Walk 16, 1927 - April 24, 1967) was a Soviet aircraft tester, plane architect, and space explorer. In October 1964, he told Voskhod 1, the main space trip by different team individuals. He turned into the principal Soviet space traveler to fly two times in space when he was chosen as the performance pilot for Soyuz 1, the primary monitored dry run. After reemergence on April 24, 1967, a parachute disappointment caused his Soyuz container to raise a ruckus around town, making him the main human to kick the bucket in space flight. While partaking in the
program, he was two times pronounced medicinally ineligible for preparing or space flight, however kept on assuming a functioning part. While at the Astronaut Training Center, he added to space apparatus plan, space traveler preparing, assessment, and advertising.
Komarov was brought into the world on March 16, 1927 in Moscow and grew up with his stepsister Matilda (conceived 1915). His dad was a specialist who did different low-paying responsibilities to help his loved ones. In 1935, Komarov started his proper training at a nearby grade school. Here he showed his normal fitness for arithmetic. In 1941, because of World War II and the German attack of the Soviet Union, Komarov moved on from school and turned into an aggregate ranch specialist. He was keen on flying since the beginning, gathering magazines and photos about flight, and making model planes and his own propellers. In 1942, at 15 years old, Komarov signed up for the first Moscow Special Air Force Academy to seek after his fantasy about turning into a pilot. Presently, his family discovered that Komarov's dad had kicked the bucket in an "obscure conflict occurrence. Because of the German intrusion, the flight school was quickly moved to the Tyumen district of Siberia during the conflict. There, I concentrated on flying as well as different subjects like zoology and unknown dialects. In 1945, Komarov moved on from flight school as an honor understudy. The Second Great War antagonism finished before Komarov was brought to fight.
In his 1946, Komarov finished the primary year of his preparation at the Tikarov Higher Air Force School in Borisoglebsk, Voronezh Oblast. From that point onward, he finished his preparation at A.K. Serov Military Aviation University in Bataysk. Komarov's mom passed on in 1948, seven months prior to graduating in 1949, and was named as a pilot wing and a lieutenant in the Soviet Air Force.
Career in the Soviet Air Force
In December 1949, Komarov was a military pilot in the 383th Regiment of the 42nd North Caucasus Combat Air Division situated in Grozny.
Komarov wedded Valentina Yakovlev Nakiselova in October 1950. He was elevated to Lieutenant in 1952 and was subsequently sent as the Chief Pilot of the 486th Fighter Air Regiment of the 279th Fighter Air Division in the Pricalpet region. Komarov flew here until 1954, after which he signed up for the designing course of the Komarovsky Air Force Engineering Academy. In 1959, Komarov was elevated to Senior Lieutenant Engineer. Sometime thereafter, he accomplished his objective of turning into an aircraft tester at the Central Institute of Science in Tikarovsky.
By July 1964, just seven space travelers were qualified as Boshort group individuals after certain space explorers were excluded for clinical reasons. On July 6, Komarov was selected administrator of the Voskhod 1 reinforcement group. Following quite a while of extraordinary discussion between Nikolai Kamarnin and Sergei Kororif on group determination, Komarov was delegated by the State Commission on October 4, 1964, only eight days before the planned send off. Selected as Commander-in-Chief of the Crew. Komarov said he was playing tennis with the Voskhod team that evening, and Komarov was playing more regrettable than his group, Boris Yegorov and Konstantin Feoktistov. 44:44 On October 9, Komarov and his team visited Voskhod with Korolev and different individuals from the organization. Soon thereafter, they were consulted by the state press and played tennis for the photographic artist.
On the morning of October 11, Komarov got different socialist relics to take him to space the following day. In the early evening, the team rethought the case and got last directions from Kororev. Komarov was the main group part who had finished broad preparation and was the main part with flight insight. The other two group individuals are regular citizens. His callsign was "Ruby" (Russian: Рубин). During the
mission, Komarov worked with the other group on various errands, including clinical and journey testing, and aurora perceptions. Just Komarov tried utilizing a particle engine mounted on Voskhod.  He likewise made a progression of radio stations, including a salute to the Tokyo Olympics, which started on October 10. The mission endured north of 24 hours. After the team landed securely, they were gotten back to the Toretam send off site (otherwise called Baikonur to mask its actual area). Komarov said in his journal that Komarov was drained while his group was fine. On October 19, Komarov and his group made a report on Red Square and went to the Kremlin crowd. After the progress of this short however deductively significant mission, he was elevated to colonel. For the progress of the mission, Komarov got the Order of Lenin and the Soviet Union Hero Award.
