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What Is a Human Being?

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

Human Being

What is a Human Being? The answer to this question directly affects how human beings are treated by one another. The United States Declaration of Independence lists three unalienable rights granted to us by our Creator—Life being the first.


Some are of the opinion that life begins at conception, that it is at that moment one becomes a human being. It is common to hear someone say, "I'm going to have a baby!" and later, "Feel the baby kick!" or to hear the sorrow after a miscarriage in, "I lost my baby."

It would seem that a baby is a human being. It is certainly alive, but there are people who define a human being based on variously defined junctures of gestation.

The advent of the ultrasound has changed many views about fetuses, especially videos that show the reactions of fetuses to painful stimuli. This change of views had also led to questions about abortions that are performed solely because a baby is female, or a baby that may be born with hemophilia.

The majority of those who support the pro-abortion stance are extremely upset over posters depicting dead, mutilated fetuses; curiously, they feel that the photograph is worse than the procedure.

Some people believe that you become a human being at the moment of birth. Peter Singer, a professor at Princeton, goes a step further by arguing that you are not a human person until thirty days after birth, and that disabled babies should be killed on the spot. He wrote:

"Human babies are not born self-aware, or capable of grasping that they exist over time. They are not persons. Therefore, the life of a newborn is of less value than the life of a pig, a dog, or a chimpanzee."

Philosophers, Michael Tooley and Jeffrey Reiman support infanticide up to the point that a baby develops a concept of self, positing that this is no different from abortion.

There are cases in abortion clinics where babies are born alive, and then left to die in another room, babies who are perfectly healthy. There are also hospitals where some babies are left uncared for; they’re left to die simply because they’ve been born with some type of deformity or Down's Syndrome.







End of Life

The end of human life is a subject greatly affected by the question, "What is a Human Being?" Huge advancements in modern medicine have given us the technology to invent machines to keep alive the very old, the very sick, and even the brain dead.

Historically, human beings generally died at home, and this was the case through most of human history; now the average person spends 80 days in hospital during the last year of life. One quarter of all Medicare expenditures are spent to care for the dying. The ultimate question then becomes when to pull the plug.

Ironically, the choice doesn’t end with when, because beyond the when, there comes the question of whom; who decides when to pull the plug? Should this type of decision be in the hands of medical experts? Should it be decided by surviving loved ones—spouses, parents, or even children? Should it be decided by the government (in court), as were the famous cases of Karen Quinlan and Terri Schiavo?

It has been suggested that a new governmental medical review board should decide, and there have been reports from some totalitarian nations that their governments decide the exact time of someone’s death based on needs for organ harvesting.

What do we think of euthanasia and assisted suicide? There are those who argue not only in favor of these methods of ending human life, but also for the unwillful euthanasia for those who no longer serve any useful purpose to society, and those who in turn, serve only to drain our resources.

The word Genocide was coined in 1943, and it’s meaning did not only refer to the Holocaust. Twenty German physicians were put on trial for War Crimes in 1946; they carried out what were state orders to euthanize the old, the sick, the insane, the crippled, the feeble-minded, and deformed babies.

At the 1961 trial of Adolph Eichmann, his attorney, Dr. Servatius, argued in court with this declaration, "Eichmann is innocent. He was doing his job as a doctor. Killing is a medical procedure."

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The question of, What is a Human Being, also affects our view on the forced sterilization of the mentally-challenged. United States Supreme Court Justice, Oliver Wendell Holmes ruled in favor of such procedures in a 1927 case writing:

"We have seen more than once that the public welfare may call upon the best citizens for their lives. It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices, often not felt to be such by those concerned, in order to prevent our being swamped with incompetence. It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes. Three generations of imbeciles are enough."

Margaret Sanger, founder of Planned Parenthood, advocated the abortion of black babies in 1925, but cautioned her audience, "We do not want word to get out that we want to exterminate the Negro population."

Sanger criticized the success-- not failure-- of charity. She called for a halt to the medical care that was being given to slum mothers, and decried the expense to the taxpayers of monies being spent on those who were deaf, blind, and dependent.

She condemned foreign missionaries for their part in reducing the infant mortality rates in developing countries, and declared charity to be more evil than for the assistance it provided to the poor and needy. Her good friend, Adolph Hitler, wrote in Mein Kampf, "The demand that defective people be prevented from propagating equally defective offspring . . . represents the most humane act of mankind."



Grave Yard

As we know, in many parts of the world today Human Beings are property—slaves. The sex slavery trade is a huge international business. This situation is surely affected by views about what Human Beings are. Another sign of these ever changing views would be the treatment of the dead.

In the West, people longed to be buried in the churchyard for over a thousand years, with the expectation that they’d rise as a community at the resurrection of the dead. This also served as a reminder to the living each Sunday as to what their final destination would be.

In modern times it became customary to build graveyards in cities with vertical memorials for the dearly departed. Eventually, the edge of town was determined to be better, as land was less expensive, and the feeling that one would not need to be reminded of mortality unless he drove out there.

