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The Presidency of Jimmy Carter

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter (b. 1924) was the 39th President of the United States (1977-1981). Carter was an obscure, former governor of Georgia when he was selected by the Democratic Party in 1976 as its candidate for the presidency. He had been recruited and packaged by a brilliant advertising executive from Atlanta, Gerald Rafshoon.

Jimmy Carter operated a peanut farm that he had inherited. He was formerly a naval officer and nuclear engineer. He was a Baptist Sunday school teacher who proudly claimed to have been "born again." He was modest and wholesome. He displayed folksy charm.

It seemed inevitable that a Democrat would win the 1976 presidential election. One leader of that party said, "We could run an aardvark this year and win." Carter barely won the election over the weakest incumbent in history, Gerald Ford, by 40,828,587 votes to 39,147,613.

Jimmy Carter became the first president from the Deep South since 1849. He liked to be called "Jimmy," and ran as a political outsider whose inexperience would be an asset. Carter's political hero was Woodrow Wilson. His best campaign phrase was "I will never tell a lie to the American people."







The 1976 Election

By 1976, some Leftists in America were openly advocating Socialism. They favored nationalization of industry and large businesses; and wanted huge income tax increases to provide every person with government housing, transportation, and health care.

Liberal intellectuals thought America needed a complete overhaul to be remade in the image of Europe. Some believed that America should emulate Japan. Most wanted the Constitution amended to fundamentally transform American government into a European parliamentary style where the same party (the Democratic Party, of course) would control the Congress along with the Presidency.

Liberal intellectuals did not want to be bothered by having to explain their ideas to the People, and thereby gain popular support for their programs. They wanted an all-powerful central government with their opponents disempowered, and the nation run by bureaucrats who make laws called regulations without answering to the electorate.

But some Democrats already saw the pernicious effects of the Social Liberal agenda. Barbara Jordan—the first African-American elected to the Texas Senate after reconstruction, and the first Southern black woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives—said at the 1976 Democratic Convention these prescient words: "This is the great danger America faces; that we will cease to be one nation and become instead a collection of interest groups. . . . Each seeking to satisfy private wants."

Jimmy Carter was a hard working, practical man, who had a good grasp of complex legislation and administration. His campaign stressed his personal integrity. Carter made vague promises couched in comforting language that avoided offending any voting bloc, and in fact made most groups feel like he agreed with them.

Jimmy Carter remains the only American president to ever sit for an interview with Playboy magazine. Carter admitted to "feeling lust in his heart." The interviewer, Robert Scheer, tried to make a fool of Carter; to portray him as a fanatic who wanted to impose his religion on the masses. Carter performed admirably. He demanded respect for his religion. He made clear that he had compassion for sinners and was tolerant of other beliefs. Carter said it was "ridiculous to think he would run around breaking people's doors down to see if they were fornicating."

President Carter would have the power to accomplish whatever he wanted. He had enormous majorities in both houses of Congress. His first two years in office, the Democrats controlled the Senate 60-37 and the House of Representatives 292-143. During his final two years as president, the margins were reduced but Democrats still had huge advantages of 58-41 in the Senate, and 277-158 in the House.





President Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter scored points with the American people when he walked to his inauguration rather than ride in a limousine. He ended the practice of playing "Hail to the Chief" upon his arrival. In his inaugural address, Carter warned that "even our great nation has its recognized limits. "

Carter started televised "fireside chats" with the citizens in which he wore a cardigan sweater. It was observed that during one such chat—the fire went out. He diagnosed the condition of his constituents this way: "Our people are sick at heart."

President Carter included more women and blacks in his administration than any of his predecessors. In a widely applauded initiative, he launched a new jobs program for unemployed military veterans. Less popular was his grant of amnesty to draft dodgers of the Vietnam War.

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Carter did have one notable achievement in foreign affairs. He brokered a treaty between Israel and Egypt—the Camp David Accords—that brought a fragile peace to the Middle East in 1978. However, the other Arab nations blasted Egypt as a traitor to the Islamic cause.



Foreign Affairs

One of the first moves by President Jimmy Carter was to set up a "human rights" group to operate inside the State Department. Carter based this policy on the Helsinki Accords. While his group worked to enforce human rights among allies of the United States, Communist countries ignored the Helsinki Accords, and in fact arrested any persons who tried to monitor abuses in their countries.

Carter's policy led to the overthrow of an admittedly distasteful regime in Nicaragua. But it was replaced by a Communist, pro-Soviet government—beloved by the liberal American press—that abused human rights on an even larger scale and worked to overthrow every government in Central America.

President Carter's Bureau of Human Rights also alienated Brazil and Argentina. Its core mission seemed to be to harass countries who were our friends. But Carter's human rights campaign did nothing while the Khmer Rouge murdered millions of people on his watch.

President Carter's policies also aided Communist takeovers in Africa, where by the end of his term ten nations were Soviet satellites. Carter's ambassador to the United Nations, Andrew Young, openly supported anti-American, Marxist revolutionaries in the Third World.

Meanwhile, Carter's drunken brother Billy became a paid lobbyist for the staunchly anti-American, terrorism-sponsoring government of Libya, and was subsequently involved in a kickback scandal involving military aircraft.

In an incredibly unpopular move among U.S. citizens, President Carter gave away one of America's most critical assets: the Panama Canal. Nine million Americans sent letters to the president to express their outrage.

President Carter severed diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 1978, as he turned his back on yet another of America's long time friends. The United States did not participate in the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics because the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan in 1979.





The Iranian Crisis

The policies of President Carter led to the overthrow of the Shah of Iran, who was replaced by a group of Muslim terrorists, whose human rights abuses made the Shah look like Mother Teresa. This Carter inspired revolution immediately caused fuel shortages in the United States and enormous increases in fuel costs. OPEC raised oil prices by 50 percent to a new all-time high. Motorists stood in long lines at gas stations, gas rationing reappeared, and 60 percent of America's gas stations had closed because of fuel shortages by June of 1979. The approval rating of President Carter fell to 26 percent—lower than Nixon at his lowest.

Iran was the most dependable ally the United States had in the Middle East, except for Israel. Iran was a stabilizing force on world oil markets and had refused to join in on Arab oil embargoes. Iran was growing economically very rapidly and was perhaps going to catch up with European standards of living within one generation.

But the Shah of Iran had a repressive secret police force that irked the liberals in Jimmy Carter's administration. After Carter took office, the U.S. sharply reduced military and intelligence support. When hardcore Islamists grew increasingly hostile to the Shah's regime, American liberals piled on with their own denunciations of the Shah.

