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National Education Policy, 2020 & Higher Education in India.

What is the Purpose of Education?

A child without education, is like a bird without wings. The purpose of education is to make good human beings having necessary skills, expertise and ethical values. It can be achieved by framing a vibrant education policy and by making changes in it in the light of emerging circumstances as the same policy cannot remain effective for long time without making revisions or alterations. Education provides an opportunity for the development to an individual in particular and to a country in general. Educated people are those who are not only eligible for getting jobs but may be instrumental in creating employment opportunities for others too which further leads to overall development of a nation.

The main hope of a nation lies in the proper education of its youth.

— Erasmus

What is the Purpose of New Education Policy?

After a long journey of 34 years, the Government of India announced the National Education Policy, 2020, which was approved by the Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020 under the direction of the Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi. It replaces the previous National Policy on Education, 1986. It outlines the vision of the new education system of India which would be flexible, effective, efficient and much more strengthened than what is at present. In fact, it is first time in Indian history when suggestions from common men were being kept in mind while draft of it was being made. That’s why, this policy is more ambitious, futuristic, well thought out and forward looking. The main purpose of it is to bring such kind of skills, knowledge, capabilities and competencies in students which 21st century demands from them so that India can become global knowledge superpower again.

What is the Major Weakness in Education System?

One of the major weaknesses in the Indian education system is rigidity in the selection process of subjects in a stream after class 10th. If a student goes for commerce stream, as per current system, he/she cannot opt and pursue his/her study in the subjects of science and arts despite of his/her interest. But this new policy brings flexibility by introducing multidisciplinary approach in higher education with multiple entry-exit system. Now, there will be no rigid separation between different streams in the process of selecting the subjects. A student of commerce can choose Music, Mathematics along with his core subjects like Accountancy, Economics and Financial Management. In simple words, a student can pursue his/her area of interest and excel in it.

What is in the New Education Policy to Make Education System More Effective?

There are various provisions in this new policy which will play significant role in making Indian education system more flexible, effective and efficient than earlier. It will help in inculcating problem solving skills, analytical skills, critical thinking, and creativity in a student.

1). Multiple Entry-Exit System.

If we talk about multiple entry-exit system then this policy provides an opportunity to the students of higher education that they can quit in between the duration of the courses as per the norms of Higher Education Commission of India, who will be the single regulator over higher education in India. HECI will replace the UGC (University Grant Commission) and AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education). It will definitely be helping those students who are deprived of higher education due to various reasons like family and financial problems in between the duration of their courses. These reasons force them to drop out of study without fully completing their courses’ period of 2 or 3 years. But this new system will not only allow students to take rest in the middle of the period but they can utilize this time more productively as they can get practical experiences of what they have learnt theoretically in previous academic period and in fact, they can earn sufficient amount of money to resume their study further from the point where they left. It will definitely help students to become self-dependent, more responsible and make them stand on their own feet.

2). National Academic Credit Bank.

As per current policy (National Policy on Education, 1986), if students leave their undergraduate or postgraduate course in between then they neither have degree nor they have any kind of benefits from their completed years. But new policy allows them to store their earned academic credits in an online storehouse called National Academic Credit Bank. This bank will provide a benefit of transferability of credits across universities. Those students who quit their course in between, they can get their jobs on the basis of these credits. Furthermore, these academic credits can be utilized to resume their study further after that.

3). The Focus is on Reducing the Curriculum and Incorporating Core Concepts.

The focus of this policy is also on reducing the syllabi and including only core concepts after consulting with various stakeholders of education system so that the gap between ‘what is taught in classrooms and what is demanded in industries’ can be reduced. As per new policy, there is a provision of certain bagless days in a year, according to which, students have to spent some days on internship where they can strengthen their theoretical knowledge with practical experiences with local entrepreneurs. They can learn the art of teamwork at such a young age, which further brings a sense of leadership in them. All these things will definitely help them to become a good entrepreneur. Reducing the syllabi means that the students will also have time to participate in extra-curricular activities as per their interests. In fact, there is a provision in this new policy which states that there will be no rigid separation between curricular and extracurricular activities. The performance of a student in extracurricular and cultural activities will also be involved along with the academic performance while determining his/her final result, which is not possible as per the policy of 1986.

Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom.

— George Washington Carver

What is My Perspective?

If I talk about my perspective, I was fond of playing cricket till class 10th and I wanted to excel in that field along with my studies. But when I came to know that there is no scope of my good performance in cricket in my marksheet then I decided to focus only on my studies. Furthermore, the stress of completing huge syllabus and attaining good percentage made me to leave all other things which I wanted to do other than my studies. Now, I realize that this kind of system can develop a student mentally to some extent but not physically and we also know that healthy mind exists in a healthy body. But it is a challenge for a student except those who are in the field of physical studies, to develop himself physically due to the pressure of covering huge syllabus before exams to get good percentage. In fact, students don’t have enough time to do physical activities and exercises to keep themselves fit and healthy.

Wrapping it Up.

The above discussed provisions of new National Education Policy will definitely eliminate all these issues and provide a way for overall and holistic development of a student. It will help in arousing interest in students towards their subjects unlike current education system, which only forces them to rote learning. We can say with certainty that this policy will bring change in the perspective of the educational stakeholders towards Indian Education System. It is a matter of fact that proper implementation of a policy is as much important as framing it. Therefore, Ministry of Human Resource Development, now to be known as Ministry of Education, and Education Minister of India along with his dedicated team are leaving no stone unturned to ensure proper implementation of this policy in letter and spirit.

Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.

— Aristotle

What do you think?


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© 2020 Amit Sharma


Amit Sharma (author) from Haryana, India. on October 08, 2020:

Thanks Ankit Verma.

Ankit verma on October 08, 2020:

Good work Brother.

Keep it up, We really appreciated your work, Best wishes :-)

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