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Why World Wars are Started in Europe

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Soldiers Attending to Battle



World wars were birthed in Europe. From there, it escalated into Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and other parts of the globe. It’s only America that purposefully enters into these world wars.

If Arch-duke Ferdinand was not killed on 28 June 1914 by a Serbia nationalist, World War 1 could not happen. If Adolf Hitler had no theory about Aryan types of the blood being better than the Jews, Polish, and others, World War 2 would not arise.

Russia presently under Vladimir Putin had not invaded Crimea on 20 February 2014 and Ukraine on 24 February 2022, the thought of another World War 3 could not arise. But should they be WW 3 that’s likely to destroy the whole race and human civilization along with the Earth?

In this article, you’ll find out why the world wars always started in Europe, which has laid the foundation of a more advanced civilization, than any other continent.


  1. Europe before the modern age.
  2. Wars
  3. Europe is the birthplace of world wars.
  4. The struggle for power and territory.
  5. Expansionist and colonialism ambitions.
  6. Military bases.
  7. The German Factor.
  8. Additional Information.
  9. Conclusions.
  10. References.

Trench Warfare During World War 1


Europe Before the Modern Age

It’s a war challenge. So, let’s take a look at the background of European civilization. Who are the people, and what sort of Continent is Europe?

Medieval history has very little to tell us. Except that the land was virgin and a kind of human-like hominid exists. These migrated from Israel or elsewhere, and breed with a more brainy and superior human, begin to populate the area.

This started the theory that the blunt flint tools used by the Neanderthals received an impetus for the improvement of hand-made tools or weapons to machine technology. And, consequently, everything becomes better with the application of science, technology, law, philosophy, and the arts. It was during these periods that survival skills were more serious than anything else.

But the technology from wood and stone having advanced to iron and bronze was much desired in gunpowder. Soldiers need to practice their trade competitively. Europe was now the cradle of the gunpowder refinery, whether for peace or war. This is why Europe become the master of the world wars.

Violent Conflicts Among Nations

Wars are violent conflicts among states or nations. But as science and technology, and the arts advanced, from primitiveness to modernization, development evidently among the state's results.

The developments seriously influenced economic and social life, and the mustering of large armies and mercenaries within and outside the states. So, wars can arise because of economic, social, religious, political, and or ideological reasons.

Europe is the Birth Place of World Wars

Europe is not the name of a single country. The various nations uniquely differ, though they’re bound by certain common ideas of religion, science, technology, law, art, and philosophy.

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These states' diversity is in unity, or rather united in diversity. But there’s something missing in these units. Primarily, is a lack of trust.

They are this legal maxim that states that a person you can’t trust is a liability. Could this be applied to a nation-state? If yes, could Germany trust Russia? Could Britain trust Germany?

When Russia, under Joseph Stalin trusted Germany, under Adolf Hitler, no suspicions were raised. Hitler coupled this trust as a gentleman to Stalin with gifts of land and subjugated territories. Trust, yes, trust. This fell short of true loyalty as Hitler invaded Russia with his army. Eyes were opened everywhere in Europe. Distrust then became the order of the day. This is also a reason for the birth of war in Europe.

The Struggle for Power and Territory

A common competitive power trying to unify these various countries is being generated. The Ottoman Empire is one, but it failed. The Roman Empire is another. So, is the Church. Because they are not a unifying system like the United Nations, back then, they try a sort of unifying force to keep the nation-states from war. All failed.

Nevertheless, it kept Europe intact as a unit, with a kind of international character in ‘Feudalism, chivalry, trade organizations, and universities', in balance.

In the 19th century, this so-called ‘medieval world’ pass away. Disunity and the feeling of nationalism and independence of each state become the order. Many states began to break away from Rome, the unifying power: France, Spain, England, Germany, and many others. ‘The nations of Europe, therefore, faced one another as armed distrustful rivals’. War, is, therefore, the effect.


