In my childhood, I adopted a puppy that changed my life and attitude towards animals. I have since become a lifelong animal lover.
Mother Nature has created beautiful animals on earth each with unique features to be used as defense organs based on their environments. Normally we believe that nose is used only for breathing and smelling but in the animal world, they are applied for much more. From feeler projections that locate food, devices for drinking and eating, grabbers, in addition to mating signs, the nose is a chief part of endurance for these 50 interesting but very weird creatures. Lets us now discuss the top 50 animals that are known for their long noses.
1. Star-Nosed Mole (Scientific Name: Condylura Cristata)
Star nose mool common in eastern Canada as well as north-eastern United States spend most of their time digging tunnels underground. They utilize their long nose to seek worms as well as insects when it becomes dark. The look like a hybrid between a rat and an octopus, the star-nosed mole is an excellent contender for the designation of world's uncanniest -looking creature. It is also a deadly hunter due to its super-senses.
2. Nosy Monkey or Proboscis Monkey (Scientific Name: Nasalis larvatus)
The Nosy monkey as its name suggests has an expressive nose, which can grow as long as 17 cm, especially in the males. A proboscis monkey requires his big snout to attract the female. It as well inflates his caution call when he recognizes a croc attempting to creep up on a walking female.
3. The Nosey Pinocchio Tree Frog
So what is peculiar with the Pinocchio Tree Frog nose? Well as this spotted frog variety was merely exposed in 2008, you will is not quite a lot of info with regard to their structure or conduct. But their long and odd looking nose is flexible and most possibly enacts a massive part during the mating period. This minute frog will point their “Gonzo-like” snout up in the air to grab the attention of their ladies for matting and just as effortlessly this nose shrinks into the descending position when they are immobile. The noise functions as an intensification chamber that lets them make a louder call so as to be heard a long distance away for a small tree frog. These unique creatures are discovered in the Foja Mountains of Indonesia, which is basically an untouched land.
4. Aardvark (Scientific Name: Orycteropus afer)
Aardvarks can be found all through Africa and towards the south of Sahara. They mean ‘earth pig’ in South Africa's Afrikaans language. A glance at the aardvark's body as well as its lengthy snout will remind you of the pig. On the nearer check, the aardvark looks like as if it has included the features of other animals too. It has ears like the rabbit and tail like that of a kangaroo-yet the aardvark is associated with no one of these animals. Aardvarks are also nocturnal in nature. They squander the hot African noon hibernated in cool below ground tunnels which they dig with their authoritative feet as well as claws that look like small spades.
5. Borzoi (Scientific Name: Canis Lupus Familiaris)
The rich Borzoi depends on sight instead of scent when it is hunting, in spite of its lengthier muzzle. Borzoi pooch breed is used in Russia as coursing and chasing mutts. These dogs were chased in groups of three to follow rabbit, fox, and wolves. With his tall, lean body, long, contract head, and sleek coat, the Borzoi is the image of refinement and style. They later got to be well known as a buddy for royalty crosswise over mainland Europe.
It is really a wonder about the strange nose of pachyderms. This variety elephant’s trunk is as well the nose plus lip and supplementary hand. Gigantic Asian, as well as African elephants, utilize their trunks to control tiny objects, scratching their back, wipe their eyes, and chop down trees as well as drink. Pachydermata is an extinct order of mammals. Environment loss, deprivation, disintegration, unlawful killing, poaching, unlawful global trade in live wild-trapped animals, sightseer trade, human-animal disagreement etc are the reasons for these endangered species.
7. Elephant Seals (Scientific Name: Mirounga)
Elephant seals are named as grown-up males have lengthy noses that look like an elephant's trunk. Males start building up this augmented nose, or proboscis, at sexual development (around three to five years), and it is completely developed by seven to nine years. Grown-up males may grow to more than 13 feet (4 m) long and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) long and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Just grown-up males have this swollen nose that permits them to create deafening shouts. These noses likewise help them to store water, avoid loss of body liquids amid the mating season when males, as a rule, leave the shoreline to discover sustenance and water.
8. Black Rhinoceros (Scientific Name: Rhinocerotidae)
A grown-up black rhinoceros is 1.50-1.75 m (59-69 in) high at the shoulder and is 3.5-3.9 m (11-13 ft) long. A grown-up weighs from 850 to 1,600 kg (1,870 to 3,530 lb), outstandingly to 1,800 kg (4,000 lb), with the females being smaller than the males. An amazing nose rhino shaped from keratin, which includes offshoots horny epidermis - structures, for example, hair and nails. These fierce sorts of creatures live in Africa and Asia. In China, individuals chase rhinos for their horns, which are utilized as a part of conventional Chinese medicines. These animals are masters of scent with their long noses.
9. Elephant Shrew, or Hopping Shrew (Scientific Name: Macroscelididae)
Elephant shrews, or hopping shrews, are little insectivorous well-evolved creatures local to Africa, having a place with the family Macroscelididae, in the order of Macroscelidea, whose conventional normal English name originates from a fancied likeness between their long noses and the trunk of an elephant, and an expected association with the shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Insectivora. In any case, elephant shrews are not characterized with the externally comparable genuine shrews, but rather are incidentally more firmly identified with elephants and their family inside the newly recognized Afrotheria. They should rather be called sengis (one sengi) a term that has been taken from the Bantu language of Africa. With their long noses, they search for their supper on the ground - insects and arachnids.