More recently, headstones have been flattened for easier mowing of the grass, and in the winter you can actually drive by and not even realize it is a cemetery. The latest craze is cremation. Why waste valuable ground on the dead? I read once that we burn refuse; we bury treasure.







Sexual Reproduction

A Human Being can be defined as many things. It is a body of matter—two-thirds water—occupying physical space with trillions of cells; 600 muscles; 200 bones; 100 organs. Some human adults weigh 200 times more than others—ranging anywhere from five pounds to one thousand pounds. There have been adults who stand only two feet tall—and others who have reached nine feet tall.

After age thirty, the body’s efficiency wanes at about 1% per year. An average eighty-year-old man has lost 30% of his muscle weight; 10% of his brain size; 25% of his nerves; and 50% of his lung capacity and kidney functionality.

We must breath to bring fresh oxygen to our blood. Life is in the blood. Our mouths and throats are amazing creations, regularly withstanding temperatures from 10 degrees F (ice cream) to 170 degrees (soup).

The average person speaks tens of thousands of words each day, and breathes in 3000 gallons of air, laden with a billion particles of dust and smoke—along with innumerable microbes and viruses. Sometimes a 200-mph sneeze is necessary.

Human beings reproduce themselves through the means of sexual intercourse between a man and a woman. Why male and female? The polarity principle.

Sex assures mutual polar attraction of opposites. A man masters a woman from without through muscular strength. A woman masters a man from within through hormones and psychic forces. Sex organs bridge the gap between males and females, between ancestors and descendants.

Sex cells are almost immortal. Generation after generation, they live on without dying, passing down from parent to child the essence of their ancestors through hereditary genes, which could be likened to recipes. Through these intricate, beautiful spirals known as DNA, each person is organized. Genes could be understood to be units of thought that are made flesh.





Science of the Mind

Human Beings are more than physical bodies. We also have minds that think and feel. We participate in the noosphere. Our minds have many mental senses beyond the obvious big five.

We weep, we anguish, we dread, we dream, we lust, we laugh. Human beings have a sense of time. We socialize, play, watch other people play, cultivate, speak, write, read, create art, and express our feelings.

A human is able to reason, remember, invent, and have the capacity for logic and science. We observe the heavens, and we create and have appreciation for music, drama, and literature. We have a spiritual sense. We love.

The human brain is more complex than all the machines on Earth combined. It both consciously and unconsciously screens and filters images and ideas. The two hemispheres of a normal brain are in constant consultation; the left talks and articulates while the right listens and perceives.

Since the body is not dependent upon the mind, I believe the mind is not dependent upon the body. A body is bound by time and space, but the mind is not. Humans are not only aware of themselves, but also aware of this awareness. Thinking is abstract and mysterious. Intelligence has no known limit.





We Are Star Dust

Human Beings are made of stardust. More creatures are living on your body at this moment than there are people on Earth. The same atoms make both living things and non-living things.

Sir James Jeans wrote that the universe is not a great machine but a great mind, since all matter has a rudimentary degree of mind. Your physical death will be the result of disorder in your organism. Orderliness is a requirement of life. Life on Earth is primarily organized water.

People have an innate sense of social geometry, which varies from culture to culture. In America, the average man in conversation stands 20 inches away from another man, and yet he stands 24 inches away from a woman.

Human beings can only survive through killing—vegetables, fish, and usually animals. A predator should only kill what is necessary for survival because he cannot afford to exterminate his prey.

Man is territorial and much attached to property (land). Humankind has a pecking order, something easily observed by noting who averts their gaze first when two people meet for the first time—the dominant person does. This signal is invariably accepted by the more submissive one, and rank is established.



What Is Happiness?

Happiness is more affected by our movements to or from success, than our proximity to it. Happiness increases as we feel ourselves advancing toward what we want. It is a fact that billions of people live today with "necessities" that were either luxuries or undreamed of miracles to the kings of yesteryear, but still the discontent lingers.

Freedom and liberty must be constrained. A runaway train may be free, but it soon leaps the rails and destroys itself. Emancipation requires discipline. A violin string lying on a table is free, but it cannot vibrate and make music. The string is liberated by being tightly tied at both ends.

I believe humankind has free will, but that God knows what we are going to do. It might be that the Creator’s creatures fulfill the Creator in the same way that man creates technologies that in turn help create him. Both subject and object are integral and reciprocal.






Since man has a mental as well as a physical world I believe in transcendence. Herakleitos observed that, "no man can step into the same river twice since the waters are ever fresh."

The years of our lives pass by faster as we age since each additional unit of time we experience is a smaller portion of our total experience. Mathematically, a year to a 100-year-old person is only a mere four days to a one-year-old. Imagine how time must fly for a being a million years old. Whole generations would pass by in an instant.

Einstein said that the universe has rationality—implying an intent or purpose innate to it. Transcendence ultimately means that our minds will outlive our bodies. This means we would each retain our personalities. Surely there must be more to human beings than time and space physicality.

