In the animal world, mobility means survivability; the further distance an animal can move about means more opportunity of finding food sources and mating partners. In the man-made world, mobility is a measure of the robustness of global economics and the peacefulness of world orders.
In the animal world, the living things spend their day trying to quench hunger without worrying about right or wrong. They will be able to sleep peacefully only with a full stomach. In the man-made world, we have to face the consequences of our actions which are not always right for the occasion. Morality, sometimes, can keep us awake deep into the night.
In the animal world, there is no guarantee that each living thing can make it through the day. There are dangers – weather, predator, food source, etc. – everywhere that can increase its mortality. In the man-made world, due to the advance in medical care and food nutrition, our average life span has been on a constant upward projection. Due to the low mortality, a person can plan for one's future and pursue one's dreams.
Mobility enables us to interact with diverse groups of people on a myriad of matters and issues. Those encounters inevitably open the door of morality where questionable choices are made, prejudicial judgments are passed, and discriminatory behaviors are revealed. Morality leads to an increase in mortality as we lust for physical pleasures and fight for material comforts.
Car, train, and airplane change our mobility to such extend that we can choose to work at places where the distance from home is no longer a major concern, to conduct business with companies whose locations can be anywhere on the globe, and to interact with people whose ethnicity, ideology, belief, and aspiration are different. As a result:
1) Freeways in the cities are packed with cars bumper to bumper during rush hours.
2) Airports in the major cities have planes taking off and landing every minute every day,
3) Trains are hauling valuable cargoes criss-cross the continent incessantly.
All these activities are running on fossil fuels polluting the atmosphere with carbon dioxide that causes global warming and compromises people’s health leading to high mortality.
When we are young, we are taught to be honest in our demeanor, intention, and what we say. It is wrong to cheat, lie, and break our promise. We may not always do the right thing but at least we refrain from harming. As we become adults with a family to support, job to keep, business deals to close, and relationships to balance:
1) We lie about too sick to work so that we can watch World Series at home,
2) We spread false rumors about a competitive product to gain an advantage in business,
3) We side with a close friend who is obnoxious and bullying the disadvantaged,
4) We will bribe the school officials to get our children to the best school.
We learn to look the other way when close friends committed immoral acts, to lower our moral standards when we need a favor, and to justify our immoral intentions when our livelihood is on the line.
Wavering in morality leads to crime and punishment, regret and remorse, distrust and suspicious:
1) Cheating in the marriage can result in domestic violence and sometimes, death,
2) Falsifying consumer product safety records can cause injury and sometimes, death,
3) Relenting on a promise can lead to revenge and sometimes, bodily harm.
Hunger and disease used to decimate our population in large numbers. Today, in our modern and civilized world, mobility and morality have become the main factors that threaten our mortality. Car accidents, train derailments, and airplane crash that killed thousands of people every year have become statistics. We have developed elaborate legal systems to defend and enforce the laws that spell out precisely what is right and what is wrong under what circumstances and scenarios, and the necessary punishments for the moral violators. As a result:
1) The policemen are constantly making calls on domestic violence, hate crime, robbery, etc.,
2) The lawyers are busy defending murderers, embezzlers, corruptions, etc.,
3) Those who are convicted of morality issues are incarcerated, some for a short time, some for a lifetime, and some for a death sentence.
Today, we live in a fast-paced world where everything moves at breakneck speed:
1) Around the world, breaking news in a small corner of Earth can be known in an instance,
2) On Earth, we can visit any place in a matter of hours,
3) In the city, bridges, freeways, and skyscrapers can be built in weeks,
4) At work, we have to learn new tools constantly so that the company can turn out new products to meet the demand,
5) Socially, we no longer have time to consider the consequence of our immediate actions as we put our interests and welfare first.
Facing these new challenges causes us to say and do things that incubate apathy or animosity in the people we interact with, and to rely on the legal system to resolve our problems instead of tolerance, kindness, and forgiveness.