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Tigkalasan Talaandig

Tigkalasan

THE TIGKALASAN:

MY INTERACTION WITH HISTORY IN 1976

By

NELSON S.H. GANANCIAL

Chapter I

Introduction

While taking a subject in Anthropology under Prof. Samuel M. Briones (Second Semester AY 1975-1976. now deceased), he told us about his trip to what he termed as the Talaandig country. It was at this period that the Tasadays were given media exposure and acclaimed as the last neo-lithic community in the Philippines though later found to be a hoax but indigenous people concern still claim they are really real. It was our impression that the Talaandig then could rank second to that of the Tasadays when it comes to ethnicity. My classmates and I were all enthusiastic to be part of the research team and I was the lucky one when I was invited as one of the research assistants on the second field research. However, this was not my first encounter with ethnic groups or what is now called Indigenous Peoples, because I did a research on the Higaunon of Malagana, Balingasag, Misamis Oriental, under the subject of the late Mamitua Saber. However, the Talaandig that Briones was talking about fascinated me because he told us that these people were barely clad. The men were wearing G-string or loincloth and only skirt for women when they first visited one of the villages.

Ethnic history was not so interesting to researchers because it is difficult to find primary documents on ethnic community or what is now called as Indigenous Peoples (IP). Research on ethnic groups in the Philippines or even in other countries before is the territory of sociologists and anthropologists. Then about a score or so before the turn of the century, historians in the Philippines turned their attention to local history to fill the gaps in Philippine History. Since, majority of local histories are unwritten, documentations were done through oral history method. From then on oral history started to take off as a source of historical writing and as a discipline. With the acceptance of oral history as a source in writing local history, the interest of historians shifted to Ethnic History because it depends on interviews as its main sources of information. Ethnic history does not only use oral history but primary documents as well. As a method, oral history is useful in gathering data on ethnic communities (IPs) because they do not write their history. Their history is handed down from one generation to another through oral traditions, myths and folklores.

Writing history is difficult because it requires hard evidence to prove the veracity of the event that can only be achieved with the use primary documents and sources. Strict adherence to documentary evidences left ethnic history behind. Folktales, legends, myths and epics are events that cannot be proven. Though they existed even before the popularity of written documents, it is not accepted as proofs in historical writings due to the weakness of memory as a source of information about the past. Thus, legends, folktales, myths and epics are considered only as a form of literature.

Chapter II

General Background

What is an Indigenous Peoples?

The Tigkalasan is a member of what is now called the Lumads but internationally they are known as Indigenous Peoples. But what is an Indigenous Peoples. At the last decades of the 20th Century, the term ethnic group or cultural minority was changed to what is now called as Indigenous Peoples. The United Nation (UN) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)'s Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities Working Group on Indigenous Populations defined indigenous populations in the following way:

Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing in those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop, and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions, and legal systems (Please refer to Appendices 4-10).[1]

Hence, terms like ethnic, primitive and cultural minority as used in this work would refer to the degree of their civilization in contrast to what is modern. The Tigkalasan belongs to the indigenous peoples (IP) but culture contacts affected their cultural identity and the future of their generations.

According to the UN the IPs must also enjoy the benefits of the declaration of Human Rights. In the Draft Declaration of the Rights of the IPs Article 6 states: “Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and to full guarantees against genocide or any other act of violence, including the removal of indigenous children from their families and communities under any pretext. In addition, they have the individual rights to life, physical and mental integrity, liberty and security of person.”[2] It is sad to note that this declaration was approved when the members of the Tigkalasan community were totally displaced from their territory. This study is an eye opener how culture contact affects the future of the IPs like research, tourism, and other programs of the government. Though how honest the purpose might be, careful observance of ethics in doing field research is a must in order to avoid the disappearance of the remaining remnants of pre-colonial culture of the Filipinos.

The Tigkalasan of Eastern Bukidnon (and Western Agusan del Sur)

Geographical Location

The ancestral homeland of the Tigkalasan is along the steep mountain range that could be found in the borders of Eastern Bukidnon and Agusan del Sur. This mountain range is composed of the Pantaron, Undudan, Sumapay, Kabutbutungan, and Minala mountains or what Briones calls as the Pantaron-Undudan-Sumapay-Kabutbutungan-Minala mountains.[3] This mountain range is the last virgin rainforest along the border of these two provinces. Its elevation from the sea level is about 4,000 to 5000 feet above sea level.[4] It has a high altitude that we have to look down in order to admire the feeling of being on the “top of the world” because we rather look down to view the clouds rather than looking up.

The distance of nearest Barangay is St. Peter in Eastern Bukidnon, which is not measured by kilometers but by the number of hiking days (three and one half days). The place is reached by negotiating the Minala trail.[5] From the Agusan del Sur side, the nearest as far as I knew (twenty-four years ago) is the town of Talacogon which is almost fifty kilometer from the Tigkalasan village. Twenty to 25 kilometers from the Tigkalasan community was the lair of the infamous Commander Bandoy, the notorious leader of a hold-up gang that ambushed the PNB service car from Butuan City and carted away more than two million pesos worth of cash. During clear days we can even see the smoke from their hideout.

The Tigkalasan calls their habitat as lagiit . This is in a place according to the description of Briones, that is a steep “chasm where agoho pines abundantly thrive.”[6] The presence of agoho pines suggests the kind of climate of the place. The temperature ranges from 64o at its coldest and 70o at noontime. Tigkalasan lived at the hilly top of this mountain range. Their houses are situated about 2,000 feet from the nearest river and their source of potable water is a small spring halfway from their dwellings to the river.[7] In the second village or community where we were, their source of water was a very small spring that it will take some time before one can fill a gallon of water. Even taking a bath was very difficult considering the time lost waiting for the almost trickles of water coming out from this spring. In the first area where the first team visited, there were a good number of houses atop high posts from ten to fifteen feet high, similar to the second village. Their stairs are made of a single tree trunk with a diameter of almost a foot and steps are just cut notches where the feet can step on in going up or down. For security from falling down, they also placed some hand bars on both sides around two to three inches in diameter.

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Their houses could be found at the hill of the mountain. When asked why they chose the place, they told us that they are afraid to build their houses at the valley because of the wild animals there. They are also afraid that if the rain is hard they will be washed away or if it quakes the mountain may cover them. These reasons appeared to be simple. Yet it shows their rationality. On the other hand, since they are friendly and abhor troubles with other tribes, their location at the hilly top of the mountain is strategically sound. They could always see whoever is coming. If they are friends, then there is no problem, but if the newcomers are enemies, they could simply slide down to the side of the mountain and hide in the thick vegetation nearby and come back when there is no more danger.

