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The Amazing Showman of the 1900's, Florenz Ziegfield

Audrey's career in show business spans 60 years. She directs and stars in musical theater. Read about the man who started it all - Ziegfield

Florenz Ziegfield

Florenz Ziegfield 1932

Florenz Ziegfield 1932

How little the public realizes what a girl must go through before she finally appears before the spotlight that is thrown upon the stage.

Florenz Ziegfeld

The Greatest Showman

His name was synonymous with fame. He searched high and low to find the most beautiful women in the world for his extravaganzas - and found them.

He glorified the American Girl and earned a reputation as one of the greatest showpeople the theater will ever know. His name - Florenz Ziegfeld.

Florenz Ziegfeld

As a little girl, I remember my mother telling me about a famous musical producer who featured the most beautiful girls in the world in his shows. We would sit down, open a magazine, and together, we would "oo" and "ah" as we looked at pictures of these gorgeous girls dressed in lavish costumes.

Soon after, my mother took me to the movies to see a film with all of the gorgeous Ziegfeld girls. I imagined what it would be like to be glamorous with such beautiful clothes.

During my high school years, I offered to write a report on Florenz Ziegfeld and the follies. I started with his birth date, March 15, 1867. I found it interesting that his father, a German immigrant, was talented and educated enough to run a college of music, which allowed him to support his family in a comfortable style.

I had heard of a nightclub called "The Trocadero" from watching television's "I love Lucy," but I didn't realize that Lucille Ball had been a former Ziegfeld girl. I also learned that this nightclub was designed to capitalize on the city's upcoming " World's Fair."

Bert Williams

Bert Williams is famous for being the first black man to star on Broadway.  He was a sensation.

Bert Williams is famous for being the first black man to star on Broadway. He was a sensation.

The First Black Man to Star on Broadway

As I continued my research, I learned something about Ziegfeld that has given me great respect for him. During his production of the 1910 Follies, he hired a talented singer, dancer, and actor named Bert Williams.

Even with numerous protests, Ziegfeld not only hired him to be in his show but cast him along with another great talent, such as Fanny Brice, a key figure in his productions.

Bert Williams was the first black man to co-star on Broadway with white performers. In those days, that was an audacious move to make.

Williams accepted an unprecedented offer to join the Ziegfeld's Follies. The idea of a black-featured performer amid an otherwise all-white show was a shock in 1910. Williams' initial reception was cool, and several cast members delivered an ultimatum to Ziegfeld that Williams be fired. Ziegfeld held firm. "I can replace every one of you except Williams."

The show's writers were slow to devise material for him to perform, forcing Williams to repeat much of his vaudeville act. But by the time the show finally debuted in June, Williams was a sensation.

Lucille Ball - The Most Famous Ziegfeld Girl

Lucille Ball started her career as a Ziegfeld Girl.

Lucille Ball started her career as a Ziegfeld Girl.

Ziegfeld's First Broadway Review

Ziegfeld produced his first Broadway revue along the lines of the Parisian Folies Bergere. The show opened on July 8, 1907, at the New York Theater's rundown Roof Garden and was not the best of settings.

Ziegfeld had a fantastic talent for production details and a sense of knowing what an audience wanted in a show. The winning combination of a creative visual spectacle, topical comedy, and beautiful girls was a huge success.

Florenz soon realized the potential of box office earnings making big profits.

Ziegfeld knew none of the traditional theatrical arts and techniques. He did not compose music, nor could he write, design, or direct. But he knew how to showcase the female form to its best advantage and always insisted on the best talent and materials regardless of cost.

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This combination empowered him to redefine theatrical glamour and professionalism.

Marion Davies, Ziegfeld Girl and Movie Star, 1924

Marion Davies, popular film star, and former Ziegfeld girl.

Marion Davies, popular film star, and former Ziegfeld girl.

Marion Davies Former Ziegfeld Girl

Marion Davies was born Marion Cecilia Douras in the year 1897. She appeared in both film and Broadway Musicals.

Newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst (Hearst Castle) managed her career and financed her pictures. The two had an intense romantic relationship, and during Hearst's last years, Davies provided financial and emotional support.

After his death, she married Horace G. Brown. Davies died in 1961 at the age of 64 from stomach cancer.

