This article is based on Indian freedom history. What happened in 9th August 1942? Why British became ready to give freedom to India?
Significance Of Quit India Movement
On August 9th, 1942, Indian history saw a glorious golden image and this sun brought the auspicious moment of independence. The August Revolution is as significant as the Bolshevik Revolution, which left a lasting impression on world history, as well as the American War of Independence and the French Revolution. The Quit Movement created a global awareness against the exploitative tendencies of the British.
August Revolution Day has a special significance in the history of modern India. The August Revolution was an anti-colonial, anti-racist and anti-capitalist revolution. The August Revolution saw the power to inspire an Indian nationalism. With no weapon in hand, Mahatma Gandhi declared 'Leave India, Leave India' and a wave of discontent against the British erupted in India. The overwhelming challenge to British rule from the Indian people's movement is unparalleled in the history of the world.
On 14th July 1942, the Quit India Movement was decided at Bapu Kuti (Sevagram). This resolution is known as 'Wardha Yojana'. The meeting discussed the rules of the August Revolution, the precautions to be taken during the agitation, etiquette, etc. Mahatma Gandhi had the upper hand in this movement. The resolution of the "Leave" movement was passed at the Congress convention in Mumbai. Accordingly, on August 8th, 1942, Gandhiji delivered a speech at the Azad Maidan and chanted the important slogan 'Do and Die'.
In a weekly article in Young India, Gandhi said, "This is a moment of great test. It is a real test. The people should give their full support to the Quit India Movement." This shows that Gandhiji's role was very straightforward, clean and clear.
Role Of Mahatma Gandhiji
The movement was planned by choosing the right time at a time when the British were losing out on world politics. In the face of the growing influence of Germany and the seizure of British power, India demanded complete independence. It was a resolution that shook the English power from its roots and was led by Gandhiji. As soon as Gandhiji reached Aga Khan Palace in Pune after giving a speech in Mumbai, he was arrested by the British. All the Congress leaders went underground. Young leader Aruna Asfali unfurled the tricolor at Gawalia Tank, the Azad Maidan, and the August 9 Revolution Day movement began.
The repercussions of this movement were felt all over India. There were 9 lakh people arrested. In many places people damaged government property. The public outcry and dissatisfaction was so great that the movement was largely successful. Gandhiji was later released by the British due to health problems. But the major leaders were imprisoned for four to five years, but the British power was shaken. From now on, it is difficult to rule in India, this was noticed by the British.
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan, Pandit Nehru and Asif Mehta played an active role in this movement. While evaluating the Quit India Movement, a history student from Dayanand University, Dr. Malik says that the Quit India Movement convinced the British that we should get out of India and create a conducive environment for India's independence. Although the movement did not yield immediate results, the path to independence that followed was paved. It can be said that this fight was very successful due to the spontaneous public participation in the 'Leave' movement and the dissatisfaction against the British.
Importance Of Bapu Kuti In Sevagram
After the war of 1942, the Tri-Ministerial Plan was introduced and Lord Attlee favored India's independence. From that, India's highway of independence became successful. In other words, the 1942 war was a bold step towards bringing the dawn of Indian independence. This people's struggle created a tremendous awareness among the Indian youth against the British. S.M. Joshi, Ashok Mehta, Jaiprakash Narayan emerged during this period. These leaders made a different impression on the politics of the next 50 years with their activism and thinking.
The movement can be described as a movement that provides new leadership to the youth and builds confidence in the masses to face a new era. The popularity of the National General Assembly's Leave or Leave India or August Revolution movement had reached such a peak that the program of the people's movement launched by the General Assembly was successful due to the spontaneous participation of the people and the golden moment of Indian independence was approaching.
The August Revolution is as significant as the Bolshevik Revolution, which left a lasting impression on world history, as well as the American War of Independence and the French Revolution. This revolution shook the colonial power. The Quit India Movement created a global awareness against the exploitative tendencies of the British. Considering that the people of India have awakened, they can undermine the British rule at any moment. In other words, the revolutionary resolution of the Quit India Movement taken by Mahatma Gandhi at Bapu Kuti by passing a resolution at Wardha was thus successful at the Gwalia Tank Ground in Mumbai. Therefore, this ground was later renamed as Azad Kranti Maidan or August Kranti Maidan. On August 9, 1942, Indian history saw a bright golden image and you can describe this struggle as the sun brought the auspicious moment of independence.
The August Revolution was announced, but for the development of modern India, we need to be free from corruption, inflation, terrorism, etc. Defects in the system must be removed so that we can build an exploitation-free agro-industrial society. Let's make the dream of freedom come true. The transformation of freedom into Swarajya, Surajya and Ram Rajya will be the true homage to the martyrs sacrificed in the August Revolution. The history of the August Revolution is just as inspiring today.
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