Muhammad Ramzan is a teacher education department. he obtained his master's degree in English literature from Sargodha University.
What is Motivation and its role in teaching learning process
What is motivation and what is its role in the teaching-learning process?
Motivation is regarded as something that forces, compels, and energizes an individual to act in a specific manner at a particular time to achieve a specific goal.
Motivation is an important factor in the teaching-learning process. some students are highly motivated to learn while some students are not highly motivated and do not take interest in school work.at this stage, the teacher must play an effective role to motivate the students to learn and to achieve the goal.it is the duty of a teacher to go beyond the material and processes which are used to stimulate and must understand the elements involved in the motivation to learn.
Ali is a good student in most of the subjects but he freezes in scientific tests and forgets everything. he knows that when he has to answer questions in class.his parents are scientists and expect him to become one too but his prospects for this future look like him. he does not feel competent.his worry and anxiety may lead him to make poor choices and it makes him more anxious at tests. His teacher noted his anxiety and started discussing with him that what he was experiencing. he started providing him opportunities for leading him in different assignments and started praising his work. He also built his confidence in science subjects by removing his shortage in that subject. soon Ali started achieving good grades in science subjects too.
Motivation Of a Teacher:
It is real that teachers possess abilities and understanding which can educate college students to analyze distinct critical matters, but the capacity and ability of every teacher teaching and motivating college students to analyze aren't identical.
However, the truth is that there may be no magic formulation for motivating college students to understand and research automatically. Every scholar does now not proportion the same values, interests, dreams, wants, and needs. So, some college students are stimulated, and even others are having problems. In addition, their many elements which might be affecting scholars’ motivation to analyze, inclusive of their interest in exclusive situation regions, their vanity, their and belief of the benefits in studying such a subject.
Moreover, motivation doesn’t handiest contain students but it focuses teachers as nicely. An effective trainer possesses the potential of motivation and preference in helping students to analyze; teachers want to encourage, stimulate and compare the learning system of every scholar. Hence, this will truly assist the students to recognize, address their mastering environment, and be motivated to learn.
It is important to recognize that students are motivated in a single manner or any other. Some college students may be keenly interested in study room concern discussions and generally earn excessive marks in faculty projects and overall performance; at the same time as other students may be more fascinated attending extracurricular sports and becoming a member of some students organizations.
Obviously, now not all difficulties which can be learned in college are necessarily thrilling to maximum college students, however, these things are very critical for the understanding development of each student. Thus, it is crucial for all teachers to enhance intrinsic motivation inside the study room, together with maintaining students’ curiosity so that you can arouse their interest; instructors should use an expansion of exciting coaching materials or strategies; teachers need to inspire college students to set up their very own aim and expectations in lifestyles.
Motivation, therefore, affects the studying behavior of each student and it in the end helps the scholars to boom their efforts and energy. Usually, when human beings display their great effort, it leads to them similarly enhancing their performance article Search, which almost sincerely ends in extra success in existence.
Importance of motivation:
1. it stimulates and facilitates learning activities
2. it controls and diverts student behavior and attitude
3. it gives satisfaction and happiness
4. it incorporates moral and spiritual values in minds of students
General Approaches to motivation:
1. Behavioral Approach
Behaviorist focusses to apply extrinsic motivation caused by punishment or reward. if students are consistently forced for certain behavior, they may develop habits to act in different ways.
2. Humanistic Approach:
It deals to encourage students' inner resources, their sense of competence, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
3. Cognitive Approach:
Cognitive theorists believe that behavior is determined by our thinking not simply rewarded or punishment.
4. Socio-cultural Approach: it focuses on participation identity and interpersonal relationships within the community.in other words, pupils learn by the company they keep.