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Learn Spanish: Winter Vocabulary

Cynthia is a digital marketer, writer, and artist. She writes about a variety of topics, especially digital marketing, languages & culture.

Learn Spanish - Winter Words

In the winter, I love incorporating a unit with my students about things associated with snow. Many of them go skiing, snowboarding and do similar outdoor activities.

As a Spanish language teacher, I'm always looking for ways to make my curriculum relevant to my students' lives. What better way than with some vocabulary they can repeat with their friends and family as they're actually doing them?

The words I use for my winter unit vary; however, for this article, I included fourteen vocabulary words to allow for anyone to learn a bit of Spanish. Each word has the equivalent English translation and I created a video to help you learn how to pronounce the different words.

By the end of this article, you should be able to

  • identify, pronounce and understand basic winter vocabulary in Spanish
  • understand how to use the vocabulary when talking about yourself
  • apply your newly acquired vocabulary to real-life situations.

If you're a teacher, you'll find ideas for activities for your students. Feel free to download the images you see here to create flashcards.

Winter Vocabulary: Spanish and English

Below are the fourteen words about the snow and winter in Spanish.

Pronounce each one slowly as you go.

To help you remember them, you can do a number of things:

  • create flashcards
  • add a hand symbol when you pronounce the word, i.e. you can use American Sign Language to match it up with a word to help you remember
  • repeat the words aloud several times
  • imagine yourself doing whatever the word suggests, i.e. "la chaqueta" - think about yourself wearing a jacket
  • create a song with the words - list them off in a favorite song tune or create a rap with them
  • label actual objects with the correct, corresponding word
  • practice the exercises below
  • converse with a friend
  • watch the video and repeat the words

As you can see, there are lots of ways you can help yourself remember. Really, it just takes patience and practice.

Winter Vocabulary: El vocabulario del invierno


la nieve


la copa de nieve


el traje de nieve

snow suit

el hombre de nieve


el gorro

knitted hat/hood

la bufanda


los guantes


la chaqueta


las botas


el termómetro


los grados



to ski


to skate

hacer snowboard(ing)

to snowboard

Vocabulario de "La Nieve"

A Quick Reference Guide For Spanish

A Word About Present Tense Verbs

The word "llevo" can mean "I wear."

However, the present-tense version of verbs in Spanish has a "broader" meaning than in English. Thus, "llevo" can have three meanings at once:

  • I wear
  • I'm wearing
  • I'll wear (near future)

Thus if you hear someone say "llevo el traje de nieve," and they haven't put it on, yet, you'll know they mean "I'll wear my snow suit."

Perhaps they're just about to go put it on, or they're referring to what they're going to wear when they go outside, but a present-tense verb in Spanish can imply all those meanings.

Scroll to Continue

Practice Makes Perfect

Now, let's put all that new vocabulary into context.

If you're wearing winter items, you can explain what you're wearing by using the word "llevo":

  • (Yo) llevo la chaqueta. (I wear the jacket.)
  • (Yo) llevo los guantes. (I wear the gloves.)
  • (Yo) llevo las botas. (I wear the boots.)
  • (Yo) llevo la bufanda. (I wear the scarf.)
  • (Yo) llevo el gorro. (I wear the hat.)
  • (Yo) llevo el traje de nieve. (I wear the snowsuit.)

A couple things:

  1. Use "yo" when you want to emphasize. Otherwise, you can just say, "Llevo la chaqueta."
  2. Different Spanish-speaking countries may use different words than what you see here. This is a great learning opportunity. If you're a teacher, invite your students to tell you which words they use. For example, some people use "la gorra" instead of "el gorro." Otherwise, have fun learning the words that are more specific to the country you are studying.
  3. Be careful with the word "chaqueta" - it's not really used in Mexico, for example. In Mexico, a person can use the word "chamarra."

Often, wintertime evokes a sense of wonder in children. Since I teach those little ones, I will show them phrases that help them express themselves: "Look at the ______!" with regards to snowflakes, snowmen and the like:

  • ¡Mira el hombre de nieve! - Look at the snowman!
  • ¡Mira las copas de nieve! - Look at the snowflakes!
  • ¡Mira la nieve! - Look at the snow!
  • ¡Mira el termómetro! - Look at the thermometer!