10. Tapirs (Scientific Name: Tapirus)
Tapirs are observers, living in the backwoods of South Africa, Central and South-eastern America. They can twist their delicate adaptable noses in every direction looking for fruit as well as leaves. An exceptional attribute that tapir have is its plump prehensile nose that it employs to clutch leaves as well as use as a snorkel breather while swimming. Their hides are rough extreme however rationalized for simple moving in the backwoods. Tapirs are ‘seed dispersers.’ They eat seeds that are then scattered in their droppings which regenerate in the forests.
11. Long-Nosed Bandicoot (Scientific Name: Perameles)
The Long-nosed Bandicoot is spread along the east shoreline of Australia. They were once extensive and common in Sydney; however, their range has been incredibly decreased and now is locally wiped out in numerous parts of its previous range. The Long-nosed Bandicoot is a nocturnal medium sized marsupial. This species is 31-43 cm long and weighs somewhere around 600 and 1100 grams. They have a short, thin tail as well as grey-brown fur.
12. Elephant Nose Fish (Scientific Name: Gnathonemus petersii)
This elephant nose fish, which can grow almost to a length of 9 inches, is frequently found in the sloppy waters of Africa - where its long nose truly proves to be useful. Another bizarre certainty: the nose is really a chin, and it accompanies instruments that permit the fish to discover its way even when in the dark.
13. Domestic Pig (Scientific Name: Sus scrofa domesticus)
Swine, hog and boar are other nicknames for the domestic pig (Sus domesticus). Also known simply as pig, this farm animal is well-loved for its meat and for being sociable. A common misconception is that it is among the dirtiest mammals because it loves playing and covering itself with mud. In reality, it is one of the cleanest.
One of the most prominent features of the domestic pig is its snout, which is sometimes referred to as nose.The average size of this animal’s snout tends to differ from one breed to another. Nevertheless, the snouts of most domestic pigs share the same shape: a heart turned upside down.
Aside from smelling, the pig uses its nose to get food, move items and dig the earth. Pigs in the ancient times were valued for their amazing ability to sense tubers and roots underneath the soil. As they dug the land though, they were treated more like a pest because of their tendency to damage the food they were supposed to find. Nowadays, they are raised either as a source of food or as a pet. You can also find them in most countries around the world.
14. Bushpig (Scientific Name: Potamochoerus larvatus)
The bushpig, or Potamochoerus larvatus, is a relative of the domestic pig that thrives in the wild. Just like its kin, the wild pig has an extensive snout that further looks longer because of its slender body. Its snout is also used for smelling, moving, lifting, digging and getting food.Unlike the domestic pig though, thebushpig’s snout tends to be darker and more muscular.
Apart from its snout, a bushpig is easy to identify for its longer and coarser mane compared to that of a domestic pig.The former’s hair is also light-colored in contrast to its body color that ranges from reddish brown to dark brown.Additionally, it has sharp tusks that are relatively short.
The savannas and forests in the eastern and southern African regions serve as the home to the majority of bushpigs today.Some of them are also present in Madagascar, presumably introduced in the said island country. Although they have leaner meat compared to that of domestic pigs, bushpigs are deemed as pests in some African countries because they tend to damage farming areas.
The Dasypus genus includes eight long-nosed and naked-tailed species of the armadillo family. Seven of the eight species are still existing up to this day while the other one-the beautiful armadillo-is already extinct. These long-nosed mammals are native to South American countries such asBrazil, Argentina, Peru, Paraguay and Venezuela. Many of them are also found in North and Central American states.
Like the rest of the armadillo family, every species under the Dasypus genus has a greyish or brownish hard shell (carapace)on its back.On the other hand, small hairs cover the long-nosed armadillo's underside, neck and face.
Dasypus species are good at swimming, jumping, climbing and digging. They make use of their sharp claws to get food and to dig burrows that serve as their homes. They are insectivorous, relying mostly on ants and termites fornutrients. When these bugs are not readily available, long-nosed armadillos consume small amphibians and reptiles. These mammals may not have good eyesightbut they have an excellent sense of smell that helps them in hunting food and detecting their enemies.
16. South American Coati (Scientific Name: Nasua nasua)
The Nasua nasua species is a type of coati native to South American countries, earning it the nickname South American coati. It also belongs to the Procyonidae family,along with raccoons and kinkajous. In general, coatis are seen as smaller relatives of bears and this is evident in their German and Dutch names which are nasenbar and neusbeer, respectively. Both names literally mean nose-bear. Of all coatis, however, the South American native has the most extensive snout and a tail that is as long as its body. Such tail features multiple rings as well, prompting some to call it the ring-tailed coati.
Fruits, bird eggs and small animals comprise the usual diet of a South American coati. Its claws and snout are useful in its search for food in trees and in crevices on the ground. Aside from being a source of food, trees also serve as this animal's home, playground and safe haven. It tends to climb as a way to escape from its predators consisting of jaguars, foxes, pet dogs and humans. On average, this coati species can live for 7 years in the wild.
