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Rare Animals: Top 10 Rarest Butterflies in the World

Butterflies are one of the most beautiful creatures in the world. Below are some of the rarest, not to mention most beautiful, flighty and colorful butterflies that, fortunately.are still alive and thriving today.

Duke of Burgundy


The duke of Burgundy (Hamearis lucina) is a native of the UK and is fond of clearings and grasslands. The females of the species are the wandering sort while the males are the more territorial. For males, the average wingspan is 1.1–1.2 inches while the females' average 1.2–1.3 inches.



The glasswinged butterfly (Greta oto) is found in Mexico through Panama though some species have been spotted in Venezuela. The males of the species are known to lek (gather together). The translucent wings can grow as much as (tip to tip) 2.4 inches. The "glass-like" appearance of the wings is due to the lack of tissues or scales between the veins.



The name "kaiser-i-hind" literally means "Emperor of India" and this butterfly that is native to India belongs to the swallowtail family. Teinopalpus imperialis is made unique by the wings' green iridiscence.

Mutated Spangle


Belonging to the swallowtail family, the mutated spangle butterfly (Papilio protenor) was previously considered extinct until their rediscovery in India where they are believed to be native species.

Northern Brown Argus


Another native butterfly of Great Britain is the northern brown argus (Aricia artaxerxes). According to studies, the northern brown argus solely feeds on the common rock-rose. Efforts are ongoing to conserve the species.

Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing


Named after Queen Alexandra of the UK in 1907, Queen Alexandra's birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae) is the largest in the world with the female's wingspan reaching a length of 12.2 inches. They are considered one of the strongest flyers in the butterfly world.

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Palos Verdes Blue


The Palos Verdes blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis) is considered by many as the rarest butterfly in the world and, unfortunately, also an endangered species. They are limitedly distributed to the Palos Verdes Peninsula in California are relatively small with an average wingspan of only 0.97 to 1.17 inches.

Pearl-Bordered Fritillary


Although the pearl-bordered fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne) occurs in various parts of Europe, its number has rapidly declined through the years making it rare and slightly threatened. The species has an average wingspan of 1.4 to 1.7 inches and is made unique by the markings on its wings that look like pearls.



Found in the Philippines, Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra the Saturn butterfly (Zeuxidia amethystus) has an average wingspan of 3.9 60 4.3 inches. The males of the species has a deeper, stronger color than their female counterparts. The butterfly prefers the meat of rotting fruits.

Silvery Meadow Blue


The silvery meadow blue butterfly (Polyommatus florience) has been spotted in Pakistan, Afghanistan and more recently in Himachal Pradesh, India. The species are believed to make meadows and clearings its habitat.


mia on April 11, 2020:

i seen two of these butterfly

Cygne on November 17, 2019:

Really good! I thoroughly enjoyed it. The butterfly family is a marvelous family of species that I value and protect as a lepidopterist. As to Rachel, please keep your stuck up corrections to yourself.

Owen on October 05, 2017:

thank you for writing this it was very intresting

rachel on April 09, 2017:

thank you

rachel on April 08, 2017:

yes i am a young blogger and editor

rachel on April 08, 2017:

On the last one i think that you forgot a "in" after clearings and before its.

rachel on April 08, 2017:

and, i think you put the number 60 instead of to in the same paragraph

rachel on April 08, 2017:

no offence, but you forgot a period after the word Sumatra in the paragraph about the Saturn butterfly

rachel on April 08, 2017:

incredible and beautiful butterflies!

Carl on August 06, 2015:

Hamearis lucina is not rare. It is not even endangered and widely distributed in most of Europe... didn't bother to read the rest.

yoopa on May 22, 2015:

Good site

Davison on January 01, 2015:

I love butterflies

hey hey on June 20, 2014:

i is awesome people should come to this site more

Blake on May 18, 2014:


A person on November 01, 2013:

The glass winged butterfly is really cool. Too bad it is rare.

lilydoda on June 18, 2013:

I don't see what one is most rearest of all.

brooke on February 17, 2013:

This helped me im only 10 years old and i got an A+ because of this I love BUTTERFLIES!!!!

Jaslin on April 27, 2012:


rayann on December 01, 2011:


sarang mhatre on November 17, 2011:

its a great site for rare wildlife knowledge

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