President Carter betrayed the Iranian people. Because of him, a nation that included many defenseless minorities was handed over to a Muslim priesthood with no experience or knowledge of how to govern a nation. 8,000 Iranians were summarily executed, including 23 army generals, 400 army officers, 800 police officers, 600 liberal intellectuals, and 700 supporters of rival Ayatollahs. Churches and synagogues were destroyed, cemeteries desecrated, and shrines demolished.

After the Shah was overthrown, the decline in the standard of living among Iranians was of a scale rarely seen in modern history.

When America's former friend, the Shah of Iran, was allowed to be overthrown, the revolutionaries showed their contempt for America by storming the American Embassy in Tehran and holding the 52 Americans who worked there as hostages. The new leader of Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini, supported this gross violation of diplomatic sovereignty and international law by a frenzied mob.

The American people demanded immediate action. President Carter appealed to the United Nations. Khomeini laughed at its demand for the release of the hostages. Carter finally authorized a commando raid, which failed because funds for Defense had been so gutted that the helicopters didn't work properly and crashed in the desert, killing eight soldiers.

The American hostages were held for 444 days. They were only released after Ronald Reagan was elected the new President of the United States. The Iranians were rightly afraid of Reagan as he was about to open up a can of whoop-ass on them, big-time. The hostages were flown out of Tehran the very day of Reagan's inauguration.



Central Intelligence Agency

President Carter appointed Stansfield Turner the head of the CIA. Turner fired 800 highly experienced operatives in what became known as the Halloween Massacre. Turner and Carter disdained "spies" and covert operations. This purge had long aftereffects worldwide but particularly in the Middle East.

The 1978 book Perjury by Allen Weinstein proved that there were indeed Soviet spies in our own government back in the days of FDR and Truman, including Alger Hiss. The Left had spent decades defending Hiss and maligning Whittaker Chambers, but it ends up Chambers was telling the absolute truth all along. This book forced Americans to reassess the evil intentions of the Soviet Union and it finally demolished much liberal mythology.

New evidence surfaced during the Carter years that worldwide terrorism was being secretly sponsored by the Soviet Union. The KGB was using global terrorism as a tactic to destabilize the West.



Christian Schools

In 1962 and 1963, the Supreme Court of the United States kicked God out of the public schools—where He had held a hallowed position for 300 years. The Bible and prayer were banned as inappropriate for children. This led to a national movement to establish Christian schools.

Social Liberals, who were nearly all privately Atheists and Marxists, pressed the government to force all children to attend public schools where they could receive the proper indoctrination into progressive ideology. The number of Christian schools was on the rise due to the fact that public schools were increasingly pushing Secular Humanism. Liberals wanted to force all children to be indoctrinated with this new, official State Religion.

In 1978, the Internal Revenue Service—under a new appointee of President Carter—issued new guidelines that would in effect remove the tax-exempt status of Christian schools. The new IRS rules were a deliberate attempt to suppress Christian schools by using a politicized tax policy to achieve liberal social goals—by targeting children.

It was in direct response to this that the Moral Majority was founded in 1979. Before this IRS move, Evangelical Christians mostly avoided partisan politics. They were focused on individual salvation not national politics; they were content to withdraw from the corruption of the secular world. Now they were provoked to battle the federal government that had gone from neutrality to promoting evil.



HANNIBEL LECTOR SAYS: "You've given up good and evil for behaviorism, Officer Starling. You've got everybody in moral dignity pants-nothing is ever anybody's fault. "

HANNIBEL LECTOR SAYS: "You've given up good and evil for behaviorism, Officer Starling. You've got everybody in moral dignity pants-nothing is ever anybody's fault. "




The Jimmy Carter years saw liberal views on crime and criminals reach their full flower. Liberals had long argued that crime was the result of "societal oppression," such as poverty, unemployment, and inadequate housing. Fighting against crime was seen by social liberals as imposing the culture of the law-abiding white middle-class—as opposed to respecting all cultures, including the criminal culture.

Since the liberals were heavily invested in moral relativism—that there is no right or wrong—laws were simply the product of the dominant culture. Criminals were mostly just misunderstood social rebels. One man's crime might be another man's natural reaction to oppression. This is believed in spite of the fact that poor people around the world are not demonstrably prone to become violent criminals. The truth that liberals sought to bury is that to commit a crime is an individual moral choice. Criminals are not victims.

By the end of the Jimmy Carter years, the results of this idiocy were evident: From 1961 to 1981, violent crime had exploded fourfold from 146 victims per 100,000 Americans to 577. The years that Jimmy Carter was president were the most violent in American history. In his last year in office, 1980, violent crime increased ten percent over the year before. 20,000 Americans were murdered that year.

James Q Wilson brought some Americans back to sanity in his 1975 book Thinking About Crime. As Wilson pointed out, since the 1960s the United States had waged a massive war on poverty through the enormous social welfare programs of the Great Society. If poverty and oppression caused crime, then surely crime should have decreased since the Civil Rights legislation of President Johnson—which had expanded exponentially after he left office. But instead, the crime explosion seems statistically linked to the explosion of social welfare programs themselves.

Wilson convinced millions of Americans that liberal ideas about crime effectively made excuses for criminal behavior. Crime is the work of ruthless social predators, usually habitual offenders with long records. Spectacular career offenders made foolishness of liberal theories about criminals.

Wilson wrote: "Wicked people exist. Nothing avails except to set them apart from innocent people. And many people, neither wicked nor innocent, but watchful, dissembling and calculating of their opportunities, ponder our reaction to wickedness as a cue to what they might profitably do. We have trifled with the wicked, made sport of the innocent, and encouraged the calculators."

A 1981 article in Time magazine noted that violent crime in America had become "more brutal, more irrational, more random, more senseless. . . . murder seems to be just a form of recreation." A new generation of remorseless criminals was prone to wanton bloodshed and sadism, and seemed to seek out the most defenseless victims.

America no longer worried about urban riots—there was a constant urban riot (to quote a 1977 article in Newsweek). In spite of all this, liberals dismissed concerns about violent crime as nothing but racism, and liberal judges continually enhanced the rights of criminals.

In May of 1980, riots erupted in the Liberty City section of Miami in which savage blacks targeted whites and Latinos, whom they casually murdered and mutilated in pure race-based hatred. White civilians barricaded their neighborhoods.

Also in 1980 came the ABSCAM corruption scandal, which involved bribes for political influence from a man posing as an Arab sheik. The scandal showed how anxious liberals were to betray their own nation. Among the many elected officials indicted—including six members of Congress— only one was a Republican.

Is it a coincidence that the crime wave, which was especially prominent among juveniles, came 17 years after God was thrown out of the public schools by Atheist Progressives? Is it coincidence that the late seventies are the time in which serial killers came into the national spotlight?

