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How to Learn Active and Passive Voice Easily

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I, Mohammed Alam Miah, is an English Teacher in a School in Bangladesh. I try to post especially on grammar view in exceptional way

How to Learn Active and Passive Voice Easily

Rules of Active and Passive Voice in English grammar

Rules of Active and Passive Voice in English grammar

General Characteristics of Voice

To change the active voice into passive voice, generally we should find out of the respective sentence:

  • First Subject;
  • Next object;
  • Finally, main verb form.

In passive sentence generally:

  • Main verb is used in past participle form;
  • Subject is placed after past participle form of verb;
  • Object is placed before auxiliary verb;

This post is going to disclose some rules with examples which will be helpful for the academic and competitive exams.

In this article, Present Indefinite Tense or Present Form of Main Verb (V1) gets priority to disclose in active Voice to turn into passive Voice.

Subjective and Objective Form in Voice:

Subjective formObjective form

in Active Sentence

in Passive Sentence

 

 

I

Me

They

Them

It

It

We

Us

He

Him

She

Her

You

You

Dog

Dog

Robert

Robert

Kim and Jim

Kim and Jim

Verb Forms for Active into Passive:

For Active VoiceFor Passive VoiceFor Passive VoiceFor Passive Voice

Main Verb (V1)

( is + V3 )

( are + V3 )

( am + V3 )

Accept

is accepted

are accepted

am accepted

Arrest

is arrested

are arrested

am arrested

Ask

is asked

are asked

am asked

Beat

is beaten

are beaten

am beaten

Break

is broken

are broken

am broken

Bring

is brought

are brought

am brought

Buy

is bought

are bought

am bought

Call

is called

are called

am called

Carry

is carried

are carried

am carried

Catch

is caught

are caught

am caught

Change

is changed

are changed

am changed

Chop

is chopped

are chopped

am chopped

Clean

is cleaned

are cleaned

am cleaned

Close

is closed

are closed

am closed

Complete

is completed

are completed

am completed

Create

is created

are created

am created

Describe

is described

are described

am described

Devastate

is devastated

are devastated

am devastated

Disobey

is disobeyed

are disobeyed

am disobeyed

Distribute

is distributed

are distributed

am distributed

Do

is done

are done

am done

Donate

is donated

are donated

am donated

Drink

is drunk

are drunk

am drunk

Eat

is eaten

are eaten

am eaten

Elect

is elected

are elected

am elected

Enjoy

is enjoyed

are enjoyed

am enjoyed

Fan

is fanned

are fanned

am fanned

Finish

is finished

are finished

am finished

Fly

is flown

are flown

am flown

Get

is gotten

are gotten

am gotten

Give

is given

are given

am given

Grow

is grown

are grown

am grown

Help

is helped

are helped

am helped

Hurt

is hurt

are hurt

am hurt

Join

is joined

are joined

am joined

Kick

is kicked

are kicked

am kicked

Kill

is killed

are killed

am killed

Leave

is left

are left

am left

Like

is liked

are liked

am liked

Love

is loved

are loved

am loved

Make

is made

are made

am made

Observe

is observed

are observed

am observed

Offer

is offered

are offered

am offered

Open

is opened

are opened

am opened

Pay

is paid

are paid

am paid

Play

is played

are played

am played

Prepare

is prepared

are prepared

am prepared

Purchase

is purchased

are purchased

am purchased

Put

is put

are put

am put

Repair

is repaired

are repaired

am repaired

Reply

is replied

are replied

am replied

Require

is required

are required

am required

Ring

is rung

are rung

am rung

Save

is saved

are saved

am saved

Say

is said

are said

am said

Seek

is sought

are sought

am sought

Sell

is sold

are sold

am sold

Send

is sent

are sent

am sent

Serve

is served

are served

am served

Sew

is sewed

are sewed

am sewed

Sing

is sung

are sung

am sung

Speak

is spoken

are spoken

am spoken

Steal

is stolen

are stolen

am stolen

Strike

is stricken

are stricken

am stricken

Teach

is taught

are taught

am taught

Tell

is told

are told

am told

Throw

is thrown

are thrown

am thrown

Use

is used

are used

am used

Vacuum

is vacuumed

are vacuumed

am vacuumed

View

is viewed

are viewed

am viewed

Visit

is visited

are visited

am visited

Want

is wanted

are wanted

am wanted

Wash

is washed

are washed

am washed

Win

is won

are won

am won

Write

is written

are written

am written

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -01(A)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + is + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject -Singular/ Plural Pronoun

 

BUT Object -Singular Noun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

We write a book.