In December 1964, the RVSN (Strategic Rocket Force) mentioned the exchange of Komarov from the VVS (Soviet Air Force) to the RVSN. The application was dismissed by Kamarnin.
In 1965, Komarov worked with Yuri Gagarin to manage the groundwork for the trip of Voskhod 2, the principal endeavor at extraterrestrial action in space. These arrangements included fitting spacesuits to space explorers and spaceflight briefings. In April of that very year, Komarov visited Leningrad with Komanin, Gagarin, Gherman Titov, Belyaev and Leonov. Komarov likewise visited the Peter and Paul Fortress with Valentin Glushko, who directed early rocket tests by Glushko in the mid 1930s. In September of that year, Komarov visited West Germany.
Komarov was doled out to the Soviet Soyuz program alongside Yuri Gagarin and Alexei Leonov. In July 1966, Komarov was condemned by Kamanin for his unapproved exposure, while in Japan, that "the Soviet Union will, at the planned time, fly a computerized rocket around the Moon and return it to (the) Earth, to be trailed by a canine flight, then, at that point, a monitored circumlunar flight." The next month Komarov conflicted with different specialists over continuous plan issues in which zero-G tests showed that the Soyuz module hatch was excessively little to permit the protected exit of a completely fit cosmonaut. Meanwhile, Komarov and his kindred cosmonauts had their gatherings and tasks continually reconsidered, and they turned out to be progressively restless about the absence of reaction to their interests about the plan and production of the space apparatus, which Yuri Gagarin had brought up in a letter for their sake to Leonid Brezhnev.
Komarov was chosen to order the Soyuz 1, in 1967, with Yuri Gagarin as his reinforcement cosmonaut. During the arrangements for the spaceflight, the two cosmonauts were working twelve-to fourteen-hour days. On orbital addition, the sunlight based chargers of the Soyuz module neglected to completely convey consequently keeping the specialty from being completely controlled and darkening a portion of the route hardware. Komarov reports: The lodge boundaries are typical, yet the left sunlight based charger isn't set off. The electric transport is just 13-14 amps. HF (radio recurrence) correspondence isn't working. You can't point the shuttle at the sun. I attempted to physically arrange the space apparatus utilizing the DO-1 direction engine, yet the tension excess on the DO-1 dropped to 180. Komarov neglected to tune the Soyuz module for 5 hours. Because of a radio recurrence transmitter disappointment that should keep up with radio correspondence while the vehicle was out of scope of ultra high recurrence (UHF) beneficiaries on the ground, the vehicle sent questionable status data and imparted in circles 13-15. I lost. Due to a
vehicle issue, the Soviet Union didn't send off a second Soyuz module. From this module, space travelers led an outer vehicle action (EVA) on Soyuz 1 and dropped the mission.
Komarov was requested to turn the airplane utilizing particle stream sensors in circle 15-17. The particle sensor has fizzled. Komarov needed more chance to circle 19 to endeavor a reemergence physically. The manual change depended on the utilization of the prepared Vzor periscope gadget, however to do as such, Komarov must have the option to see the sun. A retrofire needed to happen on the night side of the Earth to arrive at the ideal arrival site in Orsk. Komarov had the option to physically turn the rocket to the day side and afterward utilize the gyro stage as a source of perspective to turn the space apparatus to the afterfire around evening time. It effectively reemerged the Earth's air in its nineteenth circle, however the module's drogue and principal drag parachute were not as expected conveyed. The module slammed into the ground and Komarov kicked the bucket.
