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Effective Ways to Deal With Psychosis

Author Wynter seeks to find accommodating answers to psychosocial stressors by doing extensive research and interviewing therapists.

“He walked out in the gray light and stood and he saw for a brief moment the absolute truth of the world.” – Cormac McCarthy –

the-stigma-behind-psychosis

What is a Psychotic Episode?

Psychosis is when you lose contact with reality; it includes hallucinations, delusions, and confused thoughts. The term hallucinating refers to seeing, hearing, or otherwise sensing the presence of things that do not exist, while delusions happen when a person has an unbendable belief in something that is untrue. they can be symptoms of a severe mental illness and signs of deeper problems, albeit it is commonly associated with schizophrenia, nevertheless, it is linked to many other mental illnesses, the side effects of medications, and substance abuse. In this article, I am focusing on the concept of psychologically induced psychotic episodes.

Experiencing Hallucinations.

A hallucination experience is a horrifying one, it is when your mind creates sensory experiences that appear to be real, but they are not, it may affect your vision, sense of smell, taste, hearing, or bodily sensations. It is important to keep its symptoms under control, or else it would be debilitating and life-threatening, one could say that visual hallucinations are the most terrifying while auditory symptoms are the most bothering and provoking; visual elements could include narratives that are very disturbing for one to take, it is not just about seeing patterns or colors only, it is deeper than this, it changes your perspective, our minds are very complex, they complete missing information, and with the absence of an external stimulus and the presence of a catalyst for it to misbehave, it will misbehave. People report losing the sense of reality to the point where dimensions differ, objects melt, colors become vibrant, outlines fade or become bolder, and people or strange figures appear out of nowhere; the environment theme completely varies from one person to another but depending on several psychological and external factor the experience can be mild or terrifying to a substantial degree, the auditory hallucinations could include benign or insulting voices, but either way they are both unwelcome, voices critique things that happen throughout the day like choices you have made and your behavior during social interactions, they tell you to do things based on their own beliefs and personality, and yes they can have their different personalities, they could blame you and mock you, it most definitely is an unpleasant experience to go through. Tactile, olfactory and gustatory are less severe than the visual and auditory ones, but they are not easy to live with either, they are often difficult to describe, their disturbance is mediated, and, therefore, whether they are hallucinatory or not, it is debatable and hard to be marked.

The false memories aspect is something you don’t want to experience, it is one of the most dangerous aspects of psychosis as it bends the narrative of your storyline randomly and has a great impact on your actions, furthermore will be discussed in the delusions part, but it is crucial to recognize that it is firmly integrated with hallucinations.


Experiencing Delusions.

Delusions and daydreams are characterized as fixed deceptions that conflict with reality. Despite opposite proof, an individual in a delusional state can't relinquish these convictions. False beliefs like bizarrely believing that your thoughts are being transmitted to others, someone is planting thoughts in your head, or grandiosely believing that you have certain special powers and that you have exceptional abilities and paranoid beliefs such as that someone is out there to get you having malicious intent.

False memories include believing that something has happened but in reality it never took place, your mind could create fake memories, they become implanted in your head, and you could think that you or someone else have done something that never happened, by which it interferes profoundly with your thoughts and your connections with others.

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The Stigma of Psychosis.

Stigma is a type of social unfairness that adds to the onset of psychosis in various mental illnesses, it defers treatment fulfilment, advances social detachment, stress, and maladaptive coping behaviors, and puts people with this condition at a higher wager of a more serious disease course, Mental illnesses are crippling problems that expect admittance to reasonable consideration that is proof-based, conscious, and empathic. Coordinating these elements can diminish side effects while simultaneously promoting helpful social contact. Psychosis is one of the most misunderstood aspects of mental disorders in culture, it is frequently written off with degrading myths. The shortcomings of our communities to prevent further stigmatization of this illness has continued this disparaging view and has harmed numerous patients with such condition, some people doubt this instability till now. There are individuals today who need consideration yet are not getting it because of cultural perspectives, those who experience the ill effects of the sickness can likewise stigmatize themselves in what is called the internalized stigma; where one believes they are flawed and think negatively about themselves, this hurtful philosophy can set off backslides and can make those with the disease take a more regrettable course than they were at before. Nonetheless, to stop the disgrace against psychosis, we should bring these issues to light and raise awareness of it.

Treatment options.

Before we discuss how to deal with an episode, it is important to consider how to reduce its possibility in the first place by seeking the right treatment, one of the first options of course include antipsychotic medicines, However, they're not suitable for everyone, as side effects differ from a person to another, for example, people with epilepsy and cardiovascular disease may be unfit to stand this medication, another option is Cognitive behavioral therapy, the therapist may encourage you to consider different ways of understanding what is happening to you and help you regain balance in life, Family intervention concerns exploring different ways of supporting someone with psychosis, it works by planning forward along with the family how to manage future episodes, one can also make use of self-help groups where they discuss similar experiences and support each other.

What to do if you Experience an Episode?

To take control over the situation whenever you experience an episode, you should always recognize the triggers that lead to them in the first place; stress is the leading factor of an episode, and it is important to understand how you could control your stress and be in a good mood, you should always give mindfulness meditation a try to slow down your racing thoughts. Still, if you happen to know that you are experiencing one you should see a GP immediately if you are experiencing symptoms and you are aware of it. Till then you should limit the people around you with your trust circle before the episode amplifies, it is important to inform them that you are not feeling well and that you need their support.

What to do if Someone Experiences an Episode?

Avoid arguing with the person about their delusions as it might frustrate them, they will be extremely fixed and difficult to change, you should try to calm things down, reduce any possibility of stressors, and have fewer people around the person, be aware that they may be aggressive so do not take it personally. Try not to become frustrated with how they are acting; connect with them and understand what they are going through on a deeper level, and of course, you should take them to GP immediately to be treated as soon as possible.

Poll.

General Bibliography.

- Hoftman, Gil Dov “The Burden of Mental Illness Beyond Clinical Symptoms: Impact of Stigma on the Onset and Course of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.” American Journal of Psychiatry Residents'.

- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5 (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. 2013.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2022 Wynter Northfield

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