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Who Are Human Beings?

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

Who Do Men Say That I Am?

I have senses that make me aware of my reality. I possess a will to survive, reproduce and to love. I am able to gain knowledge through interactions with the world, and by listening to persons explain what they hold to be true about human life. I am conscious of a self with deep feelings, emotions and thoughts beyond the sensual.

Psychology provides us with a mechanical model of human behavior and personality. Psychiatry reduces us to propensities, predispositions and traits. Modern medicine defines us as biochemical organisms in need of diagnosis for various disorders.

Governments of the totalitarian, authoritarian, or socialist stripe view human beings as raw material at the service of the more important political state machines. History has been revised from the once popular view that individuals are active agents in the world to a view in which impersonal forces cause people to react to the inevitable. Economics precludes the consideration of human behaviors and spirituality from its science of statistical probabilities, which it collates to create theories designed to maximize efficiency.

Science has de facto declared its objective facts to be good, true, and valuable; it has declared that subjective observations of persons are merely bias, prejudice, and unworthy of consideration, all while attempting to create an impenetrable wall between the observed and the observer. Industrialization, technology and standardization have sought to rid the world of human idiosyncrasies and individualities with little regard to social customs, traditions and values.

The internet has given human beings new hope of being restored to our rightful place at the center of creation. It allows persons the power to fully express their individuality without gatekeepers or a centralized authority that might subjugate, manipulate or disenfranchise them.












Rene Descartes (1596-1650) is known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy." He wrote that humans are distinguished by the ability to think. We are, therefore, nonmaterial minds housed in physical bodies. Descartes pronounced: "I think, therefore I am. I am a substance the whole nature or essence of which is to think, and which for its existence does not need any place nor depend on any material thing."

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) believed human beings were by nature selfish hedonists. His most famous quote is that human life is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short." Hobbes is considered the founder of materialism, which we will look at shortly.

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) wrote that the knowledge we possess that we will someday perish from this Earth renders us inconsolable in the deep recesses of our hearts, and that it leads us to seek constant diversion as an avoidance system. We dread the thought of not existing. Human beings are but grains of sand relative to infinity. Pascal studied faith and reason, soul and matter, death and life, infinity and nothing. His conclusion is known as Pascal's Wager: We cannot empirically prove nor disprove that God exists. We must bet on one side or the other. If we bet God does exist, we have nothing to lose.

David Hume (1711-1776) declared that human beings are nothing more than their perceptions. He rejected revelation and any connection between man and any supernatural world. Hume believed if you can't prove it empirically, there is no sense talking about it. He stated: "Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them. Morals excite passions, and produce or prevent actions. Reason itself is utterly impotent in this particular. The rules of morality, therefore, are not conclusions of our reason."

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) believed that the physical world is an illusion; an illusion which is perceived by humans as a collective delusion that no one will ever have the power to escape due to preconceptions which are taught to us by our parents, teachers and society.

Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) believed that God created humans as spiritual beings, a synthesis of the finite and the infinite, the temporal and the eternal. This paradox creates what becomes an internal conflict between virtue and vice. Kierkegaard wrote that Jesus Christ lived what has inarguably been the only sinless life, and that he therefore represented God on Earth—a revelation of God to man. He said, "What the age needs is not a genius—it has had geniuses enough, but a martyr, who in order to teach men to obey would himself be obedient unto death. I never forget how God helps me, and it is therefore my last wish that everything may be to his honor."

Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) was one of the greatest psychologists to ever write novels. I will only quote him once; one simple sentence that speaks for itself, "If God does not exist, then all things are permissible."

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is one of the most influential figures in existentialism (the rejection of God, metaphysics, and the supernatural) and postmodernism (the deconstruction of values, traditions, and social customs). Nietzsche lambasted the concept that objective truth exists; he argued that morality only exists in the minds of individuals and therefore has no truth; he claimed that human hopes for an afterlife were fantasy.

And then there is the timeless William Shakespeare who spoke through Hamlet:

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What a piece of work is a man, how noble in reason,

how infinite in faculties, in form and moving,

how expressive and admirable in action, how like an angel in apprehension,

how like a god! The beauty of the

world, the paragon of animals; and yet to me, what is

this Quintessence of Dust?
















