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Military Terms in the Novel Doomsday Weapons of Yu. Scherbak

Nikolas is a teacher of French and English at the secondary school. In linguistics he analyzes the problems of structuralism.

Yu. Scherbak - Writer, Diplomat, Scientist

Yu. Scherbak

Yu. Scherbak

Vocabulary of the Ukrainian Language

The functioning of military terms and nouns is part of the terminological vocabulary of the modern Ukrainian language in the artistic discourse. The work is replete with military terminology and nouns, which are now used in the war zone in Donbas and beyond

Four-Component Terms

Already at the beginning of the work, General Golubko, reporting to his associates, notes: "the operational-tactical and strategic situation has changed" [2, p. 36]. This is a typical general military term. In the same place: "they (Russians - KP) fired at the airport (it is about Ilovaisk)", from "240-millimeter self-propelled mortar" Tulip "" [2, p. 36]. It is a complex five-component term that belongs to modern missile and artillery terminology. Further, the soldier suggests that in the area of ​​Ilovaisk the enemy could use against Ukrainian paratroopers and "nuclear two-kiloton charges" Svitoch "," Resin "or" Fata " [2, p. 36]. These are also typical four-component terms used in the modern missile and artillery industry

Naked and Barefoot

  • One of the heroes, Vasyl Necherda, died in the anti-terrorist operation zone. . At a meeting dedicated to his 50th anniversary, a fat man with green chevrons of the Kievan Rus battalion recalls the first days of the war in Donbas: "we were naked and barefoot, poorly armed only AK, PM, SVD" [2, with. 146–147]. Thus, the abbreviation AK marked Kalashnikov assault rifle, PM - Makarov pistol, SVD (Ukrainian SRS) - the abbreviated name of Dragunov's sniper rifle - these are still widely used general military terms.

Disarmament of Ukraine

  • Reflections and confessions of the characters of the novel lead to the idea that the current war with Russia is a punishment for Ukraine for the crimes of those high-ranking officials. They destroyed the army by selling national weapons. The reader learns what exactly the then leaders of the Armed Forces of Ukraine sold [2, p. 234]:
  1. - Anti-aircraft missile systems "Tunguska" and "Thor" to Somalia;
  2. - Horizontal radar station (radar station) to Ethiopia;
  3. - Six top-secret X-22 cm air-based cruise missiles to China and Iran;
  4. - T-64 tanks to the Congo.

The Destiny of Sapsan

  • And yet, to please Moscow, Yanukovych and Defense Minister Lebedev destroyed "Sapsan" [2, p. 75] - a tactical complex with a range of 500 km, a rapid deployment complex, a high-precision missile. These are real terms, names of products of modern Ukrainian weapons, which could strengthen the power of the Ukrainian army if patriots headed the state.

Tactical Complex Sapsan

Doomsday Weapons Testifies Evolution of Ukrainian Military Terms

  1. Yuri Scherbak's novel "Doomsday Weapons" testifies to the development of Ukrainian military terminology. It presents its certain evolution and characteristics. Thus, the picture, which depicts a special operation to be carried out in Ukraine by a Russian sabotage group to destroy one of the creators of nuclear weapons - Ukrainian Vasyl Ruban, shows the types of modern weapons to be used by enemies: "54M-24 sniper rifle with heavy ammunition Win Mac 300 and a 32x magnification sight; the latest AK-12 m Kalashnikov assault rifle with a grenade launcher; GRD-3 grenade (hand smoke grenade) »[2, p. 300].

Code Names

According to the author's imagination, during the modern Russian-Ukrainian war, a group of patriots created the underground organization Mars-Ross to restore Ukraine's nuclear shield. The group was organized by former intelligence general Neselovsky, whom colleagues call Groves (similar to Leslie Groves, a U.S. lieutenant general in 1942-1947 who headed the Manhattan Nuclear Weapons Project).

  1. The group included ex-Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine Andriy Dergachov (nickname "Nicodemus"), Academician Globin - ex-National Security Adviser to President Kuchma (call sign "Luna"), financier of the project Bearded Master (call sign "Karl Marx"). And the group was led by a man with the call sign "Medusa" - a person whose name and position no one had the right to know [2, p. 83].
  2. And "Nicodemus", and "Groves", and "Moon", and "Karl Marx", and "Gypsy" (call sign Vasily Necherda) are code names given for security purposes, as once during the Second World War at the front and now within Operation Joint Forces. It is quite logical to consider these code names, if not purely military terminology, then military nomination, because they are still used in the armed forces.

Technological Nomenclature

  1. Drawing pictures of Ukraine and the world of the XXI century, the author could not do without the use of technological nomenclature. It is a special identification unit of the terminological system, which names a specific sample or series of objects of mass production and represents the nomenclature of a particular field of scientific and technical knowledge. This is "Module" [2, p. 85] - the name of the enterprise in the Chernobyl ten-kilometer zone; names of nuclear centers and laboratories in Israel "Nahal Sorek" and "Dimo" [2, p. 35]; NNP (laboratory for comparative evaluation of low-enriched nuclear fuel production in Kyiv)

Lightning as the Military Term of Victory

  1. The final part of the novel is also replete with military terms and nouns. In particular in a picture where participants in a nuclear weapons project gather on the banks of the Dnieper to celebrate the birth of Ukraine's space and nuclear forces. When they got to the festive table on the barge, they opened a hole in the hold, where they saw a cruise missile "Lightning". There is from a series of missiles "Uman-SD". The abbreviation "SD" is originated from Judgment Day (critical moment of Ukraine's death). The participants of the project achieved their goal - a weapon of revenge appeared as a weapon of intimidation, which guarantees the salvation of Ukraine from the Horde.

Donbas Region

Nuclear Weapons and Appropriate Terms

However, the path to this was full of dangers, risks, and difficulties. Describing it, showing the probable sequence of the creation of nuclear weapons, the novelist, of course, used the appropriate terms. Initially, there was the creation of the RRP - the so-called "dirty" bomb from used nuclear fuel, equipping it with a high-explosive explosive (three-component analytical missile and artillery term - KP). We learn that it was more difficult to create pure A-bombs because here the key component is the method of arson, which could comprehensively compress the hemispheres with uranium or plutonium to a critical mass, ie enrich uranium or plutonium with a laser [2, p. 45]. Ukrainian scientists have achieved this!

Some Meanings of the Military Terms

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. How is the military base used?
    • A military base is just used during war
    • A miltary base is not just used during war
  2. Where does the soldier serve?
    • In the Navy
    • In the Army
    • In the Air Force
  3. What is a military conflict?
    • A conflict is not quite as large-scale as a war
    • A conflict is quite as large-scale as a war

Answer Key

  1. A military base is just used during war
  2. In the Army
  3. A conflict is not quite as large-scale as a war

The Opening of New Levels in the Sphere of the Military Terms

References

  1. Natsionalna standartyzatsiia. Pravyla rozroblennia, vykladannia ta oformlennia natsionalnykh normatyvnykh dokumentiv : DSTU 1.5:2015 – K. : DP «UkrNDNTs», 2016. – IV, 61 c. − (Natsionalnyi standart Ukrainy).
  2. Yu. Scherbak. Zbroya Sudnogo Dnya. Vydavnytstvo Yaroslaviv Yar. 2016. 360 storinok.
  3. Panasyuk, Klavdiya. Viyskova Terminologia v romani Yu. Scherbaka Zbroya Sudnogo Dnya. Visnyk, Seriya Lvivska Politeknica.-2018- №890, s. 66-69

Military Terms and the Type of the Novel

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