The People

The Tigkalasan is a group of Indigenous Peoples in Bukidnon who are short with dark brown skin, black eyes, wavy haired and friendly people called under the general term Lumads. Lumad is a Cebuano term meaning “native” or “indigenous.” The term Lumad “grew out of the political awakening among various tribes during the martial law regime of President Marcos.” The Lumads earlier were called by various names by outsiders, like: “paganos , Wild Tribes or Uncivilized Tribes or non-Christian Tribes, National Cultural Minorities or just Cultural minorities or simply Minorities, Cultural Communities, and Indigenous Cultural Communities. Cebuanos call them nitibo ; Tagalogs call them taga-bundok or katutubo , while Christian churches prefer the name “Tribal Filipinos.”[8]

According to Faina Ulindang, in her work “Lumad in Mindanao:”

The term lumad was adopted by a group of 15 from a more than 18 Mindanao ethnic groups in their Cotabato Congress in June 1986 to distinguish them from the other Mindanaons, Moro or Christian. Its usage was accepted during the Cory Administration when R.A. 6734, the word Lumad was used in Art. XIII sec. 8(2) to distinguish these ethnic communities from the Bangsa Moro.”

At present, Mindanao Lumads account for 2.1 million out of the total 6.5 million indigenous people nationally. (1993 Census) these fifteen Lumads in the Cotabato Congress were the following:

Subanen, B'laan, Mandaya, Higaonon, Banwaon, Talaandig, Ubo, Manobo, T'boli, Tiruray, Bagobo, Tagakaolo, Dibabawon, Manguangan, and Mansaka.[9]

Ulindang identified the Talaandig as one of the Lumad groups in Mindanao. The Talaandig of Western Bukidnon had their own website too. However, Talaandig literatures did not mention any subgroup or any reference to the Tigkalasan. Since the Tigkalasan claims that they belong to the Talaandig community, a short background of the Talaandig is proper to identify whether they are Talaandig or not. The Talaandig according Victorino L. Saway are:

The Talaandig are one of the indigenous groups in the province of Bukidnon, Mindanao Philippines who has continued to preserve and promote its indigenous customs, beliefs and practices despite the strong influx of modernization and change. The Talaandig population is roughly estimated to be at about 100,000 people or more. The members of the group are found in barangays and municipalities surrounding the mountain of Kitanglad, the historic domain of the Talaandig people.[10] In other words the

Tigkalasan are not Talaandig although they claim that they are simply because of their territorial coverage. That is according to Saway.

Another work that mentions the term Talaandig is by Fundador S. Binahon Jr. concerning Bukidnon. It reads:

Indigenous tribes in Bukidnon derived their names from the watershed they occupy: Tigwahanon for the people living along the Tigwa watershed, Umayamnon living along the Umayam River, Pulangaiyon after the Pulangi River, and Maligsalug (after Salug River). Other tribes are named after local myths or by their descriptive characteristics. Hence, Ilianon (marginal people-Iranun); Langilaon (border people of Langilan; Talaandig (myth of Talaandig); Higaonons (people put away from water).[11]

Binahon, however, did not mention of any subgroup of the Talaandig or the Higaunon, that might be the Tigkalasan, but what is certain according to him is that the Bukidnon plateau is ancestral domain of a number of Indigenous Peoples. And he concluded that Bukidnon is “Home of the Manobos” and “People of Rich Artistic Heritage.”[12].

However, there is an indication that the Tigkalasan is not really a sub-tribe of the Talaandig, but otherwise. The Western Bukidnon Talaandig descended from the Tigkalasan because their civilization though primitive or backward it might be, was untouched for centuries by outsiders therefore the original one. The National Commission on Culture and Arts or the NCCA published in their website that the IPs that live along the Bukidnon and Agusan del Sur border are the Banuwaen, but the Tigkalasan claim that they are not Banuwaen, though they live in the aforementioned ethnic territory or ancestral domain.

The Bukidnons according to a German researcher Hans Brandeis comprise four subgroups which, roughly speaking, occupy the following areas:

The people of the Bukidnon subgroup live in northeastern Bukidnon province,

The Talaandig-s in northwestern Bukidnon,

The Higaunen-s in Misamis Oriental and in parts of Agusan del Norte,

The Banuwaen -s in parts of Agusan del Sur between the Agusan River and the borderline towards Bukidnon (emphasis added).[13]

The Tigkalasan therefore, according to this study is not is a sub-tribe of the Talaandig but belonging to another distinct ethnic of IP community the Banuwaen. However, the Tigkalasan never ever claimed that they belong to the Banuwaen therefore, they are not.

The Tigkalasan claim that they are Talaandig. They are also called Tigkalasan (by the few people who knew them) because “they know the forest.”[14] The prefix “Tig” in Tigkalasan or even in Higaunon dialect is equivalent to the Tagalog and Bisaya (Cebuano language spoken in Mindanao) term “taga” or the English word “from.” “Kalasan” is the derivative of the Bisaya word “lasang” or forest in English. This is where the word “kalasangan” or wilderness or jungle is derived. In other words the term Tigkalasan is equivalent to the Cebuano/Bisaya term “taga-lasang” or men from the jungle, which is an external ascription of the Eastern Bukidnon Talaandig. The term is descriptive of their habitat “lasang” or forest.

But the people who know the Tigkalasan like the Higaunons call them Talaandig, because of their features, naked and appeared to be lazy. For the Maranaos the term Talaandig is a derogatory title for lazy or idle. Maranaos also used this term to describe a naked or barely clad person.[15] The Maguindanao on the other hand used the term Talaandigan to mean bare and lazy. The Agusan Manobo has a similar term tiyandig as a description of a naked people.[16] But the Talaandig of Western Bukidnon are not naked as the other tribes considered them but the Tigkalasan are.

As mentioned earlier in the study made by Hans Brandeis, the people living in the border areas between Agusan del Sur and Bukidnon are Banuwaen. This explains why the Talaandig materials where he got his sources had no reference on the Tigkalasan as its subgroup because Brandeis has already set the demarcation line between Western and Eastern Bukidnon. The refusal of the larger group of Talaandig in Western Bukidnon to recognize the Tigkalasan as their members merely because the territory of the Tigkalasan is in the eastern part or Bukidnon is immaterial. The Tigkalasan believe and their folktale shows that they are Talaandigs therefore they are Talaandigs. The different locations of their ancestral domains do not alter their ethnic identity. Because if the Tigkalasan are Banuwaen(on) that Brandeis is referring to, then they should be in the towns as the legend of their origin suggests.