17. Long-beaked Echidna (Scientific Name: Zaglossus)
The Zaglossus bruijnii is a species of echidna that is more commonlycalledthe long-beaked echidna, long-nosed echidna and long-nosed spiny anteater.Although it looks like an anteater, this echidna species is not a true anteater. Ants are not even its main food. But that doesn't make the long-beaked echidna less special.
In contrast to most mammals, the long-beaked echidna lays eggs. Its body is covered with spines and fur. One of the strangest things about this species is that it has spikes in its tongue to compensate for its lack of teeth. Its spiky tongue, along with its extensive and firm beak, is able to hook its favorite food which is the earthworm. While many refer to the echidna's snout as beak, some consider it a nose because of its ability to sense earthworms underneath the soil.
The IUCN now considers the long-beaked echidna as critically endangered species due to a notable decrease in the species' population in the last 50 years. Hunting and habitat loss are the two major reasons for such decrease. Its ancestorsonce roamed and thrived in Western Australia but they became extinct therein. Most-if not all-of the existing long-beakedechidnas todayare living in Indonesia.
18. Luzon Forest Mouse (Scientific Name: Apomys Sacobianus)
The Apomys sacobianus, also known as the long-nosed Luzon forest mouse, is a type of rodent that can only be found in the Philippines. Mt. Pinatubo, an active volcano located in Luzon, Philippines, serves as the home to a lot of the said rodent. However, it is presumed to be more widespread in the lower areas surrounding the volcano.
Surprisingly, this rodent survived the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991 as well as the quakes that happened before and after that. With the declaration of the said volcano as a protected area, habitat loss is not likely to threaten the existence of the long-nosed Luzon forest mouse. It remains under the least concern list of IUCN up to this day; it is not likely to go near the threatened list because researchers have yet to discover a major threat to its existence.
Tropical dry forests are the natural habitat of the long-nosed Luzon forest mouse. Although it is not a good climber, it can live well in places with sparse vegetation owing to its adaptability and omnivorous nature.
19. Potoroo (Scientific Name: Potorous Tridactylus)
Due to its grey-brown fur and long nose, the long-nosed potoroo is often mistaken as the long-nosed bandicoot. However, once it moves, it resembles a kangaroo with its two fore limbs placed near its chest and it tends to hop. After all, the long-nosed potoroo (Potorous tridactylus) is also a marsupial.Other notable features about this animal are its semi-prehensile tail, long claws and small body. Its average size only ranges from 13 to 15 inches.
Like the kangaroos, koalas and other marsupials, the long-nosed potoroo is native to Australia. This species can survive in different environments such as open forests, rainforests, and coastal regions. Even though its home may overlap with other potoroos, it prefers a solitary life in general. It only meets other potoroos when it needs to mate.
A long-nosed potoroo is not deemed as a pest, unlike its doppelgangers in the rat family. It mainly feeds on fungi, roots and insects. Owing to its fungus-rich diet, fungal spores are abundant in its droppings. These spores will soon spread and thrive in the roots of plants, helping the plants absorb more nutrients.
20. Short-tailed Opossum (Scientific name: Monodelphis)
Monodelphis is a genus of opossums that mainlylive in South American countries like Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina. These are known to have long snouts. As noted by the famed explorer John Smith, an opossum has a head similar to a pig’s, tail like that of a rat, and size like that of acat.
Compared to its fellow species under the Didelphidae family, a Monodelphis has a notably shorter tail, earning it the name short-tailed opossum. Due to its size though, it seems like a rodent at first glance instead of a typical opossum.
A short-tailed opossum has a couple of wombs which is a common characteristic of marsupials. Although short, its tail is prehensile,which means it can use this organ to grasp or move things. Aside from its tail, its extensive snout is also noteworthy.
There are over 20 known species of short-tailed opossum right now. The speciation is largely based on fur coloration. Of the 20+ species, the Monodelphis scalops species has one of the longest snouts.
21. Greater Long-nosed Bat (Scientific name: Leptonycteris Nivalis)
The greater long-nosed bat is an endangered species of bat native to Mexico and the US.Also called the Mexican long-nosed bat, it is a part of the Phyllostomidae family, more commonly known as leaf-nosed bats.Open woodlands and desert scrub are the natural habitats of the said bat species. However, the long-nosed bat may also reside in sewers, abandoned buildings, hollow trees and mines.
One commoncharacteristic of many leaf-nosed bat species is their tendency to rely mainly on nectar for food. Nectar from agave plants is the favorite meal of the greater long-nosed bat. When agaves are quite insufficient, it usually goes for cacti as an alternative. This nectarivorous bat has reduced teeth but has along tongue tipped with hair-like papillae. Due to the reduced teeth, it rarely eats fruits, insects and other food that require biting and chewing.
Aside from its extraordinary shape, the long and leaf-shaped nose of theLeptonycteris nivalis is also deemed important in itsecholocation ability. This bat species tends to echolocate nasally which means that its nose’s structure can help modify and direct its calls.
22. Mandrill (Mandrillus Sphinx)
Mandrill (Scientific name: Mandrillus sphinx) is currently the largest and most colorful monkey in the world. Its belly features white hairwhile its body is mostly covered in olive green to dark gray fur with black and yellow bands. Its anus and genital area are a mixture of red, blue, purple, pink and scarlet. However, the most noticeable part of the mandrill is its hairless face that looks like it underwent some makeup session. Its long nose is made more prominent with its red color extending from the area between its eyes down to its nostrils. The red nose is in between blue ridges as well. Additionally, it has yellow beard and red lips.
