Like metastasis, the medicines cause side effects, while the nature supplements deficiencies, strengthen the immune system and cures disease
The habitat of strawberries is the whole of the northern hemisphere, excluding the tropics. It is much more used and appreciated in France than in Great Britain.
Strawberry can be taken fresh, frozen, or preserved form. It is the only fruit that has as many as 200 seeds on its exterior.
The wide distribution of wild strawberries is due to the birds. When the birds eat the berries, the seeds remain intact. The seeds respond to light rather than moisture and need no covering of earth for germination.
It is a low, perennial herb propagated by runners. The runners are root-like shoots, put out by the plants, that could be controlled, guided, and caused to root. It has three leaflets of bright green color and toothed margin with white flowers of five petals. The fruit is sweet and is commonly used in dairy products.
The wild strawberries are also known as alpine or mountain or woodland or common strawberries. These strawberries are very healthy, and delicious. It is used as a natural acid/base indicator.
Different Names of Strawbwerries
The botanical name of strawberry is Fragaria vesca and the family is Rosaceae. The other names are Alpine strawberry, Fragaria insularis, Fragaria vesca, Fragaria virginiana, Fragaria Collina, Fragaria Viridis, Fragaria folium, Fraise, Fraise alpine, Raise des Bois, Fraise de Virginie, Fraise des Montagnes, Fraise des Bois alpine Blanche, etc.
Fragaria in Latin means fragrant which exactly describes this fruit, and they are members of the rose family of plants.
Contents in Strawberries
Strawberries have antioxidant properties due to the presence of vitamins and minerals in them.
Strawberries contain sugar, cissotanic/malic/citric acids, mucilage, woody fiber, pectin, and water.
They are an excellent source of vitamin C than many other citrus fruits.
It is a good source of folate, riboflavin, niacin, thiamine, vitamin B 6, omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin A, Vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Strawberries are mostly carbohydrates and contain 32 calories per 100 g.
They have an excellent amount of iodine and dietary fiber.
They contain phytonutrients (necessary for sustaining human life), anthocyanin (having cancer-fighting power), flavonoids (powerful antioxidants that reduce the rate of multiplication of cancer cells and fights ageing), and ellagic acid (having antioxidant and anti-cancer properties).
Minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, and copper are found in strawberries.
They also contain amino acids, beta-carotene, and high sugar content (not so good for weight loss).
In Stories, Literature, and Paintings
Strawberries, the best berries are delicate and heart-shaped symbolizing love, passion, purity, and healing. Throughout the ages, it has been used in stories, literature and paintings, and sculpture.
According to a legend, if a double strawberry is broken in half and shared with the opposite sex, then both will fall in love with each other.
In Greek and Roman ages, the strawberry was considered a wild plant.
It symbolizes Venus, the Goddess of Love, due to its red color.and heart-like shape.
The medieval stonemasons were used to carve strawberry designs on altars and on the tops of pillars in churches and cathedrals to symbolize perfection and righteousness,
In England, the tenth century Saxon plant has the earliest mention of the word, "streoberie".
The word straberie' is mentioned in the household roll of the Countess of Leicester In 1265.
In 1454, the strawberry plant appeared in "Herbaries" ( a documented botanical illustration) for the first time.
Lydgate mentioned "Strabery Ripe", and "Cherries in the Rye", in the fifteenth century.
The modern word strawberry came in 1538.
Scarlet Strawberry from Virginia was introduced in 1629.
Francis Bacon found in strawberries " the most excellent cordial smell", next only to violet and musk-rose.
Shakespeare, in Othello, decorated the handkerchief of Desdemona with symbolic strawberries.
Queen Anne, the second wife of Henry VIII had a strawberry-shaped birthmark on her neck due to which some people claimed that she was a witch.
In Napoleon's court, one Madame Tallien was known for taking a bath in the juice of fresh strawberries.
The country folk in Bavaria, practice the annual spring ritual by tying small baskets of wild strawberries with the horns of their cattle as an offering to fairies. They believe that this will increase their milk yield and produce healthy calves.
The American Indians had been using strawberries before the colonists arrived. They were used to mix it with cornmeal to bake strawberry bread. The colonists changed the recipe and made strawberry shortcake.