The Higaunon is considered to be numerous now in Bukidnon are actually the people of the mountain areas of Misamis Oriental who moved towards Bukidnon and made Bukidnon their new home. But they did not lost their ethnic identity as Higaunon just because they are not residing in Misamis Oriental. If the Tigkalasan is a subgroup of the Higaunon, it should have been reflected in their legend but none. The Tigkalasan did not either claim that they are Higaunon. Though the Talaandig did not have any reference to Tigkalasan in their oral traditions does not alter the fact that the people they called Tigkalasan are Talaandig because they claim they are Talaandig. It is the outsiders that called them Tigkalasan bcause their habitat is in the forest then they are called as such. But the Tigkalasan believe they are Talaandig who masters of the wilderness, masters of the jungle hence, hence they are called Tigkalasan or “taga-lasang’ or “people who know the forest.” The term in a sense is derogatory but it is their nature so they did not consider the term as an insult. While the Tigkalasan has a ritual called “Kalin’talaandig” the Western Bukidnon Talaandig has none. Therefore, we can even consider the Tigkalasan as the oldest Talaandig subgroup untouched by acculturation due to their harsh habitat in the jungle. The dilemma therefore concerns their ethnic identity if the main group of the Talaandig in Western Bukidnon does not consider them as members of their tribe. The only solution is to call them by their external ascription and their habitat. Hence, the term Tigkalasan is used herein to differentiate the Talaandig of the Western Bukidnon from the Talaandig in the East. This is similar to the Kulibugan and Bago tribes. Their ethnic identities are based on external ascription.

It would however appear that the Talaandig of Western Bukidnon are just a subgroup of the Higaunon by virtue of their costumes and similarities of their oral tradition with the Higaunon, while the Tigkalasan is really different. The rituals of the Talaandig of Western Bukidnon never mention Kalintalaandig Ritual which is present and observed by the people they called as Tigkalasan. What is really the ethnic identity of the Tigkalasan is not the issue here, if both claim to be Talaandig then let it be. But for the purpose of this work, Tigkalasan is used rather than Talaandig though they claim they are.


Bukidnon

Lumad

Comments

jun ian facundo on April 21, 2012:

This article is very amazing. As far as my existence in this Planet I heard nothing about the Tribe Tigkalasan. Bukidnon is our neighboring Province and yet I dont know that Tigkalasan exists. This is just an evidence that we are a country with diff. but very interesting Cultures that evolve thousand years ago. Thanks to Sir Ganancial who make an effort in studying this particular tribe we people in the new Generation is looking forward in knowing what unique cultures we have and will be responsible in preserving it until our last breath. Iam Ilongo-cebuano and I grow up in Agusan Del Sur, Ican speak Manobo language and do love their unique culture specially chewing MAMA..

ireneablen from Puerto Princesa on March 14, 2012:

as i learned from this article,it's so nice to know the culture and even the etymology of the tigkalasan Talaandig and many more indigenous group, that have been pass generation by generation. so nice to know that this people are still existing and able to do and still performing there practices as a tigkalasan talaandig etc. and we should be thankful to that also that there are historians who are able to correct the confuseness about there culture.

Irene A. Nedroda Hist.80 Pp1

Ariel Otud on December 24, 2011:

i agree sir that history is really important ... we are still thankful for the ancient people who slowly passed history orally rather than nothing at all .. as for the issue about changing their names to IP or indigenous people, it is right so they would not be discriminated and to avoid confusions

history 80 pp1

charmaine calo on October 19, 2011:

lumad people are the only evidence that our country still remains its properity when it comes to diff. cultures and indigenous people.

COSAIN, Hafsha P. Hist3Vv1 on October 15, 2011:

The Geographical location of the homeland of this Talaandig explains the way of their living. It is really amazing...

After reading the articles, I become more knowledgeable about Talaandig and I thank you for that sir...

fatima yashmeen pajiji on October 01, 2011:

...i really admired everything in this article... and to think that you yourself sir had gone with it...

it's s amazing t know that such groups of people still exist even though ice age had gone long past...

its really amazing...now i have learn something new

Magigired from msu on September 26, 2011:

LUMAds have their diffent lifestyles.a group of indigenous peoples of the southern Philippines, who lives in the place where no one can see them,it is amazing to know about them,also the tigkalasan i was amazed of their way to live.

florida04 from Islamic City of Marawi, Philippines on September 26, 2011:

lumad people are in need of protection for their land and ancestral domain, sad to know that capitalists who are inhading country's industry especially the mining and land, takes out the right of the lumad people, for they don't have any papers claiming it was theirs. . .

ChristianAlamoDD1 from MSU, Marawi City on March 03, 2011:

Based on what I heard abut the Talaandig tribe is that they live on central Bukidnon. Now, I am enlightened. Indigenous has the common meaning of "from" or "of the original origin". Therefore, in a purely adjectival sense any given people, ethnic group or community may be described as being indigenous in reference to some particular region or location.

Christian Alamo Yy2-history 3

jeany camatura on February 19, 2011:

indigenous peoples confront a diverse range of concerns associated with their status and interaction with other cultural groups, as well as changes in their inhabited environment. Some challenges are specific to particular groups; however, other challenges are commonly experienced. Most of them are uncivilized and afraid that they will be descriminated with the majority group. But we must be concern with them because they are also part of our society,we must accept them. Now a days many educated people that their tribes belong to minority,then they are ashame with that reality. So as a filipino we must value them and help them to become educated and improve their capabilities and skills and not neglect them.Thus every one of us must accept the other tribes.

sec.yy2 history 3

Ariel Santiago on February 16, 2011:

Yes, it is true that ethnic history is now difficult to fine. It is probably because of the development of our technology, isn't it? I just wonder, why they are called indigenous one wherein supposedly we are all Filipinos in fact, I think we are all came from that tribe?

Ariel Santiago on February 16, 2011:

Yes, it is true that ethnic history is now difficult to fine. It is probably because of the development of our technology, isn't it? I just wonder, why they are called indigenous one wherein supposedly we are all Filipinos in fact, I think we are all came from that tribe?

Ariel Santiago on February 16, 2011:

History is part of our life that gives us wider information that clarifies truth and lies. Talking about the division between Muslims and Christians is the saddest reason why Filipinos are being colonized by the Spaniards. In fact, we are brothers and the same as a Filipino who shout for freedom against them. But then, why such it seems that we Filipinos are hating and fighting each other? Where is now the unity? Its not too late and theirs a time for unity.

riolyn salonoy on January 20, 2011:

As ive understand different people have different culture which is evolving until now.If I did not read it carefully I cant understsand what iare the beliefs of our early ancestor and how they live for the very long time ago.I cant imagine how theyb live in far place. Now i know why i am friendly its all because the our early people are all havind good traits.

kevin7 on January 03, 2011:

Kevin Jay D. Mante History 3 cc2

By this topic, I know what particularly where Claveria, Misamis Oriental is, the way I travel going to Marawi City. It is my pleasure to know, I always asking to my Grandpa where he go as far as I can go. The bukidnon map,a map that huge specifically at the map of region 10. It is so tremendous I seen this entire map.

johndelyunting from MSU, marawi city, Lanao del Sur on December 18, 2010:

by this as an introduction, i have known that there were so many indigenous people in the Philippines particularly in Mindanao...It is good to know about them, yet we , Filipinos sometime neglect them of what they are...we must not..They are still our brothers..they must be treated well and in fair...they are also Filipinos.

history 3-Uu3

johndelyunting from MSU, marawi city, Lanao del Sur on December 18, 2010:

by this as an introduction, i have known that there were so many indigenous people in the Philippines particularly in Mindanao...It is good to know about them, yet we , Filipinos sometime neglect them of what they are...we must not..They are still our brothers..they must be treated well and in fair...they are also Filipinos.

history 3-Uu3

IVY VILLAFUERTE from MSU Marawi City on December 16, 2010:

According to this article that the Tigkalasan tribe or better known as the indigenous people are living in the boundary of Bukidnon and Agusan del Sur.But they are not familiar to me even we are living in Agusan.But aside from that this article is very interesting and very educational.In writing a History it is very difficult on how to do a certain topic and I agree that it requires a hard evidence to prove your research.