Make Flashcards

Every time I begin a new unit, I create and draw a set of flashcards for them (well, almost every time - sometimes drawing them out takes too much time!). With those flashcards, I scan in my drawings and create exercises, make copies of my flashcards, play games and otherwise utilize my drawings to help my students learn the material better.

As I said above, you can right-click and save the drawings yourself and practice them if you'd like.

If you are a teacher, you can make flashcards with them. If you can, please link back or give me credit for these drawings and exercises; it's always good to practice good etiquette and attribute properly.

More Spanish Practice

With some of the vocabulary, I'll put a whole phrase or sentence together for the students to practice, so they can actually say these things when they do them:

  • ¡Voy de trineo! (I'm going sledding!)
  • Hago snowboard(ing). (I'm snowboarding.)
  • Hago un hombre de nieve. (I make a snowman.)
  • Esquío. (I ski.)
  • Patino. (I skate.)

A couple things about these phrases:

  1. When learning them, don't worry about the grammar or why they are constructed the way they are. The sentences are already grammatically correct and if you use them in context, they'll come more naturally. That is, pretend you're skiing and say, ¡Esquío! or pretend you're ice skating and say, ¡Patino!
  2. The phrase "hacer snowboard(ing)" can be formulated a couple ways. You can say "hago snowboard" or "hago snowboarding" - that's why the -ing is in parentheses.
  3. These phrases are all associated with "action" - that's why they're grouped together and it really helps to imagine yourself doing them as you say or repeat them.

Applying Your Spanish

Exercise A.

Now that you've studied up a bit, try the following exercises to help you remember all that you learned.

  • ¿Cómo se dice _____? means "How do you say _____?"

1. ¿Cómo se dice "to skate"?

2. ¿Cómo se dice "I wear the jacket"?

3. Translate this phrase: "I make a snowman."

4. Translate this phrase: "I'm wearing the gloves."

5. ¿Cómo se dice "snow suit" en español?

(Check your answers below.)

More Practice

Exercise B.

The following dialogue takes place in the car. A mother and her child are having a conversation. See if you can choose the right word. Don't worry too much about words you may not know. Use the context of the situation to help you decide which answer is correct.

"Mamá, ¡______ (mira / patina) la nieve!"

"Sí, Pancho. Hay mucha _______ (nieve / chaquetas). Pero, hace frío. Sólo hay una temperatura de 32 ______ (termómetro / grados). Necesitas llevar una ______ (chaqueta / trineo)."

"Ay, Mamá, ¿también necesito llevar los _______ (traje de nieve / guantes), sí?

"Sí, Pancho. También, la _______ (hombre de nieve / bufanda) y el _______ (gorro / copa de nieve)."

"Sí, Mamá. Después, quiero un poco de chocolate caliente."

(Check the translation and your answers below.)

Worksheets and Coloring

For each image below, you can save these (right-click and "save image as") and create different worksheets.

The instructions are as follows:

Copy the Spanish word and write it on the line underneath the picture.

For the fourth page (fourth picture), there are true/false questions based on what you have learned so far.

If you're a teacher:

  • You can print these and distribute to students
  • Students can color the images
  • Students can cut out the images and make flashcards
  • You can make multiple copies and cut out the images to play games like Concentration, Sharades, Go Fish (¡A Pescar!), Around the World and more

