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Physical Therapy: An Introduction and Overview

This Is Samia Farooqi, a Registered Pakistani Physiotherapist. I would be sharing some chunks of useful information through my writing.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation is an Allied Health Profession that works with other healthcare systems and complements them. As the name suggests, it is more related to the 'Physical Wellbeing' of the individuals. It's a drug-free therapy of pain. For example, if you are having back pain, and your doctor refers you to visit a Physiotherapist, he will treat you by prescribing exercises rather than drugs. Physical Therapy is a treatment that helps you to recover from a physical condition, like Stroke, and perform daily living actvities easily. In this era of emerging technology, people are becoming less physically active. The number of individuals having back pain and osteoporosis is on the rise globally and Physical Therapy provides a better solution to it. Why do you need a Physical Therapy session? A question you ask your Physician or might also get a suggestion from your closed ones. Physical therapy gives you freedom of movement. It helps you to feel good about yourself just by doing a number of therapeutic exercise.


What to expect from a Physiotherapy Session?

If you are referred to a Physiotherapist by a Physician or you visit him directly, you will be encountered by a few initial questions, which is called history taking in the medical profession. Normally, there are two ways, either a verbal communication or a questionnaire is given to the patient containing some common question, like age group, profession, your activity level, nature of pain, to what extent your physical condition is affecting your daily living etc.

The therapist also examines you physically to rule out the nature/pattern of your disease/disorder to design an indivilized treatment plan for you. Your therapist explains you about your condition and the treatment plan, how it benefits you in the long run. The treatment plan usually consists of a clinical physical therapy session and a home plan of exercises.

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How Can You Approach A Physical Therapist?

Physical Therapists practice in several settings. You can approach them in the Rehabilitation Department of a hospital, in an individual clinical setting, and even book an appointment for home care services in some cases.


Physical Therapy In a Broader Scenario

Physical Therapy enlists the following areas of practice:

  • Orthopedic Physiotherapy: for muscle and joint conditions/disorders
  • Women's Health: for improving the health of women having postmenopausal issues or pregnancy-related problems.
  • Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy: for conditions like asthma, bronchitis, or cystic fibrosis
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation: for post-surgical heart patients to promote their active lifestyle
  • Sports Physiotherapy: for athletic training and conditioning, treating sports-specific injuries
  • Geriatric Physiotherapy: for elderly patients
  • Pediatric Physiotherapy: for children with conditions like Cerebral Palsy, Autism, or Down's Syndrome
  • Neurological Physiotherapy: for conditions like Stroke, head injuries, spinal injuries, etc.

© 2022 Samia Farooqi

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