Where does creativity come from, and how is it that creativity is infinite? How can a scale of seven notes be used to create billions of songs? As a musician, I can testify that I have never played or sang the same song in the same way twice in thousands of performances.

This world provides mortality, so we will concentrate on the here and now as we develop our souls. We avoid pain, but without pain and suffering would we be educated by life as we are? Is there a profound meaning beyond our material existence?

Does not any message have to begin and end to have a lasting meaning for us? Could it be that our spirits assume form in this finite world to learn meaning, that our limitations teach us invaluable lessons? That great lessons are learned through difficulties? That here we grasp and measure ideas, wisdom, hope, faith and love?









Dying and Death

Seneca noted that anyone at anytime can lose his life; that everyone will lose their lives; but no one will ever lose their death. Therefore death is safe and secure for each of us. Physicians regard death as unhealthy. Of course, our hair, nails, and teeth are dead all the time. Death is both inherited and genetic. Death is not the opposite of life, but a part of it. Death serves a vital purpose.

A baby in the womb probably thinks he is in a great place, but he is unaware of the wonders and beauty of this world. In fact, even if the baby had adult-level mental understanding, you couldn't explain this world to him. It is for that very same reason that we cannot understand what lies on the other side of death—even if we were told about it in words, even if it were described to us in detail; it has to be experienced to be understood. Death is built into life, and we do best to accept it.

There’s no denying that the dying can be unpleasant, but four out of five people who die in the presence of living people are described as fading away peacefully without pain. When your body knows it is dying, pain has no function. Among the elderly, death often seems to be a relief from tension, and those who believe in God and an afterlife obviously go more peacefully than those who cling to this life as all there ever will be.

Those who are scoundrels have harder deathbed scenes than those who are pious. Many dying people have said beautiful words as they spoke their last words on this Earth. Here are some examples:

Stephen Crane said, "It isn't so bad. You feel sleepy and you don't care."

General Gordon Meade said, "I am crossing a beautiful wide river."

Thomas Edison said, "It's beautiful over there."

People who have been revived from death have said such things as, "It looks so wonderful," "I heard the most peaceful music," "God was there and I was floating away."

Scales have shown that upon the moment of death something leaves the body weighing three fourths of an ounce. The soul? Death may just be a hatching of our souls from this body we cherish so.

My source for the latter half of this article is the great book, The Seven Mysteries of Life by Guy Murchie. The first half was researched through Google. The inspiration came from the article in the New Yorker magazine of November 30, 2009 titled The Politics of Death.


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 20, 2019:

Glenn Stok ~ How pleased I am that you read this article of mine and you liked it! "Enjoyed it tremendously"! Thank you for the encouragement. You are a good dude.

Glenn Stok from Long Island, NY on May 19, 2019:

James, I enjoyed reading this article tremendously. I’m surprised I missed it since you wrote it nine years ago, but it was very worthwhile reading now. And I wouldn’t mind coming back to review it again at times whenever I feel the need for some enlightenment, especially the last part.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 21, 2012:

Neil Sperling— Will do. I have made myself a note to read your Hub ASAP. Thanks for the tip, my friend.

Peace, Love, Dove!


Neil Sperling from Port Dover Ontario Canada on February 19, 2012:

You like to be turned onto new artists? Check my hub Walk Off The Earth.... maybe you might find someone new there! :-)

love - light - laughter


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 19, 2012:

Neil Sperling— You are welcome, bro'. From Calgary then? I've not been to Calgary but I hope to visit one day. I loved the music. I am always glad to be turned on to a new artist. Thank you for that. As you say, "Rock On!" :D

Neil Sperling from Port Dover Ontario Canada on February 18, 2012:

yes - I love Marija's voice - and her song writing is awesome. Croatian roots - her family moved to Calgary when she was young - She lost her hearing in an Amp problem and had to re-learn to sing with one ear... from you tube you can find her stuff on sound cloud - some songs with stories.. not on her rock albums.

I knew you would enjoy her.... thanks for saying so! :-)

Rock on!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 18, 2012:

Neil Sperling— Thank you for the link to that video. It is great! What a voice, eh? A Croatian woman singing? Outstanding. I enjoyed it, my friend. :)

Neil Sperling from Port Dover Ontario Canada on February 14, 2012:

James - so cool to see this hub still getting hits.... Since the last time I read this hub I came across a perfect Rock Video to go with it... being a musician that you are - no doubt you will appreciate it. Here is the link - Marija sings "Human Again"

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 14, 2012:

acaetnna- Thank you very much for reading this article, which is one of my favorites of my Hubs. I appreciate you hitting all the "good" buttons for me, as well as the voted up. I am honored that find it worthy of a bookmark. I am grateful for your kind compliments.

acaetnna from Guildford on February 12, 2012:

This is a wonderful and completely fascinating hub. It made compelling reading. I shall bookmark this and read it again. Voting up and pressing those buttons too.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 15, 2012:

rupak bartaula— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

rupak bartaula on January 13, 2012:

now this i like amazing

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 23, 2011:

Caleb DRC— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

Caleb DRC on December 21, 2011:

Spectacular job, James.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 03, 2011:

slythysophia— Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I appreciate your comments.