Test Your Spanish Winter Vocabulary

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. ¿Cómo se dice "scarf" en español?
    • el gorro
    • la bufanda
  2. Choose the best word: "¡_________ (patina / mira) el hombre de nieve!
    • hago
    • mira
  3. ¿Cómo se dice "I'll wear the gloves"?
    • Llevo los guantes.
    • Llevo el gorro.
    • Mira los guantes.
  4. Translate this phrase: "Look at the thermometer!"
    • ¡Mira los grados!
    • ¡Mira el termómetro!
    • Llevo el termómetro.
  5. Translate this phrase: "I'm making a snowman."
    • Miro un hombre de nieve
    • El hombre de nieve
    • Hago un hombre de nieve
  6. ¿Cómo se dice "I ski" en español?
    • Esquío
    • Esquiar
  7. ¿Cómo se dice, "I will skate"?
    • Patinar
    • Patino
  8. Translate this phrase: "I'm wearing a hat and gloves."
    • Llevo el gorro y los guantes.
    • Llevo la bufanda y el gorro.
  9. Translate this phrase: "I'm going snowboarding." (Hint: this is near future.)
    • Hacer snowboarding
    • Hago snowboarding

Answer Key

  1. la bufanda
  2. mira
  3. Llevo los guantes.
  4. ¡Mira el termómetro!
  5. Hago un hombre de nieve
  6. Esquío
  7. Patino
  8. Llevo el gorro y los guantes.
  9. Hago snowboarding

Answers to Exercises A & B

Exercise A:

  1. patinar
  2. Llevo la chaqueta.
  3. Hago un hombre de nieve.
  4. Llevo los guantes.
  5. el traje de nieve

Exercise B:

  1. mira
  2. nieve
  3. grados
  4. chaqueta
  5. guantes
  6. bufanda
  7. gorro

Translation: "Mom, Look at the snow!

"Yes, Pancho. There's a lot of snow. But, it's cold. It's only 32 degrees out. You need to wear a jacket."

"Oh, Mom, I'll also need to wear gloves, right?"

"Yes, Pancho. And your scarf and hat."

"Yes, Mom. After, I want a little bit of hot chocolate."

If you have questions, feel free to ask in the comments below.

© 2014 Cynthia Calhoun


Melissa Rowlings from United States on February 17, 2017:

Hi Cynthia! Nice Post! I am learning Spanish on my own, and I am using articles and books. I think -A Good Spanish Book!- is the best book right now in all the lists and selections. I am checking a lot of those because I need to make a Spanish section for the library in our high school.

I hope that helps! Thank you for the post!

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on February 12, 2014:

Rebecca - haha, I know, right? All my students keep talking about "hombres de nieve" and all sorts of stuff. :) Thanks for stopping by!

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on February 12, 2014:

Awesome! I love la copa de nieve. HaHa I bet these vocab words are in use this week!

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on February 10, 2014:

Suzanne - hehe, I LOVE this stuff. I plan on doing more. Thank you so much for stopping by!

Suzanne Day from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on February 10, 2014:

Wow, you've put a lot of work into this hub! Fantastic mini-lesson for anyone wanting to learn Spanish. Voted up and useful.

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on February 07, 2014:

aviannovice - that is awesome! I can only imagine the foods people brought. Oh my goodness. :) How wonderful you had such exposure to the language and even to some of the culture that way! Thank you for your response and I hope you have a wonderful day!

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on February 06, 2014:

A foreign language is such a great skill, especially when one has someone else to practice with. I used to hang out with the hispanics when I was in Maine working at a wreath factory. Not only are they willing to teach you the language, they are happy that you care enough to learn in order to communicate better. There was a house called mano e mano(I may be wrong in the spelling), where many lived in the general area. For such a closed and insulated area, it was nice to know that a place like this existed.

A group from the house came during lunch time with different things to eat, and for only $4, you could have a fabulous lunch, both Mexican and Honduran foods. You can bet that I got in on that. It was a great wrk experience that I still treasure to this day.

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 22, 2014:

MG Singh - thank you. French is a great language, too. So beautiful - I studied it for a few years before switching to Spanish. :)

Audrey - aww, thank you. And you make English sound beautiful with your awesome poetry!

Jennifer from New Jersey on January 22, 2014:

Thanks for sharing this! I plan to read more of your page. I teach in a school that is about 65 percent Spanish speaking....over the years I have aquired a good deal of "scholastic,school related vocabulary" I am always looking to learn more! Blessings to you!