HISTORY3 Uu3

jowsan on December 15, 2010:

According to WFAT i UNDERSTAND sIR,the Tigkalasan Tribe belongs to the ethnic group called Talaandig,although they live in separate community:the Talaandig on the Eastern part of Bukidnon and the Tigkalasan on the Eastern part.People named them as Tigkalasan because they lived in a junle but for me they are also from Talaandig tribe.For the difference of their characteristics and theway they dress the Talaandig are naked and lazy while the Talaandig on the Eastern part are not naked.The two have something in common,their laziness.For their cultures,the Tigkalasan have aritual known as Kalintalaandig while the Talaandig dont have.Therefore Tigkalasan is the oldest roup of Talaandig.So the two ethnic group are both from the tribe called Talaandig.God BLESS TO ALL. HISTORY 3-Uu3 JOWIE SANTUA BAGARES

zEi on December 13, 2010:

the tigkalasan are really people with a very unique characteristics. upon reading the article they are really amazing especially on the way they live.

history 3 Uu3

glaze villarmino

norsaima haron on December 07, 2010:

what a nice information.. i was amazed of the tigkalasan tribe.. because of their unique way of living through simplicity.. they preserve also their culture,beliefs, customs even their own identity. frankly speaking for my 16 years of existence i never heard of the word TIGKALASAN. its an honor to us that this kind of indigenous people are living in our place. i hope someday i can talk to them personally. thanks sir for this information.. it is very too long but it is too impormative.

NORSAIMA HARON/ HISTORY3/Uu3

jonel dapat on December 04, 2010:

ahh!!! It's so tired to read because it's too long... But when I understand this article, i found that it's worth it. It proves that there are many ethnic tribes in Philippines.

It enables me to admire tigkalasan tribe because although they are in difficult area to find, they are doing their very best to accomplish their daily task.

I was hoping that in our future generation, they can also know that there is a tribe called tigkalasan. Although they are indigenous, but they were a friendly filipino people.

-JONEL L. DAPAT-

-HIST 3/ Uu3

baboiechan on December 02, 2010:

Elijah Marvin S. Guangco History 3/Uu3

As stated in the introduction, it is very true that there are gaps in the Philippines history that needs to be filled up.

Speaking of the tigkalasan or the IPs, I agree with the statement that they too must enjoy the benefits of the declaration of human rights for simply taking into consideration that they are part of a cultural minority residing in the Philippines; in me own point of view. it made me glad that there are still a lot of IP groups in mindanao and other parts of the country because believe it or not, these cultural minorities are rich, not only with the blessings in life but also living testimonies of our country's rich history.

aripa macala on December 02, 2010:

I WAS SURPRISED! ACTUALLY, I AM NOT FAMILIAR WITH THE TIGKALAYAN PEOPLE! IT'S GOOD TO KNOW THEM. NOW I KNOW THAT THERE IS TIGKALAYAN TRIBE! I WISH THEIR POPULATION COULD GROW WIDELY SOMEDAY. OBVIOUSLY, IT'S INTERESTING SIR! BEFORE, I REALLY HATE HISTORY SUBJECT BECAUSE OFTEN IT'S BORING, BUT NOW, I AM STARTING TO LOVE IT. I CAN CONSIDER THIS ARTICLE AS TRIVIA AND KNOWLEDGEABLE THE SAME WITH THE AUTHOR. I AM AMAZED TO THEM [IP] BECAUSE THEY ARE SIMPLE RESIDENT WHO ARE HIGHLY AND STRONGLY APPRECIATED AND CONTENTED TO THEIR SOCIAL LIFESTYLE. THEY DESERVE THE NAME INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. THIS ARTICLE IS SIMPLY MAKING MY IMAGINATION DEEPLY. I AM DREAMING TO GO THERE AND STAY THERE IN JUST A MONTH SOMEDAY TO ENJOY AND EXPERIENCE THEIR ONE OF A KIND SOCIAL LIFESTYLE! I LOVE THIS ARTICLE. SIMPLY IRRESISTABLE!

ARIPA R. MACALA

HISTORY 3, Uu3.

Kia Jean Piedad History3-Uu3 on November 30, 2010:

The indigenous peoples should not be discriminated but should be given the rights to live peaceful and free.In that way,they can preserve for many years their beliefs,culture and traditions.They must be treated equal like the civilized people.

As for the Tigkalasan who were claiming themselves as Talaanding though they are not,regarding to those evidences.It is quite really interesting because the Tigkalasan has kalintalaandig as their ritual but the Talaandig has none.Regarding to costumes and oral tradition,they are different.I think that the Tigkalasan belong to Talaandig community.The reason why they cant trace their ethnic identity is because they do not write their history but it is orally spoken from generation to generation.

Kia Jean Piedad History3-Uu3 on November 30, 2010:

The indigenous peoples should not be discriminated but should be given the rights to live peaceful and free.In that way,they can preserve for many years their beliefs,culture and traditions.They must be treated equal like the civilized people.

As for the Tigkalasan who were claiming themselves as Talaanding though they are not,regarding to those evidences.It is quite really interesting because the Tigkalasan has kalintalaandig as their ritual but the Talaandig has none.Regarding to costumes and oral tradition,they are different.I think that the Tigkalasan belong to Talaandig community.The reason why they cant trace their ethnic identity is because they do not write their history but it is orally spoken from generation to generation.

Alma Grace V. Tumarong on November 27, 2010:

I was really amazed by the facts that you shared to us especially the tigkalasan even its to long to read but its worth a lot. Because from the article I have an idea of what the indigenous people are.

Thank you sir for the facts that you've shared to us.

Alma Grace Tumarong history3.

johndelyunting from MSU, marawi city, Lanao del Sur on November 25, 2010:

being a Filipino citizen it's my privilege to know about my co-Filipino... even they are indigenous people, they are still Filipinos ...