Had the forced absence of God created a vacuum into which had rushed pure moral evil that included an epidemic of random, sadistic violence from dangerous psychopaths who were not—as liberals contended—in need of therapy but who were flat out evil people?

What to make of the wave of satanic cults that erupted across the country in the late 1970s? One of these covens of Satan worshipers prompted the San Francisco police department to issue a warning against "animal mutilations and ritualistic homicides of human beings wherein internal organs are removed from victims and used in rituals."



Labor Unions

While traditional labor unions were in decline, public employee unions began to grow spectacularly. The American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) grew from 680,000 members in 1975 to well over a million by the end of Jimmy Carter's presidency.

Public employee unions focused their recruitment efforts on minorities. These unions, and the wages and benefits of the union members, are funded by the general public through taxation. Strikes by them are felt most directly and painfully by ordinary citizens. Public employee unions flourished at the public expense.





The Economy

Under President Jimmy Carter, regulatory bureaucracies continued to expand. Before his term, the United States produced one-third of all industrial goods in the world. By the end of his presidency, compliance with ever-growing regulations was costing American business $100 billion annually, and American taxpayers were paying billions more for various regulatory agencies.

Now this was not all President Carter's fault. He did his best at first to slow the growth of bureaucratic power, reduce paperwork, and minimize the cost of any new regulations. He said early in his presidency, "It is a major goal of my administration to free the American people from the burden of over-regulation."

President Carter wanted a "revolutionary change in the relationship of government to business." To this end, he deregulated the airline, trucking, banking, and communications industries. But then President Carter created two new bureaucracies: the Department of Education and the Department of Energy.

The Gross Domestic Product of America had doubled three times since the 1940s. Now it came to a standstill due to government regulation and intervention; as well as the effects of decades of labor union work rules and extortion. America's share of world automobile production fell from 32 to 19 percent. America's share of world steel production declined from 20 to 12 percent. By the end of Carter's presidency, America had slid from 1st to 7th in Standard of Living among the nations of the world.

Under President Carter, inflation accelerated dramatically. By his third year in office, inflation was above 12 percent. By this time, his own aides sensed a lack of leadership, one saying publicly of the administration "No one seems to be in charge."

Under President Carter, interest rates mushroomed to triple the average rates. By his fourth year in office, the Prime Rate was 18 percent.

In 1980, the American economy experienced a recession coupled with double-digit inflation. Inflation had only been at 5 percent when Carter took office. The first quarter of 1980 inflation was at 18 percent—a signal of impending collapse of the US dollar.

July 15, 1980, President Carter made a strange speech—the "malaise speech"—in which he described ordinary Americans as selfish and short-sighted. He said that the country needed redemption through national repentance and personal self-sacrifice. He noted that America had a "crisis of confidence" that was "a fundamental threat to American democracy." Carter said: "We see this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of unity of purpose for our Nation."

Home mortgage rates were at 15 percent; unemployment was 7.5 percent; interest rates were the highest in American history: 20 percent. The second quarter of 1980, the Gross National Product suffered the steepest decline in American history.



This Inflation Caused Permanent Damage to America

Before the presidency of Jimmy Carter, Americans had always been conservative with their finances. Americans were by and large thrifty, never threw things away, were suspicious of good times, and saved for the "rainy day" that was sure to come. They resisted credit and debt—seen as moral weakness.

But with inflation at 12 percent a year, to let money sit in a savings account earning 5 percent interest was a losing proposition. Hard-earned savings were becoming worthless. To save money meant to pay for tomorrow's higher-priced goods with yesterday's diminished dollars. Instead, why not purchase today on credit, and pay later with inflated dollars?

As Alfred Kahn, President Carter's inflation "czar," said, "[the] inflation that we have experienced has given rise to a permanent change in our attitudes toward savings." American began to spend more, borrow more, speculate more, and save less—trends that have continued to this day.

The cost-of-living rose at double-digit rates. The prices of meat, milk, and heating oil rose out of sight. The dollar dropped to new lows. Carter's allies in the labor unions demanded higher and higher wages. He abandoned his idea of a federal pay cap because it riled public employee unions.

Credit cards began arriving in the mailboxes of Americans across the country. Credit card spending increased fivefold in ten years. Consumer borrowing doubled in the four years that Jimmy Carter was in office.

Alfred Khan said, "Inflation was not just an economic problem but a profoundly social problem—a sign of a society is some degree of dissolution, in which individuals and groups seek their self-interest and demand more money and government programs that simply add up to more than the economy is capable of supplying."

Tax Revolt

California voters passed Proposition 13 in 1978 by a staggering two-to-one margin. This reduced current taxation and made it difficult to enact any new taxes. Twenty other states quickly followed suite and reduced tax burdens. Big government was no longer seen by most Americans as the champion of social justice, but instead recognized as wasteful and corrupt. The guaranteed high wages and lavish pensions promised by politicians to unionized public employees angered voters as well. Social Security payroll taxes had risen eightfold since 1964.

The scope of the margin in which Proposition 13 passed stunned nearly every observer. It had won the majority of the voters across all economic levels and all political persuasions. The only groups that did not vote for Proposition 13 were blacks and public employee labor unions. (The progressive answer to this setback was naturally to work over the next thirty years to increase the number of public labor union workers.)

Prior to the vote on Proposition 13 in California, big spending Progressives issued dire warnings that if taxes were cut, scores of schools would have to be closed, thousands of public employees would be terminated, and no longer would citizens be protected adequately by the police and fire departments. The predicted decline in services never came to pass. The progressive prophecies of catastrophe and doom—crippled public services and massive unemployment—were phony as a three dollar bill.

Tax relief had become a national issue. The headline of Newsweek magazine read: CALIFORNIA TO LIBERAL GOVERNMENT: DROP DEAD.




Neoconservatives are former Leftists who came to share the conclusions of the conservative movement. As Irving Kristol defined them, they are "Liberals who've been mugged by reality." Some were even former Communists.

The neoconservatives saw that the New Left had forsaken all moral values. They saw that America's economic woes were the result of a liberal big government interfering too much with the Free Market.

Neo-conservatism is an intellectual movement of urban, highly-educated defectors from the Progressive camp—mostly Jews and Roman Catholics—who were sickened by the excesses of radicals such as the embrace of the murderous Chairman Mao, and the idolization of cold-blooded killers such as Che Guevara.






The American People depend on the president to project strength and confidence. President Carter projected ineffectiveness and weakness. His term became associated with misery and depression. 77 percent of Americans disapproved of his job performance—the highest number in American history.

