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Miners of Donbas

Nicolas studies social events in holistic manner. He is interested in the unity of genetic and environmental factors for understanding it

Miners of Donbas

who-is-miner-of-donbas

Work of Miners-Labor

In any sphere of human activities the conditions of work are not as dangerous as in the mining industry.

  • Just here the greatest number of non-favorable productive factors for man is concentrated. There are over 200 phenomena; among them it considers 18 as main ones. Miners of Donbas work without day light and fresh air, in compressed working space, in the highly explosive environment, and at the great depths. To add, they risk being crushed under tons of mined rock. Shredding of coal while excavating, mechanical loading of it and solids arise the significant dustiness of air.


Miner's Helper

who-is-miner-of-donbas

Mine-Slide

who-is-miner-of-donbas

Social Policy About Miners

In social plan, situation wasn’t going better.

  • In 1961 the USSR signed the Convention N49MOP, which provided limitation of the miner’s work. The working time must be lasted not more than 7 hours, 15 minutes. Only with the agreement of the worker, he could work 8 hours, including the time of moving in the mine shaft. In 1967 the Soviet State accomplished out the very important social step and arrangement. Plants and factories of popular economics were transferred in 5 days’ regime of work in 1967. This transition was lasting till 1985. The practice when Donbas miners were working without rest, ceased. The enterprises introduced the unified day of rest — Sunday. The common decision of administration and trade-union determined the second day of rest. The miners received 6 hours working day and 30 hours working week without accounting the time necessary for coming to the working place and coming back. Miners seemed to receive care of the State.

The Free Time - Miners Didn't Feel Rested

The free time was reduced to two hours.

  • With that organization of work 8-20% of miners, that had the shift, didn’t feel rested. Delayed physical reactions in the tired organism were causes of traumas, especially in holidays, and last days of a month. Incidence of mining coal in the second part of 70s pushed the Government to the change of regime in work of enterprises. A number of appearances at work left as early, but days off were coming to week-days in general. Moreover, if in 1970 the miner of Donbas worked 9 days off and holidays, in 1980 there were 40 ones. Miners must work above the planned rate of out-put.

Shocked Work

  • Every year there were days and decades of shocked work in the honor of important political events and famous dates. At the end of each month the days of increased mining were passed. Above our puts in mining industry were biggest among other industries. As a result such combination of heavy natural and working factors lead to that the men, came to this branch, became exhausted, and lost their health fast.

The Work of Miner

References


Kochura I.V. (2018). The analysis of the economic potential development of the Donbass coal industry in the current economic conditions 200 UDK 622.33 (477.62) ISSN 2519–2019 Vestnik Instituta Ekonomicheskih issledovaniy. 2018, № 4(12)

Triandis & Suh, (2002); Harry C. Triandis and Eunkook M. Suh.(2002). Cultural Influences on personality. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135


Main Factors

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. How many milligrams per square meters did dustiness reach at the mine Pershotravneva?
    • 340-380 mlg per square meter
    • 380-400 mlg per square meter
  2. What professional disease was composing 44% from the total number?
    • Bronchitis
    • Pneumococcus
  3. What are main factors of hard conditions?
    • Vibration and noise, lack of oxygen, rides of pressure
    • Lack of oxygen
    • Rides of pressure

Answer Key

  1. 340-380 mlg per square meter
  2. Pneumococcus
  3. Vibration and noise, lack of oxygen, rides of pressure

Miners of Donbas and Dangerous Conditions of Work

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