If you were to Google "We do not want word to get out that we want to exterminate the Negro population" you will find that sentence on over 10,000 websites. It was written in a letter by Margaret Sanger in regard to her "Negro Project."

A website that might be enlightening is

slythysophia on December 02, 2011:

Concerning the comment about Planned Parenthood's goal to "exterminate the negro race" in the Sterilization paragraph, I have not yet found any reliable source to corraborate that information, and even if that was the original goal of the organization (which I highly doubt), we can be sure that under the leadership of African American president of the Planned Parenthood Fedaration of America Faye Wattleton, who served between 1978 and 1992, those goals if they ever existed were changed and the mission of the organization is now free of any genocidal or racist ideas. I think it is a shame that this was not made clear in the article, and it makes me question what other information may have been presented in an easily misconstrued manner.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 28, 2011:

jesusmyjoy— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :-)

Betty Bolden from Bucyrus Ohio on November 28, 2011:

just amazing write..

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 19, 2011:

Kristeen— Thank you for coming by to read my article. It is always a pleasure to hear from you. I appreciate your affirmation, encouragement, and blessings. I just love your wonderful comments. Well said!! :-)

Christine from Michigan on October 17, 2011:

Wow James, this is very deep. What it boils down to is that life is a wonderful gift granted by God our Creator. The human body is full of mysteries. WE are living breathing walking miracles. For the believer, death is the beginning of life with God. Be blessed!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 17, 2011:

andromida— Why, thank you very much for the awesome accolades. And I surely appreciate the "tweet."

I enjoyed reading your thoughtful and insightful remarks. I agree with you that human beings will not be superseded by some newer life form here on earth. If one believes in Darwinist evolution then there must be something better coming than people. I do not think so, even for a minute.

I appreciate your outstanding comments. Thanks again for visiting. And you are welcome.

syras mamun on October 15, 2011:

This is one of the most fascinating hubs that I've ever read in hubpages.I think that death is no way the ending of a human being,it is just an inseparable part of a cycle in order to complete a project which is known as life cycle.The goodness in human nature has a purpose and it does not end when a man dies in the psychical world.There should be some point of reference where we all need to be accountable for our actions.What I always feel is that it is not possible to create any other better form of life than the human beings-I really don't know why I feel like that.I will tweet it to my friends.Thank you so much.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on August 05, 2011:

primpo— I don't know where you got the idea that I am an Atheist. God forbid! I apologize if something I wrote caused misunderstanding.

I believe that when we die, we rest until we are resurrected to face God at Judgement Day. The saved people will then go to heaven; the unsaved will be burned up by God's eternal, consuming fire—and be no more.

Primpo from Bayville,NJ on August 03, 2011:

That last comment made by you makes me wonder something, now I may be way off with this, but I thought you said you are an atheist and when you die, you just die, if you believe you have a soul what do you believe happens to it?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on August 02, 2011:

Alastar Packer— What a profound question! I have never considered this before. I do not know the answer. Off the top of my little pointed head I would guess we have a soul at conception. I would have to research it further.

I have heard of some kind of connection of the soul (or mind) with the pineal gland. That is fascinating.

I am glad you appreciate this article. It is one of my personal favorites among my works but many have been far more read.

Thank you for your penetrating comments. You've got me to thinking!

Alastar Packer from North Carolina on July 30, 2011:

You and I both agree that human beings have a spirit form or soul. So, the question for us is when does that "spirit" enter the baby or fetus if one prefers that term. Is it at conception? Or sometime later. You may have your own thoughts on it James but the best-and I'm not saying this is the lord's truth-I've been able to put together over time is that its at around 3 weeks; the same time as the somewhat mysterious pineal gland forms. I feel fairly certain the soul enters and leaves the body through it. Again, this is only a personal take on it and of course may not be correct. But if science could one day prove number one: there is a spirit or soul, and number two: when it enters the body. That would, or should solve this tragedy once and for all.

As far as giving a world totalitarian overlord-ship the absolute power over life and death, well, any humane, intelligent and rational person can answer that one themselves.

I'm in 100% agreement with you on mind. The 'noosphere.' The scientist and the artist some call our 'two' brains; and once a person allows co-operation between the two instead off resistance very good things begin to happen for them.

James this is a superb article and you have written something here that I personally wish as many people as possible could read. Three cheers and a triple bravo sir!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 29, 2011:

Neil Sperling! How good to hear from you. I am glad you liked the "noosphere" bit. That is one of my favorite parts of this article too. Thank you for the kind compliments, my friend. And you are quite welcome.

Neil Sperling from Port Dover Ontario Canada on July 27, 2011:

Great Hub - i read it long ago and never commented - tw3as a delight to reread..... "Human Beings are more than physical bodies. We also have minds that think and feel. We participate in the noosphere." WOW what a powerful true statement....


