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Random psychological terms and what they mean

Rushali is a Tourism and Hospitality Management graduate. Takes interest in criminal psychology.


Occam's Razor

It refers to the theory that the simplest of explanations must be picked when looking for a solution. Simpler solutions are easy to execute and discover hence the theory. However it is said to be a fallacy by many. They point to the fact that, the simplest solution may not be the correct one.

To sum up, occam's razor should be used after taking the situation into consideration. Picking a marketing idea and solving a murder are two different things and a solution may require one to go the hard way instead of a simple one.

Folie a Deux

Folie a deux or communicated insanity or shared delusional disorder is a psychotic disorder where 2 or more people share the same delusions or hallucinations or beliefs. It is a rare clinical disorder found in a minute amount of people. It is said that, this is developed when a passive person forms a close relationship with a dominant person, thus making them follow the dominant person and their ideas. It is commonly found among women who have dominant partners that have delusional ideas.

Lima Syndrome

On the contrary to Stockholm syndrome, Lima syndrome refers to abusers or captors developing a positive connection towards the victim or victims. This may make them develop empathy towards the victims. The name is taken from an hostage situation in Lima, Peru where Japanese were taken hostages but were let go as the captors couldn't bring themselves to kill the hostages.

Macdonald Triad

Also known as the triad of sociopathy or homicidal triad, J. M. macdonald proposed in 1963 that 3 factors in early years of a person's life is linked to the predatory behaviour they exhibit when they grow up. Technically, pointing to the fact that, the presence of these three factors mean that the person could be a potential serial killer. The three factors being: enuresis or bed wetting past 5 years of age, arson or fire setting and cruelty towards animals at a young age.

The study was not full fledged and hence remains a hypothesis and is often called an urban legend.

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Maladaptive Daydreaming

Daydreaming is fair and square, a good creative way of bettering lives and expanding our thought horizons. However, excessive daydreaming or maladaptive daydreaming is a psychotic condition that distracts a person from their real life. The delusions or daydreams seem more of a preferred reality and becomes the only source of happiness for the person who suffers from it. This condition has been linked to ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) and depression.

Since it isn't a diagnosable disorder, there isn't any known treatment to this.


Liz Westwood from UK on May 30, 2021:

I had not come across any of these before. Well-explained.

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