Amazing to learn the secrets of past cultures and their cultures
Discovery Of The Rosetta Stone
It is easy to understand the fascination of the history of Egypt with its pyramids, mummies, and pharaohs. The mysteries of their past discovered and excavated treasures beyond belief. In 1779, Napoleon invaded Egypt to protect French trade and undermine the British access to India and the West Indies. The French wanted control of the commercial and agricultural business.
Napoleon was interested in Egypt and its culture, so he brought 160scholors along with his army to record and sketch monuments of every kind and to collect art and artifacts of interest.
One of Napoleon's soldiers, Pierre Bouchard, was digging for a foundation when he unearthed a stone measuring four feet tall. It appeared to have been built into a wall and written in three different languages, which no one could decipher. It was called the Rosetta Stone from the city it was discovered.
Napoleon failed to gain control as the British were the victors. Even though Napoleon was defeated in seeking power, his discoveries were why the world owes him a debt of gratitude for discovering the Rosetta Stone. The British demanded Napoleon turn over everything they had collected, including the Rosetta. The French refused the request insisting they keep their journals and drawings, and the British finally agreed on this point. The Rosetta Stone was shipped to the British Museum.
Facts of The Rosetta Stone
Here are a few facts about the stone:
- The stone was carved in 196 B.C.
- There are three different languages on the stone
- The upper is Hieroglyphs with 14 lines, language of the priests
- The middle is Demito, with 32 lines, the language of the common folk
- The lower is ancient Greek, with 53 lines,
- The stone is the most visited at the British Museum
- The decoding opened the opportunity to understand Egypt
- The last known use of hieroglyphs was in 396 A.D.
- Jean Francois Champollion is credited with breaking the code
- Thomas Young played a significant part in breaking the code
Egypt wants the Rosetta Stone back
Jean-Francois Champollion was born in 1790 and died in 1832. He is credited with breaking the code of the hieroglyphics, although Thomas Young (1773-1829) did play a considerable part. Unfortunately, Champollion never acknowledges Young's role. Instead, both men spent years as rivals haggling over their discoveries, never sharing. It would take twenty years before the code was finally broken in 1828. Champollion would become known as the Father of Egyptology.
It was now possible to read the 3000 years of Egyptian history and culture, thanks to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone.
Because the French insisted on the journals of Napoleon's scholars recording all the details of their discoveries along with the illustrations and artifacts. They should be allowed to preserve their findings; it was to be Napoleon's order that the scholars publish the collective material in the book The Descriptions of Egypt. When it was completed sometime later, it would be in twenty-two volumes, including nine books of text, thirteen plates, illustrations, and maps.
What Did The Rosetta Stone Say
The Rosetta Stone, in each of the three languages, was a decree written in 196 B.C. by a council of priests who spoke about the noble deeds of King Ptolemy V, the gifting of gifts to the temples, and tax reductions, and the restoration of peace to Egypt. Then the decree was copied onto other large stones and placed in the temples of Egypt.
The inscription included several points of interest, among them were:
- gifts of money and endowments to the temples
- Remission of half taces to the government
- Absolution of half taxes
- Forgiveness of debts owed by the people to the government
- Release of prisoners languishing in the goals
- Reduction of fees by candidates for the priesthood
- Forgiveness of debts owed by the priests
Without the decoding of the hieroglyphics, the history and culture of Egypt might never have been known.
Hieroglyphics was invented in 3100 B.C. using pictorials. The word hieroglyphic comes from the Greek 'holy' and glypho', meaning writing.
The Software Fabricius: From Tech To Education
Google has released a breakthrough software program called "Fabricius" to decode and translate hieroglyphic writings. Anyone can type a message and receive a hieroglyphic translation. This program is a way for everyone to study and enjoy ancient hieroglyphics.
A program is an AI-driven tool that allows translations of over 800 hieroglyphics available in both English and Arabic.