Rani Lakshmibai had gained a firm place in the minds of the people as the 'Goddess of Inspiring Revolutionaries'. This is the brave history
About Rani Lakshmibai's Personality
Her Childhood :
Lakshmibai's original name was Manikarnika. Her father Moropant Tambe was under the protection of the Peshwas of Pune. The Tambe family was originally from Dhavdashi village in Satara district. Lakshmibai was born in Kashi, Uttar Pradesh (November 19th, 1835). His mother's name was Bhagirathi Bai.
Her Personality :
Rani Lakshmibai, who was strategic, shrewd, warlike, brave and had great deeds and leadership, was not born into any dynasty but was raised among the people belonging to the dynasty. Lakshmibai, who knew all the criteria of equestrian test, was also proficient in horse riding.
Rani Lakshmibai, an all-round personality, also excelled in martial arts. Balambhat Deodhar was a great athlete and wrestler under Bajirao. He invented a different type of exercise called Mallakhamba to become proficient in wrestling. Rani Lakshmibai also excelled in Mallakhamba Vidya which enhances concentration of mind, extraordinary agility, perfect skill of maintaining body balance, sharpness and clever consciousness.
In 1842, she married Gangadharrao Newalkar, king of Jhansi. Then her name was changed to Lakshmi. After the marriage, the people of Jhansi developed a special love for the queen. Since Gangadharrao did not like the queen to look after the affairs of the court, Lakshmibai used the time she got to protect her identity. She continued her daily exercise, workout, horse riding, fencing regularly.
Gangadharrao Newalkar and Lakshmibai had a son but died when he was three months old. Gangadharrao, who was happy to have an heir as a child, was also saddened by this. He adopted Vasudevrao Newalkar's son and named him Damodar. Gangadharrao died in 1853.
About Jhashi Sansthan Abolished
Jhashi Sansthan Khalsa :
Rani Lakshmibai had always felt that the British government would not annex the Jhansi Sansthan through the East India Company because of Jhashi's friendly relations with the British. For this, Lakshmibai herself was corresponding with the East India Company. Through this correspondence, she exposed the injustice, illegitimacy and malice of the company government.
In a letter, if she abolished the Jhansi Sansthan, the people of the whole of India would be shocked. As a result, she challenged the company by expressing doubts whether the people of India would trust the British. Rani Lakshmibai was one of the first persons in the country to challenge the irresponsible immorality of the company government and to challenge the authority of the company.
But since the decision to abolish the Sansthan in India was taken by Governor General Dalhousie, the Jhansi Sansthan was also abolished. On March 13th, 1854, a proclamation was issued to the people of Jhansi. Accordingly, the adoption statement was rejected and the state of Jhansi was merged with the British government. At that moment, the self-respecting queen exclaimed that she would not give up on me. After Jhashi Khalsa, Lakshmibai had to leave the fort and come to live in the city palace.
The uprising of 1857 took place all over India. Similarly, on June 5th, 1857, there was an outbreak of soldiers in Jhansi. Only 35 soldiers escaped the British. In this situation Rani Lakshmibai went to stay at the fort without waiting for the permission of the British. Later, on July 22nd, 1857, the British asked the Queen to take over the throne of Jhansi.
The queen was again in power, but in a very difficult situation she was in power. There was no manpower and the treasury was empty. The people were afraid of an insecure future. But still Lakshmibai handled the situation firmly. She called back the people of old faith and gave them some positions of authority.
Meanwhile, on the morning of March 21st, 1858, Sir Hugh Rose arrived at Jhansi with his army. He told the queen to come unarmed or be ready for battle. Due to the betrayal of the British, due to injustice, the Queen of the United Kingdom, who was adamant about 'No to foreign rule in India', refused to visit. At the same time, she formed an alliance with Tatya Tope and suggested attacking the British from one side.
War of Independence of 1857
Hugh Rose, a brilliant fighter and dutiful politician, captured the surrounding hills to attack the fort of Jhansi. They mounted guns on the hills. The side of Jhansi was impregnable for 2-3 days. Ghauskhan hit with a cannon, which saved two Shiva temples. The people of Jhansi still thank him for this. On the 9th day of the war, the British closed the cannon on the west side and made holes in the side wall. Work was done overnight to fill these gaps. It is special that women used to carry lime, stone and bricks at that time.
In the end, it was the cheaters (Fiturs) who helped the British. The large well at Shankar Fort in Jhansi used to supply water to the whole of Jhansi. In such a situation, the queen hoped for help from the Peshwas. Similarly, on 31st March, Tatya Tope's army arrived. But they did not stand up to the British.
Rani Lakshmibai appealed to all the troops to fight on their own strength. Not only that, she promised, "If you die in battle, I will take care of your widows." The situation became tense when Khudabaksh and Ghouskhan, the queen's left and right hands, were shot dead by the British. The British troops landed in the city with ladders. The queen was furious to see the wind blowing in the quiet, beautiful city, and she decided to go to the battlefield and carry it out.
The enraged queen's sword was so sharp that the white soldier in front of her was being guarded. Seeing their courage, bravery, passion, Hugh was stunned every day. However, an experienced chief noticed the danger and took Lakshmibai back to the fort. Lakshmibai discussed with all the army officers and according to the decision she left Jhansi overnight. For 11 days in a row, the queen kept the British in suspense. Hugh Rose, a witness to the battle, also said that "Queen Lakshmibai was the best soldier and the most courageous woman."
After this defeat, the queen went to Gwalior with the Peshwas. Even there, Lakshmibai did not sit still and continued her army exercises regularly. Walking in the army, interrogating the soldiers, they discussed how to build a front to stop the British. At the same time, on the morning of 18th June 1858, Smith, a British officer, arrived near Gwalior with troops. He immediately launched an attack. Lakshmibai ran in the battle. Lakshmibai was wielding her sword and cutting off the oncoming British troops.
Smith's army was about to retreat, at which point an army of newcomers stormed the side hill. The queen did not face the army from both sides. Recognizing the situation, she came out with some swaranni. A little farther on, her horse stumbled upon a stream. While fighting with the British there, Rani Lakshmibai fell down from her horse in a bloodbath.
The sword also penetrated her left arm, but the English could not recognize Rani Lakshmibai, who was dressed as a man. They moved on. Rani Lakshmibai was brought to a monastery by her servant in wounded condition. She did not want her body to fall into the hands of the cruel English. So her servant set fire to Lakshmibai's body. Queen Lakshmibai of Jhansi accepted death at the age of 23 (June 18th, 1858, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh) and thus a brave queen died a heroic battle.
Jhansi ki Rani Lakshmibai
© 2021 Jaya