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 18, 2011:

primpo— You have made my day with your lovely laudations! Thank you ever much for coming by to visit my Hub. Welcome to the Hub Pages Community! :-)

Primpo from Bayville,NJ on July 16, 2011:

You don't just write, you orchastrate. Your writing is beautiful.. I don't know how else to describe it. I love it..

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 06, 2011:

Spirit Whisperer— You are welcome. I appreciate the excellent question for it allowed me to more fully explicate my thoughts in that area. I find dialogue a beautiful thing when it produces the good fruits of learning and understanding.

I do the best I can. It is a pleasure to "meet" such a thoughtful person as yourself.

Xavier Nathan from Isle of Man on July 05, 2011:

Thank you for taking the time to answer. I am actually in awe of you that you find time to respond so thoughtfully to all the comments you receive. I suppose that is why you are the man you are and obviously loved and respected by so many here.

I agree with what you say here about the mind it is just that you hadn't put it quite like this in the hub and that is why I asked.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 05, 2011:

Spirit Whisperer— You're welcome. Thank you for taking the time to read my article and respond. I sincerely appreciate your kind compliments.

As to your query, I was thinking of how the body can live in a vegetative state while the mind is absent. It seems to me that the mind is a separate thing from the body. I know this goes against existentialists and hard-core Darwinists who believe the study of the brain will eventually reveal the mind. I think the mind is more than just a brain and that it outlives the body.

Xavier Nathan from Isle of Man on July 04, 2011:

This is a very interesting and comprehensive treatment of being human and I have yet to read a better treatment of the subject.

There is something you say however that I would like to query further and ask how you arrived at: "Since the body is not dependent upon the mind, I believe the mind is not dependent upon the body."

Thank you.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 29, 2011:

Freegoldman— You are quite welcome. Thank you for reading my work. I appreciate your kind comments.

Freegoldman from Newyork on June 28, 2011:

This is quite a comprehensive Hub.! Thank you very much.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 23, 2011:

platinumOwl4— You are most welcome. I am well pleased to see that you loved this piece. I will confess it is one of my favorites among my works. I appreciate your encouragement of my writings.

Faithfully Yours


platinumOwl4 on June 21, 2011:

Here again you have presented an informative article. I love it when I read a stimulating article. Thanks again James A Watkins

Have a good one

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 21, 2011:

Ranzi— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

Cut The Bullshit from All Over on May 20, 2011:

Now this I like... an open minded analysis

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 20, 2011:

ahbless— I surely agree with you 100 percent. Thank you for your insightful remarks. I appreciate you taking the time to read my article. It is one of my personal favorites among my Hubs. I look forward to reading your work as well.

ahbless on May 18, 2011:

It is obvious that at conception a person is growing in a womans womb or she would have something not human. A human always comes out of a human woman. There are no rocks, birds, ducks, trucks, buildings or anthing else but a human coming out of a pregnant woman. A human usually conceives a human no matter how tiney. It is obvious.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 08, 2011:

celeBritys4africA— Thank you for the high praise indeed! I am well pleased that you liked this Hub. Welcome to the Hub Pages Community! :)

celeBritys4africA from Las Vegas, NV on May 07, 2011:

A human being is star dust.....I like the way you analyzed it and the different points of view. An awesome hub!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 07, 2011:

Alaster Packer— Thank you for saying so. I appreciate the visit and your comments. :)

Alastar Packer from North Carolina on April 06, 2011:

'School of the Soul'...excellent James.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 06, 2011:

olgakhumlo— Yes, it is a sad world. But our job is to live our lives the best we can in this School of the Soul.

I am glad you liked this Hub. Thank you for coming by to read it. God Bless You!

olga khumlo from Mira Road Mumbai India on April 04, 2011:

James, It's awfully sore to know how wicked this world is, and much more for those who are passing through such pain.A unique creative hub! God bless you and your family.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 16, 2011:

Clive— No? My understanding is that genetics might represent 50 percent of us, with environment the other half. Then, of course, there is free will.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 16, 2011:

Clive— I appreciate your interesting remarks. Thank you for taking the time to read my article. Now look at us! Indeed. Do.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 16, 2011:

F3* Head— Thank you for that stimulating comment. :D

Clive on March 14, 2011:

However we're no longer determined much by our genetics. We're no longer the platform. Now we're the content - or the context as some would say.

Clive on March 14, 2011:

Instead of "Human Being", Try "Symbolic Abstraction". We're lost in the Doing. "Human Being" is probably more relavant to the good old days of Australo Pithacus. In those days they lacked the tools we now have to spoil nearly all of our fun. They thought money was a great idea - and it was. But now look at us!

