Meaning of Sentence
Sentence is a group of words that is complete in itself, comprises subject and predicate and passes out a particular information or message when written or spoken.
Classification of Sentences according to Function
1. Declarative Sentence: this type of sentence expresses a fact or an opinion. It is a sentence that makes a statement.
1. She is a good seamstress.
2. Catherine sweeps the house twice a day.
3. English is my favorite subject, but the otherwise for my brother.
4. The two best friends in the classroom are good with their hands.
5. I think we should try to solve this algebra with the factorization method.
2. Interrogative Sentence: this type of sentence asks a question and always ends with a question mark.
1. Who will bring the bucket tomorrow?
2. Are you sure you're writing it well?
3. Can't we go to the party together?
4. Whose papers are on the teacher's table?
5. What kind of movies do you wish to see at the cinema?
3. Imperative Sentence: this type of sentence gives the reader or listener an instruction, a command or a request.
1. Bring me a bucket of water.
2. Come to my office, now.
3. Remember to bring that bag to my office immediately.
4. Don't ever use that black charger to charge my phone.
5. Please, go and get me some snacks at the nearby supermarket.
4. Exclamatory Sentence: this type of sentence expresses a sudden or strong feeling and emotion and always ends with an exclamation mark.
1. What an atrocious act!
2. You were meant to visit him in the morning!
3. You're wonderful!
4. They are not lesbians!
5. This game is driving me up the wall!
5. Optative Sentence: this type of sentence expresses a desire and wish and also offers a prayer or curse to a known or unknown person.
1. May you be among the best students for the semester.
2. I want that yellow shirt and black trousers
3. Long live the King .
4. You shall never know peace!
5. God's will has been done.
Classification of Sentences according to Structure
1. Simple Sentence: a simple sentence is a sentence that consists of just one independent clause. Its subject only appears before the predicate no matter how long the sentence is.
1. A day without sunshine is like night.
2. We will not be able to associate with those dictators.
3. James and John came to my house last week and left for home this morning.
4. My friend and I went to the supermarket, few days ago and bought some chocolates.
5. Will you go to the shop and get me two cans of Pepsi?
2. Compound Sentence: a compound sentence is a sentence that connects two independent clauses, typically with these coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so to connect clauses. Its subjects appear before and after the first predicate.
1. I came here to chew some bubble gum and study grammar, but I'm all out of gum.
2. Get him a glass of water or he'll get choked.
3. She will neither accept the book nor will she give out hers.
4. I did everything he ordered me to do yet he didn't appreciate me.
5. Will I say this is a miracle or will I say this is the result of my hard work?
3. Complex Sentence: a complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent clause and at least a subordinate clause, typically with these subordinating conjunctions: because, since, if, until, when, even though, in case, while, now that, and some prepositions like before and after to connect clauses.
1. When I become rich, I'll buy my mother a house because I had promised to buy it for her.
2. We would be glad if our requests were granted.
3. I didn't go to the club today because of what happened, previously.
4. Now that she is eighteen years, she can go with her friends.
5. He disclosed the secret after we had planned to keep it within one another since it wasn't something pleasant to the ear.
4. Compound Complex Sentence: a compound complex sentence is a sentence that comprises at least two independent clauses and one or more subordinate clause.
1. Though Margaret prefers eating yam and beans, her mother prepared yam and egg; she ate and enjoyed it very well.
2. Gift forgot her course mate's birthday, so she sent her a card when she finally remembered.
3. Pascal liked the food, but he did not eat it because he was not hungry.
4. When I finally received an email, I prepared very hard to pass the interview because it was a great lucrative job opportunity ahead of me if I succeed.
5. I would have awarded her prefect of the class if she had retained her good behavior, but she changed to a corrupt child.
5. Multiple Sentence: a multiple sentence is a sentence that has three or more main clauses and without a subordinate clause. Each of these clauses can stand, independently as simple sentence.
1. He came, he saw and he conquered.
2. Gabriel came to my house and Gabriella also came to my house; they did not eat the food I prepared.
3. She chewed her lips as we watched the micro map multiple routes, gauging how much food and water she'd have to carry to survive.
4. Her mother chopped the vegetables as we played games with our phones, waiting for her to prepare lunch so we would eat a sumptuous meal at last.
5. Maryjane swept the house, she mopped the floor, she washed the plates, and then, she followed her aunt to the market.
6. Multiple Complex Sentence: a multiple complex sentence is a sentence that has three or more main clauses and at least one subordinate clause.
1. When you finally get home tonight, your parrot will welcome you, you'll change into something comfortable, you'll have dinner, and your anxieties will all fall away.
2. You should take your bathe after clearing the grasses in the bush; you should wear your perfume and you should not forget to go to the dinning room for lunch before you go to bed.
Classification of Sentences according to Development
1. Loose Sentence: loose sentence is a sentence whose main idea or independent clause appears in the beginning of the sentence.
1. I feel unhappy when I don't have money.
2. Clara didn't eat the food because she's not hungry.
3. We went to the field together because we are are a team.
4. I didn't help him since he's selfish.
5. He helped me carry my luggage when he noticed I was tired.
2. Periodic Sentence: periodic sentence is a sentence whose main idea or independent clause appears in the end of the sentence and always after a comma.
1. When I don't have money, I feel unhappy.
2. Because I was happy, I smiled.
3. Since she's proud, she was not given the position.
4. After it stopped raining, I spread my clothes.
5. If I become rich, I'll buy a new car for my mom.
3. Mixed sentence: mixed sentence is a sentence whose main idea or independent clause appears in the middle.
1. When Dickson heard my voice, he came to hug me because he missed me.
2. If I become rich, I'll buy my mom a new car because I promised to.
3. After it stopped raining, I quickly spread my clothes because I needed to prepare.
4. Balance Sentence: balance sentence is a sentence made up of two parts in which they are roughly of equal grammatical structure, importance and length and each can stand on its own. The two parts in the sentence are predominant.
1. Gloria likes beans and potatoes while George likes beans and rice.
2. My mom is cooking in the kitchen and my dad is watching football in the sitting room.
3. Buy a pack of cornflakes and enjoy a pack of biscuit inside.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Jessica