A severe recession, tenacious unemployment, and a deteriorating dollar combined with staggering inflation during the Carter years had not only never been experienced in all of the history of America—it was inconceivable to economists. A new term was coined to describe it: Stagflation.

An article in the Wall Street Journal declared, "We've already had a woman president: Jimmy Carter. . . . Once in office, he lost no time revealing his true feminine spirit. . . . He did not project the image of being a real man." The Boston Globe ran a headline about a Carter speech that read: "Mush from the Wimp."

Jimmy Carter made many Americans feel insecure and puny. He personified failure. Many other Americans felt the nation was weak because Carter was weak. According to Carter, the power, progress, and prosperity of America were a thing of the past. President Carter wanted Americans to accept diminished expectations. His own chief economic advisor later said the problem with Carter was "lousy leadership."

The Way the World Works was published in 1978 by Jude Wanniski. This book proved to be highly influential in pointing a way in which America could become prosperous again. It called for tax cuts, spending cuts, and less government interference in the economy. These ideas would lead to a booming stock market, the creation of thirty million new jobs, untold wealth, and unparalleled prosperity in the 1980s.

In the 1980 presidential election, Jimmy Carter became the first elected President to be defeated since 1932. He lost in a landslide, garnering only 49 Electoral College votes to his successor's 489.

But that is another story and one to which we shall turn soon in these pages.


A History of the American People by Paul Johnson; America: A Narrative History by George Brown Tindall and David E. Shi; The Seventies by Bruce J. Schulman; Decade of Nightmares by Philip Jenkins; and The Eighties: America in the Age of Reagan by John Ehrman.


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Thank you Doug West for reading my work and following me on HubPages. I appreciate it.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Brad Masters ~ Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I appreciate your learned response as well. I agree with you except perhaps the bit about the loss of manufacturing jobs being related to the oil embargo. I have another Hub where I did deep into that. Here is the link:

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Jack Lee ~ Thank you for your gracious compliments on my Hub and for your most excellent remarks about it. I agree with you wholeheartedly in all you said.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Jason Matthews ~ I very much appreciate you taking the time to read my article and drop me a line. Thank you for the awesome accolades!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Johnk154 ~ Thank you very much for your kind compliments.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Jerry Bouchet ~ Thank you for teaching me about the murders committed by the Marielito Boat People. I had no idea that was the case. I love to learn so I appreciate your remarks.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Vinh Huynh ~ Thank you very much for saying so!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019:

Robert P ~ I appreciate your comments. Thank you for taking the time to read my article. As one who lived through those times as a young adult, I totally disagree with your analysis of President Reagan. When he took office many in my generation thought America was finished as a country and things would never be good again. That is how bad, sad and depressed the nation was under Carter. It was widely thought that it would take a miracle to save us. That miracle came and his name was Reagan.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 09, 2019: ~ I must say, your comments are the best and most brilliant I have received in a long while. Your second paragraph especially is tightly pack with profound truth. Thank you for them!

Doug West from Missouri on December 29, 2016:

Great Hub on Jimmy Carter. He is a man of true convictions. I am now following you.

Brad on November 06, 2015:


You always do a meticulous job on your hubs.

The 1970s had two oil shortages due to embargoes.

President Nixon and President Carter were victims of OPEC and the Middle East Politics.

These two shortages happened when the US peaked its US Oil Production.

This started the downward spiral of the US and the lost of its manufacturing prowess, as today we are are service industry.

The presidents and the congresses that followed after these two presidents didn't take the oil shortage blackmail seriously. They did nothing to reduce our oil consumption, and the population of 200 million would go over 340 million today. Even after the 2008 economic meltdown, congress didn't really get off the oil as a main fuel, and if it were not for fracking we would be in bigger economic trouble than we are today.

The killing of Osama Bin Laden almost duplicated the Carter failed attempt to get the hostages. This time, there was a second helicopter that allowed victory from the jaws of defeat.

How embarrassing would it have been to have failed once again.

The 70s had the end of the Vietnam War, and the Oil Embargo, and that was the beginning of the decline. Since then we have had the wars, but we also had the bubbles, and they got big, and they burst.

Jimmy Carter was not a fitting president for the time he got elected president, maybe if he was elected instead of Bill Clinton he might have done better.?

Jack Lee from Yorktown NY on November 04, 2015:

A fair and accurate assessment of President Carter. I voted for him but was disapointed by his many failings especially dealing with the economy. He is prime example of how elections have consequences. His activities after leaving office had some redeeming qualities with charitable works of Habitat for Humanity however, his other meddling of politics in the Middle East and elections worldwide is detrimental to our foreign interests. He top my list as the worst President in modern times so far... Great hub.

Jason Matthews from North Carolina on June 27, 2015:

Excellent hub. Your writing really helped me to connect the dots with Carter's presidency. I really enjoyed reading!

Johnk154 on July 22, 2014:

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Jerry bouchet on July 02, 2014:

The one thing I could never forgive an incompetent president like Carter for is the release of the Marielita boat people who murdered 600 people across america the first year in america. It was a crime wave unlike any america had ever experienced and all sponsored by Carter.

Vinh Huynh on January 08, 2014:

Great Article

Robert P from Canada on April 04, 2013:

I think Carter has been misjudged as a failure, while true failures like Reagan (whose involvement in Iran Contra should have gotten him impeached) are somehow glorified. Carter was a man of principles and while he made mistakes, he was always guided by a profound faith and ethical bearings which is more than can be said about many of those who came after him. His conduct after the presidency and his humanitarian efforts have always impressed me. from upstate, NY on March 12, 2013:

The thinking of liberals like Jimmy Carter are mystifying to me. What was it about Woodrow Wilson that he admired? Was it his open racism, his contempt for the Constraints of the Constitution, his use of citizen surveillance against political opponents or his embrace of the the Bismarckian welfare state? Most likely it was because he was the first US president to embrace progressivism and the opportunity to effect social justice through the organization of society.

I think that the true story of the Jimmy Carter presidency should by required reading in public schools, for the purpose of educating our child as to the dangerous folly of liberalism. Look at how many adults have learned the wrong lessons, this is evident because of the election of Clinton and Obama. They never would have been elected if American's weren't so ignorant as to our true history, this is of course due to the continued liberal indoctrination in our schools and the media.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 25, 2012:

Nick Hanlon— Hey! Good to hear from you again. Thank you for taking the time to read my article and respond. I like that expression. :D

Nick Hanlon from Chiang Mai on July 20, 2012:

Obviously he inspires a lot of passion to this day.I remmber reading the story of how he was shocked that U.S. soldiers would shoot to kill in order to free the hostages in Iran.Wet behind the ears I think is the expression.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 13, 2012:

Thought Sandwiches (Thomas)— Hello there! Thank you very much for taking the time to come over and read my article about the Presidency of Jimmy Carter. I appreciate your outstanding remarks.

