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Stages of Curriculum Development Process

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches communication and education courses in HEI. She holds and MA in Education and enjoys research.


Essentials of the Curriculum Development Process

Planning and Research, Professional Learning, Curriculum Development, and Implementation are the four main stages of the curriculum development process. The procedure is perpetual and circular. The curriculum development process is fluid and dynamic. Just like any other process, it should be customized to match the requirements of the discipline or the growth of a particular course. It entails planning, researching, and learning which are necessary for the process. Further, it must also ensure that students receive a relevant and demanding curriculum.

Stage 1: Plan and Research the Curriculum Development

. The planning and research required to start developing the curriculum will happen at this stage. The objectives of this phase are to build a strategy that will guarantee the prompt completion and execution of the curriculum creation process as well as to obtain a deeper understanding of the standards and best practices in the industry and in education. Planning is an essential part of the curriculum process. But planning alone without doing any research is not enough. Research about the curriculum being planned is needed to help establish and support the needed concepts in the curriculum process.

Stage 2: Curriculum Development

The bulk of the curriculum is written at this period. The work done in the first phase will guide the writing process so that the written curriculum will be viable and rigorous, aligned to the standards, and articulated principles so that there is a natural and logical progression of skills from one grade level/course to the next, ensuring that every student is prepared for college and the workforce. This phase's objectives are to develop a curriculum plan for the whole school year, look into prospective curriculum-supporting resources, and identify the district community's requirements for professional development.

Stage 3: Continued Curriculum Development and Professional Learning

The curriculum will be ready for use during this stage, and the district community will receive professional development. To guarantee that the written curriculum becomes the taught curriculum, professional learning will take place. Teachers will get a thorough grasp of how to execute the written curriculum through professional learning, including how to interpret the unit maps, convert them into daily plans, and use any new materials and evaluations. They should be aware of when and how they may provide feedback as well as who they should turn to for assistance should problems emerge. Core unit maps, common assessments, resource selection (if necessary), professional learning, and the development of a curriculum evaluation strategy are the objectives of this stage.

Stage 4: Implementation

Execution or implementation of the planned curriculum is a vital part of curriculum planning. Any curriculum that is planned and never implemented is useless and has no impact on anything. The written curriculum will transition into the taught curriculum at this stage. Teachers will be able to offer input to enhance instruction, curriculum, the usage of resources and assessments, and any other component of learning and teaching as required, allowing for concurrent curriculum review as the curriculum is implemented. The objective of this phase is to obtain input during the implementation phase that will guide future curriculum development and professional learning because the curriculum development process is ongoing and recursive.

© 2022 Ruby Campos

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