It is good to know Sir that they still exist and continuing to struggle.. (survivor of the fittest)heheh

we must be proud of them......they have survived..

interesting topic, Sir..

JOHN DEL C. YUNTING/history 3-Uu3

hobaib mimbesa on October 09, 2010:

hobaib mimbesa

PQ2

i wonder who owns those bones displayed in the museum.

sir where did you got those skeleton?

is it from bukidnon where tigkalasan live?

in my 17 years of existence i never heard of that tigkalasan on my teachers in history during my high school and elementary. there are a lot of tribes on the phil. which i don't know. good thing, i learned one of them.

hobaib mimbesa on October 09, 2010:

hobaib mimbesa

PQ2

i wonder who owns those bones displayed in the museum.

sir where did you got those skeleton?

is it from bukidnon where tigkalasan live?

in my 17 years of existence i never heard of that tigkalasan on my teachers in history during my high school and elementary. there are a lot of tribes on the phil. which i don't know. good thing, i learned one of them.

Mer-ham from Mindanao State University, Marawi City on October 09, 2010:

Dimarun, Merham

History 3 Vv1

How amazing the world was. With different tribes and culture. Different lifestyle and habits. Those are the reason that separates our lives. Being recognized with a kind of tribe. World is created by god with many secretes and wonders. Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and to full guarantees against genocide or any other act of violence, including the removal of indigenous children from their families and communities under any pretext..

Mer-ham from Mindanao State University, Marawi City on October 09, 2010:

Dimarun, Merham

History 3 Vv1

How amazing the world was. With different tribes and culture. Different lifestyle and habits. Those are the reason that separates our lives. Being recognized with a kind of tribe. World is created by god with many secretes and wonders. Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and to full guarantees against genocide or any other act of violence, including the removal of indigenous children from their families and communities under any pretext..

Nhor'ain Datumolok/MN2 on October 07, 2010:

It is nice to visit one place to see more exciting and interesting about history so that our knowledge will more increase.In aga khan museum there are many things about history that we don't know yet.

reah mae on October 05, 2010:

REAH MAE hist1 PQ2 7 days ago

Indeed, there are many skulls that were collected by Sir Ganancial and display it to the AGA KHAN museum, were it gives for me the most interesting to see while others got afraid. And also the collection of bones from the different parts of the body which was owned by different people that were form into one individual.Yes, it really seems that would make you afraid but then still gives you an interest to see because it is seldom to find it anywhere.

cher_09sakura on October 05, 2010:

from: cherry mae montemayores

section: MN2

It's good to know that there are people like them who are still existing. They are one of the indigenous groups in the province of Bukidnon, Mindanao Philippines who has continued to preserve and promote its indigenous customs, beliefs and practices despite the strong influx of modernization and change. The Talaandig population is roughly estimated to be at about 100,000 people or more. They believe on the existence of the highest God called Magbabaya and the spirits who guard and protect nature is manifested in the social, economic and political aspects of the life of the Talaandig. The belief of the Talaandig on the existence of gods and spirits is also reflected in the protection of the house.

Shaima Abdulmanan from MSU-UTC on October 04, 2010:

Because of this article I realize that there’s many group of people that we must discover and I didn’t know that tigkalasan is one of the 19th lumad group or the indigenous group in Mindanao. Even they are like that we must proud of their culture and we must proud that they are part of our country. I thought that it is boring to know the group of tigkalasan but it seems that it seems like that its very interesting and I learn more from it. I realize also that it is enjoy discovering many different groups of people.

alve on October 04, 2010:

Its nice to know that despite the unstoppable modernization of our country there are still these indigenous people who are still preserving there culture and traditions.Our country has many tribes which we should be proud of.These tribes serves as the treasures in our country and we should help to preserve them for the next generation to witness.Its very important to know and understand the different tribes that we have because it serves as our own identity and we can separate from other races.WE can proudly say that we are Filipinos and we have a very rich culture.That is why as I read this article I'm very thankful that I had a chance to know a tribe called TIGKALASAN..

REAH MAE hist1 PQ2 on September 27, 2010:

Indeed, there are many skulls that were collected by Sir Ganancial and display it to the AGA KHAN museum, were it gives for me the most interesting to see while others got afraid. And also the collection of bones from the different parts of the body which was owned by different people that were form into one individual.Yes, it really seems that would make you afraid but then still gives you an interest to see because it is seldom to find it anywhere.

alve on September 27, 2010:

Its nice to know something about the many tribes here in the Philippines.Its a way of appreciating our history and because of that we can distinguish ourselves from another nationalities.TIGKALASAN is one of the many tribes here in our country that we must be proud of.THEY are unique and i'm amazed that there are still a tribe that exist which you cant read on some books. _ALVE MOSURA Xx2

seventhree on September 19, 2010:

Tigkalasan is a new word for me. I never heard of it before. This article had taught me many things especially on this tribe known as "Tigkalasan". They surely are amazing. What they had been practicing are not used nowadays. It's rarely seen now. I hope that some practices are preserved because they are effective.

Sittie Hanniya busran lomondot Macarambon

History 3 – Vv1

nor-ain habib on September 15, 2010:

moro as tigkalasan... nice match... i wonder why people forget what the've suffered years ago. they're being oppressed... how i wish they will find justice. but i know, they will end up in JANNAH to meet their CREATOR...

NOR-AIN HABIB

MN2-HISTORY3

czarlhy c",) from msumain, marawi city on September 12, 2010:

it's sad to think that our future generations will no longer witness the remnants our our unique history. for us today it seems to be juz a mere part of our history but how about for the children of next generations? yes, anybody may be amazed of the written articles but it wud be more amazing at least to know that they still exist in a manner that their original way of living or at least some of them preserve their original culture.

Ala Abdani D. on September 12, 2010:

The tiglasan group its nice because of their many different things of their tribes and so many things that their discover in this world.

prenz_pin on September 11, 2010:

Learning through experience is an effective way to make people productive. These people are very skillful. They even had these practices which is not common to us like during delivering a child or giving birth and during courtship and marriage.

There are still many things to learn about the different tribes in the Philippines. There are many wonderful things to discover about their way of living and their practices.

Encarnacion, Princess Grace C.

Sec-Vv1

ARATUC MOHAIRA on September 11, 2010:

it is very long but its interesting,the people there were so interesting...they have their own religion and belief..,their bbelief were so different,,and i dont even know that theres people like them in the philippines...

history3/MN2

,,

norhata CABUGATAN/MN2 on September 11, 2010:

Here in the Philippines,there are so many ethnic groups.One of them is the group of 'TIGKALASAN'.This topic is interesting because WE can learn that there are also tribes that are still existing.This is the 1st time I've heard about the ethnic group TIGKALASAN.I like their tribe even though I'm not familiar to them because as I read their legend they are satisfied of being simple,in short they are contented..

