****************************** Research Writer ******************************
Economic Institutions include activities which are related to the production, distribution and consumption of goods. The economic institution dominates all the institutions with its vast wealth, be it rural life or local government, economic activities are found in every environment. The rural economy is different from the local economy. Therefore, their economic activities are different.
The rural economy is simple and produces raw materials and sends them to the cities. The industries of the cities meet the needs of the society by producing industrial goods from this raw material. Institutions of rural economy are also simple which are mostly related to agriculture. Institutions of the local economy are complex, whether they are industrial or manufactured.
Activities and Occupations:
Productive activities include all the factors that result in the production of goods and services. Productive activities are created according to the environment of each region. The productive activities of rural life are different from the activities of local life. In rural areas, it includes activities to create a name and bring it to the markets. Processes include the production of raw materials and the delivery of them to markets. In local government areas, raw materials are manufactured by factories and then the goods are distributed by the business people in the markets.
Farming is the oldest and most popular occupation. People are proud to be associated with this profession. The only difference between the landlord and the poor is ownership. These occupations involve both small landowners and large landowners. In fact, agriculture is the basic and preferred occupation, but our farmer also performs other economic activities.
Every farmer in the village must raise animals. This includes cows, disguises, goats, camels, horses, donkeys and mules. From these animals he meets his food, farming and other needs. He also earns money by selling these animals when needed. He also earns extra income by selling cow's and buffalo's milk. The farmer meets the needs of eggs and meat with it. He also earns money by selling eggs and chickens.
Our farmer also does gardening He also plants different fruit trees along with the crop on his land. Which gives him extra income. Cultivation of fruits like mango, malt, melon, guava and watermelon is at the top. Other activities include fish farming, vegetable farming, poultry farming and bee keeping.
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Agriculture is not the only occupation. In which economic activities are found but also more related to agriculture. The so-called secondary occupations include blacksmith, carpenter, cobbler, barber,Potters and agricultural laborers are the people who help all the farmers, provide services for them, fulfill their needs. He saves his time and usually pays them back by giving them a share of the production at the time of harvest.
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In addition, there is a group of government employees who are assigned to serve the farmer. "These include schoolmasters, patwaris, agriculture inspectors and cattle doctors. Without them, the farmer's way of life cannot function," he said. And also helps in resolving their disputes. The village shopkeeper is very important to the farmer. The little things you need are available there. He does not have to leave his job and go to the cities for trivial things. The merchants of the nearest municipality buy the raw material of the farmer and pay him cash here.
Professions in rural society are simple and limited because rural economy is simple and of the same type, whereas in local life occupations are complex and numerous. In our rural environment, there are no problems in choosing a profession. Usually a serious profession is adopted. The son of a landlord becomes a farmer. The blacksmith and carpenter's son pursues his native profession. Of course, professions can be changed, but hard work is required. An educated boy can become a doctor, professor, engineer, judge, lawyer or big business man. That is, there is no restriction on social mobility. Changes in living standards are possible in any case.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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