Materialism is the belief that nothing exists except matter, and is therefore akin to Atheism. This means that intellect and emotions are mere chemical processes. Materialism reduces human beings to an assembly of nerve cells that are nothing more than random products of blind chance.

Generally, this leads to an assumption that humans are not responsible for their actions, that their childhood, the oppressive society in which they find themselves, or that even the more recently believed chemical imbalances in their brains are to blame for aberrant behavior—if there is such a thing. Humans are merely apes with thumbs; they have no inherent dignity or worth above that of any other animal. Princeton Professor Peter Singer says, "The notion that human life is sacred just because it is human life is medieval."

Marxism, which spawned Communism and Socialism, is the political offshoot of Materialism. Marxism views the human being as the product and subject of labor activity. Karl Marx famously said, “Religion is the opium of the masses.”

Scientists have determined that the value of the material in an average human being is worth $1.98. Back in his day, when the same chemicals were worth about half that amount, Martin Luther King famously asked, “But can we explain the whole of man in terms of ninety eight cents? Can we explain the mystery of the human soul in terms of ninety eight cents?”

George C. Williams, evolutionary biologist, states: “To some people, we just happened - a chance evolutionary development. Natural selection or the survival of the fittest is a concept that runs contrary to the divine law of love. This philosophy undergirds Hitler's justification for his 'master race' policies. Evolution is a system in which the message is always: exploit your environment including your friends and relatives so as to maximize our genes success."

Owen Gingerich, professor of the History of Science and Astronomy at Harvard University, observes: “One consequence of self-consciousness is that we ponder our place in the universe, and we seek to find meaning and to find God. The search for God is subtle, but perhaps it is this long journey, this search, more than anything else, that makes us human. We are the thinking part of this vast and sometimes very intimidating universe, and our quest could well be the purpose of it all."









Who Are Human Beings in Secular Humanism?

Secular Humanists believe that the Universe came into existence all by itself, and that human beings have evolved accidentally from what was primordial slime. They believe that the existence of any supernatural God is imaginary and contrary to science, and that all laws, values, and morality are man-made.

Humanism posits that Socialism is the ideal form of economics. It believes that humans have outgrown religion, and that any idea of God impedes human development, that God is detrimental to human growth.

Secular Humanism declares: "Religions that place revelation, God, ritual, or creed above human needs and experience do a disservice to the human species. There is no divine purpose or providence for the human species. Promises of immortal salvation or fear of eternal damnation are both illusory and harmful. Human beings are a biological organism transacting in a social and cultural context. Thus, humans should simply enjoy the pleasures of the world, and be blown on the winds of technologies and pharmaceuticals. Heaven is a dream. This world is a fact."







Who Are Human Beings in Buddhism?

Buddhists do not believe in God. The Buddha says that human beings are fictions; there really is no self, only a series of occurrences that appear to be persons. Buddhism accepts what science says about the evolution of man from apes—and posits that humankind is still evolving. A human being may be a reincarnated animal or may be reincarnated as an animal in the future.

Essentially, human beings are seen to suffer because they crave, and if they can eliminate craving they can reach Nirvana, which means they cease to be altogether. So the goal of every human person should be to be extinguished, since life is suffering.



Who Are Human Beings in Hinduism?

Hindus believe that human beings are divine and possess an eternal soul—a soul that experiences spiritual evolution over many lifetimes or reincarnations, some of which may be lived as animals. Therefore, it follows that Hindus avoid injury to any living thing, that they respect all life unconditionally and completely.

Our conscious personalities—our individual selves—are less than fully real and will not exist when we get off the wheel of life and join the ultimate deity. There is a spiritual realm, which is real and permanent that takes primacy over this illusory, temporary world.

There are 330 million gods and goddesses in Hinduism, and each of them are a part of a single deity named Brahman—who exists in trinity as Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.

Human beings are created, and their lives sustained by a God. Every thought or action a person thinks or does results in karma (consequences for the action). Humans suffer because of their own negative actions—either in this life, the last life, or the next one.

Persons are divided into four groups, or castes. Only the top three castes are eligible for salvation. Yoga and meditation are central to salvation for human beings in Hinduism.