A book is written by us.

I play football.

Football is played by me.

Convert the Sentence into Passive Voice:

  • They make a basket.
  • He and I wash the dish.
  • I repair my house.
  • We want a sheet of paper.
  • They do my duty.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -01(B)

Main Verb Active V1 - Passive (is + V3) : 01(B) ( Affirmative Sentence)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + is + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject - Plural Noun

 

BUT Object -Singular Noun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

The boys carry a bench.

A bench is carried by the boys.

My friends fly a kite.

A kite is flown by my friends.

Convert the Sentence Into Passive Voice:

  • The dogs follow their lord.
  • We observe it.
  • Mikel and I help Robin.
  • The Americans view the feature.
  • My all family members take care of the cat pet.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -01(C)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + is + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject - Singular Noun(3rd Person)

 

AND Object -Singular Noun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Jacob plays football.

Football is played by Jacob.

Mira makes tea.

Tea is made by Mira.

The lion kills the dear.

Their lord is followed by the dogs.

Loren reads a story book.

A story book is read by Loren.

The boy throws a stone.

A stone is thrown by the boy.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

  • Jerry calls off the function
  • Merry paints the whole room.
  • Lia kicks the ball.
  • The thief steals my new bi-cycle.
  • The maker repairs the motor cycle.
  • My sister sews her school bag.
  • Our principal accepts my application.
  • Pantee changes the cover of the bed.
  • The choir actually loves this piece.
  • This mobile operator offers a new bonus plan.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -02(A)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + are + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject - Plural Noun

 

AND Object -Plural Noun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

The members of the party like the works.

The works are liked by the members of the party.

The headmaster and the secretory raise two proposes.

Two proposes are raised by the headmaster and the secretory.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

  • Jack and his friends open three new branches of their company.
  • The players perform theirs games.
  • My parents present some story books.
  • The students reply the answers of their teachers.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -02(B)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + are + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject - Singular Noun

 

BUT Object -Plural Noun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Samuel sings three songs.

Three songs are sung by Samuel.

Henry creates an some mobile apps.

Some mobile apps are created by Henry.

Isaac wants some books.

Some books are wanted by Isaac.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

  • The function organizer makes all the reservations.
  • My mother prepares delicious dishes.
  • Alice sends two bills for hundred dollars.
  • Ryen sells mobile sets.
  • Jonathon buys a lot of white papers.


Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -02(C)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object + Extension

Object + are + V3 + by + Subject + Extension

 

 

HERE, Subject - Singular Noun / Pronoun

 

BUT Object -Plural Noun / Pronoun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

God creates us for His lordship.

We are created by God for His Lordship.

Carl gets eight chocolates from his father today.

Chocolates are got by Carl from his father today.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: Every person gets two pens from this fund.

Passive: Two pens are got from this fund by every person.

2. Active: I grow vegetables in my garden.

Passive: Vegetables are grown in my garden by me.

3. Active: My dad distributes ten bananas among us.

Passive: Ten bananas are distributed among us by my dad.

4. Active: His teacher asks some questions from the test book.

Passive: Some questions are asked by his teacher from the test book.

5. Active: Rozer saves 300 dollars per month.

Passive: 300 dollars are saved per month by Rozer.

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -02(D)

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + are + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject -Singular/ Plural Pronoun

 

BUT Object -Plural Pronoun

 

EXAMPLES:

 

I advise them.

They are advised by me.

They order him and me.

He and I are ordered by them.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: He helps us.

Passive: We are helped by him.

2. Active: She calls me.

Passive: I am called by her.

3. Active: We hate him.

Passive: He is hated by us.

4. Active: I teach them.

Passive: They are taught by me.

