Jack is a volunteer at the CCNY Archives. Before retiring, he worked at IBM for over 28 years. His articles have over 120,000 views.
As both a scientist and a Christian, I am conflicted by the theory of evolution as the mechanism to explain life on earth. There are three alternative theories proposed and there are problems with every one of them. In this article, I will focus on evolution and in future articles, I will deal with the Creation theory and Intelligent Design.
- Mar. 2018
The theory of evolution was proposed by Charles Darwin in 1859 with the publication of his book On The Origin of Species.
Over the years, it has been modified and enhanced to explain some of the “problems” and deficiencies of the basic concept. The reason it is called a theory is because we just don’t have any evidence to proof it one way or another. The scientific method required making an experiment where a proposed idea can be duplicated under similar conditions and be repeatable by independent sources. That is impossible with evolution since it is something that takes a very long time to occur and what happened in the past under different environments are no longer in existence. Even if we could duplicate that environment in a lab, it would take too long...millions of years to see any results.
The Current Status...
My problem with the basic theory is that there are many evidence that exists today that seem to contradict the theory. The second problem is the time issue. If it takes a very long time for mutations to occur in nature, how is is possible to find advanced biological entities in our distant past history?
The statistical odds of things happening in random are just too large. The math is also a challenge. Assume we agree with most scientists that the earth is 4 billion years old, and primitive life originated shortly after that, it is a long process from a single cell to evolve into modern homo sapiens.
Survival of the fittest is also a tenet of evolution theory. If you believe that life is abundant and resources are limited, it must happen that they will eventually be contentious and one species will dominate over another or kill it off. If so, how do we explain the diversity of life that we see today. Why are some of these species thriving when they lack the properties of other more adaptable species?
Natural selection and adaptation is nature‘s way of deciding which traits are superior over another. There is the example of moths that adapted to a changing environment in the early industrial cities in Europe. White colored moths were weeded out and darker colored moth survived in the soot covered tree barks. The problem is they are still moths. A genetic trait of color cannot be changed from a moth to a bird...
Another Approach to Address This Issue...
Let me try a different tack. Assume everything about the theory of evolution is true. What should we expect to see after 4 billion years? This is a valid point. With every computer model or simulation, one should be able to project forward. Assume if everything is in place, what will happen in 100 years or 1000 years or 1 million years. By the same token, we should be able to regress and predict what happened in our past and distant past.
Let us take a closer examination.
1. Why are cockroaches around for 320 million years and stayed pretty much the same body structure? Where is the evolution evidence?
Is there a termination point to evolution? or is evolution happening regardless?
Here are the questions.
If evolution is the natural state of life, then why are they not happening now? and why it seems to have stopped for certain species?
If our climate is changing all the time, and evidence is that an ice age is repeated approximately every 100,000 years, then why is evolution not changing and shaping life to adjust to this reality?
If evolution is a slow process, then why does it seem there are jumps in the transition states?
Why do we not see fossil records of the transitional states? Or the missing links?
If evolution is guided by the principle of survival of the fittest, then why it seems some species have traits that seem to be inferior?
What I Expect...If Evolution Theory is True
Here are some things I would expect to happen if the theory of evolution is true or as proposed.
Living creatures would be mobile and would migrate to conditions that are more hospitable to life. Instead, we find life in the harshest places on the planet. Why?
If opposable thumbs is such a necessity to use and make tools, why does most life not evolved to have them? Only humans and a few other species possess this highly desirable trait.
Why does giraffe evolve into this odd long neck? Why not longer limbs to reach the top of trees? It would be much simpler and would not involve the complex plumbing in its internal organs.
Why doesn’t all life forms have wings? It is such an advantage, to be able to move around and avoid prey and relocate to a better environment...similar to eyes, it is such a necessary organ for survival. Most all animals have some form of vision or sensitivity to light.
Why doesn’t some animal species mutate? We see this in viruses were they mutate every year and avoid our antibiotics... They are one of the most successful life forms.
Theory Vs. Scientific Fact
I came across the following 10 Commandments of logic.
It seems to apply for the most part to people arguing for evolution...
A Specific Trait of Human Survival...
Here is one example of many that we humans possess to help with our survival. I would go even further to claim more than “help“ but “necessary.“
How does evolution theory explain the clotting factor in our blood, which leads to self healing of our skin. If this feature was evolved, how did the previous version survive? Wouldn’t they all have bled to death?
What is the mechanism to explain all the bio chemistry required to make this a reality?
My views of evolution is that it is an incomplete theory. It may explain some aspects of the variety of life we see but it is not the only solution. The natural selection is born out by evidence, like the moth with different colors. However, it is a huge leap of faith to expect changes from one species to another even over a long period of time. Whereas, genetic manipulation is a more viable way for big changes to happen is a short period of time. In other words, intelligent design, by a superior technological species can manipulate lower life forms to improve certain traits. We already do this with animals and plants when we breed and create hybrids.
Some New Discoveries...
- Every person was spawned from single pair of adults living up to 200,000 years ago, scientists claim
A new theory from DNA studies...
© 2018 Jack Lee
Jack Lee (author) from Yorktown NY on March 26, 2018:
Tessa, so where is the evolution of the cockroach? it hasn’t changed much in hundreds of million of years.
Tessa Schlesinger on March 26, 2018:
Seriously? You went to university and you actually studied this? Evolution is happening all the time. Why do you think bacteria and viruses mutate? That is evolution! Why do you think that insects develop immunity to insect sprays? That is evolution. There was also an article the other day about a well developed species branching into two separate species - did you miss it?
We do see fossils of in between states. Theyre called transitonal forms.
Here's an article from Berkeley.
Google 'Evolution transitional forms." You'll find plenty.
Evolution is not guided by the survival of the fittest. It is guided by the best adapted to the environment.
Jay C OBrien from Houston, TX USA on March 26, 2018:
"If evolution is a slow process, then why does it seem there are jumps in the transition states?
Why do we not see fossil records of the transitional states? Or the missing links?"
Fossils are rare and there are many gaps in the fossil record, therefore "jumps" are a result of lack of information. For some transitional states see: the Fish/Amphibian Hybrid in https://hubpages.com/education/From-The-4-Billion-...
There is also a "Reptile/Shark" hybrid in the HMNS.
Note further, Oxygen based life occurred about 2 billion years ago. The earth then Froze about 700 million years ago and unfroze about 540 million years ago (Cambrian). At 250 million years ago 95% of all life on land and sea died out. At 65 million years ago was yet another extinction. Thus, Oxygen based life is only 540 million years old.