In the wild, mandrills dwell in various forested areas such as tropical rainforests, rocky forests, gallery forests, flooded forests, and riparian forests. These monkeys are not picky when it comes to their food. As omnivores, their diet is made up of fruits, leaves, stems, mushrooms, snails, rats, birds, and frogs.
In the Republic of Congo, the mandrill is now considered as a threatened species. Hunting for game meat and habitat loss due to deforestation are the two main threats against the species’ survival.
23. Saiga Antelope (Scientific name: Saiga Tatarica)
Saiga antelope, or simply saiga, is the common name of the critically endangered Saiga tatarica species. This species is native to Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Russia. Saigas were once abundant in China. However, the excessive hunt for their horns wiped out the entire population of the species therein. Since the ancient times, the saiga's horn has been sought as an ingredient to numerous traditional Oriental medicines.
The saiga's horns are among their noteworthy features. Only the males develop them. These horns appear translucent, have a length ranging from 8 to 15 inches, and possess around 12 to 20 rings. However, the therapeutic properties of their horns are yet to be proven by scientific studies. While males are hunted down mainly for their horns, females are also sought for their meat and skin. A saiga's skin may be processed into suede and other products.
The extensive and seemingly bloated nose of a saiga is another notable part of the said mammal. In addition to sniffing, its nose warms the cool air it inhales during the cold months. During the dry months, the nose has the ability to filter dust.
24. Gharial (Scientific Name: Gavialis gangeticus)
The Gavialis gangeticus, better known as the gharial, is one of the three species of crocodile native to the Indian subcontinent. Other names include gavial, fish-eating crocodile and long-nosed crocodile. From a population of 5,000 to 10,000 in the 1940s, the current population of this crocodile is less than 300, causing the IUCN to place the species under the critically endangered list. The remaining gharials in the wild are present in some river systems in India and Nepal.
The gharial is not likely to feast on humans. Unlike its cousins, it has a long, narrow snout instead of the wide one. Such narrow snout is filled with a hundred pointed teeth that seem like needles. Its teeth are only utilized for catching fish. The crocodiledoesn't chew; it simply swallows its prey.
This crocodile got its name from a pot made in India known as ghara. When a male gharial matures, it starts to develop a knob-like or pot-like nasal boss near the end of its narrow snout. The said nasal boss is deemed to be valuable in the male's attempt to woo a female.
25. Long-nosed Snake (Scientific Name: Rhinocheilus lecontei)
The long-nosed snake or Rhinocheilus lecontei is a non-venomous species of snake that thrives in the grasslands ofArizona, Texas, New Mexico, Idaho, and California. The Rhinocheilus lecontei is further classified into four subspecies namely: Texas, Western, Mexican, and Isla Cerralvo long-nosed snakes. The length of an adult long-nosed snake depends on the subspecies but it usually ranges from 30 to 60 inches. Its body is covered in shiny, tricolor scales.
This snake utilizes its lengthy snout to burrow. It stays underground most of the time and only goes out at night. It also builds an underground nest for its eggs. A female long-nosed snake can lay around 4 to 9 eggs at once. The eggs are bound to hatch around late summer to early autumn.
Many exotic pet collectors are not too keen on getting a long-nosed snake even if this species is harmless. Unlike other pet snakes, the long-nosed one often rejects a diet rich in rodents. In the wild, it mostly consumes lizards and amphibians. Sometimes, it also preys on smaller snakes.
26. Leopard Lizard (Scientific Name: Gambelia wislizenii)
The Gambelia wislizenii is a lizard species belonging to the Iguanidae family. The species name, wislizenii, is derived from the last name of Frederick Adolph Wislizenus, the German-American surgeon who got the first specimen of the lizard. The Gambelia wislizenii is more popularly known as the long-nosed leopard lizard due to its lengthy nose and markings similar to those of a leopard.
The long-nosed leopard lizard also possesses a large head, a short body and an extensive tail. Males have an average length of 4.8 inches. They are smaller than the females. Females can grow up to 5.8 inches. Regardless of sex, the long-nosed leopard lizard can change its colors like its cousins in the Iguanidae family. Reddish orange spots show up on the undersides of females when they are fertile. Males, on the other hand, have some pinkish or rusty coloration on their chest and throat during the breeding season.
Except for their noses, the long-nosed leopard lizard and blunt-nosed leopard lizard look the same. The former remains under the least concern list while the latter is now regarded as endangered.
27. Water Dragon (Scientific Name: Gowidon longirostris)
The long-nosed water dragon, also known as the long-snouted lashtail, is a species of agamid lizard endemic to Australia. Since its discovery in 1883, its exact genus has been debated several times. It became known as Lophognatus longirotis at the start. However, its inclusion in the Lophognatus genus was questioned. The species was then placed under other genera such as: Physignathus, Gemmatophora and Amphibolurus. In 1985, it was transferred to the Gowidon genus but was again returned to other genera. Presently, it is under the Gowidon genus.
Despite their common name, the long-nosed water dragon doesn't dwell on and near bodies of water. It prefers an arid environment instead. It can swim but it tends to feel uncomfortable when submerged. When this lizard suddenly hits or runs across a hot surface, it raises its arms and waves. Locals refer to it as the long-nosed Ta Ta lizard for its tendency to wave.