Diane Carol Canoy from PBB dormitory, MSU marawi on September 11, 2010:

In our modern generation now a days it is not common to see such people that value their beliefs and culture.

As I have read the information about the "Tigkalasan" which is a member of the lumads it shows that becouse of there respect for their beliefs they never change what their ancestors left them. History3 Vv1

nor jaafar on September 11, 2010:

OH.....Before, i don"t really valued studying history.. but now i'm so much interesting to it.I've found out that there's a lot of things in this world must be discover for conservation.

Upon reading the article of Sir Ganancial, i found out that there is existing indigenous people living somewhere in Bukidnon, Philippines, what we called "TALAANDIG".I feel blessed because this is actually my first time to hear nor read this word. I never expect that Philippines is consisting of a lot of groups of people with different culture,tradition, beliefs and languages that we should be proud of....It's good that through the high technology we have, we can share our discoveries to our mankind..So thank you so much sir for sharing this amazing knowledge to us..

Heni jane on September 11, 2010:

Nowadays, people are interested to what's new and what's the latest. It's good to know that there are still people who are interested in knowing and understanding the indigenous groups. It's a good reminder that whatever we are enjoying right now is owed to the past.

Heni Jane Colena

carim on September 10, 2010:

the history is the study of past in the line of the present so it's so important we know our ancestor in these land that the lumads is the one of people who became owner of these land and its goods to know that there was many kinds of lumads are existince of these land. By;diron Xx2

carim on September 10, 2010:

the history is the study of past in the line of the present so it's so important we know our ancestor in these land that the lumads is the one of people who became owner of these land and its goods to know that there was many kinds of lumads are existince of these land. By;diron Xx2

eldhie from MSU, Marawi City on September 10, 2010:

Rosales, Eldhie Ann E. Hist. 3 Vv1

another lesson to know!!!

it's good to know more and more about the history everything.

about this article, it gives more additional knowledge knowing about the Lumads. i thought "Lumads" and the "indigenous people" were different.

MAGAYOONG,SITTIE FAIZAIMAH G.M on September 10, 2010:

RESPECT WHAT OTHER PEOPLE BELIEFS AND RELIGION...

There were many kinds of Lumads that are still existing in our country nowadays.>>

MARY JOY ACAP on September 10, 2010:

history gives as ideas about the past...good thing to be noted is you provided it for us...as a Filipino...i really appreciate it...I know now about our ancestors...and i treasure it for the rest of my life...Im surely tell it to my children someday..

history3 xx2

raymond20x10 on September 10, 2010:

having different ethic groups in our nation could simply made the Philippines famous. it simply proves we, Filipinos are rich in many aspects of life. we can be proud of it for it is a treasure for the Filipinos to have such entities. also, knowing their characteristics, you could appreciate their beliefs and tactics making them unique from other foreign cultural characteristics. thus, if you may able to know their ability, you could say, they are amazing and extravagantly brave as shown in our history. as Filipino, i am very proud Philippines has this kinds of ethnic groups who are worth to be preserved and treasured.

RAYMOND C. PORDALIZA

HISTORY 3 Xx2

ann ravelo on September 09, 2010:

Lumads are really present in Agusan del sur. Their beleif, culture , and religion is diffirent from us. Even their costumes, and their way of living is barely diffirent from us. That is because they are not civilized citizens. And respect is what they deserve for they are our old beloved ones. So, instead of insulting them, let us love them like we do to others.

precious grace on September 09, 2010:

Philippines was the country that has so many ethnic groups...for us as countrymen we should respect this ethnic groups as well as their beliefs..

delight q. hingpit hist3 PQ2 on September 09, 2010:

Yes sir..To live in a green paradise is really relaxing! The Tigkalasan people were really wise enough to choose to live in such comfortable place despite of the harshness of the jungle. Of course, if they would live in low lands, they would certainly out of place because their culture is definitely different. And it's quite amazing to know that they were able to exist through their intellectual trainings or from their experiences. We,people having distinct culture from them,should have to respect their own social civilization. Furthermore, let's help to preserve the culture of Tigkalasan people. Not just them, as well as the other Indigenous People in the Philippines.

Maminta, Jamil B. on September 08, 2010:

there are many groups of ethnics here, and we can't blame each beliefs, just respect each other, because each of us has a reason why we belief in such things. it is right to preserve the tigkalasan culture.

MN2, Hist 3

honeyjade_ondoy on September 08, 2010:

i am happy and at the same time proud because i able to read and have more knowledge about our Lumads brother and sister.it is true that ethics history was quiet not interesting topic, but we should know it because we are all filipino and we should know the history of our fellowmen.Lumads are people who don't have proper clothes and house and that cause us to judge them but they were all human and should respect them. noong una we judge them because of their lock of information but now wala ako masabi.oo,some of them kulang ng edukasyon but generation to generation goes by they have improved now a days.they have their proper live, they have already grown up they adopt what the the generation trying to say to them.yeah, they were so very late for our computer generation but they are so welling to learn any thing.

i am saluted them.

dejolde grace c. on September 08, 2010:

Actually this kind of people was not written in other history books and now Im happy that this kind of people has given a chance to be read by those people who don"t about this kind of people. You know I am proud of this Lumads people because they are on the process of development.Like for example education, years ago this kind of people ever since was uneducated but now they tried their best that they can be a part of those who are educated with the help of our gov't too. Guyz you know despite with their culture if you really know if who they really are you can really say that Lumads were good persons. There were many kinds of Lumads that are still existing in our country nowadays.And I know some of them because in our place there were so called Lumads specifically Mamanwa people. They are now on the process of development.ANd I really admire them. They were already change their attitudes na nakaugalian nila noon.Hindi na sila yong mga tao na katulad noon na kung saan may kainan nandon, ibabg iba na sila dahol sa tulong ng ating gobyerno too.

Mohammad Siraji M. AbdelGafur on September 08, 2010:

Oh really? is this existing right now? wow!.

i am so amaze with their beliefs. But i think i can't live with their Beliefs. If i were them. hehe. i cant believe that even if we are modernize already, there are a lot of people who are following what their culture is. But i respect their believe. i/we cannot blame them...

SEC. MN2 History3

Yasser Hadj A. on September 06, 2010:

Yasser Z. Hadji Abdullah

History 3 – Xx2

The article sir give information to me that Tigkalasan is a member of what is now called the Lumads but internationally they are known as Indigenous Peoples. Among indigenous people, it tickle me much that from my conclusion it means even more reclaiming one’s heritage and territory to be able to achieve a life that is full of meaning which includes the right to indigenous governance and self-determination. It is very significant and share new knowledge to me about their life.

garry dela cruz on September 06, 2010:

Our lumad groups in our country have a different and artistic culture that we should know , we must proud of their culture in which it gave us an idea how they lived..we must recognized their contribution in preserving the culture of country espicially in Mindanao..In history we can learn and know many things about our culture..history is our only reference in knowing all the past of our country..

rhaw on September 06, 2010:

ahmad aiman batuampar hist3-PQ2

after reading this context i realize how artistic are the native of the Philippines. it just say that the Filipinos are very artistic because even their teeth they put some colors. it is good to hear that we still have this kind of people living in our country. history helps a lot to us because it will give us information about our past and our native people and way of living. it is a good news that one of these indigenous people are living in Mindanao.

