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Parts of a Flower Lesson

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I am a Christian. I was an 8th-grade American History teacher. I am currently a freelance writer, public speaker, & homeschooling mom of 9.

Hands-on Middle School Biology Lesson on Parts of a Flower

Hands-on Middle School Biology Lesson on Parts of a Flower

This is the 2nd lesson in a series of 32 hands-on lessons covering middle school biology. This lesson covers the parts of a flower. I used this plan while teaching a 55 minute middle school biology class. Each lesson plan includes homework assignments and a variety of hands-on activities to make each lesson engaging & memorable. Use these fun lessons with your classroom, homeschool, after-school program, or co-op!

These lessons are written for a class that meets once a week. If your class meets 5 days a week, simply do this lesson one day a week and use the homework assignments (at the bottom of the page) for the work for the other days of the week.

Pop Quiz: How many parts of a flower can you name?

Pop Quiz: How many parts of a flower can you name?

Pop Quiz: The Parts of a Flower & Homework

1. Give the students 2 minutes to sketch & label a flower and its parts. They may not use their notes or textbooks. After 2 minutes, ask who has labeled: 3 parts? 5 parts? Keep going up until you have the top 3 students who labeled the most parts. Give them each a ticket (and a starburst candy - optional).

You will need:

  • Optional: 3 Starburst candies

2. Give tickets to children who completed their homework. Go over the homework questions and pass out tickets to students who answer the questions. Have them each show the flowers they drew & identified.

Flower Parts & Their Functions Worksheet from "The Budding Botanist."

Flower Parts & Their Functions Worksheet from "The Budding Botanist."

3. Pass out a worksheet showing the parts of a flower & their functions. Go through the parts with mnemonics.

  • The male parts are men. The whole part that stays there is the stamen. The "stalk" that "fills" the bottom part is a filament. What is on a male deer's head? Antlers. The "head" of male flower stamens have anthers, with pollen on top.
  • The lady part has a L for lady. The whole part is the pistil. (Notice it's spelled differently than a gun, pistol.) At the top is the mama. It's the stigma. She's a stylish mama. The tube is called a style. Down at the bottom is where you have the egg, called an ovule, surrounded by an ovary, which is "over" the egg.

Dissecting Flowers

4. Dissect flowers.

  • Divide the class into groups of 3-5. Give each group a plate or white paper and a lily or other complete flower. (I also included an unopened bud, which they enjoyed opening to find the unattached pistil and stamens.)
  • Have them sketch and count the sepals, petals, stamens (with the anthers & filaments), pistil (with the stigma, style, & ovary), receptacle, & stem.
  • They will need a sharp knife or scalpel to cut into the ovary
  • If they find a sticky substance toward the bottom, ask them what they think it might be. It's nectar! I told them to feel it and smell it. Some of the children tasted it.
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You will need for each group of 3-5:

  • a flower (such as a lily)
  • an unopened bud (optional)
  • a white paper or plate
  • a knife or scalpel
  • worksheet for recording data (optional)

Edible Models

5. Allow students to each make an edible model of a flower. I handed them the ingredients on plates, listed the parts they needed to include, & let them figure out how to do it. Here's one way to do it:

  • Petals - fruit roll-up
  • Stamens - licorice pulls (a single strand)
  • Pollen - yellow cake/cookie sugar or sprinkles (Offer small cups of water. If they dip the licorice strand in the water & then dip it in the sugar, it will stick.)
  • Pistil - full-size licorice
  • Stamen - bite-size licorice
  • Ovary - marshmallow
  • Ovule - jelly bean or Skittle
  • Sepal & receptacle - green fruit roll-up or Laffy Taffy (optional)

You will need per student:

  • small plate
  • candy: fruit roll-up, 3-6 strands of licorice pulls cut in 1/3, yellow cake/cookie sugar or sprinkles (& a small cup of water which can be shared), 1/3 a piece of a full-size licorice, bite-size licorice, small marshmallow, jelly bean or Skittle, & green fruit roll-up or Laffy Taffy (optional)

6. Have the students partner up with someone next to them and go through each part on their flower. While they do this, take a photo of each student with their flower. Then allow them to eat it or save it.

Monday's homework: Draw & identify a flower from outside.

Monday's homework: Draw & identify a flower from outside.


(Page numbers refer to the pages in A Beka's Science: Order & Design.)

  • Friday: Flowers: Read pp. 33-43 & & answer 4 questions of your choice on p. 43.
  • Monday: Find a live flower outside. Draw a detailed picture of it & identify it using its traits.
  • Tuesday: Monocots: Read pp. 43-50 (skipping Check it Out) & answer 4 questions of your choice on p. 50.
  • Wednesday: Do Check it Out on p. 49. (Pull grass out including the roots, mount it, and label it.) You can use the diagram on p. 47 as an example. (To mount the grass, simply tape it to a sheet of paper and then label parts on your paper.)

© 2018 Shannon


Shannon (author) from Florida on September 01, 2018:

I'm glad it brings back memories. Hopefully they are good ones!

Liz Westwood from UK on September 01, 2018:

This takes me back to one of my first biology lessons at secondary school.

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