The long-nosed water dragon is one of the lizards sold under the exotic pet trade. It can survive longer in captivity. In the wild, it may not live long due to the presence of predators such as the rusty desert monitor lizard and the monk snake.
28. Spiny Softshell Turtle (Scientific Name: Apalone spinifera)
The spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera)is among the largest freshwater turtles that are endemic toNorth America. This turtle is recognizable for its bumpy and leathery shell. Compared to other turtles, it also has a longer nose that is easy to distinguish.Its elongated nose and neck function like a snorkel when it is underwater.
Not all turtles are slow as proven by the spiny softshell turtle. This species is one of the fastest swimmers in the Trionychidae family. It can be found on rivers and lakes in Canada, Mexico and the US. When it is not hunting underwater, it may be seen laying eggs on the shores or basking under the sun. Fish, insects and aquatic plants form part of its diet.
Female spiny softshell turtles are notably larger than their male counterparts. The length of a female spiny softshell turtle ranges from 7 to 18 inches. On the other hand, the length of a male is only around 5 to 9 inches. Nonetheless, the tail of a male spiny softshell turtle is thicker and longer than that of a female.
29. Sawfish (Scientific Name: Pristidae)
The nose of a sawfish is not only long; it is also strange-looking. Sawfish, also known as Pristidae, is actually a family of rays that possesses saw-like nose extensions. Some of the species under the Pristidae family include: common sawfish, dwarf sawfish, narrowsnout sawfish, smalltooth sawfish and knifetooth sawfish.
The sawfish's saw-like rostrum is a great help when it digs and searches for food. At first glance, it seems like it has sharp teeth at the sides of its rostrum. However, these protruding teeth are actually serrations.
A sawfish rarely attacks people. It only does so when it is surprised or provoked. It makes use of its nose extension to attack its preys and to defend itself when the need arises. However, some fishermen and game-hunting enthusiasts take advantage of this calm sea creature. They hunt down different sawfish species for meat and for fun. As a result, all of the sawfish species are now deemed as either endangered or critically endangered. Habitat loss and predation are other factors that cause the reduction of sawfish population.
30. Unicornfish or Naso
The unicornfish, also known as Naso, is named as such due to the horn-like structure on its forehead. The horn-like structure is actually a nose extension. However, not all unicornfish species have the said feature. Some of the species under the Naso genus are: bignose unicornfish, bulbnose unicornfish, humpback unicornfish, bluespine unicornfish,bluetail unicornfish, whitemargin unicornfish, spotted unicornfish, elongated unicornfish, sleek unicorn fish and elegant unicornfish.
In some unicornfishes, their nose extensions look so bloated to the point that they are hardly seen as horn-like structures. Instead, they make the foreheads of unicornfishes seem bigger and swelling. The humpback unicornfish (Naso brachycentron) is among those species that possess a narrow nose extension. The spotted unicornfish (Naso brevirostris) and bluespine unicornfish (Naso unicornis) also have narrow nose extensions that stand out. Surprisingly, these two species have the shortest nose extensions among their kind. In fact, these two are also dubbed as short-nosed unicornfishes.
Unicornfishes can be found in many seas in the Indo-Pacific region. In Hawaii and other Pacific states, these fishes are often sought as ingredients to several cuisines.
31. Needlenose Gar (Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus)
The Lepisosteus osseus species is better known by the monikers needlenose gar and longnose gar. In the past, this ray-finned species was present in the bodies of water in Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas. Nowadays, the remaining needlenose gars can only be found in North and Central America.
Small sea creatures are the typical prey of the needlenose gar. An adult gar may even consume its younger kind. Such predation is one of the factors triggering the decrease in the number of needlenose gars in the wild. However, the alteration of aquatic systems is the biggest factor leading to such decline.
On average, the needlenose gar may live for 15 to 20 years. The male needlenose gar tends to mature when it is already two years old while its female counterpart only matures when it reaches six years of age. Additionally, the male is usually smaller and lighter than the female. The female needlenose gar can grow up to 6.5 feet long.
32. Darter (Scientific Name: Percina nasuta)
The Percina nasuta, or longnose darter, is one of the smallest species of fish in the Percidae family. Its average length only ranges from 2 to 4 inches. Despite its small size, it stands out due to its colorful body. The short and slender body of the long-nose darter has 10 to 15 dark brown spots and bands against a yellowish-brown background. Its underside is creamy white.
The longnose darter can only be found in the US. In general, the species is not yet endangered. However, it is deemed as an endangered one in the states of Oklahoma and Missouri. The number of longnose darters is decreasing in the said US states primarily due to the construction of reservoirs and other structures. Such construction led to habitat loss and water pollution.
Because of its size, the longnose darter often ends up as the food to many predators living underwater. In contrast, small aquatic insects serve as the prey of the darter.
33. Dace (Scientific Name: Rhinichthys cataractae)
Of all the minnows native to the US, the longnose dace (Rhinichthys cataractae) is the most widely distributed. The genus name Rhinichthys entails long-snouted fish. This species can also be found in Mexico and Canada. It is a small fish with an average length of 100 to 170 mm.
A young longnose dace, also known as fry, usually swims in quiet and shallow waters. After six weeks, it moves to unpolluted, swiftly flowing rivers and creeks.It tends to stay in deeper waters when summer hits.
