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What is the difference between psychiatrists and psychologists?

Psychiatry is the scientific study of all aspects of the human mind in states of ill-health or disease. Broadly, it includes the study of the neuroses, the psychoses, mental deficiency, the problem of the nervous or maladjusted child, delinquency and criminality, and all problems associated with mental abnormality. See mental disease; neurosis; nervous child; psychotherapy; mental deficiency.

Psychology is the science which deals with the normal functioning of the mind. Psychology is investigated subjectively and objectively; in other words, by a reasoned analysis of the processes of individual mental life and by observation and experiment directed to the interpretation of human behavior. Social psychology deals with the individual mind in relation to the community. Scientific psychology has made great strides in recent years and an appreciation of psychological principles is essential to the understanding of all human relationships from salesmanship, to personnel management, marriage, the family and the education of children. Without a knowledge of normal psychology, it is impossible to understand the working of the mind in disease.

Psychiatrists are doctors who have undertaken several years of further study after graduation to become specialists in the area of mental disease and health. Psychologists are not doctors but have undertaken a course of training to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology from a university. Many further their studies to earn postgraduate degrees.

Psychiatrists treat mental diseases (e.g. depression, phobias, schizophrenia) and teach patients how to maintain good mental health. Psychologists deal with behavioral, social and emotional problems (e.g. marriage counseling, dealing with badly behaved children, coping with stress). To see a psychiatrist, it is necessary to see a general practitioner first, and to be referred to the psychiatrist.

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