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Native American Nations of the American Southeast

A descendant of Mohawk Nation and trained in anthropology, Patty has researched and reported on indigenous peoples for over four decades.

Choctaw, by George Catlin in 1834

Choctaw, by George Catlin in 1834

Indigenous Peoples of the U.S. Southeast

While these following lists of federally- and state-recognized groups of Native North Americans are not fully inclusive, they represent major nations, bands, and independent groups among Native Americans in the Southeastern States.

Some of our indigenous or native groups are officially recognized by the US Federal Government and receive health and education assistance from the USA, but some are recognized only by the individual states, not the federal authority. Not all of these people live on reservations.

A number of groups are not officially recognized at all, but most of these nations and bands are seeking recognition. In addition, new groups often arise and petition for recognition as and these may or may not include actual Native Americans.

Map of the Southeastern States

Map of the Southeastern States

New groups sometimes emerge through splintering away from larger groups and request recognition on either the state or federal levels. However, the recognition process can take many years to be successfully completed.

The USA is home to a number of state-recognized groups and other groups in the process of applying for and attaining either state or federal recognition. The lost of states and tribal nations below is subject to increasing in numbers, especially since the number of Native Americans in the country increased somewhat during the 2010s. US Census estimates range from 5.2 - 5.3 million full blood and mixed Native Americans.

A Choctaw village.

A Choctaw village.

Migration in North America

As Native Americans moved eastward from the North and the Pacific Northwest Coastal regions to fill the continent, they met Europeans that eventually drove them back from the East. Especially after the American Civil War, native peoples were driven westward and many of them onto reservations. before that war, different native nations warred among themselves and sometimes drive their defeated enemies away, including to the American West.

The American West is home to the largest number of reservations in the 21st century, while some states to the east have none at all.

Louisiana FolkLife Center - Roy Parfait, Native American Woodcarver

Louisiana FolkLife Center - Roy Parfait, Native American Woodcarver

State by State Listings


  • Arkansas Band of Western Cherokee
  • Chickamauga Cherokee Nation
  • Chickamauga Cherokee Nation, the White River Band


  • Adais Caddo
  • Biloxi Chitimacha - related to the Choctaw.
  • Chitimacha Tribe of Louisana - related to the Choctaw.
  • Choctaw-Apache Community of Ebarb
  • Clifton Choctaw Tribe
  • Coushatta Tribe - related to the Choctaw.
  • Four Winds Tribe Louisiana Cherokee
  • Indian Township Reservation
  • Jena Band of Choctaws
  • Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
  • United Houma Nation - related to the Choctaw.


  • Biloxi Nation
  • Capinans Nation
  • Choctaw Nation -- Mississippi Choctaw Reservation: Tribal Council of the Mississippi Band of Choctaws; Box 6010 - Choctaw Branch, Philadelphia MS 39350
  • Moctobi Nation
  • Pascagoula Nation

Cherokee War Dance


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  • Mowa band of Choctaw, Choctaw Agency. Route 1, Box 330-A, Reservation Rd. Mt. Vernon AL 36560
  • Poarch band of Creek, Choctaw Agency. HCR69A, Box 85-B Atmore AL 36502

Georgia State-Recognized Tribes

  • American Cherokee Confederacy, Inc. 619 Pine Cone Road. Albany, Georgia 31705-6908
  • Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokee
  • Lower Muscogee Creek Tribe Route 2, Box 370. Whigham, Georgia 31797
  • The Cherokee of Georgia, Saint George, Georgia 31646
Billy Bowlegs & other Seminole Chiefs drawn sketched in 1852.

Billy Bowlegs & other Seminole Chiefs drawn sketched in 1852.

Florida Nations and Bands

  • Ais
  • Calusa
  • Seminole
  • Tequesta
  • Timucua
  • Tocobaga

Florida Reservations

  • Big Cypress Reservation, Seminole Agency , 6075 Stirling Rd. Hollywood FL 33024
  • Brighton Reservation, Seminole Agency. 6075 Stirling Rd. Hollywood, FL 33024
  • Miccosukee Reservation, Eastern Area Office. Box 440021, Tamiami Station. Miami, FL 33144
  • Seminole Reservation, Seminole Agency. 6300 Stirling Road, Hollywood, FL 33024

Bands of the Gulf Coast

From Louisiana eastward and through the Florida Gulf Coast:

  • Atakapa, Chitimacha, Natchez, and Tunica

Southern Mississippi Native Businesses

  • Biloxi Nation - The original name in the Biloxi pople's language is Taneks-anya or first people. It was also known as Anaxis and Annocchy, gradually becoming Biloxi. They are related to Sioux Nation.
  • Capinans Nation - Related to Biloxi Nation, Pascagoula Nation; all are related to the Sioux.
  • Moctobi Nation - English speakers in 1699 made up this name for a group that lived with the Biloxi and Pascagoula Nations.
  • Pascagoula Nation. - This name means bread people and they made specialty breads that are still available today. Also called Mfskigula, probably actually "Muskhogeans" to the Biloxi peopl.

Native Americans in Southern Mississippi are successful in Native-owned businesses, Pow Wows, and partnerships with university study and research programs that lead to new job creation.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2007 Patty Inglish MS

Comments & Additions

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on October 01, 2012:

Thank you!

chief5725 on October 01, 2012:

The drum is the most importaint thing to a tribe. It is the "Heart Beat Of The Tribe." Mark Two Blades; Lower Eastern Cherokee Nation. SC

mmmm on September 15, 2011:

hi i love it

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on August 11, 2009:

Oklahoma Choctaw nation:

Mississippi Choctaw nation:

The Georgia band of Choctaw were moved to Mississippi; however, Choctaw had also lived in Alabama and Louisiana.

Chaktaw Pans Fayalala on August 11, 2009:

Seems to me the most important Nation the Choctaws

are left off this website.

I am trying to locate the Choctaw Reservation in Georgia, the Mississippi Choctaw during Indian Removals.

Every website says Cherokee in reservations in georgia.

Could it be possible the Mississippi Choctaws are really Cherokee? Someone let me know your thoughts @

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on February 07, 2008:

Thank you for that infomration, bohica! Piers Anthony is a fantastic author and I will find that book. The next time I go thorugh Alamaba, I will surely visit Mountville. Thanks again.

bohica on February 07, 2008:

Have you read Piers Anthony's "Tatham Mound"? It is a FANTASTIC source of information about Southeastern Tribes at the time of the arrival of the white man.

I also suggest that a tour of Mountville, AL. It's a great an informative restored pre-Columbian Muskogee Indian site.

I am a Creek Indian and a member of the Poarch Band of Creeks. The current address is 5811 Jack Springs Road, Atmore, AL 36502

Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on December 13, 2007:

Thank you both MrMarmalade and gabriella05!

aman on December 12, 2007:

Gr8 hub ,keep it up.

gabriella05 from Oldham on December 12, 2007:

Amazing how much I enjoy reading your hubs

Thank you

MrMarmalade from Sydney on December 12, 2007:

Another great river of time from the past

Thank you again

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