I voted the same way you did in those elections you mentioned. And I shared your feelings about Jimmy Carter, too.

While I do give President Reagan the lion's share of the credit for ending the Cold War and freeing hundreds of millions of souls from the oppressive tyranny of de facto slavery behind the Iron Curtain, I think Pope John Paul II and even Lady Margaret Thatcher also deserve much applause for their roles in that most wonderful of human events in my lifetime.

I have long thought that President Carter's Helsinki Accords were ill-considered. Behind the Iron Curtain the Helsinki Accords were ignored and groups set up to monitor observance were arrested. The places they were enforced were where they weren't needed, such as in the United States. A whole bureau blossomed within our State Department to work against our interests and undermine our allies around the world. This soured what had long been excellent relations with Argentina and Brazil—just to name two examples—and a Marxist overthrow in Nicaragua that Carter appointees encouraged, which immediately fomented Communist uprisings all around Central America. And of course, it encouraged the overthrow of the Shah of Iran, who was then replaced by the most violent anti-American regime in human history. As with most Leftist ideas, they "sound" good but the results are not good.


ThoughtSandwiches from Reno, Nevada on May 31, 2012:


I followed the '76 election pretty closely for a 5th grader and remembered supporting Ford in that one and Reagan in 1980.

The first presidential election I could vote in was in 1984 and I helped send Reagan back for four more years.

I didn't much care for Carter when he got in and was happy to see him leave. That said, this appears to be quite a bit to lay exclusively at his door.

I have been reevaluating his role in the ending/winning of the Cold War in the context I had never considered before.

The typical narrative runs that Reagan militarily spent the USSR into the ground with promises of more to come until the whole rotten commie edifice caved in.

This is true, albeit, a somewhat simplistic the extent that nothing is EVER that definitive...many players played their part over the years.

I think Carter's role in that victory will end up being that he paved the way through his focus on the Helsinki Accords and their emphasis on human rights.

After all, the cold war didn't end until the people of Eastern Europe demanded their human rights. Gorbachev (et al) had no real choice but to let the satellite countries go and eventually with them...went the USSR.

Similarly, I believe that George W Bush will deserve any eventual accolades that come out of the Arab Spring. Personally, I would rather have a friendly dictatorship in Egypt over the Muslim Brotherhood running the show but what are you going to do? Once leaders start calling for democracy and human rights...the people do seem to respond.



James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 13, 2012:

melissa— Thank you for visiting my Hub. You ask a very good question. Collectors Weekly (dot com) has a good website I think. I hope that helps.

melissa on March 10, 2012:

would anyone happen to know how much the publication of a 1976 newsweek mag with carter running for election be worth?or where a good collectors site would be?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 23, 2012:

mary— Thank you for reading my article. I appreciate your comments.

mary on January 21, 2012:

Sorry but i think george w wins the prize as the worst pres no contest

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 08, 2011:

kenneth avery— You are a great man, dude. Keep on keeping on. Fight the good fight. Keep the faith, brother.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 08, 2011:

Springboard— I for one am glad you are sticking with us, my friend. You know that I like you and I like your point of view. Thank you for not leaving us in the lurch. We need your presence here on HubPages, Brother.

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on November 07, 2011:

@ SpringBoard, you might want to annoy the Hub Staff, but remember, they DO HOLD the power of our success in their keyboards. And James, you are welcome for my comments to you. Take care and keep the faith. Kenneth Avery

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 06, 2011:

kenneth avery— You are most welcome, Kenneth. And God Bless You!


Springboard from Wisconsin on November 06, 2011:

Yes and no on the leaving HubPages part. I thank all of those who follow me for grabbing my arm and yanking me back in. Wesman Todd Shaw commented we can say the same thing a thousand different ways. What a great way to annoy the hell out of the HubPages staff and still stay true to my writing. :)

Always a pleasure to stop in here BTW, and I have some serious catching up to do.

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on November 04, 2011:

James, thanks, bro. And take care of yourself and God bless you with His love, protection and peace. KENNETH

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 04, 2011:

kenneth avery— I got you, brother. I am with you.

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on November 02, 2011:

James, give God, first, and then Mark Lowry the credit for that line. Which is true. God bless you.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 02, 2011:

kenneth avery— That is amazing! You know Rev. Jaggers!? It is a small world after all, my friend. And yes, he is a humble man of God.

I love that quote! "professionals built the Titanic while amateurs built the ark."

That's witty. God Bless You, Kenneth!


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 02, 2011:

Polly— I do feel a bit slighted. That must mean we are doing something right, to come under attack. But hey! I am up to 91 this morning!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 02, 2011:

kenneth avery— I think you are alright, dude. I don't think you have anything to worry about.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 02, 2011:

Polly— I truly appreciate your ongoing support and encouragement. I look forward to see this poem. :D

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on October 31, 2011:

10-31-2011/10:02 p.m./cst


YOU are most-welcome. I told the truth about your work. You are a talented man. I do know the Rev. Jaggers. He may not remember me, but he preached for my church years ago. When I was a member of that church. He is a humble man. Keep up the good fight of faith, brother. And remember, "professionals built the Titanic while amateurs built the ark." I wish I could take credit, but bro. Mark Lowry said that. Have a blessed day. Kenneth

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 31, 2011:

kenneth avery— I was in Hamilton, Alabama about two year ago, my friend. I have a distant relative in Hackleburg that I went to visit, the Reverend Walter Jaggers.

I actually wrote a Hub about The Andy Griffith Show last year.

I am pleased to make your acquaintance, brother. You have made my day with your gracious accolades toward my work here. I very much appreciate this visitation from you, and I will come over soon to see what you've been writing lately.

I am glad you liked my Hub. Thank you for your kind comments. God Bless You!


Pollyannalana from US on October 29, 2011:

lol, I'm talking to James. You probably have nothing to worry about kenneth. Some of us though go out on a limb holding to our rights, and well with me, it is just who I am. The only people that claim I am unfair are just hiding from the truth. For that they make a labor of making sure they do all they can against me here and I have a feeling maybe they have started on James now. You know he shouldn't have an 88 with all the work he puts into his hubs and the response he brings to his hubs, all his followers. It's ridiculous. He has always been in upper 90's the two years I have been here until lately. Who can help but notice?

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on October 28, 2011:

And that 'banned left and right,' line...that scares me if you want me to tell the truth.

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on October 28, 2011:

Pollyannalana, are you commenting to me or James?

