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The Nature of Children

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Cynthia was teaching preschool children for less than 5 years and working with them is a serious responsibility.


Each Child is Different. That is What Makes Him Special.

There are some basic things that all children have in common: they need love, security, good nourishment, and exercise. Every child needs to be protected, accepted, and liked by others. Every child needs guidance and an element of control as he develops self-confidence and takes first steps towards independence.

All children grow and develop along the same patterns. Each child grows at his own pace. They develop in many ways: physically, intellectually, socially and emotionally. A child may seem very advanced in one area, but less so in another.

Some people forget that the child is a whole person. They look only at his intellectual achievements; but the child’s social and emotional growth in these early years are just as important as his physical and intellectual growth. Only if a child feels a sense of adequacy and belonging, can feel free enough to allow himself to learn. The various areas in which a child grows are interrelated. The growth does not necessarily accumulate in a smooth and continuous fashion.

There are periods of stability, followed by times of change-new growth, new things learned-and these are followed by periods of adjustment until stability sets in on the new and higher level. Each accomplishment prepares the child for the next stage of development. Regardless of various differences in individual children, the journey is the same for everyone; all normal development leads in the direction of growing up.

Since each child is different from the other, each has his own and unique personality and way of behaving. Note how he interacts with others. Is he rigid or does he compromise? Will he accept the opinions of others or does he always insist in having things his own way? Or does he give in to others, never standing up for his rights?

As you get to know the children in your care, you will come to learn and understand the nature of each child’s personality and to identify where he stands on the ladder. To his parents the child is the source of joy, to his nation a promise for the future. Both have hopes and dreams for their children and are entrusting them to your care. The children, too, have their own personal hopes and dreams-and if not deterred, want them to learn and to achieve. No one can guarantee the future but at least for the time that these children are in the teacher’s care, it is up to the teacher to give them the knowledge, opportunities, and warmth that every child deserves. This will be possible if the teacher is aware of the developmental characteristics of the children under his care.

The Developmental Characteristics of 5-6-year-old Children

They are becoming more outgoing and sociable

They like to play cooperatively

They are more interested in making final products

They are confident about physical skills

They like grown up activities

They prefer realistic working toys

They are interested in numbers, letters, reading and writing

They still need adult help to calm down

They are curious about people and how the world works

They enjoy talking with adults and helping adult’s work


They need love, belongingness, willingness to accept guidance, need for recognition, self-confidence, cultural and social identity and frustration tolerance.

They Have Lively Imagination

They enjoy make-believe-dressing up and fire-fighting. They make up stories. These imagination and make-believe play allow the child to try on different roles and to gain understanding of the people and things that make up his world.

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They Ask Questions

questions and more questions. Questions about all very normal and therefore adults/teachers should provide simple, direct and honest answers on the level of the children’s understanding.

Children Enjoy Music, Rhythm and Movement

Children will have their favorites that they may memorize and want repeated again. Language development is at peak.

They Need Active Play

Children need active indoor and outdoor play for healthy development. Movement activities help children develop a sense of their bodies that they have the right and left side, how to move up, down, between and above. These skills are necessary/important stepping stones for reading and writing.

Children Learn the Give and Take of Relationships with Peers

No child is born with social and emotional skills. With understanding and supervision, the children learn to share, and wait for her turn, to ask for something from a friend; to put her feelings into words and to express her feelings without using her fists.

They Can Play with a Group, Though Harmony May not Last Long.

Learning to respect the rights of others and the need to share and cooperate is not an overnight job. It is best to let children settle their own differences unless you are afraid they may hurt one another.

They Develop a Sense of Initiative

The child needs time to plan the freedom to carry out her own plans and ideas and someone to help her enjoy the finished product.

Children Need to Make Choices and Decisions.

She needs to feel independent and grown up. If you allow children to make some decisions, they are more likely to cooperate when help is requested.

Children need to know that it is all right to feel all emotions They also need to learn to work out frustrations by pounding on clay, not on another child.


( Anonymous )

Some children are like wheelbarrows,

They have to be pushed.

Some are like canoes,

They have to be paddled.

Some are like kites,

If you don’t keep them

They will fly away.

Some are like kittens,

They’re more content when petted.

Some are like trailers,

They are useless unless pulled.

Some are like balloons,

Full of wind and likely to blow up

Unless handles carefully.

Some are-

Always dependable and cooperative

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.


Liz Westwood from UK on November 18, 2020:

You give an interesting perspective on children.

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