Mangal Pandey (1827-1857)
Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier in service of the British East India Company. A rumor circulated that the cartilages of guns were made up of cow lard, which was repugnant to Hindus. He inspired and helped spark the ‘Rebellion of 1857’ also known as the ‘First War of Independence. He was the first soldier and the first freedom fighter to fight against the British. He shot an English Officer, he was the first person to kill an Englishman. Finally, He was captured in 1857. He was hanged to death and he cheerfully accepted.
In India, He has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. A commemorative postage stamp with his image on it was issued by the Indian government in 1984.
Sachindranath Sanyal (1895-1945)
Sachindranath Sanyal became a part of independence struggle in 1908 and formed young Men’s association. He was in contact with Mr.R.B. Bose. He was caught and punished with life imprisonment in 1915, but later he was released. He was rearrested in 1925 during a conspiracy.
Madanlal Dhingara (1887-1909)
Madanlal Dhingra was born in Punjab. He pays back the dictatorship of the British in India. He said ‘In the service of my country. I have nothing but my blood.’ He was a revolutionary with the heart of a lion.
Vasudev Balwant Phadke (1845-1883)
Vasudev Phadke was born in Maharashtra. He believed that non-violence was not a way to get freedom. He killed many Britishers in guerrilla activities. He was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment in 1874, but escaped. He was arrested again and tortured. He died there in 1883.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883-1966)
Vinayak Savarkar was a man of focus and courage. A graduate of Ferguson College, Pune. He was a great nationalist and a poet. From his teenage started activities related to nationalism. He was a born revolutionary. He faced much suppression when he was at the hands of the British. He escaped when he was being brought from England to India for trials, he dived from the ship into the sea and swam into French Territory.
Khudiram Bose (1889-1908)
Bose was born in Bengal. An innate nationalist spread the teachings of 'Our National Song' at the age of 16. He tried to throw a bomb on a British Judge, Magistrate Kings ford but failed. He was arrested and sentenced to death. When he was being hanged, he smiled and died.
Ras Behari Bose (1886-1945)
Ras Behari Bose was born in Bengal. The great freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was motivated by him to form the Indian National Army (INA). Bose left for Japan and began preparation for his war against the British. He was one of the greatest revolutionaries. He died in 1945 in Japan.
Chandrashekhar Azaad (1905-1931)
Chandrashekhar Azad was a great revolutionary from the poor family of Madhya Pradesh. He became a part of nationalism at the age of 16. Many young men involved themselves in the freedom struggle while Gandhiji was busy with the non-violence movement to liberate the country. Bhagat Singh was in Punjab. Chandrashekhar Azad was in Uttar Pradesh. They believed that non-violence can’t give them independence. They met and worked together involving Sukhdev Thapar, Sachindra Sanyal, and Ram Prasad Bismil.
Chandrashekhar Azad became a member of the group whose agenda was to take revenge on the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. The group also looted the Treasury of Government for their funds. Later, Chandrashekhar Azad was caught in Alfred Park, Lucknow by the Britishers and was shot to death there in 1931.
Ram Prasad Bismil (1897-1927)
Ram Prasad Bismil was born in Shahajahanpur. He sacrificed his entire life fighting for India’s Freedom. He never believed in non-violence. He was in contact with revolutionaries of ‘AryaSamaj’. He was charged that he planned to rob the state treasury funds to buy ammunition against the Government. He was sentenced to death and died in Gorakhpur. in 1927.
Bhagat Singh (1907-1931)
Bhagat Singh is remembered for his courage and sacrifice of his life at a young age. He was one of the great revolutionaries because of whom got Independence. At the time of his birth, his father Krishna Singh was imprisoned for nationalist activities. He left his college studies and went to Delhi. While working at ‘Pratap’ in Kanpur, Bhagat Singh met Batukeshwar Dutt. Later, He met Chandrashekhar Azad. Bhagat Singh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Chandrashekhar Azad, and Sukhdev Thapar were classmates of Bhagat Singh. They all took an oath with their blood.
During a protest in Punjab. A great nationalist, Lala Lajpat Rai was beaten by police and after a few days, he died. Because of that Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivram Rajguru killed the police officers.
In 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in an Assembly held in Delhi regarding the public safety Bill. He shouted the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ which meant long live the revolution. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivram Rajguru were hanged to death in 1931 for the Lahore bomb incident, killing police officers, and the Delhi Assembly bombing case.
The three nationalists accept death cheerfully. They will always be remembered in India.
© 2023 Writer From Pune