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Major Mountain Ranges Of The World

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A Mountain Range is a collection of several high and low mountains, often termed as its peaks. It may consist of several valleys and river channels formed by water rushing down from melting glaciers.

Mountain ranges consist of several peaks and each of this peak has its own physical features, but still they have something in common like height and mountain formation according to type. In the famous Himalayan mountain range, most of the mountains are over 7200 metres, including the highest peak Mount Everest.

There are many famous mountain ranges that exist in almost every continent and have been summarized in the following text. But out of all these mountain ranges, one very important Mountain Range is the Ocean Ridge, which is the longest mountain range in the world.

The Andes Mountain Range

The Andes Mountain Range


When we talk about world’s major mountain ranges the first name comes is our minds is Andes, Andes is one of the supreme natural feature of earth.

It is biggest mountain range of the world, on the surface of a continent. It lies in Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.  This chain of highlands is along with western coast of South America.

This range is about 8900 kilometers long and 700 kilometers wide. The famous Mount Aconcagua lies in this range at the border of Argentina and Chile. 

The Rocky Mountain Range

The Rocky Mountain Range

Rocky Mountains

Rocky Mountains, informally known as Rockies, are mountain range on North America. This range includes all uplands and mountains of New Mexico, British Colombia and north Alberta in Canada and United States of America. 

The highest peak of this range is Mount Elbert. From physiographical point of view that is soil, landform and drainage and from geological point of view that is types of rocks, their origin and age.

This range is divided into four sub-divisions; southern Rockies, northern Rockies, middle Rockies and Canadian Rockies. An approximate length of this range is 6035 kilometers. 

The Himalayan Mountain Range

The Himalayan Mountain Range


The Himalayan, mountain range has some of the highest mountain peaks in the world including the gigantic Mount Everest, and is in Asia.

This range, excluding Karakoram and Hindu Kush, is 2400 kilometers long and about 400 kilometers wide, forms an arc from west in Indus river valley to east Brahmaputra river Valley. 

Many of Himalaya’s peaks are scared of Buddhist as well as for Hindus. The countries in which this chain of top peaks spread includes: Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and China.

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The Himalayan Mountain Range

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The Great Dividing Range

The Great Dividing Range

Great Dividing Range

Great Dividing Range or the Eastern Highland or Eastern Cordillera or the Great Divide, all refer to the world’s fourth largest mountain range in Australia.

This range is a bit different from other mountain ranges. It is not a single mountain range in fact a complex cluster of escarpments, plateaus, uplands and mountains. The range has an ancient, interesting and complex geological history as it was home to the ancient Australian Aboriginal Tribes.

Great Dividing Range falls in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. This range is approximately 3500 kilometers long.

The Tien Shan Range

The Tien Shan Range

Tien Shan

Tien Shan is a mountain range in central Asia. This mountain range is spread in China, Pakistan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The range stretches approximately 2500 kilometers.

It bisects the territory of Turkistan. The highest peak of these mountains is Victory peak. Other than being the highest peak of Tien Shan range, Victory Peak is highest spot in Kyrgyzstan. It is formed by collision of Indian and Eurasian plates. This collision had occurred in The Cenozoic era. 

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The Alps Range

The Alps Range


Alps or alpen (in German) or alpi (in Italian) or aples (in French), all are names of a vast mountain range in Europe.

This range of mountains and uplands starting from Austria in east and ends in Slovenia going through France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

The range is about 1200 kilometers long. Sources of many major Europeans rivers; like Rhine, Rhone and Po, lies in this mountain range. Being not as huge, high and wide as Andes and Himalayas but still it is responsible for many phenomena related to geography. 

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The Silk Route in the Karakoram range, near Hunza River

The Silk Route in the Karakoram range, near Hunza River

The magnificent K2

The magnificent K2


The Mountain range on the Pakistan-India-Iran-Afghanistan border is known as Karakorum Range. This range is about 500 kilometers long. Being exactly on the borders, this location gives this range an extraordinary geopolitical importance.

This range has mostly glaciated parts of which the two most famous are; Siachen Glacier and Biafo Glacier, outside the polar region. Karakoram is home of K2, world’s second highest peak, after Mount Everest.

The range is concentrated with many peaks and the high altitude in the terrain is the main reason of less inhabitation. For geologists, Karakorum (and Himalayas) is a main center of attraction to study the diverse nature of this region.

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The Atlas Mountain Range

The Atlas Mountain Range


The Mountain range 2500 kilometers long extending though Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria is called Atlas mountain range or Atlas Mountains.

This mountain range is and was the home of many animal species of Africa like; atlas bear, Atlas cedar, atlas mountain viper and Barbary leopard.

Many of the African plant species such as European black pine, Algerian oak and dippers; are also found in these Atlas Mountains. Majority of inhabitants of the Atlas Mountains are Berbers, the ancient African tribes.

This range is further more divided into three subdivisions called; anti-atlas, middle-atlas and high atlas.

Comments on August 24, 2019:

In the section discussing the Himalayas your page says, "Many of Himalaya’s peaks are scared of Buddhist as well as for Hindus." Of course you meant many of the Himalayas peaks are sacred for Buddhists as well as for Hindus.

Tigerstar on November 08, 2018:

Great and fun to learn! on September 11, 2015:


juan jose on April 30, 2012:

helped with my homework!

jodi jhon on April 05, 2012:

it's cool to look but because we never been in there we don't know what it really feel

from eastern africa(eritrea)

a on January 04, 2012:

thanks! for my geography project.

Anirbita Ghosh on December 18, 2011:

It's awesome.It helped me in doing my geography project....

Denise Handlon from North Carolina on November 10, 2011:

Hi-I just connected with this hub through someone who linked yours to theirs. I've bookmarked it for later when I can spend more time reading it and enjoying it. This is an awesome hub from the overall appearance.

wateva ma name is on October 18, 2011:

plz i just need the LARGEST mountain range help sm1

loser on October 06, 2011:

chears neeed help thx

Awesomeness on September 08, 2011:

You could add some maps of the world and show where they are. That'd be very helpful to some people.

Flavien on August 17, 2011:

Thanks so much for such an elabored and educative exposition of mountain ranges.i look forward to read more

Thushi on March 07, 2011:

Enjoyed reading this..well done..

KLeichester on January 05, 2011:

Thank you for sharing this to us. I had a nice read.

hassam (author) from Pakistan on December 14, 2010:

Thank you! :) I will be looking forward to add more ranges to the list!

totalcontorl on December 13, 2010:

well very well done format and information, but I would have enjoyed to see a longer list. You needed to inform us about more mountain ranges of the world, for the few of us who like to beyond the normal expectation.(Seeing that I have not yet acquired the correct skill that you would need to complete the task of making a digital smile, I will just simply say [smile])

awesome on December 08, 2010:

this is great its a whole load of knowledge

hey on October 07, 2010:

awwwwsome that is very cool to have all the information there but i think that you will need more to help others and me too well this all my comment soooooooooooo peace yall and good nigth

ronthoughts from Manila, Philippines on July 06, 2010:

these are wonderful infos of the greatest mountains in the planet. i love Himalayas!

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