Liz Elias from Oakley, CA on January 22, 2014:

Very interesting. In some places, I can see cognates between Spanish and French or English, and words such as "snowboarding" are obviously borrowed English, as they are a pretty new device.

I studied French in school, because of my French and French-Canadian ancestry, but living in California, Spanish would have been more useful. 20-20 hindsight. LOL

I did not do too well on the quiz.. :-( 33%--that's a failing grade in most classes.

Voted up, interesting and useful.

Audrey Howitt from California on January 22, 2014:

You make Spanish sound beautiful!!

MG Singh from UAE on January 21, 2014:

Very nice hub. I want to learn Spanish. I know French

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 21, 2014:

Janine - ya know, I can SO totally see how you learned Italian - your family is Italian, no? That's awesome! Glad you liked this and thank you so much for the feedback. :)

Thundermama - that's great! I'm really glad I could help. :-) ¡Feliz día!

Vicki - thank you! That's awesome. :D I appreciate your feedback so much! Cheers and Hugs!

Victoria Lynn from Arkansas, USA on January 21, 2014:

Cyndi! This is fabulous. I would definitely use your materials if I were still teaching Spanish. I love your drawings and the video. Impressive!!!

Catherine Taylor from Canada on January 21, 2014:

Wow! This hub was so informative and well laid out. One of my New Year's resolutions was to learn Spanish and the lesson you provided her was a great start. Fabulous!

Janine Huldie from New York, New York on January 21, 2014:

Cyndi, this is an awesome lesson and resource for those who are learning this for the first time or even just need a refresher. Thanks for sharing and believe it or not, I don't know much Spanish, but you totally brought back some of my past learned Italian, since some of the words are similar in that language, too.

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 20, 2014:

macteacher - awesome! I'm glad you liked this and thank you for the feedback. :) I have a lot of fun putting my lessons together. Cheers!

Wendy Golden from New York on January 20, 2014:

This is a very helpful hub. Thank you. I'm working on regaining fluency in Spanish, so I need all the help I can get. This is laid out really well, and the new vocabulary is very useful. Voted up!

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 20, 2014:

Susi10 - Muy bien, gracias. :) Thank you so much for your feedback. I'm really glad you find this helpful. :) I'll definitely be posting more lessons; they're fun. :) Have a wonderful day!

Susan W from The British Isles, Europe on January 20, 2014:

Hola Cindi! Como estas? Yo puedo hablar un poco de Espanol.

This is a fantastic resource for learning winter Spanish Vocab, I am learning Spanish at the moment (I absolutely love the Spanish language!). This is well written and I love the excercises and the flash cards to strengthen my vocab and learning. Thanks for this, its expertly done. I'm looking forward to reading more of your Spanish lessons.

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 20, 2014:

Faith - thank you for stopping by. :) Hehe, eh, I figure if I'm teaching the Spanish lessons, I may as well share the Spanish lessons. Haha. Thank you so much for coming by - I appreciate you. HUGS

Faith Reaper from southern USA on January 20, 2014:

Hi Cyndi,

Well, you will have us all speaking Spanish before too long! Thank you for the winter words lesson. You are a great teacher!

Up and more and sharing.

Have a great day,

Faith Reaper

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 20, 2014:

Kathryn - thank you! I am so glad you like this. :) The lessons are no sweat: they're things I create for my classes, so I'm like, "why not share?" Hehe.

Have a great day! Take care.

Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on January 19, 2014:

Another useful hub! Love this series, and how much you put into the lessons. Thanks, Cyndi!

Have a great night.

~ Kathryn

Cynthia Calhoun (author) from Western NC on January 19, 2014:

Dianna - aww, thank you, thank you. I appreciate your feedback. That's really interesting about the word "chamarra" with regards to how you used it, too. Haha. Interestingly, my mom from New Mexico sometimes said "chaqueta" and I didn't learn until much later that it could be misconstrued as something else entirely, haha.

Thanks so much for coming by!

Dianna Mendez on January 19, 2014:

This is really good! If I were teaching spanish, I would use your material to make winter vocabulary fun. We used chamarra for sweater in our home, so interesting to learn spanish words differ in usage.

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