Response to Komarov's death
Nikolai Kamanin wrote in his journal that the Soyuz 1 container hit the ground at 30-40 meters each second (98-131 ft/sec), leaving Komarov's body at a sporadic 30 centimeters (12). Inches). ) There was an irregularity. Length of 80 centimeters (31 inches) in breadth. Three hours after the container crashed, Keldysh, Turin, Rudenko and different individuals from the state panel visited the scene. At 21:45, Komarov accompanied Komarov's remaining parts to Orsk Airfield, where he stacked them into Il-18. Ten minutes before takeoff, An-12 arrived with Kuznetsov and a couple of space explorers. Kamanin's plane showed up in Moscow promptly the following morning. Any remaining runways around Moscow were shut for departure or arriving because of climate, so the plane needed to bypass to Sheremetyevo International Airport. Konstantin Vershinin's directions expected that Komarov's remaining parts be shot and incinerated right away, similarly as the state burial service would happen inside the Kremlin Wall. The body went through a fast post-mortem examination that morning and was hence incinerated.
On April 25, Prouda reported a reaction from his kindred space travelers to Komarov's demise. You follow obscure ways, and these ways are not straight, they have sharp turns, astonishments and risks. Be that as it may, the people who refocus never need to leave it. Furthermore, regardless of what troubles or hindrances he might have, he isn't sufficiently able to deter such an individual from his picked way. Space explorers keep on testing space, beating his chest. Vladimir Komarov was one of the main on this risky street.
When talked with by Komsomolskaya Prouda on May 17, Yuri Gagarin implied that the public authority didn't pay attention to worries about the Soyuz module distinguished by the space travelers, and Komarov's passing was in the office. Professed to cause damage. Examination and Evaluation "We focus closer on each component of the shuttle, each phase of examination and testing, and, surprisingly, more consideration regarding experiences with the unexplored world. He lets us know how hazardous the street to space is. Showed in the event that there is. His break and demise show us boldness. In May 1967, Gagarin and Leonov reprimanded program supervisor Vasily Mishin's absence of information on the Soyuz rocket and its functional subtleties, and trouble with space travelers in flight and preparing exercises, and authoritatively reported to Kamarnin. I requested that he quote him in the accident report.
Respects and grants
- Gold Star Hero of the Soviet Union, two times (October 19, 1964, 1967 (in the afterlife)
- Request of Lenin (October 19, 1964, 1967 (in the afterlife)
- Request of the Red Star (1961)
- Decoration "Fight Medal" (1956)
- Decoration "For the improvement of virgin land" (1964)
- Soviet pilot-space explorer
- Legend of Socialist Labor (North Vietnam, 1964)
Post mortem praises
On April 26, 1967, Komarov was state funeraled in Moscow, and his remains were covered in the Kremlin Wall Cemetery on Red Square. An American space explorer mentioned the Soviet government to permit agents to join in, yet was denied.
Komarov was granted the Order of Lenin and the Soviet Union legend 33'44.75 "E after his passing. Kamanin states in his journal that in excess of 10,000 individuals partook in this help.
Komarov Introduced in a commemoration first day of the season cover and stamp for his commitment to the space program from various nations. [Source]
Komarov, with a bust on Astronaut Avenue in Moscow, early Russia It is celebrated with other noticeable figures in the Space Program of the Soviet Union, and has been granted a landmark at the accident site close to Orsk.
Neil Armstrong's last work prior to leaving the moon on the Apollo 11 lunar module was Soviet space explorers Komarov, Yuri Gagarin, Apollo 1 space explorers Gus Grissom, Ed White, It was to placed a little bundle of keepsakes to pay tribute to Roger Chaffey. Komarov's name is the 14 dead NASA and USSR space travelers on the plaque left by Apollo 15 authority David Scott on Hadley Lil on the moon on August 1, 1971. To recognize it, it will be shown with a little figure named "Fallen Astronaut". This plaque and model address space explorers and space travelers who kicked the bucket looking for space and the moon. The
space rock 1836 Komarov was found in 1971 and, similar to the lunar cavity, is named after Komarov. Enlivened by the space rock and space explorers, the writer Brett Dean created an orchestra charged by director Simon Rattle in 2006. This tune is called Komarov's Autumn and is remembered for Simon Rattle's Planetary EMI Classic Album.
V.M. Komarov Diploma of the International Aviation Federation is named after Komarov's honor.
There used to be a Soviet satellite following vessel named after Komarov, the space traveler Vladimir Komarov.
March 16, 1927 Moscow, Russia SFSR, Soviet Union
April 24, 1967 (40 years old) Orenburg Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Hero of the Soviet Union (twice) Career in space astronaut
Polkovnik (Colonel), Soviet Air Force
Time in space
2d 03h 04m
Aair Force Batch 1
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