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Types of Forests


Piece of land that is thickly covered with trees is the general of definition of a forest. Forest is also known as woods, weald or woodlands. Forests cover approximately 30% of land and 9.4% of all the planet earth.

They are also responsible for regulating our planet's climate and act as large purifiers of airs, by absorbing carbon dioxide, and giving out oxygen. 

Types of forests are classified differently from one and another depending upon the species developed with the age of forests, soil found in those forests, the density of trees and history of the geological region. So forests are divided into following main types:

  • Tropical forest
  • Sub tropical forest
  • Plantations
  • Boreal Forest
  • Temperate forest
  • Seasonal or monsoon forest

Tropical Forest and Subtropical Forests

Tropical and subtropical forests, also known as rainforests or tropical rainforests, are lavish and ample forests with broad leave tree.

They are mostly found at lowlands near the equator. These forests are evergreen forests and remain the some throughout the year. These forests form a dense and thick upper layer of foliage (canopy). Tropical forests are of vegetations type, and are home to more than half of the species of animals and plants dwelling on the earth. 

  • The Rainforest Biome
    Biomes are outlined as the world's leading communities, categorized according to the prevailing vegetation and defined by adjustments of organisms to that specific environment.
Tea Plantation

Tea Plantation

Tropical forests or rainforests are one of the oldest types of vegetation forests that still exist on the earth. These forests have an ability of absorb a large quality of carbon dioxide and are providing a bulk quantity of oxygen to humans for ages. On a rough scale, almost 50% forests of the world are tropical and subtropical in nature.

Mangrove Forests are also comes under tropical forests and subtropical forests. These forests are poor-species forest, unlike tropical and subtropical forests but subjugated by evergreen trees. Trees here are mostly angiosperm tree that could bear flooded soils and excessive land salts. 


Plantation can also be classified as type of forest. Plantation is actually a large farm, piece of land or estate that is use for cultivation. Plantation is usually adopted in tropical and subtropical regions.

In these farms and lands cultivation of different crops is done on a large scale for international or distant markets rather than for local or domestic consumption. These crops include rubber seeds, oil seeds, sugar cane, cotton, tobacco, coffee and sisal. Plantation done for industrial purpose is called forestry. It is it done to get larger amount of wood in a shorter span of time. 

Boreal Forest

Boreal Forest

Boreal Forest

Boreal forests are also known by name Taiga. The word ‘Boreal’ means northern, these forests are occupying about 17% of the land.

This type of forest can be easily found on latitude 50 to 60. Temperature in these forests is usually low, as the canopy allows very low sunlight to penetrate.

Low penetration of light along with low temperature is responsible for limited under story. Soil of these forests is poor- nutrient and thin. Trees like pine, spruce and fir are most likely to be found in these forests which are cold-tolerant and evergreen in nature.

A number of animal species also found in these forests which includes bears, bats, woodpecker, hawks deer, fox and many other that could tolerate low temperature.

Forest Related Biomes

  • Grassland Ecosystem
    A biome is a huge, unique complex of plant communities made and asserted by climate. A huge number of climatic factors relate in the maintenance and creation of a biome.
  • Tundra Biomes
    There are little pieces of knowledge that many of us tend to miss, simply because we failed to take interests, or sometimes because we were never informed about them.
Temperate Forest

Temperate Forest

Temperate Forest

Temperate forests can be found on both hemispheres on latitude approximately 25 to 50 in regions of northeastern Asia, North America, western and central Europe and can be categorized as deciduous as well as evergreen.

The interesting thing about these forests is that they have all four seasons; summers, spring, winter and fall. Soil of these forests is fertile and enriched.

Trees of these forests can be categorized as broad leave trees including those which change their foliage every year like oak, maple, beech, hemlock, cotton wood, elm and many more of same kind. Animal species found in these forests are birds, rabbits, squirrels, wolf, black bear, mountain lion and bob cat.