Pollyannalana from US on October 28, 2011:


With people being banned left and right I won't say more than that. Well, besides I really hate it, believe me, I know how it makes you feel.

Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on October 28, 2011:

Dear James, Wow, this is the only adjective that I can use in describing this masterfully-written hub. Thorough and precise. You left no detail undiscovered. Actually, this IS THE most-in-depth story about J. Carter I have ever read and YOU did a great job. I admit that at first, I didn't like Carter for his goodwill gesture of giving away the Panama Canal, and this I still dont understand, but Carter was his own man. And his personality fit the Office of The President. To a "T." As a man, I still respect him. And I now am a fan and follower of you, James. And glad of it. Sincerely, and praying God's blessings on your life, Kenneth Avery, from a rural town, Hamilton, in northwest Alabama that is akin to Mayberry, the little town we loved on The Andy Griffith Show. Peace and Success to YOU!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 25, 2011:

Springboard— Hey! It is a pleasure to hear from you again my friend. I heard a rumor that you might be leaving us here at HubPages. I will come over soon and see what the hubbub is all about. I heard you wrote a Hub called "Goodbye, HubPages!"

Well, I thank you for the glowing accolades you have showered on me. You know it makes a man feel good to be affirmed by his peers. I am glad you like this article. I surely appreciate your keen comments.

Springboard from Wisconsin on October 23, 2011:

As always, an excellent piece James. You have written an astute observation of a failed presidency, and I think—though I'm not sure if you meant it—you drew some interesting parallels to the Obama administration and the state of our Union as it is under his presidency. This article serves not only as a reminder, it serves as a warning. It bears repeating...excellent as always.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 16, 2011:

Polly— I will look forward to reading this "funny poem" about me that you have written. In fact, I will relish the occasion. Let 'er rip. You do not need my approval. You know how I feel about "Free Speech."

And you are correct in that no other Hubber even comes close to having as many Page Views, as many Followers, as many Voted Ups, and as many of the other positive buttons that have been hit for me that has an Author Score so low as an 89.

God Bless You and Keep You, my dear woman. HubPages is under demonic attack. Of this, I have no doubt.

Thank you for your ongoing affirmation and encouragement. I love you!


Pollyannalana from US on October 15, 2011:

BTW I have a funny poem about you (and couple others but mainly you) I wrote a couple weeks ago, saving for next month, but I know you have a sense of humor and hope you like it. I will let you pre-approve it if you like? But then it won't be a

Pollyannalana from US on October 14, 2011:

Ah, well James that is terrible and since I never made any money while I was trying (a dime in months) I just took out ads but I was blacklisted with certain ex friends here for quoting the bible and either they or hubs one plummeted me for quite awhile, I figure the two had their friends help them get me down and for months I went in circles getting a hub or pictures or videos to stay. Whether it is money or not though I know we both feel the same and I just decided for me personally I knew the difference in good writing and jealous hubbers so I just please myself. I notice many good hubbers though just in the last few days with such low scores, ones with health hubs and just really good writers, and then someone writes poems with less than 50 words and carries mid 90's.

As I say, I don't write for money and I just do what I want not breaking any rules and trying to stay off everyone's toes but I think you are the finest writer here and you draw such a crowd...well, I guess Hubpages shocks me sometimes. Many good ones have left but I guess it isn't worrying them too much. I care less about it all the time and spend most of my time in photography. Anyone can see all the vote ups you have alone should have your number up...if they ever get anyone to compete with them...

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 14, 2011:

Polly— Thank you for coming back. Yeah, how about my Author Score of 89!? I'll tell you what happened.

For two years my Author Score was between 97 and sometimes 100! Recently, on my Hub "Black Guys with White Girls" I let the comments get out of hand. Some blatant racists showed up—not Hubbers. The Hub was suddenly demonetized. It had been running for two years and was by far my best "money-maker" garnering 120,000 hits.

The day it was demonetized I sent a note to HubPages Staff in which I unfortunately and regretably, in the heat of the moment, accused them of being "spineless." That very night my Author Score dropped from 97 to 87.

After much reflection, I decided that this is their site and I was wrong to allow these comments. I gave a Chicago Public School teacher of 15 years, who is a friend of mine and a fellow Hubber, my HubPages password and asked her to delete any comments she considered offensive. HubPages said they had no problem with the Hub itself—the comments were the problem.

She deleted 318 comments. I wrote to HubPages staff and apologized for calling them "spineless" and told the whole story of the how the 318 comments had been deleted.

They wrote back saying that the demonetizing will stand and DENIED that this had in any way affected my Author Score.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 14, 2011:

stars439— Thank you! I agree with you that Jimmy Carter cut a dashing figure in that naval uniform. I am so glad you enjoyed this Hub. And I surely appreciate you letting me know.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 14, 2011:

ubanichijioke— Why, my friend, I surely appreciate the lovely laudations you posted here. Thank you very much for the visitation! :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 14, 2011:

kashmir56— Hello! Thank you ever much for the lovely laudations and the voted up! :-)

You are right. I never thought I would live to say this but: Jimmy Carter would be an improvement over my current President. Wow. Imagine.

Well, I surely appreciate your excellent comments. You have a good one yourself.

Pollyannalana from US on October 13, 2011:

Well I certainly would not go for that, although I don't hesitate to give my opinion I see what you mean. I will have to see what all he has been up to soon, just been so busy worrying about the one we have now. lol

Pushed a couple buttons. 89...ridiculous! And don't say it doesn't matter....

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 13, 2011:

Polly— You are welcome. Thank you for taking the time to read my article and respond. Former President Carter has mostly done good things since he left office. He has done well on some diplomatic missions and his work with Habitat for Humanity has been awesome. Unfortunately, he is such a sourpuss that he cannot help but blast his own country in the press—especially overseas—and denigrate Republicans in general. This is an area in which previous presidents of all persuasions had the class not to venture forth into.

I appreciate your fine comments. It is always good to hear from you. :-)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 13, 2011:

CMerritt— You are most welcome, Chris. I am glad you found this interesting. As you say, especially in the area of leadership, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan were like night and day. I remember clearly the hopeless feeling most Americans had in 1980 and how great we felt eight years later—about our lives, our prospects, our nation. Revisionists who dispute this either 1) Aren't old enough to remember 2) Are delusional 3) Are not telling the truth.

Thank you very much for visiting and for your excellent remarks.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 13, 2011:

w d Curry 111— You are welcome. It is good to "meet" you too. I had no idea that President Jimmy Carter "legalized home made beer and wine." That is interesting.