DragonEyE on September 06, 2010:

ahhh... at last...

upon reading these article of yours SirGanz... i have so many things... it really pays the time i have spent in reading your articles... and for a long while waiting is really a worthwhile..

John Jerry D. Pacheco

Hist.3 Xx2

nafiah_789 from Iligan city on September 06, 2010:

it is amazing that despite of our modernized world, there is still group of people whom where we can reflect our pre-historic way of living. it's like preserving our past. just like what sir had written in the above article, "these Indigenous knowledge about the things around them is so admirable that we cannot imagine hoe thy were able to exist in the harshness of the jungle life.". its hard to live in a wild environment especially if you know a little about it. but for these(Tigkalasan Tribe) people, they can easily adapt to their environment thinking of their semi-nomadic life. but it is sad to know that they have to leave one place to another for the fear that the culture of palagsulat will destroy their traditions. another is only few people know and meet them but thanks to this article(Tigkalasan), everyone now will know and will cherish them...

Nafiah L. Macagaan Hist3-Xx2

Leonard Lo-oc on September 06, 2010:

To tell you frankly sir, i learned lot of information from you. Even though your articles are too long but i do not get bored nor tired in reading it because through with it, i learned more. Interrelation to the topic that you have published, i am amazed to the historical background of the indigenous people. i believed that the indigenous people really deserve to attain their rights and i agree that they wanted to preserve their identity.

Marni Ellazo on September 06, 2010:

I greatly appreciate this article,for the reason that it gives us more knowledge about Tiglasan or what we called indigenous people in Mindanao.Some histories about the origin of some indigenous tribes,their customs and beliefs and their behaviors.

xuxii on September 05, 2010:

It is really good to hear that there are indigenous

people. I admire them for they protect their own

culture, identities and customs.

I wish I could see them in future and talk to them or

even in a picture so I can have an idea what they look

like and how they dress. This articles really sounds

interesting for me.

Sushmita Alaba Xx2

Adilao on September 05, 2010:

Adilao,Abdul Baset

Hist3 Uu1

It quite interesting on reading it and it gives further information about the Tigkalasan. .

hariette on September 05, 2010:

I admit. I'm so close to that certain place where this Indigenous people can be found. (I'm from Compostela Valley). And In fact, in our place (Nabunturan) there exist Lumads too. But they are not too visibe in our eyes because our focus is not into them cause we are not in the past times, we are in the modern world. My question, who are those people would get interest to those indigenous people who are so out of place in the modern world. Ofcourse I think only a few of us.

I salute such indigenous people. I never thought that in this such modern world. There are persons like them who do exists!. In these coming years i wish I can encounter them in one-one-one talk. I have some questions that bothers my mind. for an instance; Are there any deeper reasons why do they keep their culture?, And also if I were given a chance I'd like to see their way of living. How it differ to our way of living and what are the advantages and disadvantages having their culture..

Thats all.

Sorry, if there are technical errors..

I'm kind a sleepy.. hehe

Good day!

sharzi_nogan on September 05, 2010:

Good thing about history is that it gives us information about the past and we'll know what we don't know. Just like this article the first time i read the title i was wondering what it is then as i read about it I've known that Tigkalasan id one of the Indigenous People in Mindanao. But sad to say that now they were lost in time. However, i still found myself appreciating their culture. Hoping that the other Indigenous People won't be lost as time goes by not and still they have their own unique culture.

sharzi_nogan on September 05, 2010:

Good thing about history is that it gives us information about the past and we'll know what we don't know. Just like this article the first time i read the title i was wondering what it is then as i read about it I've known that Tigkalasan id one of the Indigenous People in Mindanao. But sad to say that now they were lost in time. However, i still found myself appreciating their culture. Hoping that the other Indigenous People won't be lost as time goes by not and still they have their own unique culture.

DOMATO, JOHARA GURO on September 05, 2010:

It’s a good thing that they are one of those unique group of people, being an indigenous people... It’s nice that they have preserved their own culture, customs, beliefs, and even their own identity or what so called as their characteristics as a group.

On their belief about death, it’s not good for them to migrate every time there’s a dead person. What if there’s a consecutive death among them? What are they going to do? It’s a big hindrance for them to evacuate their places and transfer to another… but then, it’s their own belief and customs and we must respect it whatever things they’ve used to do…

Even though they are away or separated from another groups, they have their own way of preserving and developing their own indigenous knowledge… it’s nice because they have something to be proud of…

DOMATO, JOHARA GURO

HISTORY3-Vv1

Kissa Claire on September 04, 2010:

Maata, KIssa Claire J. - History3 Vv1

It is good to know that there are still ethnic groups or indigenous people existed here in Philippines nowadays. These people have a great part in the society because they show the cultures of the Philippines. And knowing their history is really difficult but I think its interesting, fun and challenging.

jhenroz on September 04, 2010:

jennifer ross l. talaroc

hist3 Vv1

We all know that Philippines is inhabited with different numbers of ethnic groups. Some of them may be familiar to you, some may not. And with this article, Mr. Ganancial mainly tackled about the Tiglakasan of Eastern Bukidnon(and Western Agusan del Sur). And this certain cultural group totally caught my attention for everything about them is unique and amazing. From their customs and traditions down to their people. Their story and existence prove to us that geographical conditions isn't really a hindrance for a group to survive.

najerahgomaos on September 04, 2010:

Ethnic history is somehow interesting for me, the indigenous people which are the Tigkalasan has a unique culture. They are friendly people with simple needs in life. The things around them is so pleasurable inspite of the cruelness of jungle life.

TIGKALASAN exist! :))

AMYBETH G. CARNICER XX2-hist.3 on September 03, 2010:

Filipino culture we all know is abundant with different ethnic tribes and indigenous people. One good example might be the Tigkalasan. If you are going to dig deeper to learn and explore their ethnicity, they are very much abundant with qualitities thatit takes to be considered as Filipino.their way of living, a true reflection of a strong and cant just be disputed tribe, ther are very solid compared to others. Even decades, centuries will pass, still their existence may turn out to certain legacy and history to Philippine culture.

almirah sarip on September 02, 2010:

This article is very too long but it was interested to read.I become interested to read it because of it's origin,their politics and economy,their religion and their culture.Now,I know that Tigkalasan is one of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao called the lumads.They are very simple and they help each other.I like the way they live.Now I like them because they are so friendly...