The modern strawberry was developed in Europe by a Frenchman in the early 18th century. He crossed the seeds from Fragaria Chileonensis (a South American variety), with the Virginian strawberry imported from North America.
In 1780, the first strawberry hybrid "Hudson" was developed in the United States.
Nutrients in Strawberry per 100 gram
Anthocyanidins and anthocyanins
It has several uses for medicinal purposes.
- One of the best uses of strawberry is in toothpaste. Put mashed fruits onto the teeth, to remove tartar and to relieve a toothache and discoloration of the teeth. Allow it to remain on teeth for about 5 minutes and then clean with warm water containing little sodium bicarbonate.
- The Romans believed that the berries alleviate symptoms of melancholy, fainting, and all types of inflammations, fevers, throat infections, and attacks of gout.
- In traditional medicines, it is used in jaundice, inflammation in the respiratory tract, nervous tension, and water retention.
- The roots and leaves when boiled in wine and water, soothes the liver and blood. It also assuages the inflammations in the bladder and veins and promotes the free flow of urine.
- The strawberries calm the choleric stomach, liver, blood, and spleen. They are refreshing and quench the thirst.
- The distilled water of the berries is best in jaundice and good for painting and beating of the heart.
- The juice of the ripe strawberries can be used to wash the foul ulcers in order to cleanse and cure them.
- The lotion made from the leaves and roots can be used for mouth sores or ulcers and can be applied on privy parts for sores and rashes.
- The tea of the leaves has the property of binding tissues and checks dysentery. Put a few fresh leaves in a cup of boiling water for 10 minutes before straining and drinking. This tea is good for a sore throat and battles against joint and muscle pains.
- For the abnormal build-up of minerals in the body, intestinal worms or catarrh the strawberries are the best.
- It also enhances memory function and reduces rheumatoid arthritis.
- It is an excellent antioxidant due to the presence of vitamin C and lowers the risk of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract.
- The presence of vitamin C and iron in strawberry makes it a good food supplement in anemia.
- The flavonoids in strawberry purify the blood, reduce the bad cholesterol from damaging the walls of the artery, decrease blood pressure, and reduce the risk of heart problems.
- It stimulates metabolism, prevents menstruation problems, and is good for natural weight loss.
- It soothes in rashes when ripe strawberries are put in a cloth and compressed against the skin.
- It can easily be digested leaving no fermentation in the stomach.
- The leaves, being astringent are used in the form of an infusion. About an ounce (28 g)of dry leaves are put into 1 pint (563 mi) of boiling water and used as an infusion in diarrhea or in diuretic cases for the treatment of inflammation in the urinary tract.
- A syrup of the roots is made from an ounce of roots boiled for ten minutes in a pint of water and then stained. This is useful as a gargle for a sore throat. This solution is also useful in the vaginal douche to check the discharge.
- When rubbed into open wounds, the stem of wild strawberries draws out bacteria, kills the infection, and helps in fast healing. These can be applied to burns too.
- The berries quench the thirst and are best in dehydration, fever, night sweats, and anemia.
Removes Kidney Stones
The juice of strawberries, when taken before breakfast, is the best for kidney stones.
It promotes the free flow of urine.
It gives relief from the pains during urinating.
The regular intake of strawberry prevents the development of new stones.
Strawberry allergy is due to the presence of certain proteins found in it.
This allergy causes numbness and tingling in the mouth with the symptoms of burning lips, distress in intestines, and congestion.
Sometimes the bronchial tubes may become congested causing the breathing problems.
On touching the strawberries or strawberry products, some people report dermatitis, which makes the skin puffy, red, or itchy.
Allergic people should avoid the use of strawberries.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2013 Sanjay Sharma
Sanjay Sharma (author) from Mandi (HP) India on June 16, 2017:
Thanks Colvin for the visit and the comment.
Colvin on January 19, 2015:
We used to steal strawberries from the local field if that ctunos? Probably not . We also picked mulberries because the bushes were plentiful. None of this was done under the watchful eyes of my parents. I think LG would enjoy this picking, not stealing and I'm going to try and find something for us to pick around these parts. Great idea thank you!
Sanjay Sharma (author) from Mandi (HP) India on May 21, 2013:
Thanks, and you may find my other hub, "strawberry in cosmetics" quite useful for you.
Deborah Sexton on May 21, 2013:
A very useful and interesting Hub. Thank you for the information.