Thank you very much for visiting and commenting.

stars439 from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State. on October 13, 2011:

Wonderful work. Jimmy Carter was a pretty good president. He was a neat looking officer in the Navy. Beautiful job you did here on a talented man. God Bless You Brother, and your precious family.

Alexander Thandi Ubani from Lagos on October 12, 2011:

A most sweet, awesome and beautiful piece. Well researched, informative and educational. A scholarly piece.

Thomas Silvia from Massachusetts on October 12, 2011:

Hi James, great and interesting hub on Jimmy Carter, very well written and fact filled. Many people can say what the want about Jimmy Carter has president but he did more for this country that the president we have right now .

Vote up !!!

Have a great week my friend !

Pollyannalana from US on October 11, 2011:

The young photo looks like he could have come straight from "Gone with the Wind". He looks another Ashley to me. I haven't kept up with Jimmy to know what he is doing today, although I am always glad to see him along with other former presidents. I did not know so many of these things although I did not vote yet but I am sure my parents did; but I always felt good about him, not that he was anymore Christian than other presidents, I think most of us expected them to be since Christ was what this country was built on. I have no doubt he was a Christian man as I have no doubt Obama is not.

The information about Atheists and Marxists, wow. Thank you for that.

At least Carter only thought about lust, that is pretty refreshing looking back.

Chris Merritt from Pendleton, Indiana on October 11, 2011:

James, as usual this was a very informative read. The one phrase you used.."The American People depend on the president to project strength and confidence"....I think says it best. Carter was proof to this absence as Reagan was proof to its existence. Obama is yet another example of those who cannot live up to those words.

Also, his foreign affairs and his handling of the Middle East as you have pointed out, is the reason why we have our Muslim issues today...and yet the liberals found a way to give him a Peace prize for his work....amazing.

Thanks for this very interesting read James,


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 11, 2011:

KaisaJordan— Thank you! Thank you very much. :-)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 11, 2011:

Spirit Whisperer— I am well pleased that expressed your enjoyment at reading this article about "these strange creatures we give so much of our power to." I do love your phrase there. :D

Jimmy Carter had no son, though. Perhaps you were thinking of the elder George Bush?

Well, I want to thank you for taking the time out of your morning to come by and visit with me. I surely appreciate your kind comments. And you are quite welcome.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 10, 2011:

bethperry— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 10, 2011:

Peggy W— I have Jude Wanninski's book here on my bookshelf and I think every American child in our public high schools should have it as assigned reading. But they won't—because it contradicts the ideology of the teachers unions, who admittedly are not about the kids at all.

Thank you for the voted up and useful. I totally agree with your wise remarks. And I appreciate your presence here on my Hub. :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 10, 2011:

Cogerson— Thank you ever much for the voted up and interesting. I appreciate you taking the time to read this article.

As you so astutely observed "while being President...the huge Democrat edge in both the Senate and the House....even after the midterm is amazing how he is considered one of the worst Presidents when he should have been able to push through all his agendas...."

I am grateful for your visitation and your insightful remarks. :D

w d Curry 111 on October 10, 2011:

Thanks for dropping by. It was good to meet a gentleman. School kids will be hitting this on report day. You got it all in except that he finally finished I-95. He's my favorite president. He legalized home made beer and wine. Good to meet you.

KaisaJordan from Atlanta, Georgia on October 09, 2011:

Very useful information to know.

Xavier Nathan from Isle of Man on October 09, 2011:

I really enjoyed this very interesting and informative article James. I have never been very interested in politics and politicians but you have now whet my appetite to read more about these strange creatures we give so much of our power to.

I loved your very wise and insightful words "The truth that liberals sought to bury is that to commit a crime is an individual moral choice. Criminals are not victims."

What I can't understand after reading this hub is why would the American people then elect this man's son? Maybe that is for another hub. Thank you for the education in American politics and a wonderful read this morning.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 08, 2011:

Prasetio30— You are most welcome, my friend! Thank you for taking the time out of your busy day to read my Hub. I really appreciate your accolades. You remain one of my favorite Hubbers, Prasetio.

Truly Yours,


Beth Perry from Tennesee on October 08, 2011:

James, can you write my children's textbooks? Dude, I love your style! lol

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on October 08, 2011:

Hi James,

These words echoe just as true today as back then: "The Way the World Works was published in 1978 by Jude Wanniski. This book proved to be highly influential in pointing a way in which America could become prosperous again. It called for tax cuts, spending cuts, and less government interference in the economy. These ideas would lead to a booming stock market, the creation of thirty million new jobs, untold wealth, and unparalleled prosperity in the 1980s."

Maybe the next election will point us in the right direction!

Your point about Carter breaking an unspoken rule about past Presidents commenting on current President's decisions is so true. Second guessing to a world audience when one is out of power is never good.

His attention to Habitat for Humanity is about the best thing that he has done in my opinion.

You covered a lot of ground in this hub. Voted up and useful.

UltimateMovieRankings from Virginia on October 08, 2011:

Wow...what a great hub on Jimmy Carter....I learned so many things from this hub I do not know where to start. Carter doing a Playboy interview while being President...the huge Democrat edge in both the Senate and the House....even after the midterm is amazing how he is considered one of the worst Presidents when he should have been able to push through all his have included lots of good things he accomplished in the hub.....but the fact that he help slow the economy and increase inflation...doomed his Presidency....awesome job...I am always amazed at the amount of work you put into your hubs...voted way up...interesting and informative.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 07, 2011:

RealHousewife— Thank you very much. I look forward to checking out what you have been writing lately, which I will do soon. :-)

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on October 07, 2011:

The Presidency of Jimmy Carter is one of my favorite president in the world. Thanks for share the history of him. I believe that he was great person beside his duty as the president of US. You have done a great job again. Well done, James. Vote up!


James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 06, 2011:

Hello, hello,— Thank you for taking the time to visit and read my article. I appreciate your kind compliments.

It is a shame what happened in Iran. Carter wanted our "friends" in the world to clean up their acts and so undermined their regimes. He was powerless to stop the rampant abuse—including genocide—of people under communism. As usual, social engineering produced a cure that was far worse than the disease.

The Panama Canal was owned by the United States. It did not have to be given away. The impulse of liberals was to mark it as a sign of American imperialism. It took a ton of money to build the canal—and not a few deaths. The Panamanians could never have built such a project themselves.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 06, 2011:

thelyricwriter— Thank you very much for the laudations! I am always pleased to hear from a fellow songsmith. I appreciate the visit and your comments. Welcome to the HubPages Community.

Kelly Umphenour from St. Louis, MO on October 05, 2011:

Well good luck to you James and I am so glad your going to write a few more. I'll be looking forward to them.