Soldiers on active service

Soldiers on active service

Expansionist and Colonialism Ambitions

‘He who made the powder will win the war’. These words were credited to King Gezo of Dahomey(Abomey), now Benin, in Sub-Sahara West Africa in the 19th century. But the gunpowder originated in China. Why didn't China embark on an expansionist program in Europe or in Africa? But Europe is bent on a military conquest within Europe, Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and much, until the Cold War.

Critically, the end of the Cold War saw Europe seeking peace by reducing its arms expenditures. But they still project their military bases abroad. This in effect means they’re still suspicious of one another, despite the United Nations' efforts to enforce world peace. They’re committed to fighting one another with the excuse that the other party is bent on a conquest mission. We clearly see that when Russia invaded Ukraine, right before the world and the United Nations.

War is Always Inevitable in Europe

Yes, it's War in Europe's Ukraine

Military Bases.

What are military bases good for if Europe is on a worldwide peace mission? Is that not a form of projecting hard power? So the best way to deter your enemy in peacetime is to gather some of your armies, tanks, armour carrier, and aircraft carrier, built even an artificial harbour, and stationed them in Africa, the Pacific, or the Indian Ocean? That creates a lot of suspicions everywhere. The military bases at home fronts can open eyes likewise.

Military bases are nothing less than the country’s training camp in the remote jungle. They’re well-equipped. Except it's an effort for keeping the peace, in a country ravaged by civil war. Military bases say that Europe is on a warpath. Gathering troops of soldiers, tanks, ships, combat planes, supplies, and logistics, to an outpost other than one’s country, is war. That tells you and me that the Operation Desert Storm, against Iraq on 2 August 1990, was a real war. Though, that war had elements of non-European countries in its fold. Europe was the originating theatre.

The German Factors

The Germans are worst in starting World Wars 1 and 11. The Treaty of Versailles and the desire for revenge due to the humiliation of previous European started WWI and 11. This is coupled with the Nazi superior race ideology and the Lebensraum.

How can a certain race be superior to others? The Nazis believed that all other races are inferior to them except the Aryan race. So, the Lebensraum secretly try breeding Aryan with German army Officers and Aryan females, which they thought would yield only the desired result. But the experiment was a failure.

Additional Information

  • The killer of Franz Ferdinand, Gavrilo Princip, was a Serbia Nationalist who support Serbia. And in less than a month, the Austrian army invaded Serbia.
  • Militarism was a belief that to achieve political and economic stability and goals, a country must have a strong army. Training young men to become budget-friendly, and Germany was foremost to get a 2,000,000 soldiers reserves, much earlier before WW1 began.
  • Wars were regarded as necessities in Europe, for trade routes, and for sourcing raw materials and food procurement.
  • That ‘the old sayings still holds good that the weak will be the prey of the strong. When a people will not and cannot continue to spend enough on armaments to be able to make its way in the world, then it falls back into the second rank.’-Count Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg(Chancellor of Germany).
  • The formation of military alliances that joined together pledging to give support in case of war breaking out, and to oppose others, had an effect on igniting the gunpowder in Europe.
  • ‘Because European nations had numerous colonies around the world, the war soon became a global conflict.’
  • Tzar Alexander of Russia's idea of a Holy Alliance of all European kings had the drawback of not carrying non-Christian kings like Turkey. So the idea was received as ‘a sublime peace of mysticism and nonsense’, and ‘a loud-sounding nothing.’ It was even regarded as an alliance of kings against the people. This eventually loads the gunpowder into the barrel.


World wars started in Europe primarily because of militarism. The transitions from simple, primitive tools to machine technology made it possible to refine gunpowder to a deadly level. Equally, the states in Europe distrust one another and live in constant fear of a powerful neighbour or a weaker state siding with more than one weaker country to form an alliance, an entente, or an agreement in other to invade, or subjugate another nation-state.


  1. Wikipedia world wars.
  2. Britannica global conflicts.
  3. world wars.
  4. Norwich's university history online.
  5. Operation Desert Storm.
  6. History of Europe 1789-1919, by Micheal Omolewa, Aromolaran Publishing Co. Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  7. Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 1789-1950, Grant and Temperley, Edited by Lillian M. Penson, Longman, London.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 Miebakagh Fiberesima

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