Davies was involved with charity work during her later years. In 1952, she donated $1.9 million to establish a children's clinic at UCLA, which was named for her. In 1998 the clinic's name was changed to The Mattel Children's Hospital.

She founded the "Marion Davies Foundation" to help fight childhood diseases.

Billie Burke, Glinda, in The Wizard of Oz

Billie Burke is best remembered for her role as Glinda in The Wizard of Oz.

Billie Burke is best remembered for her role as Glinda in The Wizard of Oz.

Billie Burke "The Toast of Broadway"

Another Ziegfeld girl, Billie Burke, is now immortalized forever for her role as the good witch in the classic movie, "The Wizard of Oz."

Married to Ziegfeld for 18 years, he always had her photo on the show's playbill.

Billie Burke (Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke) grew up in the circus, touring the United States and Europe. Her father was the internationally famous clown Billie Burke, who came to the United States with the P.T. Barnum circus.

The Follies Thrive

The fabulous Ziegfeld Follies featured such stars as singer Eddie Cantor, comics W.C Fields and Ed Wynn, and the rope-twirling humorist Will Rogers.

The art deco look used in the follies from films was an intelligent move by Ziegfeld's set designer, Joseph Urban. This particular look goes hand-in-hand with the beautiful girls and many stars featured in his productions and movies.

There is no doubt that the key to the Follies' success was Ziegfeld himself. In an interview, he explained his approach: "Details are what makes a show's personality. I hunt for chances to put in a laugh or take out a slow bit. I keep my shows combed, polished, and groomed."

Ziegfeld was a demanding boss, but he drove himself harder than anyone else in his drive to make each of his revues an audience pleaser.


I have only presented a minimal look into Florenz Ziegfeld and his ground-breaking Ziegfeld Follies.

My hope is that he will not only be appreciated but also that he may never be forgotten.

Thank you, Mr. Ziegfeld.

They all hope I will go broke and I wouldn't like to cause them displeasure.

Florenz Ziegeld


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2010 Audrey Hunt


Robert Sacchi on February 21, 2019:

Congratulations, great going. I'm glad for you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 21, 2019:

Hi Robert,

I'm living my dream! It turned out that music has been the love of my life. I dreamed of being a music teacher with compassion and inspiration for my students on all levels. I dreamed of becoming a professional pianist and earn a good living. I dreamed of singing for cruise lines, television, all genres of entertainment. I have fulfilled every one of these.

I also, dreamed that one day I would write a motivating, instructional book about singing...I'm presently working on this with one of the best editors in the business.

Thanks for asking me this question. I'd about forgotten I did all this while raising 3 children as a single mother.

Who'd a thought!

Robert Sacchi on February 15, 2019:

How far did you pursue the dream?

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 15, 2019:


It's so nice to see you here. This period of entertainment fascinates me. I remember times when my mother would show me pictures of the Ziegfield girls in all their beauty posted in glamor magazines. I dreamed of being one. So much for that particular dream. Thanks Robert

Robert Sacchi on January 31, 2019:

Thank you for posting. You connected many of the dots in the American entertainment industry in the early part of the 20th century.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on December 31, 2012:

Hello Robert - I am overjoyed to see you here. It's been awhile since I've seen a comment here:)

Imagine - your stepdaughter's great aunt being a Ziegfeld girl! Marvelous. Thanks so much for sharing this and I know now how the fountain of youth works.:)

rOBERT hEWETT SR. from Louisville, Kentucky on December 31, 2012:

Great story, my stepdaughter's great aunt was a Ziefeld girl as a dancer and comedienne. She toured with Bob Hope in WWII. At age 60 she looked to be 30. She taught me a finger exercise to keep your hands numble and it works. She lived to be 98, her real name was Isabelle

Gannon, but she went by many stage names. Thanks for sharing this info.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 19, 2011:

Why, thank you Teresa! And welcome - it is so very nice to see you here. My mom also loved and introduced me to the follies. I am so glad you find my articles enjoyable to read. I think I will now, visit one of yours. :)

eventsyoudesign from Nashville, Tennessee on June 19, 2011:

My mom loved the Follies. We use to watch old movies together often. Your articles are enjoyable and easy to read. Teresa

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 15, 2011:

jayababy - Thank you, my new friend for the kind comments and for voting up!

jayababy from Visakhapatnam on June 12, 2011:

B'ful pics and very informative article. Voted up.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on February 13, 2011:

Dolores - The Follies were absolutely amazing, with the combination of Great scenic sets (which Hollywood borrowed), wonderful music, talent and of course the most beautiful girls in the world!