Hello, hello, from London, UK on October 05, 2011:

Brilliant hub to say the least. Yes, that was the worst American could have done and got Khomeini into Iran. I never understood why they done this. Everybody knew what Knomeini was like. I didn't know it was under Carter's administration. Regarding Panama Canal wasn't that for so many years only and then it would be reversed back to Panama or am I misinformed there?

Richard Ricky Hale from West Virginia on October 04, 2011:

James, voted up pal x2. A great documentary worth while, worth any bookmark. You really put one heck of an article together. I commend this hard work. Take care.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 04, 2011:

Rosie2010— Hello there! It is a pleasure to hear from you.

Thank you for visiting and commenting. I am glad you liked my Hub. God Bless!

James :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 04, 2011:

Sueswan— That's right!

Thank you very much for the voted up and awesome! I am grateful to you. And I appreciate you coming over to read my work. :-)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 04, 2011:

sheila b.— You wrote: "While he was President I lost all respect for him, and that has only grown with his actions and his books since he's been out of office."

I hear you. He is the first president to break the unwritten code that goes back 200 years that says an ex-president does not criticize the sitting president.

Jimmy Carter strikes me as a bitter old man.

Thank you very much for your excellent comments. I enjoyed reading them. And I surely appreciate this visitation from you. :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

drbj— Hello there! I surely appreciate the voted up and your kind compliments on my work here.

Even more, I love your analysis of Jimmy Carter, the man and the president. Well done!

Thank you ever much for encouraging me with your inspiring remarks. People like you make HubPages a joy to be a part of. Thanks again. :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Alexander Mark— I am well pleased to hear from you again, my friend. You are most welcome. Thank you for taking the time to read my article on the presidency of Jimmy Carter. Your comments are discerning and outstanding.

I especially liked this that you wrote: "that seems a liberal minded ideal; to give away wealth and power to level the playing field, which continues today despite evidence that doing so makes things worse in the short and the long term.

A wise analysis, brother!

As you wisely pointed out: "Believers are called to lead Christian lives IN the world, not to try and leave the world we are living in while we are living on it!"

Yes, Indeed, this is true.

As you say, "It has become an expectation that Christianity can be performed in only your home and your church and on bumper stickers"

Yet another astute observation.

I hope you do write a new Hub. I will look forward to reading it when you do.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Gypsy Rose Lee— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Rod Marsden— Thank you for coming back by with your brilliant analysis.

As you say "Food is a pretty good indicator of prosperity or the lack thereof."

You wrote: "Certainly, in financial terms, the USA is in deep trouble as is Europe. Did it begin and snowball in the Carter years?"

I would say our trouble with personal debt did begin with the Carter years, yes. I think our country went off the rails earlier, in the 1960s, and has yet to recover.

We had built up a stockpile of prosperity. It took decades for all of these symptoms of decay to become apparent to everyone. Some still claim this is all "progress." It is hard to admit that what you have believed your whole life is wrong. :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Dim Flaxenwick— Thank you so much for the accolades! I very much appreciate this visitation. It is always a distinct pleasure to hear from you. :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

MonetteforJack— I appreciate the "Voted up and everything except funny." :D

I enjoyed reading your comments and I agree with you 100 percent. Thank you for your insightful and thoughtful remarks. They are very good.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

RealHousewife— You are quite welcome, my dear. I hope your personal issues are nothing bad, or at least not devastatingly bad.

I did take the summer off to work on my book. I never did finish it. I had lots of Hubs I wanted to wrote about things that were on my mind. So I decided to do a few dozen more Hubs and then get back to my book. I need to get it done yet this year.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Rod Marsden— "Greed is good" made for a great movie clip. I do not think many people agree with it though. I think ambition is good. But ambition is not greed. :)

I must applaud you for staying off the credit card rage. I know a lot of folks whose credit was ruined by easy credit, by credit cards.

Thank you for your insightful remarks. I very much appreciate you coming by to share your thoughts with us here. Well done!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Alastar Packer— You are most welcome, brother. I completely agree with you that Anwar Sadat was a very courageous man, who, as you say, paid the ultimate price for his courage at the hands of Islamists.

I have heard that Billy Beer is quite valuable these days. I wish I had some, too. I have never been much of a collector but I lament that now that many things I have gotten rid of are collectibles. Who knew?

Thank you for your excellent, as always, comments. And I am grateful for your laudations about my Hub. :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

KFlippin— Thank you for taking the time to read my article. It is great to hear from you. I found your comments to be outstanding. And I so appreciate your accolades.

While your feelings in high school about Jimmy Carter and why you opposed his candidacy for the highest office in the world might have been "not a terribly sophisticated reason to be against a presidential candidate." It works for me! :-)

I am glad you recognized the importance of my section on crime and James Q Wilson's groundbreaking book. The Carter Years were violent and dangerous. Of that, there is no doubt. Thanks again!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Vladimir Uhri— Thank you!! Thank you very much! :D

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

Sergemaster— I apologize for taking so long to respond to your outstanding comments. I had no computer access this weekend. Thank you for reading my article.

Public school teachers have a long record of supporting Democratic candidates for office in front of their students. Of course, the Teacher's Unions supply much funding for these candidates from taxpayer supplied teachers' wages. In exchange, the Democrats give the unions fat contracts.

I probably should have mentioned the CRA (Community Reinvestment Act) that led to the Global Financial Meltdown a couple years ago. I skipped it because I had already written about that here:

You wrote: "President Carter created the necessary conditions so that the United States would be viewed as a dumping ground for the worst of the worst in society."

Ever since the Sixties, the Democrats have employed a strategy to import tens of millions of Third World Peoples who are largely uneducated and unskilled. This is simply because they know that 90 percent of them will vote for Income Redistribution. Of course, when this is pointed out they respond "We are a nation of immigrants!"

This is true but we became a nation of immigrants before these Redistribution schemes were put into place. And because in those old days we needed people for our industrial expansion.

If you put these destroyers of America in a corner, of course, they simply scream "Racist!" because, by their design, few of the immigrants today are white. I wrote about these immigration schemes here:

I didn't mean to bring back such bad memories for you. Your comments are brilliant!!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on October 03, 2011:

allpurposeguru— You are welcome, my friend. I very much enjoyed your thoughtful and insightful remarks.

Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I always appreciate it when you visit and comment. :)

Rosie Rose from Toronto, Canada on October 03, 2011:

Hiya James, excellent article about Jimmy Carter and his presidency. Very interesting and thorough research. Cheers!

Have a nice day,


Sueswan on October 02, 2011:

"Before the presidency of Jimmy Carter, Americans had always been conservative with their finances."


I found this hub an eye opener.

Voted up and awesome.