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -03

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object

Object + am + V3 + by + Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject -Singular/ Plural Pronoun & Noun

 

BUT Object + Singular (me)

 

EXAMPLES:

 

They call me.

I am called by them.

He requests me.

I am requested by him.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: Teko helps me.

Passive: I am helped by Teko.

2. Active: Joe and Luo advise me.

Passive: I am advised by Joe and Luo.

3. Active: She teaches me.

Passive: I am taught by her.

4. Active: Tim suggests me.

Passive: I am suggested by Tim.

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -04

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Double Objects

1st Object+ am/is/are +V3 + 2nd Obj. + by+ Subject

 

 

HERE, Subject -Singular/ Plural Pronoun & Noun

 

BUT Object + Singular (Person supportable)

 

EXAMPLES:

 

We elect him a captain

He is elected a captain by us.

Father teaches me English.

I am taught English by father.

I called him a fool.

He was called a fool by me.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: We elected him chairman.

Passive: He was elected chairman by us.

2. Active: We make him a leader.

Passive: He is made a leader by us.

3. Active: He presents me a pen.

Passive: I am presented a pen by him.

4. Active: She gifts me a doll.

Passive: I am gifted a doll by her.

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -05

Active VoicePassive Voice

Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object + Extension

Object + is + V3 + by + Subject + Extension

 

 

HERE, Subject -Singular Pronoun / Noun

 

BUT Object + Singular

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Columbus discovers America in the 15th century.

America is discovered by Columbus in the 15th century.

Dona drinks coffee with her mother.

Coffee is drunk by Dona with her mother.

Mother carries her baby in her lap.

Her baby is carried by mother in her lap.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

  • Kerry donates money to the distress people.
  • Mr. Watt breaks the wall quickly.
  • My brother decorates the house every year.
  • My father reads the article at the moment.
  • Neil describes the journey by Apollo 11 cheerfully.
  • Pitter orders the man to do the work.
  • Raki washes her uniform every Friday.
  • Robinson buys a luxury house in Taxes this week.
  • Rock finishes his respective duty in due time.
  • Google requires manpower to operate online activities.
  • The servant cleans the room every morning.
  • The cowboy chops wood for fireplace.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Affirmative Sentence -06

Active VoicePassive Voice

Phrase + Subject+ Main Verb1 + Object+ Extension

Phrase + Object + am/is/are + V3 + by + Subject+ Extension

 

 

Subject -Singular/ Plural Pronoun & Noun

 

AND Object + Singular/ Plural

 

EXAMPLES:

 

At dinner, Marry eats two apples regularly.

At dinner, two apples are eaten by Marry regularly.

In the morning Jack plays hockey every day.

In the morning hockey is played by Jack every day.

More Examples of Active to Passive Voice:

1. Active: During the winter morning, my friend visits my garden.

Passive: During the winter morning, my garden is visited by my friend.

2. Active: At the time of his studying, Limon helps Ripon.

Passive: At the time of his studying, Ripon is helped by Limon.

3. Active: In the rainy season, we buy boats from the market.

Passive: In the rainy season, boats are bought from the market by us.

4. Active: At noon, we take launch at office.

Passive: At noon, launch is taken at office by us.

More Examples of the rules of 1 to 6

1. Active: I call in a doctor in my house.

Passive: A doctor is called in by me.

2. Active: I complete my course in time.

Passive: My course is completed by me in time.

3. Active: I pay the bill to the electricity authority within the date of 10th every month.

Passive: The electricity authority is paid by me within the date of 10th every month.

4. Active: We purchase some books from my school library.

Passive: Some books are purchased from my school library by us.

5. Active: I send a mail to my friend, Alen.

Passive: A mail is sent to my friend, Alen by me.

6. Active: Jack and Jenny open the gift box at 7 o’clock in the evening.

Passive: The gift box is opened by Jack and Jenny at 7 o’clock in the evening.

7. Active: Kith and Moll catch fish in this lake.

Passive: Fish is caught in this lake by Kith and Moll.

8. Active: Police arrest him today.

Passive: He is arrested by police today.

9. Active: The dogs beat him several times.

Passive: He is beaten by the dogs several times.

10. Active: The three queens join the summit together enthusiastically.

Passive: The summit is joined by the three queens together enthusiastically.