Dolores Monet from East Coast, United States on January 30, 2011:

I remember my aunt telling me about the Ziegfeld Follies - I bet they were wonderful shows, all that great old music and the gorgeous costumes!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on December 21, 2010:

Micky...thanks for reading this. I, too love history. You have a wonderful holiday season and remember who loves 'ya baby!

Micky Dee on December 14, 2010:

Very nice vocalcoach! I love history. I never knew "Lucy" was a "ziefield girl". Thank you for this entertaining history!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 28, 2010:

Great additional information on ziegfeld. Thanks so much for sharing it with us. Love the story about your friends distant cousin. I believe that during that period, woman were preferred with a little more weight on their bones.Thank you for making my hub more interesting with your comments.

Joanna McKenna from Central Oklahoma on October 27, 2010:

I *had* to comment on this hub because I happen to be researching a book on a friend's distant cousin who claimed to have been not only an early Follies girl, but the "original Follies Peacock Girl"! Depending on which version of her bio one reads, she was either in the 1907 or 1916 Follies. Well, I combed Follies sites and the theatre pages of old NY newspapers and she **was** in the chorus of the 1916 Follies, but was cut after 3 performances. Not one to let fact get in the way of ambition, she used that brief stint in the Follies to snag two millionaire husbands and after the second one died, to open her own nightclub in Florida in which she performed nightly almost until the day she died at age 74.

Anyway, along the way I learned much about Follies girls and what Flo Ziegfeld looked for when choosing them. They had to be not only beautiful and talented but intelligent, could not have dyed hair or a "whiney" speaking voice, and *at least* a size 14. One girl recalled nearly being fired because Ziegfeld noticed she'd lost a few pounds. She had to put the weight back on - and quickly! - to keep her job! He understood that men and women alike came to the Follies not only to be entertained but to see Perfection Personified, and toward that end spent what even today would be considered astronomical sums to provide it.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 22, 2010:

hello, hello - It is great that you found my hub interesting and informative. I always look forward to your comments. Blessings to you, my friend.

Nell Rose from England on October 12, 2010:

Hi, this was interesting, I do recognise some of the names but I didn't know what from, thanks for this really interesting piece, I love learning something new about a vague name I remember from when I was younger, rated up, loved it, thanks nell

Hello, hello, from London, UK on October 12, 2010:

Very interesting. I never knew all of the information you put in there. Thank you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 12, 2010:

Sandyspider - Thanks for your comment Sandy and for taking time to stop by. Love your hubs!

Sandy Mertens from Wisconsin, USA on October 12, 2010:

Nice tribute to the Zigfield Follies. I have seen them on TV. Very talented women.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 11, 2010:

william F. Torpey - They don't make them like that anymore and that is for sure. Ziegfeld gave so many great artists their start. Thanks for your comments William - my best to you, my friend.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 11, 2010:

dallas93444 - Thank you for your comment - appreciate your time and very nice to see you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on October 11, 2010:

drbj - I have "Funny Girl" on DVD and had to have it after watching Streisands outstanding role as Fanny Brice. I feel that her acting is every bit as good as her amazing voice. In my opinion, she still reigns as "Queen of the Female Voice". Thank you for enjoying the hub and tribute to Ziegfeld. My very best to you.

drbj and sherry from south Florida on October 11, 2010:

An amazing tribute to Ziegfeld - an amazing impresario. Thank you for your research and interesting information. Did you ever see the film, "Funny Girl," with Barbra Streisand? She portrays Fanny Brice and it was one of her most memorable acting roles.

Dallas W Thompson from Bakersfield, CA on October 11, 2010:

A legacy... thanks for sharing.

William F Torpey from South Valley Stream, N.Y. on October 11, 2010:

Nice tribute to Florenze Ziegfeld, vocal coach. He sure could recognize great talent. They don't come much better than Eddie Cantor, Lucille Ball, Fanny Brice, Bert Williams, Billie Burke, W.C. Fields, Ed Wynn and Will Rogers -- not to mention the beautiful girls of the Follies. Thumbs up!

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