Who Are Human Beings in Islam?

Islam teaches that human beings are created by God, the Jewish God to be exact, and are born into an orderly cosmos. Humans are created to both obey and worship Allah (the Muslim god), and to fulfill Allah's creative work in the Universe. People represent Allah on Earth.

Humanity began when God breathed His Spirit into dry mud; this act of God resulted in the creation of man. Since God is the most exalted and sacred being that exists, and mud is the lowest thing of all, human beings are a combination of the two.

There is an evil spirit being roaming the Earth named Satan, who is at war with the lower-half of persons. Humans are the only living beings on Earth with free will, and the only beings that can act contrary to their nature. For example, only man will voluntarily fast or commit suicide. Not all humans are viewed as equals, but they are all a part of the brotherhood of man. Persons will be resurrected after death to face judgment.





Who Are Human Beings in Judaism?

Hebrew Scripture states that human beings were formed from dust into the image of God, who breathed life into their nostrils.

Human beings were made to rule over the Earth and everything that lives on it. They were made to multiply, fill the Earth with people, and to subdue it. Man was made to work and take care of God's creation; he was made rational and creative.

Woman was made from the man and is therefore flesh of his flesh and bone of his bone. She was created to be man's helper and to keep him company. Humans were created as social beings. Human beings are of few days, days that are full of trouble.

People are to meditate upon, and delight in, the laws of God, which are instituted not for His benefit but for the benefit of humankind. The ways that may seem right to a man are not God's ways.

Satan is a real personage; he is the adversary and tempter of humans. God loves and cares about human beings, each of whom he personally forms within the womb. God’s creations are perfect, each and every one.





Who Are Human Beings in Christianity?

Christianity presents the origins of the human race in exactly the same way as Judaism does. Christians are to seek God first, and to serve God above all else.

Christian men are to marry Christian women, and when the two are joined together they become one flesh. Sin entered the world through the first man, Adam, and death came through his sin. All human beings sin, and are therefore all deserving of death.

Salvation unto eternal life, after death, is a gift given by grace through the sacrifice on the cross of the divine man, Jesus Christ, who was the first person resurrected from the dead. Human beings will face judgment after death and most—those who have rejected Christ as their Savior—will perish in the eternal fire of God.

Christians will be transformed, during this life, into the likeness of Jesus. Satan and his demons are alive on Earth, though they are invisible. Christ offers the power to humans—who believe in and serve His Father—to defeat the wiles of this devil and to resist the temptation to sin.

The believer should live a life of repentance, which is contrition over sin and determination to avoid future sin. Repentance results in God's forgiveness and restores right relationship between human beings and God.

Prayer—fellowship with God—is stressed as of high import to a Christian person. Faith in God—that He is who He says He is—is a central tenet of Christianity.

Life on Earth for human beings is like a vapor: it appears and then it is gone. We are instructed to study God's Word and to worship Him. The Holy Spirit of God will dwell in Believers, and they will represent God on the Earth.





Who Do You Say That I Am?

Man is tiny compared to the Universe, and yet he towers over it. Only humans can see the Universe and comprehend its wonders. Only human beings can do mathematics, create art, invent, build, codify, and write books.

This Hub is a followup to my previous effort entitled What Is A Human Being?


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on September 06, 2019:

Dave McClure ~ You are quite welcome. I'd love to kick back and have a beer with you if you ever pass through Chicago. There could be life out there somewhere. It's possible. I was, as you might have guessed, referring to the teeming with life earth as it sails through what appears to be a black void utterly hostile to life. Someday I will know the answer to this question. ;)

Dave McClure from Worcester, UK on September 05, 2019:

Thanks, James. That is the answer I'd expected, and I'd have to say that the jury is still out on the concept of 'spiritual' resurrection. On your final paragraph, I think you are over-reaching yourself when you say "Only humans can see the Universe and comprehend its wonders. Only human beings can do mathematics, create art, invent, build, codify, and write books". Among Earthlings, what you say is true. But you and I have absolutely no idea of the capabilities of other life forms that may be out there in the enormity of space/time that is our Universe. We simply cannot know, and we have to live with that knowledge of the infinity of our ignorance.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on August 28, 2019:

Thank you very much Dave McClure for reading my work here. You ask a great question. The answer is that Lazarus was raised from the dead, brought back to life in his old body and would have to face death again. This is not the concept of Resurrection, which is being raised to a permanent state of new life in a new body, an immortal body.

