Medini is an economics and business student with a passion for education, having taught many students across the years.
The National Education Policy 2020, which was approved by the Union Cabinet of India on 29 July 2020, outlines the vision of India's new education system. The new policy replaces the previous National Policy on Education, 1986. This was implemented in an effort to revolutionize India's education system by rising its standards to global models of education.
This article is a critical, unbiased analysis of the policy, with highlighted merits and demerits.
Major Changes by NEP 2020
- By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree.
- The 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
- All students will take school examinations in Grades 3, 5, and 8 which will be conducted by the appropriate authorities. Board exams for Grades 10 and 12 will be continued, but will be redesigned in such a way that the students are tested on their practical knowledge of the subject rather than just memory.
- Colleges will follow a credit-based system in which Credits can be earned through a multidisciplinary education approach. If a student takes a break in the third year for a fixed period prescribed by the Higher Education Commission, he/she can utilize the credits stored whenever they wish to resume.
Merits of NEP 2020
- 6% of the GDP will be spent on the education sector, the estimated amount.
- All schools and colleges will have the same subjects and the same syllabus across the whole country, ensuring uniformity.
- Vocational subjects such as pottery, cooking etc. will be taught from class 6th onward, thus arming children with valuable skills.
- Students will have flexibility in choosing their subject combinations and there will be a larger variety of subjects.
- Top 100 foreign universities to be allowed to establish their branches in India. This will further help India secure a prominent position in today's interconnected world.
- By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree. This will improve the quality of education provided to children of all income backgrounds.
Demerits of NEP 2020
- Less emphasis on the English language up to grade 5. According to NEP, students will be taught in the local languages up till grade 5. While this will certainly make learning more comfortable for children from households where English is not spoken, it will make it all the more difficult for them in later stages as English is a global language and extremely necessary to secure jobs. Therefore, it is advisable to teach them English from initial stages.
- The five-member committee formed by the Union ministry for human resource and development to oversee the policy consists mostly of bureaucrats, and there is just only one educationalist.
- The committee should also have the representatives from all the states, as the educational scenarios in India are different in each state.
- There is no mention of sports in the NEP. Sports in Indian schools continue to be seen as a mere playtime activity and not much importance is given to sports. Students who excel at sports are often told to focus on their academics instead.
Therefore, the National Education Policy, 2020 is an extremely commendable move, with the merits largely outweighing the demerits. If implemented effectively, it will certainly revolutionize the Indian Education System and bring it up to par with global standards.
I hope this helped clear any doubts you might have regarding the policy. If you are still unclear, just type your doubt in the comments and I will definitely answer it :)
© 2020 Medini Rajan