F3* Head on March 14, 2011:


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 25, 2011:

kato hassan— You are welcome. Long may you live in Uganda. Thank you for reading my work.

kato hassan on January 24, 2011:

thanks for the post. may u long live. mob 256703500143. uganda

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 11, 2011:

Barbara Kay— Great to see you! Thanks for the compliment. I'm working on it. I hope to have it done by mid-February. If I'm lucky and all goes just right. :-)

Barbara Badder from USA on January 10, 2011:

As always, your hub was magnificent. I hope your book is coming along.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 23, 2010:

DavePrice— I cannot find the report you mentioned offhand. But the cheapening of human life through abortion has to have an effect on opinions about euthanasia. Thank you for your grand and gracious compliments. I surely appreciate your encouragement.

DavePrice from Sugar Grove, Ill on October 22, 2010:

Exploring a subject to clarify my views, not only did I find your Hub through google, excellent!, of course I found you have written far better than I could. There is one thing I know about but cannot find, I wonder if you can help - there was a paper pre-1973 that spoke of abortion as a precursor to euthanasia - not an uncommon argument today, but the paper was a study on abortion before legality - do you know anything about this?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 06, 2010:

fred allen— You are welcome, my brother.

fred allen from Myrtle Beach SC on October 05, 2010:

And I thank you for your support too James!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 05, 2010:

fred allen— This is one of my personal favorite Hubs, among those I have published. I am glad I met you too, Fred. You are a good man and a Godly man. I appreciate the prayers. Thank you for your gracious accolades.

fred allen from Myrtle Beach SC on October 05, 2010:

I knew that you would amaze me with this as soon as I read the title. You exceeded my high expectations! You brought many aspects into consideration that I would not have even entertained. You provided great comfort in your assesment of spirituality and the end of life in the body. The examples you gave of people passing peacefully were a comfort as well. I pray that I am at peace when my time comes. I pray the same for you as well. So glad I met you here James.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 24, 2010:

SirDent— I agree with your second post wholeheartedly. I am amazed by people who rail against capital punishment for mass murderers but love abortion of the innocent.

Thanks for visiting and for your excellent comments. I'm sorry I took so long to respond. I have been out of town without my computer this week.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 24, 2010:

SirDent— I am truly pleased that you found this article and enjoyed it. Naturally, I agree with your assessment, brother. Classical Liberalism was the foundation of this nation but in it were perhaps always the seeds of radical individualism and radical egalitarianism that are destroying the nation. As Mother Teresa said: "If they kill their own babies, the West is not worth defending."

SirDent on July 19, 2010:

I started thinking about this again. I saw a convo started about capital punishment and abortion and how both are the same.

I recall in the Bible how Pilate released one prisoner back into society. The Jews picked the one they wanted.

Just as many think murderers and rapists should not be executed, the Jews chose Barabbas as the one they wanted in society. In fact, what they actually chose was a murderer above an innocent man.

When we decide to allow the guilty to go free, and murder the innocent, we have definitely lost our way and have become children of Satan.

SirDent on July 19, 2010:

Not sure how this hub got away from me James. I love your style more and more each time I read something you write.

The Bible tells us what a Human being is; (Gen 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.)

As I read through this, a thought came to me. We, (as a nation) have gotten away from God and have told Him to leave us to our own devices. Many believe it started in the 50's or 60's. but it started a long time before then.

46 million babies aborted since 1973. Human life means nothing to a Godless and wicked nation. I feel a rant coming on.

Thumbs up as always.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 16, 2010:

v_kahleranderson— Hello VKA!

Thank you ever much for your kind compliments, my dear. This is one of my favorite Hubs among those I have created.

I love RevLady's quote from the Bible, too.

I appreciate the blessings, love, and hugs. God Bless You!


v_kahleranderson from San Jose, California on July 14, 2010:

Hello again Mr. Watkins!

Another beautifully written hub, and now probably one of my favorites you've written. Just so beautifully written!

I couldn't have used a better Biblical phrase than the one that RevLady above quoted, "What is man that you are mindful of him?” For some reason this question has been on my mind for the past many months. Simply, that He loves us beyond our comprehension is what speaks to my heart.

I will make sure that my husband, Boba, and my daughter, Ama83, come to read this. It is a MUST.

God bless, keep and protect you, always.

Sending you love and hugs from our home,


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 12, 2010:

Baileybear— Thank you for your kind compliments. I am well pleased that you took the time to read my work.

Baileybear on July 11, 2010:

Very in-depth and thought-provoking hub. Look forward to reading more of your hubs

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 18, 2010:

green tea-cher— You are truly welcome. Thank you very much for your kind compliments. This Hub was a pleasure to put together. I am grateful that you expressed your appreciation.

green tea-cher on June 17, 2010:

Your research on this subject is extremely thorough and it gives the reader so much food for thought. You are a very talented writer and I feel privileged to read your work. Thank-you so much for sharing.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 17, 2010:

Thank you for your gracious words and thoughtful analysis. I greatly enjoyed reading your comments. I appreciate this visitation.

niall.tubbs on June 16, 2010:

James-Religion as much an inculcated state as language,feels good,bonds with others, affords psychological comfort.No one knows what lies beyond life,that is why its referenced as a "leap of faith".Life and death is as personal as it gets; terminating one's life is act of will that harms no community.