The Apostle Paul speaks of this: "So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body."

Dave McClure from Worcester, UK on August 27, 2019:

Small point, but if Jesus was the first to be resurrected from death, does that mean Lazarus was only pretending? Good hub.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 12, 2019:

Mark G Weller ~ I am so pleased to read your comments. Your response is exactly what I was hoping for. :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 12, 2019:

Silva Hayes ~ You are most welcome. I appreciate your well wishes and comments and I thank you for reading this Hub. By the way, I now have three books published! Here is the link:

Curiad on September 26, 2016:

Very interesting James. It is notable how you explained the individual beliefs without bias and with fact.

Silva Hayes from Spicewood, Texas on April 05, 2013:

Thank you, James. Brilliant hub. The quote from Dostoyevsky "If God does not exist, then all things are permissible," is truly frightening to consider. Carry on with your book; wish you all the success in the world. Thanks again.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 18, 2013:

Curiad— Hello Mark! I am so glad that you made it by to see this little Hub of mine. I like this one but it never got the readership that most of my other articles do. I do not know why.

Yes, you are right that God made a new set of Ten Commandments for Moses and the Israelites and Us after Moses broke the originals in disgust and anger. No rules? That is something the human race dreams about I guess. But with no guardrails it is not hard to drive off the cliff. :D

You wrote, 'James, this really boils it down , "If God does not exist, then all things are permissible."'

Is that Dostoevsky?

I am well pleased that we are in agreeance, brudder. Free Will is cool. No one should be without it.

Thank you ever much for the awesome accolades, my friend. It is always a pleasure to have you visit.

God Bless You!


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 16, 2013:

Robert Jonatzke! It is great to see that you are still kicking, my good friend. I am living back up north now, so I haven't been over to visit with you. If you come home, let me know and we'll get together.

As always, I love your remarks. Your words bring a smile to my face because you, brother, you really get it.

God Bless You!


Curiad on January 15, 2013:

James, this really boils it down , "If God does not exist, then all things are permissible."

I so agree with you on all points. God gave us free will for the same reason we allow our children to experience life with only a few rules (or should). The basics of morality can be taught, but the reality is that we as humans are allowed to do as we see fit, and if we do what is good and ordained by God, we are given the fruits.

Someone commented that the ten commandments were destroyed by Moses, and that that meant there were no rules. I was of the understanding that after Moses spent over a year on the Mount of Olives, and then destroyed the tablets, that God made a new set and commanded Moses to carry on.

Anyway, this is some awesome writing as usual, and I am so pleased to know you, and read your thoughts, Mark

Robert Jonatzke on January 15, 2013:

James and excellent Hub. A timely subject to be sure as we sit at the precipice of great potential change. Will we ever learn to be as great as our creator intended? Perhaps like all those you cited we should spend more time thinking and less time acting like fools.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 22, 2010:

DeBorrah K. Ogans--- A Masterpiece!? Well, thank you so much, my dear. You have made my day--again!

It is not a bad thing thing to know the viewpoints of those with whom we might disagree, as you say. Yes, it can serve to fortify (perfect word) our world-view.

I am especially happy that you liked my very brief synopsis of Christianity. It is tough to put that in a few words. I did my best. As with the rest.

I am well pleased that you enjoyed my article. This makes me feel good. You are most assuredly welcome.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 22, 2010:

PegCole17--- I am glad to be of service in any way. Thanks for checking back.

Elder DeBorrah K Ogans on January 22, 2010:

James A Watkins, This is truly another wonderful “Masterpiece!” You have well presented some thought provoking commentary here! I totally Luv your observations of the significance of the internet! As you stated: “The internet has given human beings new hope of being restored to our rightful place at the center of creation. It allows persons the power to fully express their individuality without gatekeepers or a centralized authority that might subjugate, manipulate or disenfranchise them. “ This is quite profound, many are not aware of a move to secretly manipulate, oppress and control the rights of many without them being aware….