11. Active: They watch a drama together tonight.

Passive: A drama is watched by them together tonight.

12. Active: Thousands of travelers visit the China Great Wall every year.

Passive: The China Great Wall is visited by thousands of travelers every year.

13. Active: The students never reply the teachers' questions.

Passive: The teachers' questions are never replied by the students.

14. Active: I never disobey my elders.

Passive: My elders are never disobeyed by me.

Voice in Negative Sentence -07

Active Voice(Negative)Passive Voice

Subject+ don't /doesn't + Main Verb1 + Object + ..

Object+ am/is/are +V3 + by+ Subject+ ...

 

 

EXAMPLES:

 

I do not sing a song.

A song is not sung by me.

She does not write a letter.

A letter is not written by her.

They don't play cards.

Cards are not played by them.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: I don’t do the sums.

Passive: The sums are not done by me.

2. Active: We don’t leave our house for office at 8 AM every day.

Passive: Our house is not left by us for office at 8 AM every day.

3. Active: They don’t serve the poor people in their locality.

Passive: The poor people are served by them in their locality.

4. Active: She doesn’t not help me.

Passive: I am not helped by her.

5. Active: He doesn’t close the door.

Passive: The door is not closed by him.

Voice in Interrogative Sentence -08

Active VoicePassive Voice

EXAMPLES:

 

Do they eat some apples?

Are some apples eaten by them?

Does he make a kite?

Is a kite made by him?

 

 

No change placing: -what ?, which?, when ?, where ?,why ?, who?, whom?, how ?

 

 

 

Which book do you buy?

Which book is bought by you?

Who sings the sweet song?

By whom is the sweet song sung?

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: Where does he find you?

Passive: Where are you found by him?

2. Active: How does he finish the work?

Passive: How is the work finished by him?

3. Active: When do you prepare your lesson?

Passive: When is your lesson prepared by you?

4. Active: Whom do you want?

Passive: Who is wanted by you?

5. Active: What do you tell him?

Passive: What is he told by you?

6. Active: Which pen does he like?

Passive: Which pen is liked by him?

7. Active: Who wants whom?

Passive: Who is wanted by whom?

8. Active: Who can do it?

Passive: By whom can it be done?

Voice in Imperative Sentence -09

Active Voice(Imperative)Passive Voice

Main Verb1 + Object+..

Let + Object + V3 + ..

 

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Open the book.

Let the book be opened.

Ring the bell.

Let the bell be rung.

Eat a banana.

Let a banana be eaten.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

  • Do the sum.
  • Do it at once.
  • Eat an apple.
  • Put up a tent.
  • Help him now.
  • Call in a doctor.

Now, Watch For Passive Sentence

Voice in Imperative Sentence -10

Active Voice(Imperative)Passive Voice

Don't + Main Verb1 + Object+ ..

Let + not + Object + V3 + ..

 

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Do not make a noise.

Let not a noise be made.

Don't beat the dog.

Let not the dog be beaten.

Don't eat this banana.

Let not this banana be eaten.

Convert the Sentences Into Passive Voice:

1. Active: Don’t neglect my advice.

Passive: Let not my advice be neglected.

2. Active: Don’t disturb me.

Passive: Let not me disturb in the class.

3. Active: Don’t shut the window

Passive: Let not the window be shut.

4. Active: Don’t strike the cat.

Passive: Let not the cat be stricken.

5. Active: Don’t change the voice.

Passive: Let not the voice be changed.

More Examples of the rules of 9 to 10

1. Active: Take care of your health.

Passive: Let your health be taken care of.

2. Active: Pluck me a flower.

Passive: Let a flower be plucked for me.

3. Active: Bring me a book.

Passive: Let a book be brought to me.

4. Active: Let him do it.

Passive: Let it be done by him.

5. Active: Let him do the work.

Passive: Let the work be done by him.

6. Active: Let me sing a song.

Passive: Let a song be song by me.

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At the End

We know that most of the teachers teach voice by applying tense but this post is on verb present form (V1) in active voice. To convert into passive, we can apply am/is/are + V3(past participle form) in passive voice. Furthermore, I will disclose on past form of verb in active voice and more in the next post.