To live a life with acts of humanity with no here after eternal life is a live worth and death as you indicate offers complexities we must all wrestle with some time in our life.There are no winners or losers in this struggle.Your offered writing stimulates morality and its place in one's life.Always you are worth a read.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 10, 2010:

Lor's Stories— I apologize for not responding sooner. I have been traveling. I will be coming by to read some of your Hubs soon.

You have a marvelous attitude about your disability that I stand in admiration of. I have heard that the Down's Syndrome children grace the lives of all who come into contact with them for any length of time. I love your quote of Christ. But your last line is truly poetic.

Thank you for visiting and commenting.

Lor's Stories from Central New Jersey on April 08, 2010:

I know all about Peter Singer. Princeton University is in my back yard. I just wrote about happiness. The weird thing is that I have a disability and while I don't relish it, I believe God gave me this small burden so that I could focus more on Him. I used to work with children who had Down's Syndrome and they told me a few things about God- it was a humbling experience. I was told that I was going to be exterminated one day. Well then I guess I'll go quietly.

But I really don't worry about what death can do to me, I do worry about what life can do to me if I allow those who have power. Yet Christ said, "Do not fear those who can kill the body, rather worry about those who can destroy the soul."

Our souls are spun from God's love for us.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 01, 2010:

Simon Book Publisher— You lost me, friend. To what movie do you refer in your second comment? But I do get the drift of your remarks. That's funny. What song was that?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 01, 2010:

Simon Book Publisher— Prohibition did fail miserably, as has the War on Drugs. The official approval of abortion in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court did lead to an explosion in the numbers of abortions performed, from 150,000 per year to 1,500,000. So apparently, it did have effect. Thank you for your comments.

Simon Book Publisher on March 30, 2010:

Also from the same movie, the line in one of the songs to the effect that we need to hope there's intelligent life on other planets because there's not much of it here on earth...

Simon Book Publisher on March 30, 2010:

It seems to me that a universal law can be drafter that determines the beginning of life. Once at that stage, abortion would be an intervening act. The question would be, would this life have developed to completion if there was no abortion intervening event.

This won't stop abortion, because like trying to stop alcohol it just doesn't work, as Prohibition failed miserably.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 03, 2010:

Madame X--- I never knew that was the source of that word. Man, you are knowledgeable. I had forgotten how sharp you were since I hadn't seen you around in a while. Welcome back.

Madame X on March 01, 2010:

The term "unalienable", from the vernacular of our founding fathers, is actually "un - lien - able". In other words, you cannot put a lien of any sort upon a free and sovereign person. Kinda sums it up for me!

Very interesting read :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 18, 2010:

pastella13--- I do put a lot of effort into my articles and I very much appreciate your recognition of that. If the work provokes thought among people about topics that are important to them then I am gratified because this is my goal.

It would take a long time to read all of these wonderful comments, to be sure. I'm not sure how painless child birth really is. Certainly not for the mother and probably for the baby either. It hurts bad to see loved ones suffer. Thank God for morphine, in that case.

Thank you so much for taking the time to read such a lengthy article and for leaving behind your kind and thoughtful remarks.

pastella13 on January 17, 2010:

Hi James

You write such thought-provoking hubs and I know you put alot of effort into them all. I enjoy reading them because you have such a high standard and touch on alot of subjects that mean something to people.

It always takes me a long time to read through all the wonderful comments to your hubs, but that's good for me too, because I become aware of other great writers too.

I always wonder about one aspect of life, though. We come into the world relatively painlessly, fresh new life, within minutes or hours. Such wonder and joy. But what a horrible contrast it is for so many people when the time comes for them to leave this world.

I know it can be quick for some people, but for many it can be so long and drawn-out with pain. Unfortunately it was thus so with both my parents. This is a time when we can't bear to see loved ones suffer, and any kind of pain relief is appreciated. I know that we, as a family, were so grateful that my Dad was able to have morphine as a pain-killer, to help him sleep. It helped to ease the process for him, and I know if I was in that position, I would hope that I could have it too.

I'm looking forward to reading the related hub you wrote, but it's late now, so I'm just off to bed and I'll read it tomorrow. I hope you and your wife are both OK.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2010:

febriedethan— Thank you for your wonderful accolades! I am gratified to read your gracious comments. And you are welcome.

"God let us as a mere human being to be His friend and co-worker"

What a wonderful blessing we have in Grace.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2010:

DeBorrah K. Ogans— Thank you! I can always count on you to provide thoughtful analysis of my articles.

"I find your opening statement intense; 'The answer to this question directly affects how human beings are treated by one another'"

That is rather intense, isn't it? And Lord knows human history shows this to be true, many times showing its truth in horrific ways.