Monsoon Forest

Monsoon Forest

Monsoon or Seasonal Forest

These forests are also known as dry forests. These forests go through two extreme seasons; the season of heavy rainfall and a long season of complete dryness. Forests of this type can be found in Southeast Asia, West and East Africa, eastern Brazil and northern Australia. 

Trees of these forests include woody vines, orchid and many others like; lianas and herbaceous epiphyte, thick bamboos and tall teak trees. These forests are highly threatened in West Africa (over 90% of forests have been cleaned) and all round the world by cultivation. 

Other World Biomes

  • Alpine Biome
    What Is A Biome? Communities of different species living together under certain climatic conditions are called an ecosystem.
  • Marine Biomes
    The largest biome on the face of the earth is the Marine Biome. It is a fuel tank for the whole of earth. The tank is filled with water that gives life to the whole of the earth.


Nallamala on July 09, 2018:


Sania Singh on June 04, 2018:

The information is very helpful to complete my homework

Bhargavi on July 14, 2017:

Forest s. Important in our life

Ritesh on November 17, 2015:

I like the content

mond on May 02, 2012:

amazing video.................

nafiya on May 01, 2012:

I think the forest is important to everyone and the animals some of us are distroing the enviroment and the animals home to as I saw that video I cry and all that bushfire are distroing the animals home we need to keep the enviroment clean and save our home

asghar on April 10, 2012:

it is a good piece of work . it is helpful for me.

We're on March 22, 2012:

This is a okay website

fred on March 18, 2012:

did you know that forest have trees omg :)

miss bunnypants on March 18, 2012:

i like forest because they have bunnys in then :)

me on March 17, 2012:

very good and helpful information :)

k.murugesan on March 08, 2012:

i got a informations.thank you

marjan on February 13, 2012:

give an example for all of these forests plzz

joseph on February 06, 2012:

which are types of forests

Melis Ann from Mom On A Health Hunt on February 05, 2012:

There is nothing more beautiful than a forest - no matter what type. I recently learned about swamp peat forests in the tropical regions and how they hold an incredible amount of carbon under the surface. Thanks for the great images and descriptions. I would love to some of these places in person.

Ombati Rasugu on February 05, 2012:

forest is part of our life lets unite and keep it save and clean.

YASHILA on February 05, 2012:


navjot singh on February 02, 2012:

its lengthy

wycliff on February 01, 2012:

lets think of others, the futere and the wild animals keep the forests alive.

hunar on January 27, 2012:

great info but little short

meenu on January 25, 2012:

tooooooooooo goooood..........

jamie22224 on January 24, 2012:

plz give me names plz !!!!

akshat on January 18, 2012:


iffath on January 18, 2012:

it is helping to improve my knowledge

bharath on January 17, 2012:

very good

alice on January 15, 2012:

Quite right

deforestation making life impudent

Trees make a important part of our life

we should are and save it 4 the next generation 2 survive



Harshit on January 15, 2012:

it was very amushing

zainab on January 14, 2012:

many children find about the forest

k.sai sree ram on January 13, 2012:

by this website we can learn about forest

Yash on January 12, 2012:

Very good

neelesh on January 12, 2012:

soooooooooooooooooooo gooooooooooooooooooood

komal on January 10, 2012:

what is so informational page

sameer sharma on January 06, 2012:

very nice!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

anadi on January 03, 2012:

we should save the environment 2 protect our mother earth

maha on December 30, 2011:


we must the care of forests

sana on December 28, 2011:

gud very informative

Ruby on December 27, 2011:

The information is precise..but the only lag is the description of the forests!And moreover the information given here is very basic..especially for a student who is pursuing a masters degree in forestry!Hope to have some more information added to it soon!

pritrishna on December 26, 2011:

gud only dat hud b dn thnx

srinithi on December 22, 2011:

thank you divyanshhu

Sajid Sarfaraz Ali Durani on December 19, 2011:

forest is life and happies of life

Divyanshhu on December 19, 2011:

Nice!Very informative paragraph.Keep up the good work.:-)

srinithi on December 19, 2011:

deforestation: we all used to say about deforestation.we say it is like that. it should be banded.severe action must be taken by the govt. etc., etc., but nobody thinking we are govt. we can change it. however at least present and beyond generation must take action and should change deforestation to afforestation. i am the one who gonna be in both present and beyond i hope we all together can change it.

