The Forerunner of America's Permanent Involvement in Europe
The question that always arises in our minds when there is a conflict between two countries where America is always in it is why America always wants to be the world's police.
This is a reasonable and reasonable question, especially when we see that America has nothing to do with the source of the conflict between the two countries involved, but America's never-absent involvement keeps the question above raised.
If we look back, precisely between the end of World War II in 1945 and the start of the cold war in 1947, perhaps it will at least make us understand more about the background of America's involvement, especially in the European region.
Let's go back to 1945.
During World War II, the countries in Europe that were involved had to spend large funds in addition to financing logistics for both combat and non-combat such as the basic needs of troops (food and others) as well as buying weapons.
When World War II started, America implemented cash and carry system for every purchase of their weapons by other countries but then replaced it with a lend-lease system in 1941 which allowed the buying countries including Britain to pay for it after the world war was over.
After World War II, European countries not only had to rebuild their country but also paid their obligations to America for purchasing weapons during World War II with the lend-lease system.
As a result, all countries in Europe experienced economic difficulties and some countries in Europe were on the verge of bankruptcy.
One of the countries in Europe that were on the verge of bankruptcy was Britain, which at the end of World War II had an obligation of USD 3.75 billion to the United States to purchase weapons with a lend-lease system which ended when World War II ended.
After negotiations were carried out, a loan agreement was agreed upon between America and Britain, known as the Anglo-American Loan on July 15, 1946, whereby Britain received a loan of $3.75 billion in addition to a loan from Canada of $1.19 billion.
The Americans then issued a plan for economic recovery in continental Europe called the Marshall Plan, which was also based on concerns about the expansion of communist influence on the European continent.
The Marshall Plan, which ran from 1947 to 1951, took the name of its originator, George Marshall, who at that time served as US Secretary of State.
The rationale for this plan for economic recovery in Europe is that George Marshall saw the economic downturn in Europe could cause poverty everywhere and could bring fertility to communist influence.
However, not all countries in Europe accepted the Marshall Plan which the Soviets rejected and influenced the countries in eastern Europe to also reject it, this situation which can explain the separation between the eastern bloc countries that rejected the Marshall Plan and the western bloc which accepted this Marshall Plan.
World War II also caused decolonization in British colonial countries due to the condition of the British economy which made it difficult to defend its colonies, this is also the starting point of the end of the British Empire and the implementation of the Commonwealth system or the commonwealth. (The British Empire itself ended with the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997.).
For all the circumstances faced after World War II, Britain then decided to stop its financial and military support to Greece in its civil role against Turkey, this British move then gave birth to the Truman Doctrine (Truman Doctrine) which emerged from US President Harry Truman's speech before Congress America on March 12, 1947.
Truman was worried that the loss of British support could open the door to communists and Soviets in Greece or Turkey, also because of the statement from the Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin who would support the Greek communists in dealing with Turkey, Stalin's statement also received support from the Yugoslav ruler Josip Tito.
Many parties say that March 12, 1947, was the beginning of the cold war as a result of the loss of support from Britain to Greece.
In April 1949 America then also established NATO, which is a defence alliance with countries in western Europe that are included in the western bloc, which means that America will provide assistance or support to the countries that are part of this alliance.
All of these series of events eventually created America's involvement in Europe as long as the agreement or agreement was still valid which America and countries in Europe, especially in Western and Northern Europe, were in it.
The involvement here is mainly in maintaining the stability of the region and based on its early history where there were concerns about the spread of communist ideology throughout the region by looking at the conditions that occurred at that time such as the economic collapse in the countries in this region.
Now the cold war ended on December 26, 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed, but the agreement or agreement between which America and countries in Europe, especially in Western and Northern Europe are in it, is still valid, this makes America's involvement in Europe permanent and valid, in short permanent.
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