The longnose dace is far from being listed as an endangered species. However, studies suggest that the population of this fish in some places is declining. One reason is overfishing. The said minnow is often caught to serve as a baitfish. Water pollutionalso stresses this fish. Such manmade problem affects the reproduction of the longnose dace. Worse, the minnow may ingest trash or harmful chemicals, causing it to die at an early age.
34. Tea-Leaf Trevally (Scientific Name: Carangoides chrysophrys)
The Carangoides chrysophrys species is known by many names. Its monikers include: tea-leaf trevally, longnose trevally, club-nosed trevally, dusky trevally and grunting trevally. It is a type of marine fish under the Carangidae family (also called the jack and trevally family). It can be found in subtropical and tropical waters in the western Pacific and Indian Oceans. This marine fish spends its time swimming in coastal waters and reefs alike.
With a maximum weight of 4.35 kg and length of 28 inches, the tea-leaf trevally is a relatively large fish. However, it is not as large as other trevally species. Aside from its size, it also differs from other trevallies in terms of the number of fin rays and gill rakers. It possesses a scale-less breast and long snout as well.
The tea-leaf trevally is a predator to other sea creatures. Mollusks, crustaceans and small fishes are part of its typical diet. For larger predatory fishes, however, the said trevally species serves as a good prey.
35. Siberian Sturgeon (Scientific Name: Acipenser baerii)
The Acipenser baerii is a species of sturgeon that is commonly found in Siberian river basins. This is also present in some river basins in China and Kazakhstan. It is more popularly known as theSiberian sturgeon in reference to its place of origin.On the other hand, the baerii in its scientific name is a form of homage to German-Russian naturalist Karl Ernst von Baer. This sturgeon is categorized under the Acipenseridae family.
The Siberian sturgeon is further classified into two subspecies, namely: the common Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii baerii) and the Baikal sturgeon (Acipenser baerii baicalensis). There used to be a third subspecies as well. However, the subspecies Acipenser baerii stenorrhynchus is deemed as similar to the common Siberian Sturgeon. Recent studies also suggest that the two widely accepted subspecies may actually be monotypic.
Like other sturgeons, the Siberian sturgeon is a heavy fish. Its usual weight is 65 kg. The heaviest Siberian sturgeon caught had a weight of 210 kg.
36. Batfish (Scientific Name: Ogcocephalus corniger)
The longnose batfish, also known as Ogcocephalus corniger, inhabits the deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean. It can go as deep as 230 meters below sea level. It belongs to the family of anglerfish, better known as Ogcocephalidae. Anglerfish varieties are also referred to as seabats, handifishes and deep-sea batfishes.
The longnose batfish looks like a small ray due to its flat triangular body. Its color ranges from yellow to purple. It also has whitish spots on its body. Two of its notable facial features are its rostral protuberance and reddish orange lips.Its total length can go up to 6 inches.
The walking batfish is another nickname for the longnose batfish. Unlike other batfishes, it doesn't swim well. It creeps using its fins instead. When it gets hungry, it buries itself on the sea floor and wait for its prey.
This batfish species is imported as a pet fish. Despite the demand, it remains widespread in numerous North and Central American states.
37. Orange-spotted Filefish (Scientific Name: Oxymonacanthus longirostris)
The orange-spotted filefish (Oxymonacanthus longirostris) is one of the two species under the Oxymonacanthus genus. This fish is known by other names such as: long-nosed filefish, beaked leatherjacket filefish, coral filefish and harlequin filefish. It is nicknamed coral filefish because it loves to inhabit inner reefs and lagoons that have rich coral growth. The filefish usually eats and swims with a partner or a group. Its main food is corals.
Because of its tendency to eat corals, aquarists used to avoid adding the orange-spotted filefish in their respective aquariums. However, a new study suggests that the fish is not that damaging to a coral-stuffed aquarium. Feeding the filefish is the real challenge for aquarists. The fish doesn't eat anything but a certain species of corals.
This filefish species is capable of changing its pattern and color to match its surroundings. It does so as a way to avoid predators. Normally, it has a blue body with orange spots. It also possesses translucent fins and tail.
38. Hawkfish (Scientific Name: Oxycirrhites typus)
The longnose hawkfish (Oxycirrhites typus) forms part of the aquarium trade. It used to be expensive, but these days, it is relatively cheap and easy to find.
Aside from its affordability and availability, the longnose hawkfish is also well-loved for its high resistance against common fish diseases. That makes it a good pet for first-time aquarists. On the rare occasion that it gets sick, it can be treated with medications with few to no side effects.
Additionally, the longnose hawkfish tends to be amiable to other fishes. Such trait is valuable for aquarists who want to have different fishes in their tanks. Even if it is just a bite-sized fish, the said hawkfish is not going to attack it. However, there are instances when it may become territorial.
In general, hawkfishes are widespread in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The majority of the species inhabit shallow waters; only a few resides in deep waters. The longnose hawkfish belongs to the latter.
