only source of survival.
Mankind wanted to domesticate this wild insect, impossible.
Mankind put them in beehives.
Mankind put Honeybees where they wanted them with no thought to what Honeybees need to survive.
So what is that common denominator?
BEEKEEPERS, NOW AND FOREVER IN THE PAST, WE HAVE TAKEN THEM AWAY FROM THEIR MOST PRECIOUS SUPPLY SOURCE.
MINE WILL NOT DIE, AND DOES PRODUCE 2 TO 3 TIMES MORE HONEY THAN ANYONE ELSE. I HAVE THE ANSWER.
JOHN HARDING. email@example.com or 07974121472 or 01384 425557
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on April 25, 2010:
You are welcome.
Ian Flynn on April 25, 2010:
This really helped me with my Science Homework. Thanks, Bob!
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on April 08, 2010:
I am working on a couple of hubs on the importance of insects. Thanks for dropping by.
Simona Vanecek on April 08, 2010:
It is sad that so many people CLAIM to believe in God and yet they don't see the significance and beauty in all living species, including insects. What mass arrogance it must take for a human-being to see a bug, say: ewwwww then waste total negative energy in seeing the insect’s demise for no reason. How ironic, that that insect may actually save a human’s life someday.
vamsy on March 01, 2010:
phew!!! i didnt kno dat..that's like so interestin
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on February 22, 2010:
Thanks, know that.
anonymous on February 21, 2010:
well Bob, i think that if the bees were gone, we would also be gone because the bees are our biggest pollinators and without them, 80% of just the U.S. crops, would be gone. I'm not trying to be rude or anything, I just wanted to let you know.
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on November 21, 2009:
Thanks for dropping by.
Dim Flaxenwick from Great Britain on November 21, 2009:
Thanks Bob for filling us in with all the information I didn't know. I just knew we needed the bees.
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on September 19, 2009:
Excellent input, thanks for dropping by.
ClareBaros on September 19, 2009:
I read in a newspaper article a few of bees favorite things:
Bees are attracted to abelia, aloysia, aster, basil, bee balm, black-eyed Susan, bluebonnet, borage, bulbine, catmint, cherry laurel, coneflower, coral vine, coreopsis, dill, duranta, Esperanza, fennel, goldenrod, gaura, hamelia, Indigo spires' salvia, Joe pye weed, Liatris, mealy sage, mistflower, oregano, penstemon, plum, portulaca, potatoes, red clover, rosemary, squash, sunflower, Texas lantana, thyme, torenia, willow, winecup and yarrow.
Where to learn more
Bees are especially attracted to the color blue, experts say.
Gardeners can help:
We can provide food and shelter for bees. While some bees take nectar and pollen from most any bloom, others are more specific in their flower choices.
To meet their needs, it's helpful to identify the bees in your area. But generally, here's how we can help:
Plant a diverse garden, so blooms are available throughout the year. Close groupings of five or more plants are best.
Plant natives, which are four times more likely to attract pollinators, experts say.
Bees see blue, yellow, white and ultra-violet hues, says Donald Burger of Houston Beekeepers Association. They're especially attracted to blue, he says, but they'll visit any color flower planted in abundance.
Water plants carefully to avoid washing away nectar.
Provide shallow pools of water for drinking.
Provide shelter. An overturned flower pot with a drainage hole can provide shelter for solitary bees. A bundle of bamboo culms will offer a nesting site for stem dwellers. The Xerces Society suggests creating a wood next block at least 8 inches tall with a series of drilled holes about 3/8 inch in diameter and 3-4 inches deep. Provide a sunny area of undisturbed soil for soil nesters.
I think that covers the highlights for our friendly bee hoverer.
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on September 16, 2008:
Thanks for stopping by.
bobgnote on September 16, 2008:
If we do not decrease C02 emissions, the acid exchange will kill known species of bees or impair them, co-opting commercial and several pollinations.
When a person becomes aware, he may notice God, Jinn, or whatever, but also, he must notice how bees and other insects are like the small animals, smarter and more lucid, than human beings.
It seems like a small favor, to reduce C02 emissions, however this must be done. Or, the C02 will react with the nitrogen in the atmosphere, causing ACID, which dissolves bees and shellfish, particularly, and which must be suspect, with pesticides and all petroleum products, as cause of severe birth defects in humans.
Who thinks nuclear power is a way out is a major sufferer, of dementia, before any further chromosome damage, see also, ACCOUNTING, ETHICS, DNA, and why to refrain from breaking any chains, over there.
Bob Ewing (author) from New Brunswick on September 16, 2008:
well said jim, people do not distinguish between the various beings they encounter in a garden.
jim10 from ma on September 16, 2008:
I think the Honey bee gets a very bad rap. Everyone assumes that every hornet, yellow jacket and wasp is a bee. The honey bee is very docile unless provoked while some of the others are very aggressive. I love the taste of honey and would miss all of the hard work the honey bee does to pollinate lots of plants and flowers.