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The Study of Linguistics

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches communication and education courses in a HEI. She enjoys reading and travelling.

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The Concepts of Language

Glottochronology studies the pace of change in linguistic vocabularies. Language changes our minds and hearts. We are what we think and feel; we can make it happen by planning and working. Time and effort are needed. Better communication is needed. Vocabulary growth improves communication.
New words improve language. It helps us harness the power of our words. Words are powerful when used correctly. Some of these important new words are "Logophile" describes word lovers. "Metanoia" means profound transformation in mind, heart, and life. "Lollygag" means to waste time. People from diverse communities and cultures create new terms. There's a proper word for every message.

This research measures how long two related languages developed separately. Language evolves. They're cultural and natural. Comparing vocabulary similarities and differences statistically. The notion is that languages evolve at different rates. It's similar to Carbon-14 dating. From word origins to word change rates.

Carbon-14 dating is used to date organic objects that exchanged carbon dioxide with the environment. All living creatures absorb carbon from their environment and nourishment. After death, they stop absorbing, but radioactive carbon decays. Constant carbon-14 isotope. Carbon-14 in a sample estimates age. Compared to the worldwide standard.

What is really Language?

Linguistics, as defined by Merriam Webster, is the study of human speech, encompassing the components, the nature, the structure, and the alterations of language.
The skill of controlling human behavior involves regulating language, which is at the core of human connection. The general administration of language itself is governed by a number of rules and distinct techniques. In each of these streams, there exist extended and specialized branches.
The study of word production is known as morphology.
The study of word meaning is called semantics.
The study of word grammar is known as syntax.
The study of word sounds is known as phonology.

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How Linguistics helps us comprehend word origin, historical meaning, and present relevance

Language is composed of symbols and sound. Letterwriting. Words' letter patterns. Pronunciation. Sentence construction using words. Ruled. Word meanings. The linked phrases communicate a message, and the communication channel follows a course.
Proof drives science. To do so, we need a theory and specific rules to perform an experiment. The outcomes determine whether the hypothesis is practicable. Practicing if so. Not all theories are confirmed, thus they stay in the scientific world. Art is a kind of expression that includes geometry, color combinations, and spoken images. Art isn't just abstraction and randomness; there's a technique behind it. Art is a science there. Linguistics is an art and science at this point, depending on convergence and divergence. This depends on social contact, cultural interchange, political influence, and economic demand.
Culture informs language. Global communities nourish culture discreetly. Language is used to transmit culture between individuals and societies. Language expresses our thoughts and feelings. Sounds teach kids. Gesture is a universal language. Ancients used signs, symbols, and noises to communicate. No trend emerged. Human evolution changed everything. Even animals communicate via Onomatopoeia. It's a sound-alike term. Meow-Meow, Woff-Woff, Croak, Cuckoo, Babble, Gurgle, Mumble, Splash, Sizzle. Speaking animals and birds exist. Symbols and signs exist. Natural Selection and gene mutation develop humans. Humans speak Natural Language.

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the-science-of-linguistics

How Mufwene relates language to biological species in his work

Computers comprehend languages. These are English-written programming languages with their own symbols and rules. Code must pass the compiler or indicate syntax error. Syntax determines language rules. Machine Learning refers to both human and machine-learned languages. Not natural languages. AI is discussed with human natural intelligence. Machines' thoughts and emotions. Emojis exist. Words and visuals clash. Netizens speak emoticons. Words can't fully express our emotions. Animating and sensualizing communication requires combining pictures and words.
Various cultures give the same-sounding term different meanings. A polite term in Japan may be disrespectful in Korea. A somber statement in America may be harsh in Britain. Like human DNA, languages have altered over thousands of years. Americans don't have their own language and adopted English as their main language, however Spanish remains the most dominant. British and American English vary. Noah Webster created America's dictionary. Americans spoke simply. The spoken and written forms differed. Example: color to center. They trimmed the fat, colored, and centered it. British colonization extended English throughout continents and countries. This is how India, with hundreds of languages across states, became a nation of English speakers. China's language dominates the country, a worldwide leader. Japan's native tongue dominates the country, a global leader. Russia is a worldwide leader and speaks Russian. France and Spain were explorers and ruled numerous nations. French and Spanish are popular second languages in many nations.
Exploration, culture, and language spread together. Europe has travelled the world and left its imprint wherever it reigned. Learning languages opens the door to a new culture. We value each culture's varied living and thinking.

How Language Shapes Our Thought

© 2022 Ruby Campos

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