You have again as always a collective wealth of information for one to process & ponder. From both the secular and religious schools of thought. It is good to know the viewpoints of others without having to necessarily believe what they believe. This serves to help contribute to one building and fortifying a stronger belief system. Which I believe if it is not rooted and grounded in God our Creator and Maker and His principles it is faulty…. How can one ignore; THE GOD FACTOR , “The Author and finisher of our FAITH” and come up with a wise conclusion? In my opinion, it is not possible! A perhaps seemingly probable complex hypothesis of course… it is important to be certain of what and WHO you believe in!

I so believe what you declare about Christianity: “Christians will be transformed, during this life, into the likeness of Jesus. satan and his demons are alive on Earth, though they are invisible. Christ offers the power to humans—who believe in and serve His Father—to defeat the wiles of this devil and to resist the temptation to sin. The believer should live a life of repentance, which is contrition over sin and determination to avoid future sin….. We are instructed to study God's Word and to worship Him. The Holy Spirit of God will dwell in Believers, and they will represent God on the Earth.” WONDERFUL!

Remarkable and fascinating narrative my brother! I as always look forward to and thoroughly enjoy as well as most intrigued by your invigorating and inspiring presentations Professor!!! Thank you as always for sharing much love to you and Blessings from above!

Peg Cole from North Dallas, Texas on January 22, 2010:

Thanks for clarifying that James. Now I understand. Yes, eternal life.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 22, 2010:

stars439--- I am well pleased that you found this interesting and useful. And I enjoyed reading your words on this page. Thank you for reading and commenting.

stars439 from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State. on January 22, 2010:

Dear James: This hub was extremely interesting and I learned a lot from it. I really enjoy your intricate details as you describe beliefs with such percision. Fascinating and enlightening this is as all your fine work is. It is no wonder, why our world remains in such rivalry.Certain beliefs seem to be the culprits of certain actions. God Bless you for the wonderful educational information.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 21, 2010:

Chris EastMan--- Thank you so much!

Chris EastMan on January 21, 2010:

Great article!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 19, 2010:

bearclawmedia--- It is great to hear from you Down Under. Science will never disprove the existence of God since He does indeed exist. I like your short list of human characteristics. And of course your big three fit perfectly within my philosophy of life. Thank you for reading and for your fine comments.

bearclawmedia from Mining Planet Earth on January 18, 2010:

Science always sets out to prove that things do not exist or can not happen. A scientific theory is just that, a theory that something could happen or does exist. In science a theory is valid until, it is proven not to work. So far science has not been able to prove that there is no creator.

I have some theories about human beings, they are kind, compassionate, considerate, sensitive, fair, honest, ethical, brave. well the list is too long and I doubt any one can prove this is not true. The thought of this gives me faith, hope and charity. Good hub mate!


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 14, 2010:

Allan McGregor— Hey my friend! I have missed you 'round here. Thanks for letting me know you were still around. I'm going to swing over and see what you've been writing.

Allan McGregor from South Lanarkshire on January 14, 2010:

Now you're talking.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 13, 2010:

Randall Stone— I am truly grateful to receive such laudatory comments from you. Thank you very much for the applause. It sounds good. It feels good. It makes the work all worthwhile.


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 13, 2010:

bill yon— What do I think about that? I think that Adam and Eve were placed it utter paradise with only one rule to follow. They failed to do it. What they gained from the Forbidden Fruit was the knowledge of evil. They lived in utter good already. Too bad for them and too bad for us. But, we carry on as best we can.

ps I'd be pissed, too. :)

Randall Stone on January 13, 2010:

Hi James, This has vto be the most complete blog I've ever come across on this subject. Absolutely outstanding and thoroughly thought provoking. I find your totally unobjective stance to the subject absolutely exhilerating for it is so easy to let your own views leak into something like this. I applaud you sir.


bill yon from sourcewall on January 13, 2010:

I am man because I exist If I came back as a dog or cat I would be pissed!because I am man because I exist.whats up james?Have you ever heard this one?the "apple" that eve gave adam was from the tree of knowledge,and because adam bit the "apple"sin and death came into the world,meaning man was not meant to have knowledge.what do you think about that?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 12, 2010:

H. C Porter— If I make folks think a bit then my intended outcome has come to fruition. This makes me happy.

LOL! (I don't get to use that much.) I don't think I covered every idea ever thought of. If I did I've got an awful lot of wasted trees sitting in my bookcases. But that is nice of you to say. Thank you for coming and you are welcome.