Thanks for the information about tigkalasan sir..

Almirah R. Sarip History 3-Vv1

grechille on September 02, 2010:

HMMMP. . this tigkalakasan were not yet discover by other people . . .I'm amaze with there group and I love there way of living.

junemarc124 on September 01, 2010:

sir i really amaze when i read your context about tigkalasan i was surprise that as of now there are some people who was not yet discovered and you prove it, maybe there were more tribe does not exist in urban area but they are just hiding in a place which we did not discover yet.

June Marc Yangao Meradores

History 3

Xx2

RizPSunio from Mindanao State University, Marawi City, Philippines on August 31, 2010:

It's such a good thing to be modernized and just go with the flow of the new century.

However, it's also quite sad to know that History is being forgotten...

RizPSunio from Mindanao State University, Marawi City, Philippines on August 31, 2010:

It's such a good thing to be modernized and just go with the flow of the new century.

However, it's also quite sad to know that History is being forgotten...

marwan16 on August 31, 2010:

TIGKALASAN is one of a kind!

they are really unique in many ways. specially in their kind of living. sir is really lucky that he was able to intermingle with the culture of these Indigenous Peoples.

amidst of the their nativity, they still find their selves in having their original culture.

Marwan Jaafar of history3 Xx2.

mariane12 from msu main on August 31, 2010:

good day sir!:)

while reading the article, i was so astonished that there exists another group of indigenious people of lumads but still is able to survive despite their lack of modernization.

as what the article states that though they are primitive , the Tigkalasan displayed a culture unique than the others. They are friendly people with simple needs in life.

they have their own political system, their own set of beliefs and practices. they are also responsible enough for the provision of their daily needs.

see? despite their so called feeling of inferioty to others, they still stand and prove their identity.

~Rosemariane Grace A. Mission

history3 Xx2

almirah sarip on August 30, 2010:

This article is very too long but it was interested to read.I become interested to read it because of it's origin,their politics and economy,their religion and their culture.Now,I know that Tigkalasan is one of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao called the lumads.They are very simple and they help each other.I like the way they live.Now I like them because they are so friendly...

Thanks for the information about tigkalasan sir..

dejolde grace c. on August 29, 2010:

This topic is very interesting because if I didn't read itwe can't know that this kind of people were still existing nowadays.Its so amazing to think that this kind of people have a different culture from us. Thanks sir for this information because I've got a new lesson now.But actually I like the way they raised their lives because it was so very simple.

ASNAIRA MAINTAL Uu1 on August 26, 2010:

wowwwwww!!! kapuya'g basa uy!!! but at least I have learned a lot...but still I cannot mention it all..yes sir I was amazed on their beliefs that if someone is died on a particular house they will leave it and transfer into another house to start a new life....meaning every time that some of the members of the family is dead they have to find another house to live in!!!

but frankly speaking it is hard to build a new house.... how can they adjust to this kind if situation?

but anyway ....each of us has its respective origin..on how they start living..we should give respect on it....

the lumads have their simple way of living..

I really admire those people who has a simple way of life....

Riselyn PQ2 on August 24, 2010:

I agree of what you say sir about the engage in Indigenous people what ever happened if you become a husband or wife the indigenous peoples is of coursely you are belong them in their tribe.

And yes the indigenous knowledge of those people is what in their knowledge they implanted them a culture to their tribe and that culture is adopted with other Indigenous Peoples in their tribe.

jerielmedija from mindanao state university on August 24, 2010:

At last I'm done reading!huh......

A nice topic to read even tough it seems like you're climbing mountain.

Now I know that there were a lot of tribes in our country! How they live and how they adopt to the environment.Sir,thanks for giving us information.

Indeed,experience is the best teacher as it was portrayed by the Tigkalasan people. I really learned a lot!whew......

JERIEL T. MEDIJA HIST.3 Vv1

july algen baloyos on August 24, 2010:

helo sir???..

..i have a very relaxing time upon reading this article sir...the TIGKALASAN was very fantastic..hmnmp,

.. they are simple, and they have unity...

july algen baloyos history 3-Vv1

jerielmedija from mindanao state university on August 24, 2010:

At last I'm done reading!huh......

A nice topic to read even tough it seems like you're climbing mountain.

Now I know that there were a lot of tribes in our country! How they live and how they adopt to the environment.Sir,thanks for giving us information.

Indeed,experience is the best teacher as it was portrayed by the Tigkalasan people. I really learned a lot!whew......

procy liza from Plaridel,Misamis Occidental,Philippines on August 24, 2010:

"Simplicity is beauty".I like the simplicity of the Tigkalasan people. I can really say that they were really very friendly for they don't leave one another.

tHey were really simple but they have beautiful foundation to one another.

TANTUA, ASGAR D. hist3.Uu1 on August 23, 2010:

According to the UN the IPs must also enjoy the benefits of the declaration of Human Rights.the uniqueness of the groups that the Philippine land offers is much too exemplary and For our country has many different culture and traditions.about tigkalasan i was surprise that as of now there are some people who was not yet discovered and you prove it,

TANTUA, ASGAR D. hist3.Uu1 on August 23, 2010:

According to the UN the IPs must also enjoy the benefits of the declaration of Human Rights.the uniqueness of the groups that the Philippine land offers is much too exemplary and For our country has many different culture and traditions.about tigkalasan i was surprise that as of now there are some people who was not yet discovered and you prove it,

Budiongan, Ethyl on August 23, 2010:

Yeah it is true Sir that this is the first time that all about TIGKALASAN is been posted in the internet. I never search this information in the other networks.

I was shock and at the same time amaze with the existence of the group of people called 'TIGKALASAN'. They have very different culture, traditions and beliefs with the other ethnic groups. I like the way they choose there leader because it is fair. It is not just because of heredity that's why someone will get the position but instead it's about your ability and skills to communicate and lead your people.

anne pauline from marawi city on August 23, 2010:

History is the main source of information .yes is true.

And with this article we learned many things about TIGKALASAN,though it is really hard to read directly cause of network failure but the culture,tradition,origin,and facts that are new to me was really fantastic,and thank you for sharing this one sir.

Nelson Sixto Hallasgo Ganancial (author) from MSU Marawi City on August 22, 2010:

After our trip to the area, in my admiration of nature I dreamed of getting back there someday and have place to stay and enjoy the God given gift of serenity and just nature all around.

Ethel Dyane on August 22, 2010:

History, our collective memory, carefully codified and critically revised makes us social, sharing ideas with others so as to form all sorts of different human groups. Each such group acts as it does largely because a shared ideas and beliefs about the past and about what the past, as understood and interpreted by the group in question, tells about the present probable future.

So it is very important to know the history of every ethnic group in the Philippines. For our country has many different culture and traditions.

Ethel Dyane C. Limbaroc hist3 section Vv1

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