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Nanotechnology Pros & Cons


Introduction to Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is referred to as the field of research and innovation concerned with building materials and devices. The material has prepared based on the atoms and molecules. The measurement of one nanometer is one-billionth of a meter.

It is ten times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. On average, the diameter of a human is 80,000 nanometers. The rules of physics and chemistry do not apply at such scales.

Nanotechnology holds the potential for energy consumption energy. It helps to solve significant health problems and clean the environment.

Furthermore, it can increase the manufacturing of the product at less cost. The effects of nanotechnology are smaller, cheaper, lighter, and functional.

Expert Opinion about the Nanotechnology Use

Eric Drexler coined the term nanotechnology. He warned about the development of robust and dangerous technology. He talked about the nanotechnology power in his book of Engines of Creation. However, many researchers discredited his theory.

On the other hand, the activists worry about the faster development of nanotechnology. Policymakers have to regulate the use of technology. An informed should take place regarding this serious issue.

In the United States, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology began using nanotech in healthcare research programs in 2005. On the other hand, South Asian countries like Thailand and China planned to expand its usage.


Pros of Nanotechnology

One of the most exciting innovations in technology is nanotechnology. These micro-machines hold the ability to change the industries at one point in time. The pros of nanotechnology are as follows:

  • The change was created on the cellular level.

Nanotechnology has the potential to restructure items on the cellular level. You can imagine the organic cells instantly turning out into consumable food items. Trash could be reusable again with the help of technology. The recycling process gets its new meaning.

  • Extend the Human Life

The cells are altered at the core level. Therefore, human life extended in many ways. Difficult diseases like ALS and cancer are cured with the use of the nanotechnology technique.

It is useful to reduce the aging process in human beings. Then, it can extend the average life expectancy of a human being. We should forget that aging is a natural process that could not stop.

  • Self Repairing Technology Creation

Imagine an airplane face an issue in its hydraulic functions. Once the problem is detected in the airplane, then nanotechnology starts its work to remove the defect.

It can save the lives of the passengers who traveled through the airplanes. Specific surveys revealed that many people who died in plane crash happened in the past years.

The technology helps repair the problems independently, from the plunged toilet to the home foundation proofing. It turns out to be a beneficial thing for human beings.

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  • Nanotechnology can eliminate poverty in many ways.

It is not just the thing that nanotechnology can create high paying jobs. The people in the severe drought areas can make food and water using the matter.

Children who took birth with some addiction cured quickly. Nanotechnology has the potential to provide equal access to everyone. It happened for the first time in history.

Many people working hard to make both ends meet can get new opportunities with nanotech use. They can get good jobs and a decent lifestyle. Nanotech can bring a significant transformation by eliminating the poverty issue from the world.

Nanotechnology use in the medical field.

Nanotechnology use in the medical field.

Cons of Nanotechnology

Any technological development comes with advantages and disadvantages. It is the same in the case of nanotechnology too.

Scientists advised limiting the use of nanotech to save humanity from destruction. It can widen the socioeconomic gap between the have and have not the group.

Only a few nations can afford the technology. Therefore, the cons of nanotechnology are:

  • Nanotechnology could be easily used as a weapon.

A good programmer behind nanotechnology can use it for the benefit of humanity. If a manipulative person gets the knowledge of it, then destruction can happen.

The weaponization of nanotechnology could lead to the elimination of a particular population from an area.

This technology can replicate, making it challenging to defeat the nanotech countermeasures taken to control the technology.

  • Make the Current technology system obsolete.

There are many sectors in the industry dependent on fossil fuels. Therefore, the extensive use of nanotechnology could make these technologies obsolete.

It can result in a sudden change in economic circumstances. A specific group of the population could face an impact.

Then, it would create a new economic classification regarding the production of a thing like gold.

  • Creating a new class system of identity

If the nanotechnologies can wind up providing low-cost health services and food, then there are chances that one nation can make the maximum use of this technology.

Then, the socioeconomic classes will come up to make use of the nanotech. It would create a gap between having and have not a group of people.

  • It may cause uncommon diseases to human beings.

Some incidents reported that people suffered from diseases that inhaled nanoparticles. With the coming of nanotech could solve the new problems or not. There is no guarantee of it. The situations in the future will become more problematic if there is a solution to further problems.


Nanotechnology used in a limit can become a beneficial thing for society. However, a group of wealthy and developed nations can use this technology to improve the healthcare sector.

Other countries would struggle to get the advanced things done. However, the researchers have to focus on the issues coming with the extensive use of nanotechnology.

Many unique diseases discovered people inhaled nanoparticles in a particular area. With the benefits of nanotechnology, there should be plans to deal with the new problems coming out.

© 2020 Divya Sharma

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