Sparsh on December 14, 2011:

Its good

ramneek on December 05, 2011:

very nice

farhad ali(mkd) dargai meherdi on December 04, 2011:

forest is the basic need of life so save it sincerely

Aiman Zaidi on December 01, 2011:

Nice Documetery........

ankur on November 28, 2011:

it help me in preparing my project

farhad ali on November 24, 2011:

i liked it so much

ali on November 22, 2011:

forest is good for life.IN FOREST THERE ARE MANY WILD ANIMALS.

Hira on November 17, 2011:

the inf. regarding the types of forests should be a bit lengthy!!!

jawaria on November 16, 2011:

soooooooooooo!!!!! cool documetery

Hadia. on November 15, 2011:


it really helped me in making my project.....!

Nazima malik on November 14, 2011:

Save forest and save nation's wealth

priyanka on November 08, 2011:

they can keep list of forests names

abinaya on November 06, 2011:


priya on November 06, 2011:

it's nice that people started saving forests.I hope now no one will cut them.

anjali on November 01, 2011:

nice topic,we can know many things about forest ant its uses

ritika on October 31, 2011:

green forest r beautiful

kamran on October 30, 2011:

how r forests formed?

451 on October 30, 2011:

what is a forest

Harshitha Narayan on October 20, 2011:

the content n pictures provided s insufficient:(

priyanka on October 12, 2011:

save forest save life on earth

sneha on October 01, 2011:


cena on September 23, 2011:

nice one

jenjen on September 14, 2011:

nice i new it

dashu on September 05, 2011:

very well compose video.it help to finish my project

Baby G on August 30, 2011:

555555+ I like it so much and thank very much

ARPITA on August 29, 2011:

thank it was quietuseful :]

apoorva on August 25, 2011:

Give more information less for knowledge gaining though it is nice!!!!

priyannga.g uuddtt on August 22, 2011:

nice article

gayathri.s udt on August 21, 2011:

This will be useful to me to submit my project. It is a nice article.

alok goswami on August 20, 2011:

pls provide more information about types of forests

dheepika on August 19, 2011:

super article

Brea on July 08, 2011:

A deciduous forest is where there are a lot of certain trees and deciduous flooring is instead of grass.An evergreen tree is a tree that in the fall or any other season never changes color.Despite the name EVER-GREEN it is a tree that is well ever-green meaning always green all the year all the time.Foliage is leaves so you know.Hopefully that all helps.I learn this from tv and internet and myself and teachers.I think you people need to go back to school.

Dianne Raguini on June 13, 2011:

Evergreen plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. This contrasts with deciduous plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season.


DECIDUOUS PLANTS MEANS "the dropping of a part that is no longer needed, or falling away after its purpose is finished"


waniiii on March 12, 2011:

provide total area and species examples in each forest type.......

rinku on February 19, 2011:

These articles are excellent they helped me a lot for my project and they can be easly understood by children and also they tell the use of trees and forests

AMALA THOMAS on January 28, 2011:


vinayak on November 28, 2010:

what we do will some day wil return to us so please take some learning and stop this crime

dilip on November 18, 2010:

best best best videos

karunakaran on November 10, 2010:

deforestation,it,s a social crime

gautham on November 09, 2010:

must be a bit lenthy

benjoseph on November 01, 2010:

what are deciduous forests???????????????????????

Rounak on October 31, 2010:

really trees r important

hassam (author) from Pakistan on October 07, 2010:

Check the temperate forests heading.

kgfkgf on October 07, 2010:

what are deciduous and evergreen forests????????

SONU on August 22, 2010:


trupti on August 16, 2010:

add more information as it would be useful for projects and assignments.

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