There have been throughout history Christians such as Mother Theresa who have devoted their lives to the outcasts of society. I remember reading one of the oldest of such stories about a plague that struck Antioch in maybe the second century. A Roman writer recorded that everybody that could was fleeing the city but on his way out he noted a line of crazy people coming INTO the city to help the afflicted. He asked someone "Who are those nuts?" And he was told they were some religious sect who call themselves Christians.

I absolutely agree with you that Truth is of paramount import when considering any such issues.

“And the Lord GOD formed man out of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the BREATH of LIFE; and man became a living being.”

As you know, I share in your belief about the origin of man.

You are welcome and I thank you for your compliments.

febriedethan from Indonesia on January 09, 2010:

One of the best hub ever! Very well written and made me full! I'm proud to be a human, one of Our God's unique creation. And what made me thrill most that God let us as a mere human being to be His friend and co-worker, what about that? Wonderful hub James thank you :)

Elder DeBorrah K Ogans on January 09, 2010:

James A. Watkins, Excellent! This narrative on life is quite profound! It surely causes one to correlate one’s priorities, and seriously think as you say “What is a human being?” What is most interesting is to the degree that the definition varies? Or how relative or significant one person is in comparison to another… I find your opening statement intense; “The answer to this question directly affects how human beings are treated by one another…” If ones see another as superior or inferior, where or is it possible to find a balance? Or if one is seen as an outcast or undesirable? However TRUTH is what is always important. Whatever summation is surmised and if the truth does not factor into the equation one can only come to an inconclusive hypothesis …

You have truly well presented an excellent eclectic array from which one can draw! Our body and brain physiology are quite complex. In my little finite mind I think man has really complicated life and made what Our INFINITE GOD really intended to be so simple complicated! He is the Giver and Sustainer of Life! Pandora’s box has been opened the lid has been lost so therefore options that were not meant to be are? The keys and mystery to life are found in Him! As human beings we are created for God and by God . What is a human being? “And the Lord GOD formed man out of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the BREATH of LIFE; and man became a living being.”

Thank you as always for this one it surely has been a journey of deep thought. However I must admit science is not at all my forte! But I Do know that each of our DNA is unique. Look at God! Thank you for sharing In His love & Blessings!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 04, 2010:

Royal Diadem—Thank you. I love the way you put that: "When you kill a baby you kill generations of people." I hadn't really considered that angle but that is profound. I am well pleased you wrote that here. Wow! What a thought to ponder.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 04, 2010:

Jane Grey— It's funny that your name is Jane Grey because I considered using James Grey as a pen name once for no particular reason other than I liked the way it sounded. Watkins doesn't exactly roll off the tongue.

I appreciate your recognition of my work. And you are welcome.

It is a great battle. I agree with everything you said here. Your comments are outstanding, which by the way, is the adjective I use to describe your Hubs.

I had not heard that particular story. That is disturbing. And you are so right: animals do not commit suicide. You are surely wise beyond your years. Thank you for sharing your insights with me.

Royal Diadem on January 04, 2010:

Excellent Hub and there you go getting deep on us! real deep and I too believe life at conception. When you kill a baby you kill generations of people. Great Hub

Ann Leavitt from Oregon on December 28, 2009:


You've put a lot of work and research into this article, and there was a lot I did not know. Thank you, first of all, for standing up for life and God's law! This is a great battle; we need more writers like you willing to stand on the truth. I am curious to know if you have heard about the young Aboriginese man who was captured during the nineteenth century, put in a cage, and toured around to various zoos as an animal. As a result of this atrocity, he committed suicide. It struck me that animals never commit suicide; they do not contemplate the purpose or meaning of their lives, and they are not governed by moral standards as we are.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 26, 2009:

joer4X4— Thank you! Yes, I agree, there is something more to human beings—Richard Dawkins notwithstanding.

Who thought of what. Ah ha! There is a question for us. I will tackle this question soon.

Thank you brother. I always enjoy reading your thoughts.

joer4x4 from Philadelphia, PA on December 26, 2009:

Nice job James!

I think the problem is that we think in physical terms yet our thought process is not physical. Life begins before the physical.

We limit our thought process to the physical.

All physical things emulate from the thought process. For anything to exist it had to be thought of first. In other words life gives rise to consciousness.

The question is who thought of what?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 26, 2009:

Mini— I love your comment. And you bet He did. I'm going delve into what you said further in a Hub coming soon that I will call "Who are Human Beings?"

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 26, 2009:

susansisk— You are surely welcome, Susan. I know what you are talking about. I have had a run of family members dying these past five years and many of them died in just this way. Thank you for your excellent comments, especially coming from a nurse. I admire your work more than any other work people do.

boris on December 26, 2009:

James A Watkins - Really COOL post! One of the best here!

You are in touch with more important subjects.

Susan Sisk from Georgia, USA on December 25, 2009:

Thank you so much. A very thought provoking hub. As a nurse, I can tell you that Euthanasia is already here. It is just disguised as a "Morphine Drip". This drip is often ordered by doctors to be turned up higher and higher, until the patient eventually quits breathing.

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