Holly from Lone Star State on January 12, 2010:

Makes a person really think about being a human being and what it means. I think every idea and view ever put to script you covered. Thanks for sharing

hc porter

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

S. S. Togi— Hello and welcome to HubPages. Thank you and you are welcome. I will surely come over and read some of your Hubs.


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

GPAGE! Maybe Gertrude Himmelfarb qualifies as a philosopher? Well, you find me one. Hopefully, one who is good looking. That would add a lot to this page. :D

S.S.YOGI from Chengannur on January 11, 2010:

Hello Mr. James,

Your hubs are sensible.Please also see my hubs in the related subjects.

Thank you,


GPAGE from California on January 11, 2010:

JAMES! You really made me laugh! I am going to find a woman philosopher! ha

I was wondering about that? Are there any? I will look into it! G

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

GPAGE! Thank you for coming. I know. I am a week behind at least of even seeing who has written Hubs on my list. Maybe I can catch up tomorrow and come to visit yours while I am at it. It has been a hectic time.

I can't wait to hear the new tunes! Thank you for the compliment and for your thoughts. I appreciate it. I looked real hard to find women philosophers and I just couldn't find any! Can you help me out with that? Believe me, I'd rather look at women than those old crusty dudes any day.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

joer4X4— Oh. oops! :D

I totally agree with all of your words here—except the egg.

Thanks for the stimulating dialogue.

GPAGE from California on January 11, 2010:

JAMES! I'm here for you! Man, it has been hard keeping up with everyone here! The more followers, the more hubs to read! AND I have been in the studio working on some new tunes ; I can only imagine how many hubs you get in your e-mail box........

ANYWAY, this hub is really well written....Where are the women in some of these sections (where you feature the men pics)? ha

I think of you often and hope things are getting BETTER 4 U! G

joer4x4 from Philadelphia, PA on January 11, 2010:


The questions were rhetorical. I don't question anyones beliefs. It does make for some deep conversation.

I think we under estimate ourselves as humans and God. I don't think we give either enough credit. Perhaps it's what we have been taught. I think is far more complex than we think it is.

I do think that our physical reality contains many clues as to the nature of reality.

Just becasue we are unable percieve something doesn't mean it doesn't exist.

PS: I think the egg came first:)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

prettydarkhorse— de nada, senorita.

prettydarkhorse from US on January 11, 2010:

Hey sir, thats a compliment coming from you, I would like to say, GRACIAS SENOR, Maita

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2010:

Tammy Lochmann— Oh! I thought you were laughing at me! :D

That was pithy alright. You had me guessing. Thanks for the clarification. Now, I can sleep tonight!

Tammy Lochmann on January 11, 2010:

Just thought I would tell you I liked your story and not be so long winded. Thought maybe you would appreciate short and sweet instead of an argument.

Got you guessing huh. Again great Hub!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2010:

Tammy Lochmann— Thank you. LOL?

hmmm . . .

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2010:

joer4X4— Yes, they do. No. Yes. God designed my heart and lungs in the first place and then they run on their own.

You caught me. I had my chin in my hand when I read that. :)

Actually, I find that men, trained over millennia as protectors of the household, wake up even at small sounds if they are unusual; whereas women seem to sleep right through them. The mind is certainly still functioning even when asleep, yes.

Well, the deck has no free will or conscious thought. People do. People are told the deal: one set of choices gets you blessings; another gets you curses. But you get to choose. Are you asserting predestination?

I totally agree with your conclusions about the abstract nature of thought.

Are you asking me if my computer has conscious thought? That's an interesting idea. There are those who believe machines are living things. They have a birth; a death; a life cycle. Most can scream in pain (screeching gears). I have known people who name their cars and their guitars. They may be alive. But conscious thoughts? I doubt it.

I don't know if that is an accident, but as a dog lover I can tell you that dogs have plenty of smarts and emotions. I believe them to be very special creatures—with thoughts, yes.

