Intellect and Will
Consider these scenario:
At primary school, Ann, a 5 year old who is requested to wait her turn and not given immediate gratification every time she demands it, is gradually being led to control self-centeredness.
Josh, a 7th grader who observes what happened to his classmate when he was caught cheating on an examination, decides to study harder and avoid cheating.
This children, describe so far are not only recording values but they are participating in the process of molding a character. By exercising the intellect and will, each of these children is learning lessons in life, whether inductively or deductively.
The Potential of a Child
Children are born with rational power. This power through his rational mind and free will to being capable of acknowledging,understanding,internalizing,and practicing moral values,he has the power to apply universal truths and moral principles to personal thoughts,words,and conduct during the normal and extraordinary circumstances of their life.
This potential of a child needs guidance and direction, requires training and practice to refine them to their fullest potential.
The Great Twin Powers
The Intellect is one of the 'great twin powers' of the soul which enables man to:
To reason out what he observes.
To seek purpose and objectives
To put order into thoughts and actions
To understand the worthy, noble ideas and ideals
To identify the behavior which will direct man to put these ideas into practice.
How To Train The Intellect in Education of Values
The mandate of education is to lead the student in the search for knowledge and truth. Education in values carries out this task, but it concentrates on special undertaking of training the mind to think.
The educator trains the intellect :
1. To seek the purpose and true end of life
2. To grasp universal truths
3. To understand and reason out truths and moral precepts and relate them to life
4. To make judgments based on an objective standard of morality
5. To analyze the cause and effect of decisions and behavior
6. To solve problems rationally
- cited from the " Education in Values" by Esther J. Esteban
The Greater Challenge
Education in values accepts an even greater challenge-the mission of preparing the child to face life's real test.
1. It purports to cultivate the mind of the student to know his last true end.
2. To understand and reason out the objective, universal and external truths.
3. To see and analyze the different means which will lead him to his natural end.
How do Parents and Teachers Prepare the Child for Life?
One of the greatest services that educators can render to the schild and soceity is to train the intellect to think and discern.
This is easier said than done and it is often easier done than said,for learning takes place formally and informally, directly and indirectly.
What is Will?
The Will denotes the tendency on the part of the individual to desire, seek,enjoy,incline toward or strive for, whatever is apprehended by the intellect as "good".
- a rational,but blind faculty which attracted to and dependent upon intellectual knowledge
- a force inside of us that begins to operate after we come to the use of reason.
- a gift: every human being has been endowed by the creator with the inalienable gift of choice to be master of his judgement and his acts.
The Controlling Factor
The Will is really the controlling factor in education of values.
The senses may record impressions of values, the emotions may react to these impressions, and the intellect may understand moral values and judge according to them.
But, it is the Will which enables man to discipline himself, to choose and uphold universal truths, and to sustain their implementation.
It is essential that will be guided towards the good.
The Educators Task
Human freedom then is that property of the human will whereby man determines himself in his acts towards the end.
Freedom is the power to realize one's potential, the power to develop, to grow, to become oneself,not to be forced to drift into something else, not to be less than a man.
It is the educators task to guide and motivate the child's will to make responsible use of freedom.
How to Help The Child Motivate His Own Will?
Educators must help the child to motivate his will
1. Help the child to love God and neighbor.
2. To choose the higher good/universal truths and moral values
3. To act upon a decision
4. To take the natural and logical consequences of a decision and act.
5. To make responsible use of freedom.
6. To exercise self-discipline and control the emotions.
7. To persevere, sustain, and commit.
8. To change and improve.
9. To practice virtues or good moral habits.
Helna on September 26, 2020:
You have shared a lot of information. Thanks for sharing. Jesus Loves You. May God bless you