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Gupta Dynasty, The Golden Period of Indian History
The economic direction during the Gupta period was very good. The coins of most of the Gupta emperors were of gold, but Chandragupta II issued silver coins. The beginning of the Zamindari system about land is the main feature of the Gupta period. There are many reasons why the Gupta period is called the golden age of Indian history.
The Gupta period was an era of great importance from the religious point of view. Vedic religion flourished during this period. Vaishnavism was the first religion of the Gupta period and the people worshiped the various occasions of Lord Vishnu. It would be wrong to say that Buddhism declined during the Gupta period. Both the Hinayana and Mahayana branches of Buddhism were very popular in different parts of India. Dr. Altekar states that "the confirmation of the popular belief that Buddhism was in decline during the Gupta period due to the revival of Hinduism under the patronage of the Gupta emperors is not proved by observation of its philosophical proceedings, nor can this belief be supported based on artistic evidence." But it is proved." Buddhism spread to Southeast Asia during the Gupta period. Jainism was also in existence during the Gupta period, during this period a famous meeting of Jainism took place in Vallabha. Apart from Vaishnavism, Buddhism, and Jainism, Shaivism also developed during this period. Thus the Gupta emperors were generous to all religions.
Progress was also made in the field of social life during this period. Due to the Digvijay of the Gupta emperors, new energy came into ordinary life in India. The rigidity of the caste system decreased during this period. Brahmins were seen with respect in society. Vaishyas were taking him towards progress by paying attention to trade and commerce. Some castes of Shudras were treated as untouchables. They lived separately in one part of the city. This era was the era of inter-caste marriages and widow marriage was not considered wrong. An example of this is the marriage of Chandragupta II to the widowed wife of his brother Ramgupta.
Education and literature
The literary interest of the Gupta period was artistic. Scientific progress proves that there must have been an adequate and best system for education in that period, otherwise, this maximum progress could not have been possible in the absence of a solid method. Pataliputra, Vallabhi, Ujjain, Kashi, Kanchi, Mathura, etc. were the main centers of education. The Gupta period was the golden period in literary terms. At that time many texts were composed by Kalidas, due to which scholars have compared him with Shakespeare. During this period, scholars made many works in Sanskrit and Tamil languages. But Sanskrit language got the best place in it. An English scholar wrote about Sanskrit poetry that "If poetry is compared based on every square inch, then no one can compete with this poetry."
Completely successful in defense of the nation
For Indian country, religion, culture, especially U.P. Challenges arose from the side of the Shakas and Huns from the border province. Which the Gupta emperors accepted and pushed the Shakas across the Hindukush, assumed the title of "Shakari" and performed the Asvamedha Yagya. Similarly, the blood-thirsty, cruel and barbaric Huns were driven out of the country by Skandagupta. Until Skanda Gupta, the heroic Gupta emperors succeeded in protecting their country, religion, culture, due to which all of them reached their peak progress and the above foreign invasions did not have any effect on India. Progress was also made in the field of social life during this period. Due to the Digvijay of the Gupta emperors, new energy came into ordinary life in India. The rigidity of the caste system decreased during this period. Brahmins were seen with respect in society. Vaishyas were taking him towards progress by paying attention to trade and commerce. Some castes of Shudras were treated as untouchables. They lived separately in one part of the city.
Building Art and Scientific Advancement
The Gupta period is very famous for architecture. The construction of temples has a historical significance in the objects of this period. Before the Gupta period, idols were not installed in the temples, but during the Gupta, period temples were developed for the installation of idols. Two features are important in the construction of the Gupta period-
(a) The Gupta architects developed a special Indian art by removing all foreign influence, in an original way, their spirit and need.
(b) Passibrown says that Indian artists gave birth to the Indian system by eliminating foreign influence in their aesthetic philosophy and ornamentation, the temples built during this period include the temple of Devgan, the Durga temple of Ellora, the Buddhist temple of Gaya, etc. is major.
In the Gupta period, there were great scientists like Aryabhata, Varamihira, Brahmagupta, and Banabhatta. These personalities created many new theories in the field of science.
Promotion of Indian culture abroad
During the Gupta period, Indian civilization and culture were widely promoted in countries like Java, Sumatra, Lanka, Borneo, etc. In these countries, the signs of Indian culture and civilization are still found today. In short, it can be said that the Gupta period was actually the golden age in ancient Indian history. The vast empire of the Guptas, peace, and security, the development of art and literature have made this period a golden age in Indian history.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Swati Sharma