I think God spoke to Moses and Noah. And He speaks to me, too. I believe He did appear to Moses but not in His real self because no man could look at God that way or stand before Him. There are a lot of proofs that the Bible is true yes. Is there any proof that one word in the Bible is not true? Because that would be big news. Does God require faith? Absolutely. That is a cornerstone of His system.

The answers to the questions my two Hubs pose are both external and internal, I would say. I am not the least bit afraid to seek answers, to seek the Truth. We will both succeed and fail, of course. That's the nature of the world we are in. It is a paradox—many paradoxes.

No question our reality is subjective. But no question it is also objective, for instance, it goes on after we are gone. There is no question I can think of that I wouldn't dare to ask or try to answer. I am inquisitive and analytical.

You ask great questions, Joe. I appreciate the conversation.

Tammy Lochmann on January 10, 2010:

James, great hub LOL

joer4x4 from Philadelphia, PA on January 10, 2010:

When you run down the street do your lungs not respond?

Does God induce your heart to beat faster before you are startled? Or does your heart respond because your emotions are stirred?

How many involuntary actions do you take for granted when you do not focus on them? When you sit down at your computer do you cross your legs or hold your chin with your had without thinking about it? With proper focus you can find many in a short time. The very fact the we can control our breathing leads us to know we can and do.

Is it sensible to think that when we sleep we lose all control and take it back when we awake? Will a loud noise awaken us if we are fast asleep. If it does were we not conscientious of it? Then what was monitoring for it?

Let's say you need a new deck for your house. In creating the deck you build it to endure the elements for its lifetime. You create it so it could stand alone, survive, and have its purpose. When in years to come the paint peels off will you condemn it to hell of serve it with a fresh coat of paint? Why would God create you any different? Are we truly responsible of our own actions regardless of our perceptions.

Our conscientiousness and thought process are of an abstract nature. They are not physical. There is nothing to touch or see. Yet it gives way to physical matter and the proof is all around is where ever you lay your eyes. Could this be an obvious clue to the nature of reality? If we are truly made God's image, then are we not truly abstract beings?

Now when you read these words on your computer you accept their and your computer's existence. Yet we would deny their conscientiousness despite their purpose and existence. Is it logical?

We see dogs as a lesser species yet can be trained. Learning requires a process of thought that only conscientiousness and intelligence can provide. Is it an accident God is dog in reverse?

Do our egos dismiss the obvious because we “feel” that we are better?

We have so much proof of dinosaurs that existed long before man yet for years of searching there is none of Jesus Christ from a short time ago. Is this peculiar? Did God actually appear before Moses and Noah per the Bible. Does the Bible offer proof or is it an act of faith? Has our faith been taken advantage of for the benefit of man's ego? Is faith a perception of our perceived notion to be led?

“What is a Human Being” and “Who are Human Beings” run far deeper than that we realize. These are fundamental questions to ponder but are the answers external to us or are the symptoms?

Are we afraid to ask for fear of the answers? What are we afraid of? Is this our reason for dismissing and closing our minds to alternate probabilities of what may possibly be true?

I am not try to convince anyone of anything. I am trying to stir the pot of thought as we now face a critical time in the history of humanity. Will we succeed or fail and what will be the symptoms?

Could it be our physical reality is a symbolic representation of who and what we think we are personally and socially?

Are you willing to dare to ask? Are you willing to dare to answer?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2010:

chaeptrick— I really enjoyed the ELP lyrics on your profile. I thought to my self that anybody with those on their profile page must be interesting. I'll be coming over to read your stuff soon.

Thank you for becoming my fan and for your compliments. You have an interesting worldview and one that is shared by many. I must confess, it has its attractions. :D

cheaptrick from the bridge of sighs on January 10, 2010:

Hello James,I believe I'm your newest Fan.

"The very act of observation changes the observed".

Reality is not aprehendable due to our subjective perception.

We attempt to grasp it in the darkness of our brief existence.

IMO the only reasonable life is to Party hard,Chase the Babes and love our Friends lol.

You are Brilliant!thank you for sharing such a rich mind.


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2010:

prettydarkhorse— You amaze me with your dept