Mississippi River, The Beginning and It's Contributories
The Great Mississippi River
The Mississippi River is ranked as the fourth-longest in the world and ranked 15th for discharge. Starting as a trickle from Lake Itasca, Minnesota, and continuing 2384 miles before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.
The Ojibwe Indians called it Omashkoozo-zaag'igan, or Elk Lake. When Hernando de Soto first sighted it near present-day Memphis, Tn and called it "Rio del Espiritu Santo, meaning "The Holy Spirit".
It would be another hundred years later when Jacque Marquette and Louis Joliet would begin exploring the river. By 1716, Fort Rosalie would be built by the French using Natchez natives as builders. This would be the first white settlement, now called Natchez.
Fort Rosalie, Natchez and the Rebellion
First White Settlement
In 1729, after years of wars and abusing the Native Natchez Indians, a revolt broke out after the French demanded their land. The Natchez were ultimately defeated, and many were sold as slaves in the West indies. Some escaped and merged into other tribes. And so ao Native American people were annihilated.
1812 Steamboat New Orleans
Coming of the Steamboats
By the 19th century, steamboats became the norm for travel up and down the Mississippi River. Before the steamboats, a trip could take four months from Louisville to New Orleans. Finally, by 1838, it would only take six days.
Today, the top three categories are manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture. It is estimated that $400 billion is from commerce on the Mississippi River.
The Great Flood of 1927
The might Mississippi has flooded for years, costing millions in damages, loss of life, loss of agriculture, and displacement of thousands.
Recorded as the most destructive flood in the U.S., the Great Flood of 1927 destroyed over 27,000 miles, leaving depths in some areas of 39 feet deep. This flood lasted some 153 days and costing one billion in losses. It left 700,000 homeless and over 500 dead.
So many were homeless that President Herbert Hoover set up refugee camps or "tent cities" as they were called. Some camps were good and some bad, with discrimination prevalent between whites and African Americans who have suffered mistreatment.
Although Hoover vowed to correct this problem, he neglected to do so. As a result, Hoover lost the election in 1932. And so The Great Migration began as the African Americans fled north and midwest.
After the 1927 flood, the Flood Control Act was created, and the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers was tasked with finding ways to control the Mississippi. Many of the early levees were nothing more than earthen mounds, and some farmers were required to build their levees.
Today, some say the levees create a bigger problem with flooding.
Great River Road Scenic Highway
Great River Road Scenic Trip
The Great River Scenic Trip is a 2069 Mile trip following the course of the Mississippi River from Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico.
It passes through ten states and hundreds of river towns. It is the longest scenic byway of America. If one drives straight through, it takes about 36 hours, but most travelers take anywhere from four to ten days.
The route is easy to follow by way of the Green Pilot's Wheel marking the route.
An app is available to download from experiencemississippiriver.com This site has maps, state parks, dams, historic sites, and museums listed.
There are also cruises booked through Viking Cruises, 1-877-705-7631, and specific cruises for those over 50 at road scholar, 1-877-643-1253.
Canoeing Down the Mississippi River
1980 Canoe Trip down the Mississippi River
In 1980, Steve Eckelkamp and Kirk Millhonet set off for a grueling canoe trip traveling the length of the Mississippi River. The journey would be dangerous, but these two were determined and adventurous. They would encounter treacherous currents, barges in the dark, tree stumps and logs, debris that could cause the canoe to turn over.
They set the record for their trip, making it in 35 days, 11 hours, and 27 minutes. But in 2018, Bob Bradford and Clark Eid broke the record completing their journey in 18 days, 4 hours, and 51 minutes.
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 26, 2020:
Thanks for reading and giving comments.
Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on May 26, 2020:
Thanks for sharing these facts. They were all new to me. I'm glad that I discovered them by reading your article.
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 25, 2020:
Thanks for reading, I appreciate it.
James A Watkins from Chicago on May 24, 2020:
I love your Hub! Thank you for writing it. It is educational and fun.
fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on May 24, 2020:
Thanks for reading
Rosina S Khan on May 23, 2020:
It's great to know about the Mississippi river and its history. Great hub, Fran. Thanks for sharing.
Liz Westwood from UK on May 23, 2020:
Rivers are a fascinating subject. You have presented a lot of interesting facts about the Mississippi in this article.