Why Golden Rice Had Been So Popular Till Now ? Have a look !!
Why Golden Rice Had Been So Popular Till Now?
Golden rice is the collective name of rice varieties that are genetically modified to counter vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. European scientists developed the first strain of Golden Rice towards the end of the 1990s.
Many people in developing countries battle against vitamin A deficiency due to an imbalanced diet including limited access to fresh fruit, vegetables and animal products. Persistent deficiency in this vital nutrient can result in blindness, illness and even death. Children are particularly vulnerable. Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of childhood blindness and increases the risk of death from common childhood infections.
Golden rice differs from standard rice in that it contains extra genes. These were added through genetic modification and ensure the production of provitamin A in the rice grains. Provitamin A colors the grains yellow-orange, hence the name ‘Golden Rice’. Once absorbed into the body, provitamin A is converted into vitamin A. Provitamin A is found in many fruits and vegetables; it is also what makes carrots orange, for example ~
The Golden Rice nutritional trait was subsequently crossed into popular local rice varieties, using conventional breeding methods. These new rice varieties are currently being assessed in field trials across Asia. Despite the developers’ humanitarian motives behind Golden Rice, debate rages about these genetically modified (GM) crops, and as yet it remains unclear when Golden Rice shall come on the market.
This document discusses Golden Rice as a potential component of the broad
strategy against vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. Efforts must continue to be made in combating global poverty and promoting a varied diet.
But, for as long as vitamin A deficiency remains a public health problem in several countries, Golden Rice can be of added value.
Rice is the staple food of more than half of the world’s population. Rice grains are rich in carbohydrates and comprise a good source of energy but lack many essential nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals.
For people who barely eat more than a portion of rice a day, those deficiencies can result ~ in serious health problems.
Tackling poverty, the lack of infrastructure and inadequate education are the greatest challenges.
In attaining these goals the enrichment of staple food crops in developing countries can comprise a sustainable way of adding additional nutrients to people’s diets. The development of Golden Rice is the first example of this. This rice contains provitamin A, a substance that the body converts into vitamin A. Golden Rice offers great potential therefore in helping to combat vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. Development of the plant has already made significant progress and meanwhile many varieties exist. The field trials and analyses however demand a great deal of time and regulation surrounding GM crops is stricted. Moreover, Golden Rice also faces opposition that primarily arisesthrough misconceptions. All these different factors mean Golden Rice still hasn’t found its way onto the market.
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It's Quiz Time
For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.
- Golden Rice is Rich in ??
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin B12
- Both 1 and 4
- The variety for golden rice is ....
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin A
Interpreting Your Score
If you got 0 correct answers: Not bad
If you got 1 correct answer: Good
If you got 2 correct answers: Excellent
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