Cleopatra. Hearing the name conjures up a fantasy image of a woman with a straight nose and drawn eyes. While describing beauty, it is often said to be 'beautiful like Cleopatra'. Cleopatra is called the beauty queen. Ancient Egyptian civilization occupies a special place in the history of the world. And there are two aspects of Egyptian civilization that have become synonymous with the entire civilization.
Cleopatra, like the pyramid and mummy, has become a signature of this civilization over the years. Cleopatra was the last queen of the pharaoh dynasty.
There is no end to the controversies and mysteries surrounding her history. Just as mysterious is her life and rule of the kingdom, so is her love. There have been many stories in the history of the world about the love of Cleopatra.
Films have also been produced along with stories, poems and novels. Even the great literary Shakespeare immortalized the love story of Queen Cleopatra in his plays. He wrote 'Antony and Cleopatra'.
History and literature have called her The Best Beauty, The Blue Eyed Beauty etc. From Shakespeare to George Bernard Shaw, who didn't write about her! Cleopatra, the famous queen of Egypt, was distinguished by her beauty, her love, her death. Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator was the last pharaoh of Egypt. The name Cleopatra is derived from the Greek words 'Kleos' and 'Pater', meaning 'Glory of Father'. She was born in 69 BC and died in 30 BC at the age of 39.
Although Cleopatra was born in Egypt, her family's ancestor was Ptolemy I of Macedonia, Greece, who was one of King Alexander's chief generals. Ptolemy took over Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC, and a Greek speaking dynasty ruled Egypt for nearly three hundred years. Although not ethnically Egyptian, Cleopatra adopted many of Egypt's ancient customs and was the first of the Ptolemaic dynasty to speak Egyptian.
Roman propaganda portrayed Cleopatra as a controversial figure who used her sexual appeal as a political weapon. But she may be more famous for her intelligence than her beauty. She knew about 12 languages, as well as excelled in mathematics, philosophy and astronomy. According to Egyptian history, she was a ruler who enjoyed the company of scholars and gave them a place in her royal court.
Cleopatra visited Rome in 46 BC and her presence is believed to have caused quite a stir. Cleopatra made no secret of the fact that she was Caesar's mistress. Even Cleopatra, her and Caesar's son Caesarion, came to town. Many Roman nobles were upset when Caesar placed a golden statue of Cleopatra in the temple of Venus Genitrix. After Caesar was stabbed to death in the Roman Senate in 44 BC, Cleopatra was forced to flee Rome. But by then Rome was enthralled with its new forms of decoration. Her unusual hairstyle and pearl jewelry became a fashion trend, and Roman women began to imitate her.
Cleopatra began her legendary love affair with the Roman general Mark Antony in 41 BC. Their relationship had a political stance. Cleopatra needed Antony to protect her crown and Egypt's independence, while Antony needed Egypt's wealth. But they also enjoyed each other's company. According to an ancient source, they vacationed in Egypt during the winter of 41 to 40 BC in incredible luxury, even creating their own drinking club. One of Antony and Cleopatra's favorite pastimes were to roam the streets of Alexandria in disguise and have fun.
Cleopatra and Antony are said to have committed suicide in 30 BC when Octavia's forces pursued them. Antony is said to have fatally stabbed himself in the stomach. But Cleopatra's method of suicide is still uncertain. According to legend, he was probably bitten by an Egyptian bull snake. But according to the ancient historian Plutarch, "no one knows what happened''. He also said, "Cleopatra used to hide a deadly poison in her comb".
The historian Strabo speculates that Cleopatra used some deadly ointment. With this in mind, many scholars now suspect that Cleopatra ingested some deadly poison like snake venom on the tip of a pin. But the truth remains unknown.
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