39. Cannibal Fish (Scientific Name: Alepisaurus ferox)
Cannibal fish is one of the common names of the Alepisaurus ferox species. Its other names include longnose lancetfish and long-snouted lancetfish. The name cannibal fish is derived from its tendency to feed on its own kind. The genus name Alepisaurus, on the other hand, involve scaleless lizards. Some of the notable features of the cannibal fish include: an extensive body, a high dorsal fin, a long snout, a large mouth, and two sharp fangs. Like other lancetfishes, the long-snouted one is also a hermaphrodite.
Fishermen don't usually target the cannibal fish. However, they often get it as a by-catch when they are getting tuna. Some fishermen even treat the fish as a pest because it often steals the bait intended for other fishes.
Generally, lancetfishes have an average length of 2 m and weight of 9 kg. They are predatory fishes inhabiting all the oceans. They prefer deep waters instead of shallow ones. They can even go as deep as 1,800 m.
40. Killifish (Scientific Name: Fundulus similis)
The Fundulus similis species, also called the longnose killifish, is commonly found in the western Atlantic Ocean. This freshwater fish can only grow up to 12 cm long. Using its long snout, it feeds on aquatic insects and worms.In addition to itsextended snout, it also has a rounded and elongated body. Its color varies from olive to silver with several dark stripes. A male longnose killifish usually has a hint of yellow on its gill and chin. A female, on the other hand, has a rounded and colorless dorsal fin.
Unlike other killifishes, the longnose killifish is a high-maintenance aquarium fish. Its natural habitat is made up of tidal flats and it tends to stay therein all year round. Even long-time aquarists find it hard to set up and maintain an aquarium environment that is almost akin to that of a tidal flat. In terms of coloration, the longnose killifish is also far behind its fellow killifishes. Nevertheless, its peaceful nature makes it a worthy addition to an aquarium.
41. Twig Catfish or Whiptail Catfish
The Farlowella is a catfish genus native to Colombia and Venezuela. Species under this genus are called twig catfishes due to their twig-like appearance. Aside from that, most of the species, particularly the longnose twig catfish (Farlowella gracilis), have lengthy snouts.
Many aquarists keep twig catfish because of the species' eye-catching appearance and its tendency to eat algae and decaying plant matter. Having the said fish helps in eliminating too much algae in the tank. It also clears the water by consuming the decaying plant matter.The twig catfish is well-loved for its ability to adapt easily. Once it is adapted to an aquarium setup, it rarely encounters diseases and it tends to live longer than its tankmates.
There are over 30 species under the Farlowella genus right now. Among these species, only two are usually sold and kept in aquariums. These are Farlowella vittata and Farlowella acus. Other species, including the longnose twig catfish, can become territorial at some point. This makes them a bad addition to a shared aquarium.
42. Golden Dogfish (Scientific Name: Centroscymnus crepidater)
Contrary to its name, the golden dogfish(Centroscymnus crepidater) is not actually a fish but is a species of shark common in subtropical seas in the southern hemisphere. Its natural habitat is usually around 270 to 2,080 deep. Itbelongs to the Somniosidae family, better known as the sleeper sharks.The sleeper sharks are deemed to be non-aggressive and slow swimmers.
Longnose velvet dogfish, roughskin dogfish and deepwater dogfish are the other nicknames of the golden dogfish. This shark species is relatively small; its maximum length is only 130 cm. It also possesses a slender, blackish or brownish body. It lacks soft rays, but it has a couple of dorsal spines. Unlike other shark species, it doesn't have an anal fin.
The golden dogfish harms its enemy using its sharp teeth. Its abrasive skin is also useful in dissuading its potential predators. When it is not eaten by predators or accidentally caught by fishermen, the longnose velvet dogfish can live for up to 54 years.
43. Narrownose Chimaera (Scientific Name: Harriotta raleighana)
The narrownose chimaera (Harriotta raleighana), also dubbed as the bigspine spookfish and bentnose rabbitfish, is under the Rhinochimaeridae family. The said family of fishes is best known for their lengthy snouts and excessive cartilages. Compared to other chimaeras, the narrownose species has a thinner snout. It also has an extensive filamentous tail. The average length of the species varies from 1 to 1.5 m, with the females being larger than the males.
Tropical and temperate seas with depths ranging from 200 to 2,600 m are the natural habitats of the narrownose chimaeras. To protect itself from predators, this chimaera species strikes its mildly venomous dorsal fin against its enemies. It uses its snout as a way to intimidate other species as well. Aside from being a line of defense, its snout is also useful when it looks for its own prey. Thanks to the several sensory nerve endings in its long and narrow snout, the narrownose chimaera finds it easy to look for small fish and other small sea creatures that will serve as its food.
44. Emperor Fish (Scientific Name: Lethrinus olivaceus)
The longface emperor fish (Lethrinus olivaceus), also called the long-nosed emperor fish, is a bony fish under the Lethrinidae family. This species is widely distributed in the West Pacific and Indian Oceans. Its average length ranges from 28 to 39 inches.
In addition to its extensive snout, the longface emperor fish possesses a pair of large eyes that help it hunt at night. It is a predatory fish as evident in its diet made up of fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans.
Adult longface emperor fishes prefer to live alone while young ones often go with oneanother.Aside from their fellows, they may also spend time with other lethrinid species such as the smalltooth emperor fish (Lethrinus microdon).
Although it is still far from being extinct, some governments set fishing guidelines to protect the population of the longface emperor fish. There is a limit to the number of fish that a fisherman or a hobbyist can catch. The longface emperor fish must be of a certain size as well.
45. Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish (Scientific Name: Forcipiger flavissimus)
The Forcipiger flavissimus is a beautiful type of marine fish under the Chaetodontidae family. It is popularly known as the yellow longnose butterflyfish. One of the notable parts of this fish is its head. The upper half of its head is black, while the lower one is white. It also possesses a long and narrow nose. Aside from its head, its flat body is also noteworthy for its yellow coloration and leaf shape.
The said butteflyfish species is abundant in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. With a maximum length of 22 cm, it is a fairly small fish. Such size makes it an ideal pet for aquarists. Its bright yellow coloration is an additional advantage.
The yellow longnose butterflyfish is hard to predict at times. In its natural habitat, it may feed on soft and stony corals. In the wild, it uses its extended snout to poke in corals and crevices in search for small crustaceans. However, it rarely pays attention to corals in an aquarium.
46. Common Sawshark (Scientific Name: Pristiophorus cirratus)
The common sawshark (Pristiophorus cirratus) is not the same as the sawfish. Obviously, the sawshark is a shark while the sawfish is actually a kind of ray.Additionally, the side fins of the sawshark are not connected right next to its head. This is a shared trait among sharks. Nevertheless, the two species look similar due to their saw-like nose extensions.
The saw-like protrusion on the face of the common sawshark is not only used to scare its enemies. The said extension also helps in detecting its prey, which is usually a small fish. Even if its prey buries itself on the sandy bottoms of the oceans, the highly sensitive nose extension will still be able to locate the prey. The sawshark makes use of the sharp teeth-like projections on its nose extention to stun its victim.
Sawsharks, in general, are only common in certain seas. The habitat of longnose sawshark alone is limited to southern Australia. However, the overall population of sawsharks remains under the least concern list of IUCN.
47. Catshark (Scientific Name: Apristurus kampae)
The Apristurus kampae species is a type of catshark under the Scyliorhinidae family. It is also known as the longnose catshark due to its lengthy nose. A native to Mexico and the US, it is commonly found in the East and Central Pacific Ocean. Its natural habitat has depths ranging from 180 to 1,888 m.The longnose catshark is a relatively short shark with the males being larger than their female counterparts. The maximum length for males is 58 cm while females only grow up to 52 cm.
Right now, the status of the longnose catshark's population remains unknown due to the insufficiency of significant data. Consequently, conservation programs about the said species are yet to be made.
With the construction of more extensive deepwater fisheries, the longnose catshark may end up getting caught more easily than before. Its natural habitat gets further restricted as well. Despite the dangers humans impose, this catshark is deemed to be harmless to humans.
48. Daggernose Shark (Scientific Name: Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus)
The Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus, better known as the daggernose shark, is a less known species of shark under the Carcharhinidae family.Like other requiem sharks, it migrates when the season changes and/or when the food supply around is not enough. However, it tends to avoid freshwaters. It prefers muddy waters instead.
The daggernose shark is recognizable for its long, flat and sharp snout. Its eyes are way too small as well. It also has a pair of paddle-shaped fins on its sides. With a typical length of 1.5 m, this shark species is relatively small.Though small, it is aggressive when it hunts. Schooling fishes are its usual prey.
In general, the daggernose shark doesn't harm humans. However, fisherfolks and hobbyists tend to get the said shark species as a by-catch. This man-made problem is seen as one of the major factors leading to the decline of the daggernose shark population. Another factor is that the reproduction processes of the shark tend to be slow.
49. Spider Crab (Scientific Name: Libinia dubia)
The Libinia dubia species, commonly called the longnose spider crab, possesses an extensive, forked rostrum located between its two eyes.Such nose extension is connected to its circular shell (carapace). There isa total of 12 spines on its shell. The shell's average diameter ranges from 2.4 to 3.9 inches. The males tend to have bigger shells than their female counterparts.
Short setae (Velcro-like features) cover the upper surface of the crab's carapace. As a way to hide itself from its enemies, a young longnose spider crab attaches organisms, seaweeds and other material to the setae on its shell. In contrast, an adult one may fight back instead. It makes use of its forked rostrum to intimidate other organisms.
The longnose spider crab has ten thin legs. The two front legs, however, are more like pincers. Aside from attacking its enemies, this crab species also uses its front pair of legs to get food and lift things.
50. Weevil (Scientific Name: Rhinotia hemistictus)
The Rhinotia hemistictus species has one of the most extensive noses among beetles. It is also referred to as the long-nosed weevil.
Weevils, in general, have long snouts. They may be black, grey or reddish-brown as well. Around 60,000 weevil species belong to the Curculionoidea superfamily. However, not all members of the said superfamily are regarded as true weevils (part of the Curculionidae family). The long-nosed weevil is part of the Belidae family. A true weevil has a pair of elbowed antennae; the long-nosed weevil has straight ones. At an average size of 6 mm, a true weevil is smaller compared to the long-nosed weevil (average length is 2.5 cm).
Like other beetles, the long-nosed weevil is often regarded as a pest.This type of beetle is commonly found in wooded lands in Australia but may go to nearby farmlands and neighborhoods. However, the long-nosed weevil and other members of the Belidae family are not usually after healthy plants. They mostly feed on drying or dying plants instead.
Sam Eilish on April 26, 2020: